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“Had laid a trap in the sitting-room, but if they were in there they have caught on to it, which I had suspected was the case.

About half-past four heard a click at sittingroom door, as if the lock was thrown back into position, after which everything quieted down. What did it mean?

“December 7th. After making a feint of going to bed last night, spent the night on the lounge in the sitting-room and was not disturbed.

“December 8th. Frank B. and wife slept in the house last night. Went to bed, not hardly anticipating molestation, but shifted my position to farthest edge of the bedwaked up in the night and turned over face toward where I usually lay, when I could detect an odor of some kind, but did not feel any marked effect from it, but at the same time, or soon after, detected some one at the door. Should think in this case that there was but one person; kept quiet and feigned sleep as best I could; imagined there was something being thrown into the room, but, as I was evidently out of range, it had but little effect, if any; heard a noise at the other door, but do not think that it was opened. After laying quiet for a while made a movement and made a few long breaths; immediately heard a hasty step toward the stair landing, but kept quiet; after a time thought the dose was repeated; lay there for what seemed a long time, when I made the same movement, etc., followed again by the hasty step; could not be positive of any further operation. After a time made a feint of waking and got up.

“I imagine that they have caught on and are experimenting. Feel stupid this morning.

“Sunday, December 9th. Made arrangements with J. M. to watch with me last night, but learned in the evening that T. was sick in bed with toothache, so it was not considered necessary to-day. M. has declined to enter into it, giving

several reasons. This throws me on my own resources again.

“ December roth. Took precautions to protect my face last night, which was fortunate, as I was experimented with for two hours or more, commencing about one o'clock; could form no idea which one of the family it was. They were unusually cautious.

“B. and wife slept in the house. They took their departure this morning,

“ December uth. Had a conference last night with Dr. H. and Mr. M. by appointment made by them; they advised nothing but what I have seen the necessity of for some time, but the question with me has been, when was the time? I went to bed about half past eleven, taking unusual precautions. I had been in bed, perhaps, an hour, and had evidently dropped off into a light sleep, when I was awakened, now, I think, by the fumes of the anæsthetic used. I soon discovered that an unusual effort was to be made, led on by desperation ; entrance was made into my sitting-room, and I could hear now and then a noise as if brushing against my mackintosh in the further part of room, near lounge. Every movement was made with deliberation-a snail's pace would be swift in comparison with the movements of the person in the room. No board would squeak under such a tread. Finally, they reached the bed-room door. In the meantime I was laying with pistol at full-cock; at the door they halted without getting in front of it. I had taken the precaution to throw the bed-room in the dark and sitting-room in the light, and placed myself with head at foot of the bed, with the door in line with south window, leaving the west window curtains part way up; they evidently grasped the situation. In the meantime, in intervals, I would have to

fight off a drowsiness. Finally I could detect an up-anddown motion, as if some one was working their arm up and down at full length across the door, but at no time showing their person. This was kept up for some time, and then ceased. All these movements were done with great deliberation, so much so that it was now approaching morning and my position in bed was becoming very irksome, and I had to, at times, cautiously shift my position, which, I think, was finally detected, as I became aware, between four and five o'clock, that the premises were vacated. Got up about five o'clock, and found the door closed; then went to bed in the usual manner, and laid on my side, and was breathing somewhat heavily as I noticed, but did not go to sleep. After, perhaps, half an hour I heard a step in the hall, first out toward the sitting-room door, then came to bed-room door, but whether anything was forced into my room I could not tell, as my face was protected and I was lying well on the edge of the bed, but thought so. I thought that it was about time to end it, and spoke in concentrated voice, Now, you get out of that, G-d den you.' I hope the profanity was excusable under the circumstances. They got out, and I went to sleep, sleeping

. until after eight o'clock. I did not see any of the family when I went down, and did not see any of them at noon. At night when I went in, Mrs. T. and the two girls were in the sitting-room. Eva gave a quick glance up as I stepped to the door, and then down on her work. Mrs. T. did not

. look up as I went in. Helen looked at her mother in an expectant manner. Finally, as I approached the stair door, Mrs. T. looked up, and, in a forced, pleasant voice, asked, 'Does it rain now?' “It does not rain now,' and I looked them over. When I came down to go to supper they had all disappeared. When I came back from supper they were not in sight. Later in the evening, concluded to keep my fire up, so lit a lamp and went down after a hod of coal. No one in the sitting-room-the dining-room was dark. As I went in Eva was sitting in the corner out of sight of any one. Passing out of sitting-room, Mrs. T. was in the act of stepping into the kitchen. Helen I did not see. When I came back from cellar they were in sitting-room, and were there when I passed out for the night.

"Shall not sleep in the house again. Am satisfied that it was not intended I should leave the house alive.

" This statement is deliberately made."

Other mental phenomena, such as excitement, depression, elation, incoherence in thought and speech, excess of inhibition, as in stupor and catalepsy ; defect of it, as in mania, simple enfeeblement of mental powers, loss of memory, will power, and acuteness of perception—are all elements of some forms of insanity. They, however, do not require any special description, and will be referred to in connection with the symptoms of those forms of insanity in which they may appear.

Treatment.—The treatment of delusions is that of the different forms of insanity of which they are an element.


Early Classifications – Importance of Ætiological Classifications, Morel-

Schroeder van der Kolk--Skae-Clouston-Sibbald-Nomenclature-
Names of Diseases may have been Accidental, or from the Symptoms
and the Part Affected - Names Selected from the Leading Symptom
Present—“Monomania”-“Paranoia"-Arrangement of the Different
Genera of Insanity-Difficulty Attending it-Any Arrangement in Present
State of Knowledge Must be Tentative-One Suggested.


From the earliest history of disease much attention has been bestowed upon its nomenclature and classification. The Asclepiadæ based their systems, and necessarily so, upon the most superficial indications, namely, symptoms. They knew very little, if anything, of the nature of those pathological conditions which arise under the influence and operation of disordered processes, while their anatomical knowledge was equally deficient. Hence, these two characters, which at the present time serve to so largely increase the sum of our knowledge, could not enter their ideas of classification at all. Ætiology was still further removed from the range of their investigations, which were confined to such superficial indications of disease as were evident to simple observation. In process of time, however, the field of anatomy was opened, and as it became understood and widened the science of pathology was added, so

* This lecture, revised, but essentially in its present form, appeared in The American Journal of Insanity, January, 1888.

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