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INTERIOR DEPARTMENT,

Auditor of Railroad Accounts-Theophilus

French (1878), Obio, $5,000. 488istant Secretary-Alonzo Bell (1877),

DEPARTMENT OF JUBTICE.
N. Y., $3,500.
Assistant Attorney-General – Edgar M. (1872), N, C., $7.000.

Solicitor-General - Samaci F. Phillips
Marble (1877), Mich., $5,000.
Commissioner of Land Ofice- Jas A. W

Assistant. Attorneys.General-Edwin B. liamson (1876), lowa, $4,000.

Smith (1875 ,Me., $5,000 ; Thomas Simons Pension Opice~John A. Bentley (1876). (1875), N. Y. $5,000. Wis., $3,600.

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. Commissioner of Patents-Halbert E.

Commissioner-William G. Le Duc (1877), Paine (1878). Wis., $4,500.

Minn., $3,000. Commissioner of Indian Affairs-Ezra A.

GOVERNMENT PRINTING CFFICE. Hayt (1877), N. Y.: $3,000.

Commissioner of Education-John Eaton Public Printer-John D. Defrecs (1877), (1870), Tenn., $3,000.

W. Va., $3,600.

PRINCIPAL DIPLOMATIC OFFICERS.
ENVOYS EXTRAORDINARY AND MINISTERS PLENIPOTINTIARY.
Country

Capital.
Ministers.

Salary. App'd. Austria-Hungary Vienna.

John A. Kasson, Iowa...

$12,000..1877 Brazil.. Rio Janeiro.. Henry W. Hilliard, Georgia

12,000..1877 Chili.. Santiago. .Thomas A. Osborn, Kansas.

10.000..1877 China

Peking George F. Seward, New York.... 12,000..1876 Franco. Paris. ... Edward F. Noyes, Ohio..

17,500..1877 Germany

.Berlin.

.Bayard Taylor, Pennsylvania. 17.600..1878 Great Britain.

London John Welsh, Pennsylvania.. 17,500..1877 Italy

Rome

..George P. Marsh, Vermont.. 12,000..1861 Japan

Yodo.

.John A. Bingham, Ohio............ 12,000..1873 Mexico....... .Mexico..........John W. Foster, Indiana.

12.00...1873 Peru

Lima.

.Richard Gibbs, New York., 10,000..1875 Russia

.st. Petersburg Edwin W. Stoughton, New York... 17,500..1877 Spain

Madrid.. .......Jas. Russell Lowell, Massachusetts 12,000..1877

MINISTERS RESIDENT.. Argentino Republic... .... Buenos Ayres.. Thomas 0. Osborn, Illinois....... 7,500..1874 Belgium

brussels....... Ayres Phillips Merrill, Mississippi. 7,600..1876 Bolivla

La Paz..........8. Newton Pettis, Pennsylvania . 5,000)..1878 Central American StatesGuatemala....... George Williamson, Louisiana.. 10,000..1873 Colombia.

.....Eogota

.Ernest Dichman, Wisconsin. 7,500..1878 Hawaiian Islands. Honolulu. James M. Comly, Ohio...

7,500..1877 Hayti. Port-au-Prince..John M. Langston, Ohio*.

7,500..1877 Liberia..

Monrovia.. .John H. Smyth, North Carolina".. 4,000..1878 Netherlands. The Hague ..James Birney, Michigan...

7,500...1876 Sweden and Norway.....Stockholm. ..John L. Stevens, Maine.

7,500..1877 Turkey....

.Constantinople. Horace Maynard, Tennesseo 7,500..1875 Venezuela

Caracas. ........
.Jehu Baker, Illinois..

7,500..1878
CHARGES D'AFFAIRES.
Denmark
..Copenhagen. ....M. J. Cramer, Kentucky.

5,000..1876 Greece....

Athens. John M. Head, Pennsylvania. 6,000..1876 Portugal.

.Lisbon... Benjamin Moran, Pennsylvania... 6,000..1876 Switzerland..

.Berne

.Nicholas Fish, New York..... 5,000..1877 Uruguay and I araguay.Montevideo.....John C. Caldwell, Maino.

5,000.1877 CONSULS-GENERAL. Austria-Hungary.....

Vienna..........
.P. Sidney Post, Illinois..

3,000 Brazil..

Rio Janeiro. Thos. Adamson, Pennsylvania.. 6,000
China
Shanghai

6,000
Franco.
Paris.. ........Lucius Fairchild, Wisconein.

