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13. Fixes the salary of tho district Judges however, that the adoption of this article at not exceeding $5,000 a year in New-Orshall not be construed as applying to any lens, and not less than $2,000 nor more fund received in trust by said city or town, than $3,000 in other parts of the State. nor to any loan for the purpose of renewing
14. Abolishes the office of District-At existing loans, or for war, or to temporary torney
and establishes a State's-Attorney in loans to be paid out of money raised by tax. lieu of it.
ation during the year in which they are 15. Where the judge may be recused. and made." when he is not personally interested in the The vote on the former was: For, 20,530; matters in contestation, he shall select a against, 25, 242, and it was rejected. The lawyer, with qualifications described, to try latter was adopted: For, 39,300; against, such cases.
5,882. 16. Provides against the evils of an inter. MICHIGAN.-Two amendments were subregnom, and fixes the time when the
new mitted to vote of the people, April 1, 1878. system shall take effect.
Section 12 of article 6, as follows: 17. Abrogates Article 132 of the Constitu. The clerk of each county organized for tion of 1868.
judicial purposes shall be the clerk of the 18. Provides a salary of $3,500 for the Crcuit Court of such county, and of the Superintendent of Public Education. Supreme Court when beld within the same."
19. Prohibits a licenso tax by the State, Was proposed to be amended so as to read parish or municipal authority on any me thus: chapical trade, manufactory, or factory, ex "The justices of the Supreme Court shall cept such as may require polico regulation appoint the clerk of said
court, and the clerk in towns and cities.
of each county organized for judicial pur. 20. Authorizes the Legislature to exempt poses shall be clerk of the Circuit Court of from taxation household goods not exceed such county." ins $500.
Section 7 of Article 15, as follows: 21. Provides for maintaining the Univer “The stockholders of all corporations and sity, to be composed
of a law, a medical, and joint stock associations shall be individually an academical department; the law and liable for all labor performed for such cor. medical to be in New Orleans, and the aca poration or association." demical and other elsewhere in the State. Was proposed to be amended so as to read
MAINE.-These two proposed amendments thus: were submitted at tho election in Septem “The stockholders in all corporations and ber, 1877 :
joint stock associations shall be individually ". No person shall vote at any election in liable in an amount equal to the par value of this state, unless he has paid a poll.tax their respective sbares which they own or within two years preceding the election in have owned in snch corporations or associawhich he proposes to vote, provided said tax tions for all labor done in behalf of such corhas been legaliy assessed upon him."
poration or joint stock association during “No city or town shall hereafter create the timo of their being such stockholders." any debt or liability, which, singly, or in the They were both defeated. The vote OD aggregate with previous debts or liabilities, the former was: Yeag, 30.313 nays, S4,shall exceed 6 per cent of the last regular 712. Od the latter: Yeas, 27,770; mays, valuation of said city or town; provided, 42,064.
PARTY PLATFORMS, 1878. Connecticut Republican. | it, but shall leave the country freo in its ro (Adopted September 23.)
viving prosperity. * * * That the bonds of the United
Connecticut Democratic. States and the legal-tender notes issued under the necessities of the war, are sacred
(Adopted September 17.) debts to be paid to the last dollar in the That the Constitution of tho United States standard money of the world; that the only recognizes gold and silver as the standard money recognized in the Coustitution or in money of the Union; and this standard is the exchange of the world is gold and silver the most stable basis for the commercial necoin of the weight and fineness which give cessities of the world. The Democratic it universal currency; and we demand that party or the Union has never failed to reall currency shall be redeemable in coin at cognize and support this cssential principle. the will of the holder, and that both coin and a great and costly war, and Republican currency shall be kept at par with the gold financial fraud and corruption, brought an standard of the world.
