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of middle age. He sees other young men of steadiness and economy, you will find it about him working harder than himself

, and difficult in future to be steady or to save. receiving less pay; young lawyers drudging It is melancholy to see men growing old as at copying for the mere privilege of a good hack-writers, as poor as when they com"seat;" newly-created M. D.'s toiling through menced their career; fortunate indeed if hospitals and private sick-rooms in back- year by year they are permitted to retain streets, with no other reward than “ seeing their places, and are not ousted by fresher practice ;" clerks in their third and fourth and younger rivals. And such is almost years barely clothing themselves from their sure to be the destiny of men of the press salaries; and he congratulates himself on in large cities, unless they overcome early in his easy and profitable occupation. And at life the injurious influences of their profesthis time of life, while ahead in the race and sion of which we have just spoken. They feeling no diminution of vigor in view of cannot expect to be exempt from those conthe ground yet to be passed over, it would ditions under which they live in common seem that at least an equality in social cir- with other men. In our centres of civilizacumstance and possession of this world's tion, capital is a rigorous deity, whose favor goods might be attained in after years by must be propitiated, no matter by how one so highly favored at the commencement great sacrifices. Clerks, to be merchants, of his active life.

must have capital, must have saved, if they But, unfortunately, men of the press rare- have not inherited it. We ask pardon for ly possess those habits of economy and cal- uttering so obvious a truism, but it is a culation that attend the progress of rising text equally applicable to hired journalists, business men, with whom it has at first and we think pretty generally forgotten by been a matter of great difficulty to earn them. The writer who has capital enjoys their living. Indeed, as a class, they are an advantage over his brother writer who noted for extravagance, for disproportionate has nothing but his salary to depend upon, and heedless expenditure, for carelessness of precisely like that of the moneyed business the future, and for a constant enjoyment of man over the salesman or book-keeper empty pockets. Their habits of life are not whose expenditure constantly equals his incalculated to produce caution in spending come. One is independent, and the other

. money or forethought in saving it. The dependent. One has it in his power to younger employés of a newspaper establish- order; the only option of the other is obement are paid weekly, and are in conse-dience. One, having the power to plan, quence exposed to the almost irresistible finds pleasure in contemplating his future; temptation of a small and constantly-recur- the other, possessing very little on which to ring surplus ; in each case a trifle in itself, build his hopes, narrows himself to the dua few dollars more or less, yet a noticeable bious existence of the moment. The income aggregate in the course of the year, and of one is continually increasing in arithmetiwhich if laid up would swell to a firm and cal ratio, while that of the other, after a ceruseful capital by the time its owner possessed tain lapse of time, remains invariably fixed. sufficient experienco in his profession to Spendthrift clerks do not often rise to the make it available. But such savings are command of establishments; and the writers rarely practised. What remains after main- who eventually become editors and proprietenance disappears amid suppers, recrea- tors of city journals will, in most cases, be tions of the turf and water, expensive pres- found to have saved their money, and to ents, and importunate companions; and the have relied as much on their pecuniary as end of the year finds the journalist as poor on their mental capital. as at the beginning. And such courses of


“ most cases.' We would leave life rarely fail to perpetuate themselves. If room for occasional triumphs of eminent with abundant means of saving, you have talent over all drawbacks of extravagance, accumulated nothing at the expiration of recklessness, and irregularity. But such trione year, the chances are that with increased umphs, every practised observer will own, facilities you will have saved nothing at the are rare. We think that intelligent indusend of another. If for a length of time you try is a better guide to success than spendhave suffered irregular hours and irregular thrift talent. And, in fact, to write well for overflows of pocket to conquer your notions the newspapers, does not require a very may think,”

large degree of native talent: it demands | gery in comparison with the higher labors of little more than that ability which moderate the press; and sufficient forethought to save intelligence may acquire by faithful prac- his money, while there are no special drafts tice. “ Men

