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Pluperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1 I had had

1 We had had 2 Thou hadst had

2 Ye or you had had 3 He had had

3 They had had First Future Tense. Singular.

Plural. 1 I shall or will have

1 We shall or will have 2 Thou shalt or wilt have 2 Ye or you shall or will have 3 He shall or will have 3 They shall or will have

Second Future Tense.
Singular.

Plural. i I shall have had

1 We shall have had 2 Thou wilt have had

2 Ye or you will have had 3 Ile will have had

3 They will have had

Imperative Mode.
Singular.

Plural. 2 Have thou, or do thou have 2 Have ye, or do yo or you have

Potential Mode.

Present Tense.
Singular.

Plura. 1 I may or can have

1 We may or can have 2 Thou mayst or canst have 2 Ye or you may or can havo 3 He may or can have

3 They may or can have

Imperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1 I might, could, would, or i We might, could, would, or should have

should have 2 Thou mightst, couldst, 2 Ye or you might, could,

wouldst, or shouldst have would, or should havo 8 He might, could, would, 3 They might, could, woald. or should have

or should have
Perfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1 I may or can have had i Wo may or can have had 2 Thou mayst or canst have 2 Yo or you may or can havo had

..

had 8 He may or can have had 8 They may or can hayo had

Pluperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1 I might, could, would, or 1 We might, could, woald, or should have had

should have had 2 Thou mightst, couldst, 2 Ye or you might, could,

wouldst, or shouldst have would, or should have had

had 8 He might, could, would, 3 They might, could, would, or should have bad.

or should have had

Subjunctive Mode.

Present Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1 If I have

I If we have 2 If thou have

2 If ye or you have ,3 If he have

3 If they have Imperfect Tense. Singular.

Plural. 1 If I had

1 If we had 2 If thou hadst

2 If ye or you had 3 If he, &c. had.

3. If they had

Perfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1 If I have had

1 If we have had 2 If thou hast had

2 If ye or you have had 3 If he has had

3 If they have had
Pluperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1 If I had had

1 If we had had 2 If thou hadst had

2 If ye or you had had 3 If he had had

3 If they had bad
First Future Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1 If I shall or will have 1 If we shall or will have 2 If thou shalt or wilt have 2 If ye or you shall or will

have
3 If he shall or will have 3 If they shall or will have

Second Future Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1 If I shall have had

1 If.we shall have had 2 If thou shalt have had 2 If yo or you shall have had 8 If he shall have had

3 If they shall have had

Infinitive Mode. "
Present, To have.

Perfect, To have had.
Participles.
Present or active, Having.'
Perfect or passive, Had.
Compound perfect, Having had.

QUESTIOys. What is the conjugation of a verb?-You will now conjugate the verb have, through all its modes, tenses, numbers, and persons, beginning with the Indicative mode, present tense, first person singular.-In what mode and tense, number and person is We had ? In what is He has had?-In what is I will have? --In what is have ye? --In what mode, tense, number, and person, is each of the following expressions: He may have; You cas have; I might have; They should have; We may have had; Thou couldst have had; If he have; If we had ; To have had?-What kind of participle is having had ?--What kind of verb is have?

REVIEW. · Hath is now used only in poetry, and on very serious subjects. Thou, thee and ye are becoming obsolete.

All the tenses which are formed by the help of auxiliary verbs are called compound tenses; the others are simple tenses.

Shall and will, as they generally signify futurity, have been appropriated to the formation of the future tenses. But when they denote inclination, resolution, promise, &c. as they often do, they may be considered as belonging to the potential mode; as, " Will you give me that book ? He shall obey me.”.

It will be seen that the tenses of the subjunctive mode, only as they have a conjunction prefixed, are similar to those of the indicative, except the present, and the second future. In many cases, the subjunctive mode retains the personal terminations of the indicative, in the second and third persons singular; as, “If I have, if thou hast, if he has; if I am, if thou art, if he is; if I love, if thou lovest, if he loves, &c. In these cases, the verb, although it has the subjunctive form, is really in the indicative mode. The following rule will determine when the verb is to assume the subjunctive form, and when the indicative: When it assumes the subjunctive form, it always has a future signification, or has some reference to future time; but in the indicativo form, its signification is present.

Questions on the Review. What are called compound tenses, and what simple? -When may shall and will be considered in the potential mode?-When does the subjunctive mode assume the proper subjunctive terminations, and when the indicative?

LESSON XIV. The auxiliary and neuter verb to be, is conjugated as follows:

Indicative Mode..

Present Tense.
Singular.

Plural.
1 I am

1 We are 2 Thou art

2 Ye or you are 8 He, she, or it is

3 They are Imperfect Tense. Singular.

Plural. 1 I was

1 We were 2 Thou wast

2 Ye or you were 3 He was

3 They were
Perfect Tense.
Singular

Plural. 1 I have been

1 We have been 2 Thou hast been

2 Ye or you have been 3 He hath or has been

3 They have been

Pluperfect Tense.
Singular. .

Plural. 1 I had been

1 We had been 2 Thou hadst been

2 Ye or you had been 3 He had been

3 They had been First Future Tense. Singular.

Plural. 1 I shall or will be

1 We shall or will be 2 Thou shalt or wilt be

2 Ye or you shall or will be 3 He shall or will be

3 They shall or will be
Second Future Tense.
Singular.

. Plural. . 1 I shall have been

1 We shall have been ... 2 Thou wilt have been

2 Yo or you will have been 3 He will have been

3 They will have been

Imperative Mode.
Singular.

Plura).
2 Be thou, or do thou be *2 Be ye or you, or do ye be

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Potential Mode.

Present Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1 I may or can be

1 We may or can be
2 Thou mayst or canst be 2 Ye or you may or can be
3 He may or can be

3 They may or can be
Imperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural.
It might, could, would, or 1 We might, could, would, or
should be

should be 2 Thou mightst, couldst, wouldst, 2 Ye or you might, could, or shouldst be

would, or should be 3 He might, could, would, or 3 They might, could, would, or should be

should be . Perfect Tense. Singular.

Plural. II may or can have been i We may or can have been 2 Thou maystor canst have 2 Ye or you may or can have been

been . 3 He may or can have been 3 They may or can have been

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