irredeemable currency, under which prices That the issue of legal-tender notes was of every commodity have fluctuated, indusonly Justifiable by the necessities of the trial interests have enffered, labor has been war, and that any attempt to lower the deprived of its just reward, and many busi. standard of money, to increase the volume ness men brought to bankruptcy; but the of irredeemable paper currency, to make the laws of irade, with a large balarce of for. money of the people unstable, or to deterio. eign exchange in favor of this country, have rate the coin, is simply repudiation, and brought us to the door of a redeemable car. that we declare that a reissue of legal-ten: rency and a sound basis for an
improved der paper in a time of protound peace would and prosperous state of affairs, which will be without excuse and a gross violation of place the credicors and debtors of the the Constitution of the United States, and Government on the same financial planc. therefore we demand actual resumption of That the Resumption Act, so called, was specie payments at the timo fixed by law, in its inception unwise, uncalled for, and and that Congress shall do no act to delay not demanded at the time of its enaction by
those laws of trade which govern with uner. | shall be issued by the Government an equal ring certainty the finances of a country i amount of Treasury notes with full legal. and having confidence in the Senators and tender quality; that we are in favor of Representatives of this state in the Con. making United States notes, commonly gress of the United States, we unhesi. called green backs, a full legal tender, in tatingly rely upon their integrity and judg, payment of all debts, public and private, ment, believing that they will be controlled except such obligations only as are by the in their action upon the question of resump: terms of the original contract under which tion by those wellknown principles which they were issued expressly pavable in coin the best interests of the people of this state. as coin is the exclusive prerogative of tho
We condemn all repudiation, and demand Government, and such money should be 18. an honest and just payment of the public sued in such amount as the sound business debt. We denounce the fiuancial policy of interests of the country may from time to the Republican administration as the direct time require. and shortest way to universal bankruptcy That we are in favor of such legislation by and total repudiation. We declare whai. Congress as will authorize the taxation by aver currency is issued should be for the the States of United States notes in common benefit of the whole people. * * *
with all other money.
That we deem it unwise and inexpedient Delaware Democratic.
to enact any further legislation for the
funding of the National debt abroad, (Adopted August 6.]
through the means of home syndicates or * That in accordance with the time other methods, and we believe the true honored and Constitution. I faith of the policy of the Government and the best in. Democratic party, we hold that the only terests of the people would be subserved by honest and lawful money of the people of legislation so as to distribute said debt the United States is gold and silver coin, or among our people at home, affording them & paper currency convertible into such coin most favorable and practical opportunities at tho will of the holder.
for the investment of their savings in the
funded debt of the United States. * * * Indiana Republican.
That we demand the rectoration of the
silver dollar of 412 grains to the country, (Adopted June 0.]
and with full legal-tender quality, in pas. The Republicans of Indiana, in convon. ment of all debts, both public and private, tion assembled, make the following declara- and that the colpage thereof shall be un. tion of principles :
limited, and upon the same terms as may be The maintenance of the great principles provided for the coinage of gold. of the Republican party is essential to the That we are in favor of the immediate and peace, permanency and prosperity of the unconditional repeal of the Resumption Nation : the right of the people to meet Act. together and discuss grievances to be jeal. That the Democratic party is the friend of ously guarded and maintained, but de. the common school system, and will in termined opposition to lawlessness, or to every legitimate way labor for its success, any resort to force and violence as subver and will oppose any attempt to divert anv sive of the public
peace, injurious to public portion of the common school fund to any morals, and destinctive to the rights and in sectarian purpose. terests of all classes ; equal rights before the law, and equal protection un the law, without regard to race, creed, condition or
Louisiana Democratic. occupation; no exclusive privileges to in. dividuals or classes : *** the common
[Adopted August 6.] school system to be cherished and per. fected, and to that end the school fund The Louisiana Democracy demand that should not be diverted to sectarian pur. the National banking system be abolished poses;
a Constitutional amend. and National bank notes retired, and in lieu ment providing for strict registration and thereof that the Government of the United election laws: * * American industries States issue an equal amount of Treastry to be encouraged and fostered by such legis. notes, commonly known as greenbacks, Wo lation as will develop the material resources also demand tho unconditional repeal of of the country and give full measure of em-laws imposing a tax upon the circulation of ployment and reward to labor; opposition State banks. We demand, also, the imme. to repudiation in all its forms; the honor diate and unconditional ropeal of the Re. and credit of the Nation to be maintained in sumption Act, and are unalterabiy opposed every, contingency; no abandonment of to the ruinous policy pursued by the Repub. greenbacks or depreciation of greenback lıcan party, whereby the volume of cur. currency; a sound and stable currency of rency has been contracted far below the guld, silver and paper of the same value;
business requirements of the country, and National legislation authorizing the receipt failures, depression of business, scarcity of of greenbacks at par in payment of oustoms labor and pauper wages have been entailed. and in purchase of Government bonds : op- That it is the sense or this convention that position to further financial agitation, all the bonds and obligations of the National stability in our finance system being essen. Government should be paid in legal tender tial to business prosperity.
