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The vowels are to be pronounced as in Italian, except 1 á, which is sounded broad as in the word awe.
Há, a strong pectoral aspirate. ¿ Khá, a guttural, something like the Scotch ch in loch. ; Zhé, like the French j in jour. bo sá, a hard palatal t. E'ain, is a guttural vowel. È Ghain, is a guttural sound something between gh and r. i Káf, like ck in stuck pronounced very gutturally.
Gáf, like the English g, but always hard before all vowels, as o gi, ghee not jee. The Persians frequently pronounce it with a slight y sound, like the Cockney mode of pronouncing the
in garden, “gyarden.” When it occurs between two vowels it is often sounded like y, as -1, pronounced éyer.
. Há, at the end of words is frequently silent. Otherwise it is sounded like the English h in hat.
jib, although differing widely in Arabic are all pronounced in Persian like the English z in zone.
Similarly s www are all pronounced s.
The capital letters before each word refer to the language to which it belongs, A. Arabic, P. Persian, H. Hindustani, G. Greek, r. Turkish.