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upon conviction, shall be fined in any sam debts contracted prior to the issuing of tho not exceeding $500, and to which may be final certificato tlieretor. added imprisonment for any term not ex SEC. 7. That parties who have alroadv coeding six months.
made entries under the acts
3, 1873, and March 13, 1874, of which this Chap. CXLVIII.-An act for the relief of is amendatory, shall be permitted to com. certain settlers on the public lands. That it vlete the sune apou full compliance with shall be lawful for homestead settlers on the the provisions of this act, that is, they shall, public lands whose crops were dosi royed or at their time of making their final proot, seriously injured by, grasshoppers in the havo bad under cultivation, as required by year 1876, who left their land in said this act, an amount of timber suficient to year, if no other settlement shall have make the number of acres required by this been made thereon by, or right or inter- act. est thereia accrued to, any other person, to return to said land at any time Chap. CXL.-An act for the relief of set. within three months from and after the tlers on the public lands under the Preëmp. passage of this act; and upon the return of tion laws.-That any person who has made a such dottlers to such land. such absence settlement on public lans under the pretherefrom shall in no wise affect the original ëmption laws, and has subsequent to such settlements or homestead rights, but such settlement changed his filing in pursuance set:lers shall be allowed to resume and per. of law to that for a homestead entry upon fect their settlement, as if no such absence the same tract of land, shall be entitled 10 had occurred: Provided, That procf of have the timo reqnired to perfect his title such destruction or injury of cross, absence under the homestoad laws compnted from and return of such settlers, shall be made in the dato of his original settlement berotosuch manner as the Commissioner of the fore made, or hereafter to bo made, under Generai Land Office may prescribe.
the preëmption laws. subject to all the pro
visions of the law relating to homesteads. Chap. CXC.--An act to amend an act entitled An act to encourage the growth of tim. Chap.CLXXXIX.-An act for the relief of ber on the Western Prairies.- That the act settlers on thepublic lands under the preë.np entitled An act to encourage the growth of tion laws. That any person who has mada timber on Western Pialries, approved settlement on the publiclands under the praMarch 13, 1874, be, and the same is hereby ënuption laws, and has subsequent to such amended, so as to read as follows: That any settlement charged his filing in pursuance verson who is the head of a family, or who of law to that for a homestead entry upon the has arrived at the age of twenty-one years, same tract of land, shall be entitle, subject and 18 a citizen of the United States, or who to all the provisions of law relating to homeshall have fled his declaration of intention steads, to have the time required to perfect to become such, as required by the natural. his title upder the homestead laws computed ization laws of the United States, who shall from the date of his origioal settlement hereplant, protect, and keep in a healthy,
grow, toforo made, or hereafter to be made, under ing condition for eight years ton acres of the proëmption law3. timber, on any quarter.section of any of tho public lands of the United States, or five Chap. LXXVI.-An act * *** making acres on any legal subdivision of eighty appropriations for detecting tresspass on acros, or two and one-half acres on any legal public lands, and for bringing into mariet subdivision of forty acres or less. shall be public lands in certain states and for other entitled to a patent for the whole of said purposes.-That all mozoys heretofore, and quarter-section, or of such legal subdivision that shall hereafter be collected for depraof oighty or forty acres, or fractional sub-dations upon the public lands shall be cov. division of less than forty acres, as the case ered in the Treasury of tho United States 29 may be, at the expiration of said eight years, other moneys received from the sale
of pub. on making proof of such fact by not less lic lands: Ånd provided further, That where than two credible witnesses, and a full com wood and timber lands in the Territories of plianco of the further conditions as provided the United States are not surveyed an! in Section 2: Provided further, That not offered for sale in proper subdivisions, con. more than one quarter of any section shall venient of access, no money herein approbe thus granted, and that no person shall priatod shall be used to collect any chargo make more than one entry under the provi. for
wood or umber cut on the public lards sions of this act.
