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Assembly. (Two editions were published in the same year. The title given above is of the second.) - 7. The Judgment of Martin Bucer, concerning Divorce: written to Edward the Sixth, in his Second Book of the Kingdom of Christ: and now Englished. Wherein a late Book, restoring "the Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce," is here confirmed and justified by the Authority of Martin Bucer. To the Parliament of England.

8. On Education. (In a Letter to Master Samuel Hartlib.)

9. Areopagitica: a Speech for the Liberty of Unlicensed Printing. To the Parliament of England. - 10. Tetrachordon: Expositions upon the Four Chief Places in Scripture which treat of Marriage, or Nullities in Marriage. Wherein "the Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce," as was lately published, is confirmed by Explanation of Scripture; by Testimony of Ancient Fathers; of Civil Laws in the Primitive Church; of famousest Reformed Divines; and lastly, by an intended Act of the Parliament and Church of England in the last Year of Edward the Sixth.

11. Colasterion: a Reply to a Nameless Answer against "the Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce." Wherein the trivial Author of that Answer is discovered, the Licenser conferred with, and the Opinion which they traduce defended.

1648-9 (Feb.).-12. The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates: proving that it is lawful, and hath been held so through all Ages, for any who have the Power, to call to Account a Tyrant, or wicked King, and after due Conviction, to depose, and put him to Death, if the ordinary Magistrate have neglected or denied to do it. And that they who of late so much blame deposing, the Presbyterians, are the men that did it themselves.

1648-9.-13. Observations on the Articles of Peace, between James Earl of Ormond for King Charles the First on the one hand, and the Irish Rebels and Papists on the other hand: and on a Letter sent by Ormond to Colonel Jones, Governor of Dublin. And a Representation of the Scots Presbytery at Belfast in Ireland. To which the said Articles, Letter, with Colonel Jones's Answer to it, and Representation, &c., are prefixed. (Published before his appointment as Latin Secretary, March 15th, 1648-9.) 1649.-14. Eikonoklastes: in Answer to a Book entitled "Eikon Basilikè, The Portraiture of His Sacred Majesty in his Solitudes and Sufferings."

1650.-15. Pro Populo Anglicano Defensio, contra Claudii anonymi alias Salmasii Defensionem Regiam. A Defence of the People of England; in Answer to Salmasius's Defence of the King. (The translation is ascribed by Toland to Mr. Washington of the Temple.)

1654.-16. Defensio Secunda pro Populo Anglicano contra Infamem Libellum anonymum, cui titulus, Regii Sanguinis Clamor ad Cœlum adversus Parricidas Anglicanos. The Second Defence of the People of England: against an anonymous Libel, entitled "The Royal Blood crying to Heaven for Vengeance on the English Parricides." (The translation is by Robert Fellowes, A. M., Oxon.)

1655.-17. Authoris pro se Defensio contra Alexandrum Morum Libelli, cui titulus, Regii Sanguinis, &c. Authorem recte dictum.

18. Authoris ad Alexandri Mori Supplementum Responsio. (These two polemic tracts have, I think, never been translated.)

19. A Manifesto of the Lord Protector to the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, Ireland, &c. Published by consent and advice of his Council.

Wherein is shown the Reasonableness of the Cause of this Republic against the Depredations of the Spaniards. (Written in Latin by John Milton, and first printed in 1655; translated into English in 1738.)

1659. 20. A Treatise of Civil Power in Ecclesiastical Causes; showing that it is not lawful for any Power on Earth to compel in matters of Religion. To the Parliament of the Commonwealth of England, with the Dominions thereof.

21. Considerations touching the likeliest Means to remove Hirelings out of the Church. Wherein is also discoursed of Tithes, Church Fees, and Church Revenues; and whether any Maintenance of Ministers can be settled Law. To the Parliament of England, with the Dominions thereof.

22. A Letter to a Friend concerning the Ruptures of the Commonwealth. (Dated Oct. 20, 1659, but first published by Toland in 1698.)

23. The Present Means and Brief Delineation of a Free Commonwealth, easy to be put in practice, and without delay. In a Letter to General Monk.

24. The ready and easy Way to establish a free Commonwealth, and the Excellence thereof, compared with the Inconveniences and Dangers of re-admitting Kingship in this Nation.

25. Brief Notes upon a late Sermon titled, The Fear of God and the King; preached and since published by Matthew Griffith, D. D., and Chaplain to the late King. Wherein many notorious wrestings of Scripture, and other Falsities, are observed.



Accedence Commenced Grammar, supplied with Sufficient Rules for the use of such as, younger or elder, are desirous, without more trouble than needs, to attain the Latin Tongue; the elder sort especially, with little teaching and their own industry. (It had

probably been prepared some years before its publication.)

1670.-27. The History of Britain, that part especially now called England, from the first Traditional Beginning continued to the Norman Conquest; collected out of the ancientest and best Authors thereof. (This work, though published in 1670, was written mostly before the Restoration. The royal licenser expunged several passages, which appeared in a pamphlet by themselves in 1681, and were incorporated into an edition of Milton's Prose Works published in 1738. See a brief notice of this in D'Israeli's Curiosities of Literature, Vol. II., p. 408, and Vol. III., p. 206.) 1672.-28. Artis Logicæ Plenior Institutio ad Petri Rami Methodum concinnata. System of Logic after Peter Ramus. (Not translated. This too had been in manuscript many years before publication.) 1673.-29. Of True Religion, Heresy, Schism, Toleration; and what best Means may be used against the Growth of Popery.

1674.-30. Epistolarum Familiarum Liber Unus; quibus accesserunt Prolusiones quædam Oratoriæ in Collegio Christi habitæ. (The Familiar Letters, extending from 1625 to 1666, have been translated by Mr. Fellowes of Oxford. Of the "Prolusiones," or Academical Essays, seven in number, no complete translation has been published. Professor Masson, who has found them "full of biographical light," yet remarks: "I really have found no evidence that as many as ten persons have read them through before me." He has given a full account of these Essays, with copious extracts, in his Life of Milton, Vol. I. pp. 204-230.)

31. A Declaration, or Letters-Patent, for the Election of this present King of Poland, John the Third, elected on the 22nd of May last past, A. D. 1674.

1676.—32. Literæ Senatus Anglicani; necnon Cromwellii. The Letters of State. These were published in the original in 1676, then translated into English, and published in 1694.

1682.33. A brief History of Moscovia and of other best

known Countries lying eastward of Russia as far as Cathay; gathered from the Writings of several Eyewitnesses.

-34. Joannis Miltoni Angli de Doctrina Christiana ex sacris duntaxat Libris petitâ Disquisitionum Libri duo posthumia. The Christian Doctrine. (A Latin MS. bearing the above title was accidentally discovered in 1823 by Mr. Lemon in the State-Paper Office. It was edited and afterwards translated by Rev. Charles R. Sumner, Bishop of Winchester. The Christian Doctrine is generally supposed to have been written by Milton late in life; but a contrary view is ably maintained in an article of considerable length published in the Bibliotheca Sacra, Vol. XVI. p. 557, and Vol. XVII. p. 1.)


Containing the Reasons of this Election, the great Virtues and Merits of the said serene Elect, his eminent Services in War, especially in his last great Victory against the Turks and Tartars, whereof many particulars are here related, not published before. Now faithfully translated from the Latin copy.

In addition to the works above mentioned, a few fragments have lately appeared. It is not likely that any important work of Milton remains now undiscovered.

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