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fatigue inclines them to sleep. Now, in gradually falls, and it falls under the operacandor and sound reason, is not the evil tion of a continually accumulating cause. tendency, which has been suggested, far At this juncture appears the manufacturing more than rebutted? That mobs may some- system: the laboring population is divided; times occur in such establishments, is not some go to the factories, some to the fields. denied; but the history of nations (and even The supply of agricultural labor of course of England and our own country) shows diminishes, and the demand remaining the that a factory laborer is not a necessary same, the price must rise. Again, the facconstituent of a mob. And even if it were tory laborer must get as high wages as the so, still the good seems to preponderate agricultural, or he will naturally seek emover the evil in the moral effect of the in-ployment elsewhere. Thus the condition of stitution. Nor does there appear any good both classes is improved, and the indefinite reason to suppose that manufacturing insti- expansibility of the manufacturing system tutions impoverish their operatives. Men enables the country by successive enlargewill naturally take employment where they ments to keep pace with the growth of can obtain the highest wages. Now, if the her wants, resulting from the growth of laborer (who has no land of his own) pro- her population. In this point of view, the cures higher wages from the manufacturer system appears to be actually necessary to than the farmer, do the higher wages make the well-being, if not to the very existence him poor? The poverty of the civilized of the nation. Her people remain at home, world has diminished with the extension of and, within the small compass of her factory manufacturing institutions. Without such in- walls, indirectly cultivate millions of acres stitutions, what would be the poverty and the of every soil and climate on the globe. suffering of Great Britain, with her millions of Such, briefly, are the nature and effects of population? The wretchedness of her people the tariff system; and it would be difficult is great now, but if these institutions should to believe that a measure fraught with so be suppressed, it would be immeasurable. many advantages can fail to command the Suppose her population annually increasing, earnest attention of the country at large, while the extent of her soil is fixed: the that we may be saved by it from the disasters demand for agricultural labor thus remains to which we are so evidently hastening unstationary, while the supply continually in- der the present over-importation of foreign creases. In this way the price of labor goods.

EDITORIAJ. NOTE.

We beg to say to our friends, with the commencement of a new volume, that we have made, and are making, arrangements for great improvements in the various departments of the Review. Without varying from the well-established principles which have guided the past years of its existence, greater care shall be exercised in the supervision of the articles admitted. We have made arrangements for a monthly article on European events and politics, to be written in Paris, by a gentleman who will possess peculiar facilities for information. We hope to make this a very acceptable feature in the Review. We will take the liberty of sending to each of our subscribers during the present month a circular, defining more particularly our position and intentions, which we will tako as a great favor if all will read, and communicate to us any suggestions that may occur. In view of the coming Presidential contest we wish to have all our armor ready, and to feel the sustaining countenance of our friends. The calm at present in the political atmosphere allows us to nearly suspend the subject for the present, but our friends will be, we think, amply compensated by the rich historical and literary matter we present in the present number. We trust next month to be able to take a survey of the field of the coming fight.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

Eastbury: A Tale. By Anna HARRIET DRURY, executes his task, is increased by each addition to

authoress of "Friends and Fortune.” New the series. We are glad to learn that no works of York: Harper & Brothers.

the kind have ever been more highly appreciated,

as evinced by the extent of the sales. We dipped into the first chapter of this delightful volume as we were borne' along the Hudson by the rushing engine that has invaded the soli- Caleb Field: A Tale of the Puritans. By the tudes of its highlands. As the book opens in a Author of "Passages in the Life of Mrs. Margarail-car, the appropriateness of the place to the ret Maitland,” &c. New-York: Harper & Bro reading of said chapter will be apparent; but thers. when the scenery outside, and the short time which A quaintly but exquisitely written story, which the “arrowy flight through it you are taking we can heartily commend to the lovers of the allows the pent-up mind to expand to its gran- pure and good. deurs, are considered, it will not be surprising that our investigations into the merits of the book pron Fresh Gleanings ; or, a New Sheaf from the Old ceeded no further than the railroad chapter in question.

Fields of Continental Europe. By IK, MARVEL. Some books, however, there are, whose quality

New-York: Charles Scribner. one has no more hesitation in judging of by a bite It may be that our opinions are influenced by than one would have in deciding about a peach in the fact of the appearance originally of some porthe same way; or to be more seasonable in our tions of this book in our own columns, (which our illustration, than we had when, after reaching our readers will pleasantly remember under the title destination, we hesitated not, from the first spoonful, of “Notes by the Road,") but it is with us the to express an emphatic approbation touching the favorite book of this elegant writer. There has wild strawberries and pure cream put before us by been no book among the multitude of travels, our friend-gathered from his own hills and fields. that, to our taste, approaches this in certain qualiReader, you will find this to be such a book, or our ties. Its freshness of feeling, its quiet observation theory, so pleasantly illustrated, is false.

and characteristic touches of pathos and humor, make altogether the most charming of all recent

books. Cosmos : A Sketch of a Physical Description of The more popular subject which Mr. Mitchell hit the Universe. By ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT. in his last most successful work, “ The Reveries," Translated from the German by E. C. OTTE. suddenly awakened the public to the existence of Vol. III. Harper & Brothers.

a rare genius that they had neglected, and now

these new editions of former works are demanded. In a mere notice we can only announce the fact Nor will they, we venture to say, disappoint the of the appearance of this third volume of the great appreciative. work of Humboldt. We shall endeavor to recur to it more particularly in an extended review. It will undoubtedly be referred to hereafter as one of Land and Lee in the Bosphorus and Ægean ; or the enduring works of this age, a prominent land

Views of Athens and Constantinople. By Rev. mark in its progress.