in the Territories of the United States for SEC. 3. That if at any time after the filing or the use of actual settlers in the Territorica, 8.110 affidavit, and prior to the issuing
of the and not for export from tho Territories of patent for saia land, the claimant shall fail the United States where the timber grow : io comply with any of the requirements of and provided further, That if any timber this act, then and in that event such land cut on the public lands shall be exported shall be subject to entry under the home from the Territories of the United states, it stead laws, or by somo other person under shall be liable to seizure by Unitod States the provisious of this act, Provided, That authority wherover found the party making claim to said land, either as a homestead-seitler, or under this act, Chap. CCCXIV.-An
act for the relief of shall givo at the time of filing his application, settlers on public lands. -That the
provisions such notice to the original claimant as shall of an act of Congress approved March 3, bo prescribed by the rules established by 1877 (providing that settlers on the public tho Commissioner of the General Land lands whera crops were destroyed or seri. Office ; and the rights of iho parties shall bo ously injured by grasshoppers in 1877 may determined as in other contested cases. be absent therefrom until October 1, 1878,
SEC. 4. That no land acquired under the and that during such absence no adverse provisions of this act shall, in any event. be rights shall attach to said lands), are hereby come liable to the satisfaction of any debt or extendod to those settlers whoso crops wero
destroyed or seriously injured by the grass States to the Government of Her Britannio hoppers during the year 1876.
Majesty, in accordance with the provisions
of the said treaty. TERRITORIES.
Signed at Halifax, this 230 day of Novem. Chap. CCCXXIX.-An acı making ap.
MAURICE DELFOSSE. propriations for the Legislative, Executive ana
A. T. GALT. Judicial Expenses of the Government.-That The United States Commissioner is of from and after the adjournment of the next opinion that the advantages accruing to 898sion of the several Territorial Legisla- Great Britain under the Treaty of Washing. Inres, the council of each of the Territories ton are greater than the advantages con. of the United States shall not exceed twelve ferred on the United States by said
treaty, members and the House of Representatives and he cannot thereforo concur in the con. of each shall not exceed twenty-four mem- clusions announced by his colleagues. bers; and the soveral legislatures at their And the American Commissioner deems it Dext sessions are directed to divide their his duty to state further that it is question. respective Territories into as niany
council able whether it is competent for the Board and representative districts as they desire, to make an award under the treaty except which aistricts shall be as nearly equal as with the unanimous consent of its mem. practicable taking into consideration popu. bers.
E. H. KELLOGG. Lation, except "Indians not taxed."
Commissioner. TEXT OF THE FISHERIES AWARD AT HALIFAX, The following is the act of Congress on NOVEMBER 23, 1877.
the subject : The undersigned, Commissioners pointed under Articles XXII and XXIII Chap. CCCLLX.-An act making ap. of the Treaty of Washington, of the propriations for sundry, civil expenses of 8th of May, 1871, to determino having the Government.-That the sum of five and regard to the privileges accorded by the one-half million of dollars in gold coin be and United States to the subjects of Her Britan, the same is hereby appropriated out of any nie Majesty, as stated in Articles XIX and money in the reasury not otherwise appro. XXI ot said treaty, the
amount of any com- priaied, and placed under the direction of pensation which in their opinion ought to the President of the United States, with be paid by the Government of the United which to pay the Government of Her Britan. States to the Government of Her Britannic nio Majesty the amount awarded by the Majesty in return for the privileges ac- Fisheries Commission, lately assembler at corded to the citizens of the United States, Halifax, in pursuance of the Treaty of under Article XVIII of the said
treaty - Washington, 1f. after correspondence with having carefully and impartially examined the British Government, on the subject of the matters referred to them, according to the conformity of the awards to the requirejustice and equity, in conformity with the ments of the ireaty and to the terms of the solemn declaration made and snbscribed by question thereby submitted to the commis. them on the 15th day of June, 1877,
sion, the President shall deem it his duty to Award the sam of $5,500.000 in gold, to make the payment without further com. be paid by the Government of the United 'munication with Congress.
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS IN THE STATES.
