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PRONUNCIATION.

The vowels are to be pronounced as in Italian, except í á,

which is sounded broad as in the word awe.

củá, a strong pectoral aspirate. ¿ Khá, a guttural, something like the Scotch ch in loch. ; Zhé, like the French j in jour, bŢá, a hard palatal t. E'ain, is a guttural vowel. ¿ Ghain, is a guttural sound something between gh and 1. i Káf, like ck in stuck pronounced very gutturally.

Gáf, like the English g, but always hard before all vowels, as s , ghee not jee. The Persians frequently pronounce it with a slight y sound, like the Cockney mode of pronouncing the

g in garden, gyarden.When it occurs between two vowels it is often sounded like y, as si, pronounced éyer.

. , at the end of words is frequently silent. Otherwise it is sounded like the English h in hat.

ijob, although differing widely in Arabic are all pronounced in Persian like the English z in zone.

Similarly o wo wo are all pronounced s.
The other consonants are pronounced as in English.

The capital letters before each word refer to the language to which it belongs, A. Arabic, P. Persian, H. Hindustani, G. Greek, r. Turkish.

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A CONCISE DICTIONARY.

PERSIAN AND ENGLISH.

A.

- Running .1) اباق

A.

A.

A.

احداد

اب

A.

I alif. The first letter of the Arabic and Persian Alphabet. way (as a slave), absconding,

I a. Oh! also a particle withdrawing. of interrogation.

P. Üh 'Abán. The 10th day Tá. Come thou.

of the Persian month, and also

the 8th month of the Persian P. viáb. Water, moisture, wl

year. humour, splendour, elegance, cil ibánat. Publishing, grace. The lustre of precious disclosing, declaring. stones, polished steel, &c.

9 !ábá wa ajdád. A. ul ab. A father, pl. s!! Ancestors. ábá.

A. mobil abáhir. The feathers Jo jc aban 'an jadd.

and quills of a bird, pl. of spil From father to from

abhar.

generation to generation.

su ábúí. Ancestral, pa

ternal. íbá kerdan az, to refuse to....

A. cil abt. Being warm, Cs s!! ibáhat. Publishing, sultry; 'swelled with drinkdivulging a secret; permitting, ing. giving liberty.

46. ábtába. An ewer, oll ábád. A city; popu- water-pot. lous, cultivated.

ibtár. Docking the

tail, curtailing ülsbl ábádán. Flourishing, populous, cultivated, in

ibtidá. Beginning habited.

commencement.

son,

A.

A.

ابا کردن از b4. Denial ابار

A.

P.

P.

A.

P.

A.

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A.

.ibdb ابداء

.ibtidl ابتذال

A.

.ibd ابداع

A.

.ibtind ابتناء

men.

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A.

P.

,abdan ابدان

A. Elul ibtidá". Invention,

Beginning, innovation. A.

creating

Carelessness, vileness, meanness.

P. ábdár. Succulent, A. abtar. Docked, ruin- juicy, lustrous. A servant who

A ed, confused; mutilated. attends to the provisions on a A. plall ibtisám. A smile, journey.

. smiling

Producing A. : ibtilá. Temptation, something new, inventing; also

, . trial.

halting, limping (as cattle from A. Eur ibtila. Devouring,

fatigue). swallowing:

A. W abdál. Mysterious

beings who preside over the Building, spheres. Hermits, saints, pious

, constructing A. cyl ibtiháj. Gladness,

Jul ibdál. Change, exalacrity, cheerfulness.

change. Ellul ibtiyá'. Buying.

A vessel A. Jli ibtihál. Supplication. ust abjad. The Arabic

for holding water. alphabet arranged in numerical

Ablution order. A.,s! abhur. Seas. pl. of

Eternal,

without end. P. A. alwl ábi ḥaiyát. The water of immortality, nectar.

og um áb-dída.

Tears, sabkhur. Vapours,

tearful. perfumes.

P. juna abr. A cloud.
More or

abr. A puncture; most avaricious.

sting of a scorpion. segist ábkh’urd. Liveli

A. ale ibrá. Setting free, hood.

acquitting

Self-comosest ábkh'ura. A cup placency, pride; honouring, for drinking water.

surprising P. Sigist ábkh’uri. Halter,

A. olx ibrár. Justification, a watering place.

acquittal. A. W! abad. An age; eter

Ā. will gol ábrár. Just, pious nity without end.

men. Pl. of barr.

A.

P.

.abdlast أبدست

before prayer.

A.

.abadi ابدی

.bal بكر

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