greenback notes of the United States, ex.
cept wbere it is otherwise provided in the Indiana Democratic.
original law under which they were issued.
We further demand the repeal of all laws [Adopted Jaly 20.]
passed subsequent to the original law creatThat we demand that the National banking the public debt, by which obligations of notes shall be retired, and in lieu thereof contract have been made more onerous.
That the refunding of the National debt at (Adopted July 30.)
a lower rate of interest should be carried
forward as rapidly as is possible; that the The Constitution of the United strictest economy in expenditures should be States declares that the citizens of each used and the industries of the country reState are entitled to all privileges and im. lieved from taxation, so far as honor, goo:1 munities of citizens in the several states, faith and necessity will permit: that the and we hold it to be a primary and sacred civil administration should be maintained duty of the National Government to protect in its honest and efficiency by the Executive and maintain the exercise of all these civil, Department, which should take the respon. political and public rights by every citizen sibility which belongs to it, of making nomi, of the United States. As Republicans we nations to office without dictation or control are solemnly pledged to maintain these from other departments of the Government, principles, and until they are cheerfully and should in the exercise of this power use obeyen, and, if need be, vigorously
enforced, the same care and good judgment and de. the work of the Republican party is un mand the same fidélity and devotion to finished. The Republican party is committed to nn. of important business affairs, and we will
daty that are required in the management remitting efforts, not only to secure the legiti: cordially support every measure which shall mate results of the war-the sovereignty of be needed to raise the civil service to the the Union, the equal rights of all citizens, high plano of honesty and officiency, de. and free and untrammelled rights of suffrage manded by the Cincinvati platform avd tho --but also to redeem the pledges which tho President's letter ot acceptance. * Government made to those who furnished
That the Commonwealth of Massachusetts means or gave their services to save the bas prospered for more than two centuries Union. whether these pledges are in the because her citizens have believed that the form of bonds or green back notes. We in interest of each is the interest of all, and sist that both forms of the debt of the Nation have labored together for the common weal, shall be paid with the same fairness aud in. and when this union of interest and action tegrity with which an honest man seeks to which has endured through seasons of depay his individual debts. Wo demand honest money for the people. must cease also. They who would foment
pression and disaster ceases, her prosperity Our currency must bo made as good as coin discord by falsely teaching that our comand redeemablo in it. The Government munity is composed of hostile classes whose promised this. The Republican party has interests antagonistic, are public legislated to perform it, and in the course of enemies whose defeat is essential to the pub. resumption it is now nearly accomplished. lic welfare, and should be accomplished by There must be po steps sideways or back. the united efforts of all honest men. ward.