6,000
Berlin
Germany

4,000
.H. Kreismann, Illinois.
Frankfort....... Alfred E. Lee, Ohio...:

3,000
Calcutta ... .A. C. Litchfield, Michigan.

5,000 Great Britain. London Adam Badeau, New York,

6,000 Melbourne.. .Oliver M. Spencer, Iowa

4,500 Montreal..... ..John Q. Smith, Ohio.....

4,000 Italy

Rome..

.Charles McMillan, New York..... 3,000
Japan..

Kanaguva... . Thomas B. Van Buren, New Jeracy 4,000
Moxico..
Mexico..........Justin E. Colburn, Vermont.

2,000
Russia
..St. Petersburg. Wm. H.Edwards, D. C.

2,000 Spain..

Havana.....
IIenry C. Hall, Connecticut

6,000

4,000 Turkay.

{ Constantinople.G. Harris Heap, Pennsylvania.... 3,000

* Minister-Resident and Consul General.

Principal Judicial Officers of the United States.

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...187

JUDGES OF THE SUPREME COURT. Tille of once. Name and state. No. of Cir. IVhen and by whom app'd. Balary. Chie! Justice- MORRISON R. WAITE, Ohio. Fourth....1871....0.8. Grant. $10,000 Associate-Justice-Nathan Clifford, Me... ..First.. 1858....James Buchanan.. 10,000 Noah H. Bwayne, Ohio... Sixth

.102....Avraham Lincolo. 10,000 Samuel F. Miller, Iowa... Eighth ....1862.... Abraham Lincoln. 10,000 Srephen J. Field, Cal.....Ninth. 1863.... Abraham Lincoln. 10,000 William Strong, Penn ...Third.. 1870....U.S. Grant......... 10,000 Joseph P: Bradley, N. J. Fifth

.U.S. Grant.. 10,000

Second.....1872 U.S. Grant........ 10,000 John M. Harlan, Ky......Seventh....1877....R. B. IIaves....... 10,000 The First Circuit consists of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachnsetts, and Rhode Island ; the Second, of New York, Vermont, and

Connecticut; the Third, of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, add Delaware : the Fourth, of Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, an 1 South Carolina; the Fifth, of Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippl, Lon. isiana, and Texas; the Sixth, of Ohio, Michigan, Kentucky, and Tennessee ; the Seventh, of Indiana, Minois, and W1sconsin ; the Eighth, of Minnesota, lowa, Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, Nebraska, and Colorado ; 'tho Ninth, of California, Oregon, and Nevada.

COURT OF CLAIMS. Title of Onice. Name and state.

When and by whom appointed. Salary Chief Justice-CHARLES D. DRAKE, MO....

.]870....U. 8. Grant...

$4,500 Associate Justice-Charles C. Nott, X. Y... .1865.... Abraham Lincoln.

4,500 William A. Richardson, Mass...1874,...U. 8. Grant...

4.600) J.C. Bancroft Davis, N. Y......1878....R. B. Haves.

4,50) William H. Iunt, La... ......1878....R. B. Hayes.

4,500 CIRCUIT JUDGES. First circuit (Maine, Massachusetts, Ņew.Hampshire, Rhode Island)--Vacant. Second Circuit (Connecticut, New York, Vermont)-Samuel Blatchford, N. Y., $6.000. Third Circuit (Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania)-Wm. McKennan. Penn., °C,000. Fourth Circuit (Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia)-Hngh L. Bond, Md., 46,000.

Fifth Circuit (Alabama, Colorado, Florida Georgian Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri,
Nebraska, Texas)-Wm. B. Woods, Ala., $6,000.
Birth Circuit (Kentucky. Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee)-Jobn Baxter, Tenn.. $6.005.
Seventh Circuit (Illinois, Indiana. Wisconsin)-Thomas Drummond, Ill., $6,000.
Eighth Circuit (Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota)-John F. Dillon, Iowa, $6,003.
Ninth Circuit (California, Nevada, Oregon)-Lorenzo Sawyer, Cal., $5,000.

