Indian Secularism: A Social and Intellectual History, 1890-1950

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Indiana University Press, 2008 - History - 302 pages
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Many of the central issues in modern Indian politics have long been understood in terms of an opposition between ideologies of secularism and communalism. Observers have argued that recent Hindu nationalism is the symptom of a crisis of Indian secularism and have blamed this on a resurgence of religion or communalism. Shabnum Tejani unpacks prevailing assumptions about the meaning of secularism in contemporary politics, focusing on India but with many points of comparison elsewhere in the world. She questions the simple dichotomy between secularism and communalism that has been used in scholarly study and political discourse. Tracing the social, political, and intellectual genealogies of the concepts of secularism and communalism from the late nineteenth century until the ratification of the Indian constitution in 1950, she shows how secularism came to be bound up with ideas about nationalism and national identity.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Nationalism
25
1 A Hindu Community in Maharashtra? Cow Protection Ganpati Festivals and Music before Mosques 18931894
27
Swadeshi and the New Patriotism in Maharashtra 19051910
76
Communalism
111
Muslims and the Debates around Constitutional Reform 19061909
113
The Khilafat Movement and the Separation of Sind 19191932
144
Secularism
197
Gandhi Ambedkar and the Depressed Classes Question 1932
199
Defining the Secular Citizen 19461950
234
Bibliography
266
Index
297
Back cover
303
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About the author (2008)

Shabnum Tejani is Lecturer in Modern South Asian History, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

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