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deposits ever known on the globe are in possession of the two most polished, free, and civilized nations the world ever saw-England and the United States; and whilst California will draw together a mighty Anglo-Saxon population on the eastern side of the North Pacific, Australia will be attracting to its fertile shores an equally mighty host on the west side of the South Pacific. A magnificent ocean, covering more than one-third the surface of the globe, and whose very name proclaims its fitness for the most extensive navigation, rolls its waters between the two. On the opposite side to California, the immense country of China and the rich isles of Japan, whose inhabitants have hitherto held aloof from intercourse with their fellow-men, invite the energies of America to endeavour to break the bonds of exclusiveness which so long have characterised these semibarbarous people, and bring them into friendly commercial relations with the other nations of the globe. In immediate proximity to Australia lies an enormous group of islands, the two largest of which are scarce known to the world, but all of which teem with the richest and most valuable products of the vegetable kingdom. These are at present in the sole occupation of hordes of savages and pirates, incapable of appreciating their beauty or their

utility. These call to Australia, when itself shall be more fully populated, to undertake the task of infusing, if possible, civilization into these barbarians; and the proximity of Australia to our East Indian possessions would indicate a cooperation in still further developing the resources of those rich countries, until we shall have reached, not for conquest, but for commercial and civilizing purposes, the confines of Thibet. Siberia, further north, is in the hands of Russia, that King Stork in conquest, and King Log in civilization and freedom, and for a further time must be left to her guidance. Stopped in our operations to the north-west, we turn again eastward, and behold on the opposite side of the Pacific the magnificent but undeveloped country of South America. The small end of the wedge which is to drive on the progress of civilization is already inserted at Panama ; and although the bleak and inhospitable neighbourhood of Cape Horn affords scanty encouragement, yet there also we have obtained a foothold.

These are mere glimpses, as it were, into the dim vista of futurity; but who that will cast a retrospective glance at the progress of the first half of the nineteenth century shall say what may not be accomplished in the latter half? Should England, as some have predicted, be doomed to share the fate of Assyria, of Greece, of Rome, and of Carthage, it will at least have given birth to two herculean republics, who will each take a hemisphere under its control, and with Anglo-Saxon energy, armed in the one hand with the sublime precepts of the Founder of Christianity, and in the other with the powers of nature which they have subdued to their service, they will extend their bloodless conquests, until all mankind shall recognise the dictates of the Creator, and form one universal brotherhood. To this end, however remote, may we not recognise a providential arrangement in the nearly simultaneous discoveries of the Gold Fields of California and of Australia ?



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