That the success of the bold attempt to Maine Democratic.
place an open repudiator in the Execútive (Adopted Juno 18.]
chair of this rerowned Commonwealth We demand the payment of the bonded would be an announcement to the world debt of the United States as rapidly as prac: chusetts
wavers in her devotion to honest
that for tne first time in her history Massa. ticable. No further issue of Government bonde, whereby equal taxation with the finance, and is indifferent to the sacredness other property of ihe country is avoided. of public faith. We are opposed to an irredeemablo cur. repcy, but believe in a currency for the Massachusetts Democratic. Government and people, the laborer and office-holder, the pensioner and soldier, the
[Adopted September 25.) producer and the bondholder. We are op into effect by the Republican party of pro
* The scheme initiated and carried posed to the present National banking sys. tem, and in favor of the gradual substitu. viding a paper currency not redeemable in tion of greenbacks for National bank bills.
coin, and compelling the people to receive
the same in payment of debts, is without Massachnsetts Republican.
authority of the Constitution. Congress has [Adopted September 18.)
no, power to make anything, unless it be
gold and silver, legal-tender. Whatever * That the Republican party is com. power it may have to authorize the issne of mitted to the maintenance of the National notes to circulate as money, whether issued credit and the keeping of the public faith directly from the Treasury, or indirectly with all creditors of the Nation. We rejoice through the banks, should be exercised only that the resumption of specio payments has subject to certain restrictions: 1. That no been so nearly accomplished. We insist executive office of the Government should that all lawful means shall be taken to in. have discretion to enlarge or control the sure such resumption within the time fixed volume of currency. 2. That the total and by law; that all paper currency shall be amount of currency anthorized should be redeemable in coin at the will of the holder, fixed by law. 3. That whatever that amount, and that both coin and currency shall be it shonlıl be one that shall at every moment kept at all times at par with the gold standbe redeemable in coin. 4. That all coins or ard of the commercial world. We believe the same den mination shall be as nearly as that the American people are too honest possiblo of equal value. 5. Tbat whatever wantonly to violato their pledges; are too currency is isolled by the Government shall intelligent to attempt to use as money any be receivable by the Government in pay. thing which has neither value in itself nor ment of public dues at its face value. represents valuo; and bave too much regard * * * The Democrats of Massachusett3 for their honor and prosperity to prefer un renew their
demand for the extending of the rodeemed and irredeemablo promises instead izht of suforage to all citizens of the United of money which shall pass current at its full States, residents of Massachusetts, without saco valuo in every market of the world. restriction by Constitutional or legal enact.
ments. Prepayment of a poll tax as a quali. I redemption of the public promises. accord. fication for voting is in violation of everying to the letter and the spirit of the engage. principle of equal rights, and ought Doment ; and our good name and well-being longer to be required and while we favor require that the Nation's hopor shall be all reasonable regulations to protect the kept as inviolate as the Nation's life. purity of the ballot, we declare that the Under the management of succeeding Relaws passed by Republican Legislatures in publican administrations the country has recent years, tending to binder and obstruct advanced to the point of specie resumption, the most ample exercise of the elective fran. and the highest interests of business no less chise by our citizens, deserve the
condemna ihan the plighted faith of the Republic detion of all lovers of true liberty and free mand that there shall be no step backward suffrage.
and no postponement. With this steady Massachusetts Independent Greenback viving trado ar
progress we hail the auspicious signs of re.
industry, and congratulato (Adopted September 11.)