CALIFORNIA.-A convention is in session. bly, the City of New Orleans, and the par.
ILLINOIS. -The following proposed amend. ishes to levy taxes. ment was voted on at the November elec 4. Fixes the salary of members of the Gen. tion:
eral Assembly at $500 per session of ninety ** The General Assembly may pass laws day 8. permitting the owners of lands to construct 8. Prohibits the General Assembly from drains, diiches and lovees, for agricultural, pas:ing local or special laws changing venuo Banitary and mining purposes, across the in criminal cases, etc. lands of others, and provide for the organiza 6. Fixes the salary of the Governor at tion of drainage districts and vest the corpo. $7.000 a year. rate authorities thereof with power to con. 7. Fixes the salary of Lieutenant-Governor struct and maintain levees, drains and at doable that of an Assemblyman. ditches, and to keep in repair all drains, 8. Relates to the veto power, and author. levees and ditches heretofore constructed by izes the Governor to veto one or more items the State, by special assessments upon the in any bill appropriating money, the remain. property benefited thereby.”
der to be valid. LOUISIANA.-Amendments having been 9. Prohibits a salaried officer from having agreed to by two-thirds of oach House of the fees. General Assembly, at the session of 1878, 10. Relates to the judicial power, and crewere submitted to a vote of the people at tho ates Supreme Court, district courts and late election :
Justices of the peace. 1. Submits the question of location of 1!. Fixes tho salary of the Chief-Justice State Capital : Baton Rouge or New Orleans. at $7,000 a year, and the associates $6,500
2. Provides that Representatives shall be cach. chosen on the frat Tuesday after the first 12. Authorizes the General Assembly to Monday in November, every two years, and divide the State into judicial districts,
which be elected cn one day ; the General As shall be unchanged for four years, with a sembly to meet on the first Monday in Jaru- Judgo learned in the law to be elected by a ary biennially, unless a different day be plurality of votes, and the number of disfired by law.
tricts to be not less than thirty nor moro 3. Linits the power of the General Assem. I than forty-five.
13. Fixes the salary of tho district Judges however, that the adoption of this article at not exceeding $5,000 a year in New-Orshall not be construed as applying to any lens, and not less than $2,000 nor more fund received in trust by said city or town, than $3,000 in other parts of the State. nor to any loan for the purpose of renewing
14. Abolishes the office of District-At existing loans, or for war, or to temporary torney
and establishes a State's-Attorney in loans to be paid out of money raised by tax. lieu of it.
ation during the year in which they are 15. Where the judge may be recused. and made." when he is not personally interested in the The vote on the former was: For, 20,530; matters in contestation, he shall select a against, 25, 242, and it was rejected. The lawyer, with qualifications described, to try latter was adopted: For, 39,300; against, such cases.
5,882. 16. Provides against the evils of an inter. MICHIGAN.-Two amendments were subregnom, and fixes the time when the
new mitted to vote of the people, April 1, 1878. system shall take effect.
Section 12 of article 6, as follows: 17. Abrogates Article 132 of the Constitu. The clerk of each county organized for tion of 1868.
judicial purposes shall be the clerk of the 18. Provides a salary of $3,500 for the Crcuit Court of such county, and of the Superintendent of Public Education. Supreme Court when beld within the same."
19. Prohibits a licenso tax by the State, Was proposed to be amended so as to read parish or municipal authority on any me thus: chapical trade, manufactory, or factory, ex "The justices of the Supreme Court shall cept such as may require polico regulation appoint the clerk of said
court, and the clerk in towns and cities.
of each county organized for judicial pur. 20. Authorizes the Legislature to exempt poses shall be clerk of the Circuit Court of from taxation household goods not exceed such county." ins $500.
