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PRONUNCIATION.

The vowels are to be pronounced as in Italian, excepti á, which is sounded broad as in the word awe.

¿, a strong pectoral aspirate.
¿ Khá, a guttural, something like the Scotch ch in loch.
; Zhé, like the French j in jour.
b ?'á, a hard palatal t.
E‘ain, is a guttural vowel.
Ć Ghain, is a guttural sound something between gh and r.
i ķaf, like ck in stuck pronounced very gutturally.

y Gáf, like the English g, but always hard before all vowels, as Śgí, ghee not jee. The Persians frequently pronounce it with a slight y sound, like the Cockney mode of pronouncing the g in garden, "gyarden.” When it occurs between two vowels it is often sounded like y, as 57, pronounced éyer.

. , at the end of words is frequently silent. Otherwise it is sounded like the English h in hat.

; ; w b, although differing widely in Arabic are all pronounced in Persian like the English z in zone.

Similarly we co are all pronounced s.
The other consonants are pronounced as in English.

The capital letters before each word refer to the language to which it belongs, A. Arabic, P. Persian, 1. Hindustani, G. Greek, T. Turkish.

A CONCISE DICTIONARY.

PERSIAN AND ENGLISH.

A.

A.

A.

A.

اباء
.b.

A father
,
plه آب

A,

I alif. The first letter of the obl ibák. Running aArabic and Persian Alphabet. way (as a slave), absconding,

A. I a. Oh! also a particle withdrawing. of interrogation.

P. 'W 'Abán. The 10th day Tá Come thou.

of the Persian month, and also

the 8th month of the Persian p. wiáb. Water, moisture, Fear. humour, splendour, elegance, will ibánat. Publishing, grace. The lustre of precious disclosing, declaring. stones, polished steel, &c.

o wa ajdád. . , ! Ancestors. ábá.

A. soll abáhir. The feathers He is !! aban 'an jadd. and quills of a bird, pl. of stil From father to

abhar. from

son, generation to generation.

A. Sul ábái. Ancestral, paibál

ternal. ibá kerdan az, to refuse to....

A,

cl abt. Being warm, Es!! ibáhat. Publishing, sultry ; swelled with drinkdivulging a secret; permitting, ing. giving liberty.

461 ábtába. An ewer, ell ábád. A city; popu- | water-pot. lous, cultivated.

wibtár. Docking the üllt ábádán. Flourish-tail, curtailing. ing, populous, cultivated, in

Jl ibtidá. Beginning habited.

commencement.

A.

A.

P.

P.

A.

P.

A.

[blocks in formation]

A.

A.

.ibd ابداء

A.

.ibtidl ابتذال

P.

A.

A.

A.

.ibd ابداع

A.

A.

men.

ابتهاج .A

A,

P.

dldan ادان

Elul ibtidá. Invention,

. innovation.

Beginning, Careless

creating. ness, vileness, meanness.

globul ábdár. Succulent, sed abtar. Docked, ruin- juicy, lustrous. A servant who ed, confused; mutilated. attends to the provisions on a

plat ibtisám. A smile, journey. smiling

Producing A. SI ibtilá. Temptation, something new, inventing; also trial.

halting, limping (as cattle from A. Eu ibtilá. Devouring,

fatigue). swallowing

Jld! abdál. Mysterious

beings who preside over the ibtiná.

Building, spheres. Hermits, saints, pious constructing

W ibtiháj. Gladness, Jlal ibdál. Change, exalacrity, cheerfulness.

change. A. Elil ibtiya. Buying.

.

A vessel A. Jll ibtihál. Supplication. A. Al abjad. The Arabic

for holding water. alphabet arranged in numerical

Cwted ábdast. Ablution order. ,s! abhur. Seas. pl. of

Eternal,

without end. P. A. olsul ábi haiyát. The water of immortality, nectar.

0441 áb-dida.

Tears, js abkhur. Vapours,

tearful. perfumes.

ja abr. A cloud. A. Jis abkhal. More or

abr. A puncture; most avaricious.

sting of a scorpion. P. segist ábkhurd. Liveli

A. lyd ibrá. Setting free, hood.

acquitting
A. .

Self-comP. Dyes ábkh'ura. A cup placency, pride; honouring, for drinking water.

surprising P. Soysti ábkh'urt. Halter,

A. slibrár. Justification, a watering place.

acquittal.

A. ll ábrár. Just, pious A. wil abad. An

age;

eternity without end.

men. Pl. of barr.

P.

before prayer.

[blocks in formation]

.badiه أبدى

.bahr بحر

P.

A.

P.

A.

.ibrah ابراح

بر

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