the people upon this practical evidence that That we demand the immediate if the good work shall be completed, the derepeal of the Resumption Act, so that the pression which grew out of the financial dls. periodical carnivals of bankauptcy may for orders forced upon us by the war of rebel. ever come to an end, and that our National lion will give place to the returning conti. wealth be made the fixed and reliable foun. dence and
permanent prosperity which can dation of our monetary system, forever ban rest alone on the fixed nionetary standard of ishing from America tho idiotic propositions the commerical world-on settled values and of making commodities of shifting values full security and certainty
for the future. and articles of merchandise like gold
Standing unalterably for the Constita. silver. a basis for money-a basis that ever tional principles of bara money, wo insist has as in 1813, 1831 and 1867, and ever that the greenback instead of being dismast, periodically slip out from under such honored and depreciated, shall be made as a monetary system, thereby destroying it, good as honest coin : that labor's dollar and plunging the country into ruin and shall mean a real dollar; that the fluctuabankruptcy a basis that even England has tions and uncertainties which rob toil and Dever been able to maintain for any great paralyze trade shall cease : that our cur. length of time, although she is the creditor rency shall be made the best currency, by nation of the world,
making all parts of it, whether paper or coin, That the United States shall never 18gue equivalent, convertible, securu and steady ; any more interest-bearing bonds unless the and all pnblic servants, whether executivo samo are authorized by å direct vote of the officers, Senators or Representativer, whose people, and those issued during the war of acts or votes conduce to this high object, do. to rebellion shall be paid as fast as they serve our approbation, mature, according to the terms of the con
The Electoral Commission was a wise and tract which authorized and created that in honorablo modo of setting a dangerous dis. debtedness of the people; and what that pute. All parties were bound to abide its contract is shall be submitted to the decision decision, and any attempt to undo or impair of the Supreme Court of the United States, the conclusion it established is unpatriotic and that all subsequent acts which impair
and revolutionary. and change the original contract are hereby
While sincerely seeking fraternal union in denounced as creatures of corruption and all just efforts and aspirations. we summon repudiation that must be repealed.
the people to renewed vigilance and un. That the Labor Bureau should be gu8.
flinching warfaro against the vast horde of tained, its field of operation enlarges, and claims and raids on the Treasury, which ile offers selected from those engaged in
count for success on Democratic rule under industrial pursuits and having the confi- the mastery of a solid South, and which dence of the industrial classes of the Com. would fall with special hardship on New. monwealth for the purpose of obtaining re-York, as the chief taxpaying Siate in the 1 able statistics upon which to form a basis Union. for intelligent legislation on labor questions,
We demand free and unintimidated clocespecially with regard to the hours of labor. tions in the south as in the North, and the which should bo reduced in proportion as full recognition and observanco of the equal the use of machinery increases, and in con rights and liberty of all citizens, as ordained formity with other causei which throw by the amended Constitution anil until wago-workers out ct employmert.
they shall be secarol, the work of the Re. That land of equal productive capacity publican party will bountinished. shall be subject to cqnal taxation, whether
We renew our declarations for the elevacultivaterl or not, tot loend that the land mo tion of the public service on the basis of a nopolists in the futurs may be held in check.
secure tenure (uring the faithful perfoi m. and that the pablic domain may be pralance of official duties for a fixed term, for served to the actual tiller of tho soil
the pure, fragal and efficient acmicistra.
tion of National, State and local affairs, for New-York Republican.
unyielding resistance to any further lan! [Adopted September 26.]
grants or subsidies to corporations or mo
popolies, for the grateful recognition of tho The Republicans of New York, appcaling brave soldiers and sailors of the Republic, to twenty years of struggles and triumphs and for common schools free from sectarlan as the proof of Ropublican patriotism influence and unmenaced by sectarian ap. aud fidelity, and mceung the high de propriations. mands of the hour in the same unfaltering Whuo recognizing with satisfaction that spirit which saved the Union and estab many patriotic Democrats do not share its lished it on the firm foundations of freedom, spirit and impulses, we arraign the dominant make the following declarations :
forces of the Democratic party as the con. The taita of the Nation is pacredly pledged stant disturber of the pablic tranquillity to the payment of the public debt and the and confidenco : 29 the wanton foe of publi
security in its persistent assaults upon the publican party, for three successive years authority and stability of the established after the iaking of the census, to so appor. Goverunient; as attempting to weaken tho tion the State is a grave crime against the Nation by crippling the Army in a time of people and a dishonest and intemous refusal uncertainty and danger : as guilty of false to obey the plain directions of the fundapretences in claiming for the Democratic mental law. Houso a reduction in public expenditures, That by an infamous conspiracy of force whose fraudulent character is proved by the and fraud the high officials and unrepudi. necessity for heavy deficiency bills; as de- ated leaders of the Republican party an. pendent on a solid South, and thereby sub- nulled and reversed its Nation's choice for servient to all its demands; as aggravating the Presidency, and put a defeated candi; the troubles of the country by mischievous date in the chair of Washington. and agitation throughout tho peiiod of its su cheated the people of that reform of the premacy in the Houso of Representatives; Federal Government which their ballots as faithless to the obligations of National had demanded anı ordained ; and it is the honor, and the chief support of the wild stern resolve of the American people that schemes of inflation, repudiation and utter such a fraud has been perpetrated for the financial disorders which imperil public last time. credit and business security ; and its That we point with pride to the honest, further or greater success would be a Na. Just and economical administration of Gov. tional calamity.