Section 7 of Article 15, as follows: 21. Provides for maintaining the Univer “The stockholders of all corporations and sity, to be composed
of a law, a medical, and joint stock associations shall be individually an academical department; the law and liable for all labor performed for such cor. medical to be in New Orleans, and the aca poration or association." demical and other elsewhere in the State. Was proposed to be amended so as to read
MAINE.-These two proposed amendments thus: were submitted at tho election in Septem “The stockholders in all corporations and ber, 1877 :
joint stock associations shall be individually ". No person shall vote at any election in liable in an amount equal to the par value of this state, unless he has paid a poll.tax their respective sbares which they own or within two years preceding the election in have owned in snch corporations or associawhich he proposes to vote, provided said tax tions for all labor done in behalf of such corhas been legaliy assessed upon him."
poration or joint stock association during “No city or town shall hereafter create the timo of their being such stockholders." any debt or liability, which, singly, or in the They were both defeated. The vote OD aggregate with previous debts or liabilities, the former was: Yeag, 30.313 nays, S4,shall exceed 6 per cent of the last regular 712. Od the latter: Yeas, 27,770; mays, valuation of said city or town; provided, 42,064.
PARTY PLATFORMS, 1878. Connecticut Republican. | it, but shall leave the country freo in its ro (Adopted September 23.)
viving prosperity. * * * That the bonds of the United
Connecticut Democratic. States and the legal-tender notes issued under the necessities of the war, are sacred
(Adopted September 17.) debts to be paid to the last dollar in the That the Constitution of tho United States standard money of the world; that the only recognizes gold and silver as the standard money recognized in the Coustitution or in money of the Union; and this standard is the exchange of the world is gold and silver the most stable basis for the commercial necoin of the weight and fineness which give cessities of the world. The Democratic it universal currency; and we demand that party or the Union has never failed to reall currency shall be redeemable in coin at cognize and support this cssential principle. the will of the holder, and that both coin and a great and costly war, and Republican currency shall be kept at par with the gold financial fraud and corruption, brought an standard of the world.
irredeemable currency, under which prices That the issue of legal-tender notes was of every commodity have fluctuated, indusonly Justifiable by the necessities of the trial interests have enffered, labor has been war, and that any attempt to lower the deprived of its just reward, and many busi. standard of money, to increase the volume ness men brought to bankruptcy; but the of irredeemable paper currency, to make the laws of irade, with a large balarce of for. money of the people unstable, or to deterio. eign exchange in favor of this country, have rate the coin, is simply repudiation, and brought us to the door of a redeemable car. that we declare that a reissue of legal-ten: rency and a sound basis for an
improved der paper in a time of protound peace would and prosperous state of affairs, which will be without excuse and a gross violation of place the credicors and debtors of the the Constitution of the United States, and Government on the same financial planc. therefore we demand actual resumption of That the Resumption Act, so called, was specie payments at the timo fixed by law, in its inception unwise, uncalled for, and and that Congress shall do no act to delay not demanded at the time of its enaction by
those laws of trade which govern with uner. | shall be issued by the Government an equal ring certainty the finances of a country i amount of Treasury notes with full legal. and having confidence in the Senators and tender quality; that we are in favor of Representatives of this state in the Con. making United States notes, commonly gress of the United States, we unhesi. called green backs, a full legal tender, in tatingly rely upon their integrity and judg, payment of all debts, public and private, ment, believing that they will be controlled except such obligations only as are by the in their action upon the question of resump: terms of the original contract under which tion by those wellknown principles which they were issued expressly pavable in coin the best interests of the people of this state. as coin is the exclusive prerogative of tho
We condemn all repudiation, and demand Government, and such money should be 18. an honest and just payment of the public sued in such amount as the sound business debt. We denounce the fiuancial policy of interests of the country may from time to the Republican administration as the direct time require. and shortest way to universal bankruptcy That we are in favor of such legislation by and total repudiation. We declare whai. Congress as will authorize the taxation by aver currency is issued should be for the the States of United States notes in common benefit of the whole people. * * *
with all other money.
