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Infinitive Mode.

Present Tense, To be Perfect, To have been

Participles.

Present, Being Perfect, Been

Compound Perfect, Having been.

QUESTIONS.

What kind of verb is to be?—You will conjugate this verb, through all its modes, tenses, numbers, and persons, beginning with the indicative mode, present tense, first person singular.—In what mode, tense, number, and person, do you find each of the following expressions, from this verb: We were; He has been; I had been; They will have been; Thou shouldst be; We may have been; I might have been; If thou wert; To be?—What kind of participle is being ?—What kind is been? - - •»

REVIEW.

You are and you were are used much more frequently than thou art, and thou wast, even when the singular number is intended. The phrase you was, though often heard in colloquial and extemporaneous discourse, is not well supported by standard writers, and consequently must be considered vulgar.

This verb to be is the most irregular verb in the language, and one which it is of the utmost importance to commit thoroughly to memory, and to understand well.

This verb, unlike any other, forms its imperfect subjunctive, in the singular number, very different from the singular of the indicative imperfect; as J was, if I were. &c.

LESSON XV.

A Regular Active Verb is conjugated in the following manner;

Indicative Mode.

Present Tense.
Singular. Plural.

1 I love 1 We love

2 Thou lovest 2 Ye or you love 8 He, she, or it loveth or loves 3 They love

Imperfect. Tense.

Singular. Plural.

1 I loved . 1 We loved

2 Thou lovedst 2 Ye or you loved
S He loved 3 They loved

Perfect Tense.
Singular. Plural.

1 I have loved 1 We have loved

2 Thou hast loved 2 Ye or you have loved

3 He hath or has loved 3 They have loved

Pluperfect Tense.
Singular. * Plural.

1 I had loved 1 We had loved

2 Thou hadst loved 21 Ye or you had loved

3 He had loved 3 They had loved

First Future Tense.
Singular. Plural.

1 I shall or will love 1 We shall or will love

2 Thou shalt or wilt love 2 Ye or you shall or will love

3 He shall or will love 3 They shall or will love

Second Futtire Tense.
Singular. Plural.

1 I shall have loved 1 We shall have loved

2 Thou wilt have loved 2 Ye or you will have loved

3 He will have loved 3 They will have loved

Imperative Mode.

Singular. Plural.

2 Love thou, or do thou love 2 Love ye or you, or do ye love

Potential Mode.

Present Singular.

1 I may or can love

2 Thou mayst or canst love . 3 He may or can love

Imperfect

Singular.

1 I might, could, would, or

should love

2 Thou migbtst, conldst,

wouldst, or shouldst love

3 He might, could, would, or

should love

Perfect Singular.

1 I may or can have loved

2 Thou mayst or canst have

loved

3 He may or can have loved

Pluperfect Singular.

1 I might, could, would, or

should have loved

2 Thou mightst, couldst, wouldst,

or shouldst have loved

3 He might, could, would, or

should have loved

Subjunctive Mode.

Tense.

Plural.

1 We may or can love

2 Ye or you may or can love

3 They may or can love

Tense.

Plural.

1 We might, could, would, or should love

2 Ye or you might, could, would, or should love

3 They might, could, would, or should love

Tense.

Plural.

1 We may or can have loved

2 Ye or you may or can have loved

3 They may or can have loved

Tense.

'Plural.

1 Wo might, could, would, or should have loved

2 Ye or you might, could, would, or-should have loved

3 They might, could, would, or should have loved

Singular.

1 If I love

2 If thou love

3 If he love

Singular.

1 If I loved

2 If thou lovedst 8 If he loved

Present Tense.

Plural.

1 If we love

2 If ye or you love

3 If they love

Imperfect Tense.

Plural. vV

1 If we loved

2 If ye or you loved

3 If they loved

Perfect Tense.
Singular. Plural.

1 If I have loved 1 If wo have loved

2 If thou hast loved 2 If ye or you have loved

3 If he hath or has loved 3 If they have loved

Pluperfect Tense.
Singular. Plural.

1 If I had loved 1 If we had loved

2 If thou hadst loved 2 If ye or you had loved

3 If he had loved 3 If they had loved

First Future Tense.
Singular. Plural.

1 If I shall or will love 1 If we shall or will love

2 Jf thou shalt or wilt love 2 If ye or you shall or will !ov»

3 If he shall or will love 8 If they shall or will love

Second Future Tense.,
Singular. Plural.

1 If I shall have loved 1 If we shall have loved

2 If thou shalt have loved 2 If ye or you shall have loved

3 If he shall have loved 3 If they shall have loved

Infinitive Mode.

Present, To love Perfect, To have loved

Participles.

Present, Loving Perfect, Loved

Compound Perfect, Having loved

QUESTIONS.

What kind of verb is love ?—You may now conjugate this verb, beginning with the indicative mode, present tense, first person, singular.—In what mode, tense, number, and person, do you find each of the following expressions, from this verb : It loveth; We loved; Thou hast loved; You had loved; They will love; Love ye; We can love; I might love; You might have loved; If we love; If we have loved ?—In the indicative mode, how do you distinguish the pluperfect tense from the perfect "?—How the second future from the future ?—In the potential mode, how do you distinguish the perfect tense from the present ?. —How t-he pluperfect from the imperfect ?— By what helping verbs in the conjugation, do you distinguish the potential mode from the indicative ?—By what means do you distinguish the subjunctive from both ?—What are the participles from the verb love?

REVIEW.

When particular energy and positiveness arc intended, verbs may be conjugated, in the present and imperfect tenses, with the helping verb do; as, I do love, thou dost love, he does love; I did love, thou didst love, he did love, &c.

The imperfect tense and perfect participle of all regular verbs, and of many irregular verbs, are spelled alike. They may be distinguished by this—the imperfect tense always has a nominative, the participle never. Also the word being may commonly be placed before the perfect participle, and make sense, but never before the verb.

When an auxiliary is joined to the participle of tho principal verb, the auxiliary goes through all the variations of person and number, while the participle itself continues invariably the same. And when there are two or more auxiliaries joined to the participle, the first of them only is varied according to number and person

LESSON XVI.

A Passive Verb is conjugated, by prefixing the auxiliary to be, to the perfect participle, through all its changes of number, person, mode, and tense.

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