WALTER COLTON, late of the United States
Navy. Edited, from the Notes and

Manuscripts

of the Author, by Rev. HENRY T. CHEEVER. The Heir of Wast-Wayland: A Tale. By MARY

New York: A. S. Barnes & Co., 51 John street Howitt. New-York: D. Appleton & Co. Another delightful volume by the author of This is one of those charming stories of Mrs.

* Ship and Shore." It is full of the peculiar Howitt that it is only necessary to announce, so grace, wit, and spirit that characterize all the well known are the purposes of all her works, and writings of the lamented chaplain. We know of 80 admirable her method of executing them.

no more joyous and pleasant companion into the regions he describes, and we shall contribute to the

enjoyment of all whom our notice may attract to History of Cleopatra, Queen af Egypt. By Jacob their collection for their summer vacation.

the book should they conclude to put it among ABBOTT. With Engravings. New-York: Harper & Brothers.

This is another of the series of admirable his- Para; or Scenes and Adventures on the Banks of torico-biographical books, to which we have so

the Amazon. By John Esaias WARREN. Newoften called the attention of our readers. Our

York: G. P. Putnam, 155 Broadway. admiration for the manner in which Mr. Abbott The style of this book is too ambitious and

66

ences.

florid; obscuring by too great a verbiage rather | The Book of Oratory: A new collection of extracts than increasing to the mind of the reader the in Prose, Poetry, and Dialogve, containing vividness of the scenes described. Amid scenes selections from distinguished American and of such natural grandeur apd such luxuriance of English Orators, Divines, and Poets ; of which tropical verdure, it is to be sure hardly possible many are spesimens of the Eloquence of Statesto restrain the pen within the limits of strict men of the present day. For the use of Colletaste; and it may therefore be that our readers ges, Academies and Schools. By EDWARD C. will not agree with our criticism. The intrinsic MARSHALL, M.A., late Instructor in the Military interest of the subject of the volume is so great School at West Point, in Geneva College, and in that we can safely commend it.

the New-York University. New-York: D. Ap

pleton & Co. The Religion of Geology and its connected Sci- only add, that the names of the compiler and

In giving the above title-page in full, we need By EDWARD HITCHCOCK, D.D., LL.D. publishers are a sufficient guarantee for the manPresident of Amherst College, and Professor of ner in which the work is executed. Natural Theology and Geology. Boston. Phillips, Sampson & Co. After the various works which have been pub Guide to the White Mountains and Lakes of Newlished of late upon the subject of Geology and

Hampshire. Concord, N. H.: Tripp & Osgood. kindred sciences, one was particularly required

New-York: C. H. Tripp, 262 Greenwich street. directly to the point aimed at in the above work.

An admirable pocket-guide to those favorite It required also that a professed theologian and a places of summer resort. profound naturalist, combined in the one individual, should undertake the task. As this work answers in all respects this desideratum, we may congratu- The American Cotton Spinner, and Manager's and late the public, both theological and lay, on its op

Carder's Guide. A Treatise on Cotton Spinning, portune appearance.

&c., &c.

The Moulder's and Founder's Pocket Guide, A Practical Mercantile Correspondence. A collection Treatise on Moulding and Founding, &c., &c.

of Modern Letters of Business, with Notes criti- Philadelphia: A. Hart & Co. cal and explanatory, an Analytical Index, and

These two volumes will be found of great value an Appendix, containing pro forma invoices, to all those engaged in the two extensive and imaccount sales, bills of lading, and bills of ex. change. Also, an cxplanation of the German portant branches of art to which they refer. They

are an evidence of the progress of artistic and scienchain rule, as applicable to the calculation of tific skill among us, notwithstanding its struggle exchanges. BY WILLIAM ANDERSON. New-York: with foreign competition. D. Appleton & Co., 200 Broadway.

It is only necessary for us to give the title of this A School Dictionary of the Latin Language. By book, as every one interested in the subject will perceive from it, that if properly executed, a great de

Dr. J. KALTSCHMIDT. Philadelphia: Blanchard

& Lea, sideratum has been supplied for the wants of the rising mercantile generation. And as to the merits This volume is one of the celebrated classical of the book itself, what they are may be infer series of Schmitz & Zumpt, so highly recommended from the fact that it has received the compliment of by the various professors and teachers throughout translation into several of the Europeap languages. the country.

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M. A. & S. ROOT'S

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The Messrs. Roor having yielded to the many urgent solicitations of their numerous friends to establish a branch of their

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FOR GENTLEMEN.—A black or figured vest; also figured scarf or cravat, so that the bosom be not too much exposed.

For CHILDREN.—Plaid, striped or figured dresses, lace work. Ringlets add much to the beauty of the picture. The best hour for Children is from 11 A. M. to 2 P. M. All others from 8 A, M. to 6 P. M.

Jan., '51, 121.

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