That we deem it unwise and inexpedient Delaware Democratic.
to enact any further legislation for the
funding of the National debt abroad, (Adopted August 6.]
through the means of home syndicates or * That in accordance with the time other methods, and we believe the true honored and Constitution. I faith of the policy of the Government and the best in. Democratic party, we hold that the only terests of the people would be subserved by honest and lawful money of the people of legislation so as to distribute said debt the United States is gold and silver coin, or among our people at home, affording them & paper currency convertible into such coin most favorable and practical opportunities at tho will of the holder.
for the investment of their savings in the
funded debt of the United States. * * * Indiana Republican.
That we demand the rectoration of the
silver dollar of 412 grains to the country, (Adopted June 0.]
and with full legal-tender quality, in pas. The Republicans of Indiana, in convon. ment of all debts, both public and private, tion assembled, make the following declara- and that the colpage thereof shall be un. tion of principles :
limited, and upon the same terms as may be The maintenance of the great principles provided for the coinage of gold. of the Republican party is essential to the That we are in favor of the immediate and peace, permanency and prosperity of the unconditional repeal of the Resumption Nation : the right of the people to meet Act. together and discuss grievances to be jeal. That the Democratic party is the friend of ously guarded and maintained, but de. the common school system, and will in termined opposition to lawlessness, or to every legitimate way labor for its success, any resort to force and violence as subver and will oppose any attempt to divert anv sive of the public
peace, injurious to public portion of the common school fund to any morals, and destinctive to the rights and in sectarian purpose. terests of all classes ; equal rights before the law, and equal protection un the law, without regard to race, creed, condition or
Louisiana Democratic. occupation; no exclusive privileges to in. dividuals or classes : *** the common
[Adopted August 6.] school system to be cherished and per. fected, and to that end the school fund The Louisiana Democracy demand that should not be diverted to sectarian pur. the National banking system be abolished poses;
a Constitutional amend. and National bank notes retired, and in lieu ment providing for strict registration and thereof that the Government of the United election laws: * * American industries States issue an equal amount of Treastry to be encouraged and fostered by such legis. notes, commonly known as greenbacks, Wo lation as will develop the material resources also demand tho unconditional repeal of of the country and give full measure of em-laws imposing a tax upon the circulation of ployment and reward to labor; opposition State banks. We demand, also, the imme. to repudiation in all its forms; the honor diate and unconditional ropeal of the Re. and credit of the Nation to be maintained in sumption Act, and are unalterabiy opposed every, contingency; no abandonment of to the ruinous policy pursued by the Repub. greenbacks or depreciation of greenback lıcan party, whereby the volume of cur. currency; a sound and stable currency of rency has been contracted far below the guld, silver and paper of the same value;
business requirements of the country, and National legislation authorizing the receipt failures, depression of business, scarcity of of greenbacks at par in payment of oustoms labor and pauper wages have been entailed. and in purchase of Government bonds : op- That it is the sense or this convention that position to further financial agitation, all the bonds and obligations of the National stability in our finance system being essen. Government should be paid in legal tender tial to business prosperity.
greenback notes of the United States, ex.
cept wbere it is otherwise provided in the Indiana Democratic.
original law under which they were issued.
We further demand the repeal of all laws [Adopted Jaly 20.]
passed subsequent to the original law creatThat we demand that the National banking the public debt, by which obligations of notes shall be retired, and in lieu thereof contract have been made more onerous.
That the refunding of the National debt at (Adopted July 30.)
