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consisting of 15 folios besides the title, and these by The Coulers of Good and euill,which are the places of perswasion and disswasionalready men. tioned. The numbering of the folios in the last two is consecutive, 32 in all. This volume was dedicated by Bacon to his brother Anthony in the following Epistle.

THE EPISTLE DEDICATORIE
To M. Anthony Bacon

his deare Brother. . Louing and beloued Brother, I doe nowe like some that haue an Orcharde ill neighbored, that gather their fruit before it is ripe, to preuent stealing. These fragments of my conceites were going to print; To labour the staie of them had bin troublesome, and subiect to interpretation; to let them passe had beene to aduēture the wrong they mought receiue by vntrue Coppies, or by some garnishment, which it mought please any that should set them forth to bestow upon them. Therefore I helde it best discreation to publish them my selfe as they passed long agoe from my pen, without any fur. ther disgrace, then the weaknesse of the Author. And as I did euer hold, there mought be as great a vanitie in retiring and withdrawing mens conceites (except they bee of some nature) from the world, as in obtruding them: So in these particulars I haue played my selfe the Inquisitor, and find nothing to my vnderstanding in them contrarie or infectious to the state of Religion, or manners, but rather (as I suppose) medicinable, Only I disliked now to put them out because they will

bee like the late new halfe-penced, which though the Siluer were good, yet the peeces were small. But since they would not stay with their Master, but would needes trauaile abroade, I haue preferred them to you that are next my selfe, Dedicating them, such as they are, to our loue, in the depth whereof (1 assure you) I sometimes wish your infirmities translated vppon my selfe, that her Maiestie mought haue the seruice of so actiue and able a mind, & I mought be with excuse confined to these contemplations & Studies for which I am fittest, 50 commend I you to the preseruation of the diuine Maiestie. From my Chamber at Graies Inne this 30. of Ianuarie. 1597.

Your entire Louing brother.

FRAN. Bacon.

The date of this letter, if not a printer's error, is evidently intended to be 1596–7, according to the then reckoning of the civil year, which began on the 25th of March. We have the entry at Stationers' Hall on Feb. 5; a memorandum on the title page of the copy in the British Museum that it was sold on the 7th of Feb., 39 Eliz. (i.e. 1596–7); and a letter of Anthony Bacon's to the Earl of Essex, written on the 8th of Feb. 1596, which appears to have accompanied a presentation copy of the Essays. There are MSS. of this edition in the British Museum (Lansd. MSS. 775), and the Cam. bridge Univ. Lib. (Nn. 4. 5). The latter I have

1 Coined for the first time in 1582-3, and used without in. terruption till 1601. See Folkes, Table of English Silver Coins, p. 57, ed. 1745.

FRANCIS BACON

BORN

• • . 22 Jan. 1560-1 Matriculated at Trin. Coll. Cam.

bridge . . . . . 10 June, 1573 Admitted at Gray's Inn . . 21 Nov. 1576 First sat in the House of Com

mons as Member for Melcombe, 1584 Knighted by James i. . . 23 July, 1603 King's Counsel . . . . 2; Aug. 1604 Solicitor General . . . 25 June, 1607 Attorney General ' .' 27 Oct. 3613 Privy Councillor

· 9 June, 1616 Lord Keeper . . . . 3 March, 1616-7 Lord High Chancellor . . 4 Jan. 1618-9 Baron Verulam . . . . July, 1619 Viscount St Alban . . . 27 Jan. 1620-1 Sentenced by the House of Lords 3 May, 1621 Died . . . . . 9 Apr. 1626

...::.

PREFACE

UNDER the date 5 Feb. 1596 the following entry oc. curs in the books of the Stationers' Company. Hüfrey Hooper. Entred for his copie under thandes of Mr Fri Bacon Mr D Stanhope Mr Barlowe, and Mr War. den Dawson, a booke intituled Essaies Religious medi. tations, places of perswasion and diswasion by Mr Fr. Bacon.This was the first edition of Bacon's Essays. They were published in a small 8vo. volume, of which the full title is as follows: Essayes. Religious Medi. tations. Places of perswasion and disswasion. Seene and allowed. At London, Printed for Humfrey Hooper, and are to be sold at the blacke Beare in Chauncery Lane. 1597.The dedication to Antony Bacon occu. pies three pages. Then follow the table of Contents and the Essays, ten in number; 1. Of studie. 2. Of dis. course. 3. Of Ceremonies and respects. 4. Of fol. lowers and friends. 5. Sutors. 6. Of expence. 7. Of Regiment of health. 8. Of Honour and reputation. 9. Of Faction. 10. Of Negociating. The Essays occupy thirteen folios, and are follozyed by the Meditationes Sacra,” or Religious Meditations, in Latin, consisting of 15 folios besides the title, and these by The Coulers of Good and euill," which are the places of perswasion and disswasion" already men. tioned. The numbering of the folios in the last two is consecutive, 32 in all. This volume was dedicated by Bacon to his brother Anthony in the following Epistle.

THE EPISTLE DEDICATORIE
To M. Anthony Bacon

his deare Brother. · Louing and beloued Brother, I doe nowe like some that haue an Orcharde ill neighbored, that gather their fruit before it is ripe, to preuent stealing. These fragments of my conceites were going to print; To labour the staie of them had bin troublesome, and subiect to interpretation; to let them passe had beene to aduēture the wrong they mought receiue by vntrue Coppies, or by some garnishment, which it mought please any that should set them forth to bestow vpon them. Therefore, I helde it best discreation to publish them my selfe as, they passed long agoe from my pen, without any fur. ther disgrace, then the weaknesse of the Author. And as I did euer hold, there mought be as great a vanitie in retiring and withdrawing mens conceites (except they bee of some nature) from the world, as in obtruding them: So in these particulars I haue played my selfe the Inquisitor, and find nothing to my understanding in them contrarie or infectious to the state of Religion, or manners, but rather (as I suppose) medicinable. Only I disliked now to put them out because they will

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