Bulwer Lyt- upon

his purse; the eminence he will eventton, “ that it is a deuced easy thing to write ually gain in the journalism of a great city for the papers; but if they try it once, they will be both honorable and profitable, and will see how much they were mistaken.” will seem not unworthy of the sacrifices that We agree with this remark. It is not an have purchased its attainment. For in no easy thing to write a creditable newspaper other country beside our own can the jourarticle. In our own observation, men of un- nalist—the editor-speak his mind fully on doubted abilities, but of small experience in the great topics of social and political welwriting, have appeared very discreditably in fare, and thus perform his real and whole print. But they would not have made a duty. We would not lower the freedom of much better figure at laying brick, or at the American press, by comparing it with navigating vessels, or at any other craft with that of any of the continental monarchies; which they were not practically acquainted. and we shall look in vain among the servilWriting for the press is a profession—a ities and the aristocracy-worship of London craft. Men of ordinary abilities may labor journals, for that independence and boldness at it to good advantage, and between the which characterize our own. It will be difirespective productions of any two newspaper cult to find a foreign sheet that dare speak writers, the eye may see no more difference its real sentiments upon prominent national than between two contiguous brick walls subjects, till it has first ascertained that what laid by different masons. And then it is it may say will not provoke the active wrath not until after years of service, that journal of government. London newspapers find it ists are allowed the privileges of the strictly for their interest to be obsequious to court editorial columns, where genius, and certain dictates; the Parisian press, enjoying a larger kinds of talent, native to but few men, and liberty than any other in Europe, is conacquired only by infinite difficulty, can alone stantly watched by the police. With us, it display themselves. One man may write a is needless to say, there are no such rebetter leader than another; may be ac- straints. Our press, expected, and in most quainted with more facts, and have a better cases disposed, to observe the rules of defaculty of drawing inferences from his stock cency and order, is privileged to speak its of information; may have a more copious mind on all subjects with which it is confund of allusion; may be better able to cerned, with the assurance that its opinions satirize a political enemy, or dignify a party will meet with such a reception as their friend; may reason away prejudices more honesty and value may bespeak. And alskilfully, and advance doubtful propositions though no one pretends that newspapers with a better grace : but genius is not a form public sentiment, or create creeds and better hand at the scissors than industry; systems of belief where none before existed, and city items,” fatal accidents, military it is a grateful truth to the journalist, that parades, freaks of mad oxen, personal ren- he has the privilege of laying the results of contres, variations of the thermometer, and extended information and practised reason. horse-thief committals, may be chronicled as ing powers before a large audience of intelwell by unknown scribblers as by Messrs. ligent men and women, and of compelling Greeley or Bryant themselves. It is among the assent of candid minds to what is unsuch themes as these that young journalism deniably true, whether fact or theory, but finds its occupation, and those of its mem- which, had it not been proved, might have bers are wise who seek in the exciting task ever remained disbelieved. A well-informed, of making them known to the public a truth-loving, and independent editor has source of pecuniary profit, as a backer in the satisfaction of knowing that his readers after

years, rather than a fame, whose attain- are predisposed to side with his views, rement is, to say the least, problematical. garding him as a closer student of public

But if a writer be sufficiently healthy in affairs than themselves, and as mind and body to withstand the wearing authority in doubtful and difficult questions. effects of a long probation in duties which Thus, although they may think strongly often lose their interest, and seem but drud- and even obstinately for themselves, they


a better

are inclined for the sake of bettering and highly favored nation to others less advanced fortifying their main conclusions, to square in the study of those first truths which deswith the expressed views of one whose potism has ever striven to keep in obscurity. especial business it is to record and draw It will, indeed, be an unpardonable fault, if inferences from facts with which he is better a press so peculiarly honored shall ever retacquainted than themselves. Perhaps their rograde in honest thinking or honest speakideas are misty about certain matters not of ing, or shall content itself with looking on every-day mention; the refracting medium while freedom is at war with oppression. of editorial intelligence clears away the fog, In conclusion, we would congratulate the and presents to them their former notions in entire American press on its many improvedefinite and tangible form. And often, for ments in style and tone which it has been the mere sake of convenience, they permit our pleasure to witness of late years.