DISTRICT JUDGES.
Alabama-John Drnce, Montgomery. Fifth Circuit, $3,500.
Arkansas (E, D.)-Henry C. Caldwell, Little Rock, Eighth Circult, $3,500.
Arkansas (W. D.)-Isaac C. Parker, Fort Smith, Eighth Circuit, $3,500.
California-Ogden Hoffman, San Francisco, Ninth Circuit, $4,000.
Colorado-Moses Hallett, Denver, Eighth Circuit. $5,000.
Connecticul-Nathaniel Shipman, Hartford, Second Circuit, $3,500.
Delaware- Edward G. Bradford, Wilmington, Third Circuit, $3,500.
Horida (N.D.)-Thomas Settlo, Jacksonville, Fifth Circuit, $3,500.
Florida (8. D.)–James W. Locke, Key West, Fifth Circuit, $3,600.
Georgia - John Erskine, Atlanta, Fifth Circuit, $3,500.
Illinois (N. D.)-Henry W. Blodgett, Chicago. Seventh Circuit, $3,500.
Illinois (8. D.)-Samuel H. Treat, Jr., Springfield, Seventh Circuit, $3,500.
Indiana-Walter Q. Gresham, Indianapolis, seventh Circuit, $3,600.
Inwa-James M. Love, Keokuk, Eighth Circuit, $3,500.
Kansas-Cassius G. Foster, Atchison, Eighth Circuit, $3,500.
Kentucky-Bland Ballard, Louisville, Sixth Circuit, $3,000.
Louisiana_Edward C. Billings, New Orleans, Fifth

Circuit, $4,500.
Naine-Edward Fox, Portland, First Circuit, $3,500.
Maryland-William F. Giles, Baltimore, Fourth Circuit. $4.000.
Massachusetts-John Lowell, Boston, First Circuit, $4,000.
Michigan (ED.)-Henry B. rown, Detroit, Sixth Circuit, $3,600.
Michigan (W. D.)-Solomon L. Withey, Grand Rapids, sixth Circuit. $3,500.
Minnesota-Rennsselaer R, Nelson, St. Paul, Eighth

Circuit, $3,300.
Mississippi-Robert A. Hill, Oxford, Fifth Circuit, $3,500.
Missouri (E. D.)-Samuel Treat, St. Louis, Eighth Circuit, $3,500.
Missouri (W. D.)-Arnold Krekel, Jefferson City. Eighth Circuit, $3,600.
Nebraska-Elmer 8. Dandy, Falls City, Eighth Circuit, $3,500.
Nerada, Edgar W. Hillyer, Carson, Ninth Circuit, $3,500.
New-Ham

pshire-Daniel Clark, Manchester, First Circuit. $3,500,
NO-Jersey John T. Nixou, Trenton, Third Circuit. $4.000.
Reic-York (N. D.)-William J. Wallace, Syracuse, Second Circuit, $4,000.
New York 18. D.)-William G. Choato, New.York, Second Circuit, $4,000.

New-York (E. D.)-Charles L. Benedict, Brooklyn, Second Circut, $1,000.
North Carolina (E. D.)-George W. Brooks, Elizabeth City, Fourth Circuit, $3,500.
North Carolina (W. D.)- Robert P. Dick, Greensboro, Fourth Circuit, $3,500,
Ohio (E. D.)-Martin Welker, Wooster, Sixth Circuit, $3,000.
Onio (W. D.)-Philip B. Swing, Batavia, Sixth Circuit, $4,000.
Oregon-Matthew P. Deady, Portland, Ninth Circuit, $3,500.
Pennsylvania (E. D.)- John Cadwalader. Third Circuit, $4,000.
Pennsylvania (W. D.)-Winthrop W. Ketchum, Pittsburg, Third Circuit, $4,000.
Rhode Island-John P. Knowles, Providence, First Circuit, $3,500.
South Carolina-George 8. Bryan, Charleston, Fourth

Circuit. $3.500.
Tennessee (E. and M. D.)-Connally F. Trigg. Bristol, Sixth Circuit,

$3.500.
Tennessee (W. D.)- Eli 8. Hammond, Memphis, sixth Circuit, $3,500.
Texas (E. D.)-Amos Morrill, Galveston, Fifth Circuit, $3.500.
Texas (W.D.)-Thomas H. Duval, Austin, Fifth Circuit, $3.500.
Vermont-Hoyt H. Wheeler, Burlington, Second Circuit, $3,500.
Virginia (E. D.)-Robert W. Hughes, Richmond, Fourth Circuii, $3,500.
Virginia ( W. D.)-Alexander Rives, Charlottesville, Fourth Circuit, $3,500.
West Virginia–John J. Jackson, jr., Parkersburg, Fourth Circuit, $3,500.
Wisconsin (E. D)-Charles E. Dyer, Racine, Seventh Circuit, $3,500.
Wisconsin (W, D.) - Romanza Buon, Madison, Seventh Circuit, $3,500.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
Chief Justice-DAVID K. CARTTER, Ohio.