a lower rate of interest should be carried
forward as rapidly as is possible; that the The Constitution of the United strictest economy in expenditures should be States declares that the citizens of each used and the industries of the country reState are entitled to all privileges and im. lieved from taxation, so far as honor, goo:1 munities of citizens in the several states, faith and necessity will permit: that the and we hold it to be a primary and sacred civil administration should be maintained duty of the National Government to protect in its honest and efficiency by the Executive and maintain the exercise of all these civil, Department, which should take the respon. political and public rights by every citizen sibility which belongs to it, of making nomi, of the United States. As Republicans we nations to office without dictation or control are solemnly pledged to maintain these from other departments of the Government, principles, and until they are cheerfully and should in the exercise of this power use obeyen, and, if need be, vigorously
enforced, the same care and good judgment and de. the work of the Republican party is un mand the same fidélity and devotion to finished. The Republican party is committed to nn. of important business affairs, and we will
daty that are required in the management remitting efforts, not only to secure the legiti: cordially support every measure which shall mate results of the war-the sovereignty of be needed to raise the civil service to the the Union, the equal rights of all citizens, high plano of honesty and officiency, de. and free and untrammelled rights of suffrage manded by the Cincinvati platform avd tho --but also to redeem the pledges which tho President's letter ot acceptance. * Government made to those who furnished
That the Commonwealth of Massachusetts means or gave their services to save the bas prospered for more than two centuries Union. whether these pledges are in the because her citizens have believed that the form of bonds or green back notes. We in interest of each is the interest of all, and sist that both forms of the debt of the Nation have labored together for the common weal, shall be paid with the same fairness aud in. and when this union of interest and action tegrity with which an honest man seeks to which has endured through seasons of depay his individual debts. Wo demand honest money for the people. must cease also. They who would foment
pression and disaster ceases, her prosperity Our currency must bo made as good as coin discord by falsely teaching that our comand redeemablo in it. The Government munity is composed of hostile classes whose promised this. The Republican party has interests antagonistic, are public legislated to perform it, and in the course of enemies whose defeat is essential to the pub. resumption it is now nearly accomplished. lic welfare, and should be accomplished by There must be po steps sideways or back. the united efforts of all honest men. ward.
That the success of the bold attempt to Maine Democratic.
place an open repudiator in the Execútive (Adopted Juno 18.]
chair of this rerowned Commonwealth We demand the payment of the bonded would be an announcement to the world debt of the United States as rapidly as prac: chusetts
wavers in her devotion to honest
that for tne first time in her history Massa. ticable. No further issue of Government bonde, whereby equal taxation with the finance, and is indifferent to the sacredness other property of ihe country is avoided. of public faith. We are opposed to an irredeemablo cur. repcy, but believe in a currency for the Massachusetts Democratic. Government and people, the laborer and office-holder, the pensioner and soldier, the
[Adopted September 25.) producer and the bondholder. We are op into effect by the Republican party of pro
* The scheme initiated and carried posed to the present National banking sys. tem, and in favor of the gradual substitu. viding a paper currency not redeemable in tion of greenbacks for National bank bills.
coin, and compelling the people to receive
the same in payment of debts, is without Massachnsetts Republican.
authority of the Constitution. Congress has [Adopted September 18.)
no, power to make anything, unless it be
gold and silver, legal-tender. Whatever * That the Republican party is com. power it may have to authorize the issne of mitted to the maintenance of the National notes to circulate as money, whether issued credit and the keeping of the public faith directly from the Treasury, or indirectly with all creditors of the Nation. We rejoice through the banks, should be exercised only that the resumption of specio payments has subject to certain restrictions: 1. That no been so nearly accomplished. We insist executive office of the Government should that all lawful means shall be taken to in. have discretion to enlarge or control the sure such resumption within the time fixed volume of currency. 2. That the total and by law; that all paper currency shall be amount of currency anthorized should be redeemable in coin at the will of the holder, fixed by law. 3. That whatever that amount, and that both coin and currency shall be it shonlıl be one that shall at every moment kept at all times at par with the gold standbe redeemable in coin. 4. That all coins or ard of the commercial world. We believe the same den mination shall be as nearly as that the American people are too honest possiblo of equal value. 5. Tbat whatever wantonly to violato their pledges; are too currency is isolled by the Government shall intelligent to attempt to use as money any be receivable by the Government in pay. thing which has neither value in itself nor ment of public dues at its face value. represents valuo; and bave too much regard * * * The Democrats of Massachusett3 for their honor and prosperity to prefer un renew their
demand for the extending of the rodeemed and irredeemablo promises instead izht of suforage to all citizens of the United of money which shall pass current at its full States, residents of Massachusetts, without saco valuo in every market of the world. restriction by Constitutional or legal enact.