That opinions, of whose ultimate issue they are spirit of rancor, of jealousy, of low abusivecareless, and whose paternity they would ness, of unwillingness to see any thing of deny, if at any time proved to be unfounded good in opponents, of blind subserviency to or mischievous, to flow in such channels as the basest uses of party, in which so many the practised hand of the journalist may in- of our journals were steeped, has, we are dicate.

glad to say, wonderfully diminished, and the Without assuming to the journalism of courtesies and refinement of education and New-York an influence over the thoughts of manliness are fast taking its place. We do this nation greater than that enjoyed by the not err in saying to at scurrility is no longer press of large and emulous cities on either at a premium, and that a reputation for poside, it is not too much to say that it is litical malice and personal abusiveness is bad vastly more influential abroad. A fact men- capital on which to build up a newspaper. tioned a few pages back readily explains We are creating a name for national enterthis. The papers of New-York represent prise and good behavior, which the mass of the American press throughout all Europe. our citizens are unwilling should be perilled The Philadelphia “ North American ” and to gratify dishonest editors, or bribe-taking the Boston "Atlas" may scarcely be known publishers. Foreign advances, too, are

“” at London, at Paris, or at Berlin; but the stimulating our own ambition, and AmeriTribune, the Herald, the Courier and En- can journalists are mending their style as quirer, are in all foreign reading rooms, on well as their spirit; are learning to say what the tables of all literary men, whether Ger- they have to say in the best manner, and man, English, French, or Italian; read by with the aid of those graces of which their diplomatists, scholars, politicians, merchants, predecessors were ignoramt. And there are and circulated to an astonishing extent among no reasons why we may not augur constant the common people. We need not enlarge improvements in future, and predict a time upon the importance of the field thus open when our journals shall be models to the to the inculcation of republican opinion, or world for courtesy and literary grace, as well the privilege our journalism thus enjoys, of as for independence, enterprise, and adaptabeing the medium of free opinion from our | tion to popular wants.



Scene: In the midst of our books. Table with papers, decanter, glasses, and smoking machines. Present : JOHANNES; BELLOWS.

JOHANNES.—Well, I have not been dis- with my physiognomical and philosophical appointed by glancing over that book. I friend Redfield, to direct his attention to expected to find nothing in it, and I have them, that he may arrange them with the found very little, and that little was not scientific references which their great characnew to me. Imitation seems to be the great teristics demand. First, I have the Papier burial-ground of our female poets, and I Maché order of Ideality, which has the might add, of our male poets too, with few effect of keeping the brain in that sort of exceptions. Our ladies, more than those of softness indicated by the title maché, which any country on the blooming countenance fits it essentially for receiving impressions of the jocund earth, have the faculty of and for rolling itself into the moulds of making verses, and respectable verses too, other minds, and coming out with an apat times; but the high art of poetry, in the pearance, not altogether original as may be general hurry of stitching lace and face, love, expected, not altogether displeasing, which dove and glove together, is entirely forgotten, is not to be wondered at, for the shape is or if not forgotten, only recollected to be not its own; not altogether imperfect, which discountenanced and sneered at. A perfect may be anticipated, for it wears otherbodies' defiance seems to be cast at Thought. Ideal- spectacles; not altogether perfect, for it canity, the faculty of imagining, creating or not see through those spectacles as the making, is only used in making clean paper otherbodies from whom they are stolen can; ridiculous, and fancy is only paramount in nor altogether contemptible, for all those the evidence that those ladies write fancying several reasons. This Papier Maché order they are poets. It would be a great bless of the faculty is that which actuates and ing for readers if the five sixths of our ladies facilitates a benevolence on the part of the who now deluge the magazines and journals possessor, which, though it may seem to said with verses, to the infinite destruction of possessor very philanthropic, appears to me nice white paper, would adopt Moore's lines rather cheap and selfish, inasmuch as it cost as their creed, and ponder well on the third nothing and tends to self-glorification : this

benevolence is that which the rearers of “ Take back the virgin page,

others' offspring term adoption. And it is White and upwritten still : Some hand more calm and sage

not at all to be wondered at if the adopted The leaf must fill."