Balary $4,600. Justice-Abram B. Olin, N. Y., $4.000. Justice- David C. Humphreys, Ala., $1,01 0. Andrew Wylie, D. C., $4,000.

Arthur MacArthur, W18., $4,000. UNITED STATES COURTS IN THE TERRITORIES. ARIZONA-Chief-Justice : C. G. W. French. Associates : Charles Silent, De Forest Porter. DAKOTA-Chief Justice: Peter C. Shannon. Associates : Gideon C. Moody, A. H. Barnes. IDAHO-Chief Justice: Madison E. Hollister. Associates: John Clark, H. E. Prickett. MONTANA-Chief-Justice: D, S. Wade. Associates : H. N. Blake, Hiram Knowles. NEW-MEXICO-Chief-Justice : Vacant. Associates : Warren Bristol, Saml. C. Parks. UTAH-Chief Justice : Michael Shaeffer. Associates : P.H.Emerson, Jacob S. Boreman. WASHINGTON-Chief Justice: J. R. Lewis. Associates: Roger 8. Green, Haml.c. Wingard. WYOMING-Chief-Justice: Jos. W. Fisher. Associates : Jacob B, Blair,' Wm. Ware Peck.

TRADE AND COMMERCE.

MERCHANT FLEETS OF THE WORLD. We learn from the Bureau Veritas that the total number of sailing ships in the civilized world at the end of 1877 was 51,912, and that the total pumber of steamships was 5,4 71 as follows:

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Years,

1864
1 65
1866
1667
169
1869
1870.

IRON AND STEEL STATISTICS.
(From the Report of the Iron and Steel Association, July 15, 1878.)

Rolled Iron, from 1864.
Other

Other
Iron Rails. Roll'i Iron Total. Years. Iron Rails. Roll' Iron Totul.
Not tong. Net tons. Net tons.

Net tons. Net tons, Net tons. 335.369 636,958 872,327 1871... 737,483 710,000 1,447,483 356,292 500,048 856,340) 1872... 905.9.30 941,992 1,847,922 430.778 593,311 1.1126, 089 1873... 761,06? 1,076,368 1,837,430 459,558 679.838 1,039.396 1874. 584 469 1,110,147 1,694,616 493,489 598,286 1,097,775 1875. 501,649 1.097,867 1,599,516 583,936 642,420 1,226,356 1876. 467,168 1,042,101 1.509,269 686.000 705,000 1,291.000 1877. 332,540 1,144,219 1,476 759

All kinds of Steol, from 1872.

Kinds ot Steel.

1872. 1873. 1874. 1873. 1876. 1877. Crucible cast sterl, net tons... 29,2601 34.7861 36,328 39,401 31,382 40,430 Open-hearth steel, net tons.

3,000 3,500 7.000 9,000 21,490 23.031 All other steel except Bessemer.. 7,740 13,714

6.353 12,607 10,305 11,294 Bessemer steel ingots, net tons... 120,108 170,632 191,933 375,517 625,996 560,587 Total.

160,1081 222,652 241,614 436.675 597,174 637,342 Iron Shipbuilding in the United States.

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Kind of Vessels.

1874.
1875.
1870.
1877.

1878.
No.(Tonnage No. Tonnage No., Tonnage No. Tondage No.Tonnago
None.
None.
None.
None.

None. 28 33,097 20 21.632 25 21,346 6,927 32 26,960 23 33,097 20 21,632 25 | 21,346 71 5 927 32 26,900

Sailing..
Steam.

Total.

Table or Coinage--1793 to 1878.

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Years.

Gold.
Silver.

Minor.
Prior to 1835.

$15,780,160 00 $39,690,079 90 1835 to 1852, inclusive.

221,011,460 00 39,523,292 00 $11,919,888 55 1853 to 1873, inclusive.

680.114,258 50 06,928,5 12 70
1874..

50,442,690 00
5,983,601 30)

411.925 00 1875.