ernor Robinson and our other Democratic An emergency in the history of the coun. State officers, and in the name of the Demo try, second only to the great struggle for its cratic party of the State of New York we existence, now confronts us. As then the cordially and earnestly approve and indorse Republican party was the sole organized the same. political protection against National disrup. tion, and patriotic citizens of who tever
Ohio Republican. party names rallied under its standard for iho derenco of the Union, so now the Re.
[Adopted June 12.] publican organization is the only efficient * * * The financial question having been bulwark against National repudiation and disposed of by Congress, and the country at disgrace. And it again invites all good citi. present peeding repose in order that capital zens of whatever previous political ties to way soek investment, and that industries unite with it in preserving the National may revire, tbus increasing the demand for honor. To all Republicans this great exi. labor. the situation ought to be accepted ; gency especially appeals to rise to 18 high and we oppose the furiber agitation of the obligations and join beart and hand for the questiou at this time as injurious to business triumph of those vital principles upon and devoid of other than evil results. ** which the security and welfare of the Re. A tariff for revenue should be maintained public depend.
and so alljusied as io secure incidental pro
tection to home indusiry.
(Adopted June 26.) York reaffirms the following principles set Resolved, The commercial and industrial forth in its platform adopted in 1874 and in stagnation that has 80 long prevailed 1877 and indorsed by a large majority of the throughout the country, and the consequent people of this State:
and widespread suffering, 19 duo directiy to Gold and silver coin and paper convertible the pernicious financial legislation of the into coin at the of the holder, the only Republican party, which we hereby arraign ovrrency of the country; steady steps to for its acts, and charge : ward specie payments: the honest payment 1. That at a time when the country was of the publio debt. We congratulate the weighted down with debt created on the State and country upon the practical rela. basis of a full vo:ume of paper adued to both tive value of this greenback currency of the the precious metals as inoney, it enacted a Government with gold and silver-the pres. sweeping change in the measures of value, ervation of the public faith; a tariff for wholly in the interest of moneyed capital. revenue; no Government partnership with by demonetizing silver and decreeing the protected monopolies; home rule, to limit destruction of legal tender paper, ard there. and localize most Jealously the powers in by wrongfu ly aadel in effect hundreds of truster to public servants, whether munici- millions to tho burden of debt and taxes pal, State or Federal; no centralization; upon the people. equal and exact justice to all men; no par: 2. By pursuing its merciless policy of con. tial legislation; no partial taxation; official tracting the saper currency and hoarding accountability, rigidly enforced by all civil gold it has increased the value of money and and criminal remedies; no privato use of securities that partake of the enhancement funds by public officers ; corporations char. of money, and decreased the value of all tered by the State always subject to Stato other property, and especially of capital de. supervision in the interest of the people; signed for productive use and required for the party in power responsible for all legis. the employment of labor, thus repressing lation while in power; economy in public insteat of fostering industry, copelling expenditure, that labor may be lightly bur idleness instead of sustaining irade and com. dened and the laborer fully paid for his merce. work ; uni'orm and equitable Excise laws; And now this party in Ohio puts forward no sumptuary laws.
in its platform the declaration that the That the provirions of the State Constitu- financial question has been settled. Wo tion are mandatory in regard to the ap- deny this declaration, aud while we con. portionment of the members of the Senate gratulate the country that the downward and Assumbly; and the failure of the Re | course to bankruptcy and rain iayo.ved in