some day seek their rightful parent. An

other order of the faculty is the Gutta You may say that the very fact of their Percha one; which also, in a state of softcontinually writing shows what a great im- ness, is in effect much the same as the for agination they must have; and I will agree mer, save that its pliancy is greater, and its with you that it takes a long stretch of that piquancy not so great. When this faculty faculty in themselves to believe what they by circumstances becomes heated, its adhewrite is poetry. Yes, I will say, in that siveness to every thing irrespective of ownerrespect they do not lack imagination. I ship is very remarkable, and its stubbornshould decidedly say that the faculty in ness on cooling down so determined, that it them was of the order called India-rubber. is almost impossible to prove that it clings Apropos of this, I have made a discovery: to what did not naturally belong to it. Its there are three or four orders of this faculty, adoption is of a very redoubtable character, concerning which I am going to correspond land seems to carry with it an illustration to


a certain theological dogma, that out of its their daring. It is one blessing that they
grip “ there is no redemption." A third carry their surest destroyer with them: like
order is one which I would classify as the the phenix, which, as the Easterns believe,
Monkey, and which fully explains its pecu- flaps his wings with such velocity that he
liar reference, that of imitation, at the same sets fire to the wood which consumes him-
time that it admirably characterizes the an- self. You see they virtually flap themselves
tics by which this imitation is made visible, to utter annihilation-blow themselves out;
and which is the sole consolation to the and, thank Heaven, have not the consola-
reader of such; the ludicrous cunning that tion of the phenix, that of rising juvenescent
o'erreaches itself, amusing from its sheer from their graves. Sometimes, unfortu-
shallowness, where a serious attempt at nately, a witch of Endor in the shape of an
mimicry of another's thoughts would only editor holds up their living ghosts to the
command our contempt. A fourth I would public, tricking them out to more advantage
name as the India-rubber order, and which, than they ever could possibly attain if left
as I hinted, explains its characteristic. The to themselves.
exercise of this order of the faculty has di- BELLOWS.—Then they carry out the simil-
rect reference more to the state of the pos- itude of the bird more completely : they
sessor's mind than to the matter which the die to live.
said possessor pens, though the latter is the JOHANNES.-By the hand of my body, to
beacon by which a reader detects the exist- borrow an oath from Mr. Hardcastle, you're
ence of such in the mind of the writer. In improving, boy. Yet, in the end, you will
the case of our female poets it is drawn on find that they are but mere mortals, and
to an amazing length, and stretched to an live to die. It is a fact that the sun, about
almost inconceivable tension. It is the most the warmth of which there is so much
self-pacifying of the orders of the faculty of said, is cool, remarkably cool, as some of
Ideality, and when in full action tends to your Broadway-parading juveniles would
much danger in making its possessor be- say. This is an ascertained fact; and so of
lieve he or she is gifted with the divine your lady writers, they make a good deal
afflatus. In some writers it is painfully evi- of noise, but if there were a few experiments
dent to an immense degree, and is only played off on their productions we should
tolerable on account of the amount of au- find them pulseless and frigid. Reichenbach
dacity it brings to its aid; and we all know the German philosopher, in his very interest-
as well as Danton that “audacity” is a most ing work on his researches into the dyna-
commendable appendage in this age of for- mics of magnetism, heat, light, and elec-
wardness and go-aheaditiveness. Vanity is tricity, says that "experience shows that all
nearly allied to this order, and would be stars with reflected light appear warm to
more so, if the shallowness by which it is the sensitive, while all others with proper
made evident was not so rudely visible. light are cool.” Just like most of our poets,
The abuse of the order is seen when the male and female; and if the light which
possessor, not satisfied with stretching it to they stole from Byron, Moore, Tennyson,
even a more than usual length, tugs at it Keats, Mrs. Hemans, some of the elder
unnaturally till it snaps and ruins the hopes dramatists, and those of the time of Gold-
and aims of the too insatiate adventurer. smith, Murphy, and Sheridan, was returned

BELLOws.—But, Doctor, don't you think to the places from whence it came," we that few would be so incautious as to trifle would find that very little of themselves with such a faculty when they know they would be left, and that little would be left have naught to retreat on?

out of all consideration; for, like the M. ValJOHANNES.—Vanity is unconscious of a demar that Poe wrote about, they would climax, Morton ; and the very use of the sink into miserable dust. It is the mesfaculty in the manner I mention, and to meric influence of other minds that holds such purposes,

deludes itself. Their stretch their frail carcasses together. of imagination is wonderful, and from con- BELLOws.—They are not all so, I hope, stantly fancying they are poets, they become Doctor ? utterly regardless of their true position, and JOHANNES.They-all of whom I speak like the gnat around the lamp, they never -are so; but there are a few whom I would desist until they immolate themselves to not, nor could consider in the same position.

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