33,553,965 00 10,070,368 00 230,375 00 1876. 38,178,962 50 19,126.5025)

260,350 00 1977. 44,078,199 00 *28,549,935 00

62,125 00 1978.. 52,798,980 00 28,290,823 50

30,694 00 Total

#1,035.958,675 00 237,163.116 90 $12.915.397 65 * Trade dollars. $9,162.900 : fractional silver, $19,387,035.

| Trade dollars, $11,378,010 ; standard silver dolars, $8,573,500 ; fractional silver, $8,339,315 50. Total coinage prior to 1874.

$973,967,651 65 Total coinago of 1874..

56,838,216 30 Total coinage of 1875

43,951,708 00 Total coinage of 1876..

67.565,815 00 Total coinage of 1877

72,690,299 00 Totai coinage of 1878...

81,120,499 50 Total coinage...

$1,286,834,301 75

THE SILK INDUSTRY. Value of Prodacts, Classified by Articles, manufactured in the United States in the years

ending December, 1877, 1876, 1875. 1874 and 1873.

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30,000 }

Tram.

$2,368,485 $2,768,490 $2,976,501 Orgauzine

1,353,488 1,614,961 1,819,000 } $2,911,055 } $3,337,892 Spun silk..

850,000 803,000 850,000 800.000 Fringe silk

225,7201 203,172 243,489 109,270 338.122 Tloss silk..

32,890 35.428 42.568 43,000 61.300 Sewing silk.

349,498 951,460 885.079 917,8091 991,350 Machine twist.

4,126,460 6,301,059 5,035,754 4,848,839 5,658,332 Dress goods..

1,712,083 1,350,536 1,412,500 1,400,000 1,169,300 Foulards and millinery silks.

1,319,081 1,679,166 2,544,191 1,163,961 850,000 Women's and men's scarfs..

109,950 119,946 {

104,523 Handkerchiefs.

1,324,165 927.000 905, 115 313,516 1,338,617 Ribbons.

3,927,496 4,526,556 4,815,486 2,776.836 2,652,011 Laces.

156,500 220,000 164.000 103,000 160,450 Coach laces. 18.040 24,500 38,652

76,000 Veils and veiling.

11,860 16,618 65,264 33,706 Silk hose.

4,500
3,200

6,000 Braids and bindings.

220,400 315,000 383,100 308,790 381.000 Military trimmings.

22,500 28.000 33.000 69.000 87.000 Upholstery trimmings. 382,200 626,036 459,613 340,000 683,000 Ladies' dress trimmings.. 2,896,320 3,705,076 3,297,237 3,444,700 2,460,500 Foulards.......

472,000 450,000 500,000 Sils and cotton..

170,000 Total..

$21,411,4361 $26.593,103 $27,158,071 $20,082,482 $19.894,874 Imports of Silk Manufactures at the Port of New York.

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Silk and dress goods
Satin.....
Crapes
Pongees...
Plushes..
Velvets
Ribbons..
Laces.
Embroideries.
Shawlg..
Gloves..
Cravats.
Handkerchiefs.
Mantillas..
Vestings.
Hose
Sewings
Braid and Bindings
Silk and Worsted..
Silk and Cotton.
Silk and Linen..

$11,978,135 $12,707,192 $12,639,397 $10,481.299 $9,764,650

26,795 41,403 107,601 250,75 205,024 397.90: 504,277 470.506 641,380 677,575 2,617

10.126
2,629

561 73,777 85,668 125,722 127.046 221,421 1,019,306 1,384,450 1,151,427 1,085,131 888,143 1,689,413 1,837.537 2,984,271 3,180,647 4,740.040 1,158.689 1,248,740 1,030,055 1,708,181 1,960.672 2,020

699
1,224

2,614
6,611
5.831 71.981

151

5,345 41,189 29.812 46,622 23,571 40.396 55.777 50,271 411,6891 186,730 115,063 49,932 46,294 117,368 38,754 23,862

673
2,427
3,608

2,467 33,431 34,128 57.618 46,790 26.958 42.323

81,764 16,657 11,367 37,898 31,611 1,143,737 964,883 1,600,566 1,038.320 1,033,906

136,194 165,714 421.791 476,561 699,967 1,992,033 2,034.8.3 2,312,661 3,876,952 4,064,077 3,720 10,316

3,689
3,897

5,611

Total.....

$19.922.741 $ 1,192,386 $23.168,118' $23.292,501 $24.379,323 Per Cent of Collections on Spirits, 1or Years named, for Certain States. States.

1868.
1872.
1876.
1877.

1878.

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