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TIIE

AMERICAN

REVIEW.

No. LXXX.

FOR AUGUST, 1851.

STRAY LEAVES FROM THE UNPUBLISHED HISTORY OF THE

NEW WORLD.

[CONCLUDED.]

In giving the remainder of the series of cry for a war which threatened little bloodshed, these curious documents, we conceive that it and which promised victories that were attended will add much both to their political and his with Spain was a war of plunder. In the present

with something more solid than glory. A war torical interest to introduce a remarkable pas- conflict with Regicide, Mr. Pitt has not hitherto sage from Burke which we have accidentally had, nor will perhaps for a few days have, many stumbled

upon.

We make our quotation prizes to hold out in the lottery of war to tempt from an old pamphlet printed in Philadel- the lower part of our character. He can only phia for William Cobbett in 1797, entitled those in whom that higher part is the most pre

maintain it by an appeal to the higher; and 10 * Two Letters addressed to a Member of the dominant he must look the most for his support. present Parliament on the Proposals for Peace Whilst he holds out no inducements to the wise, with the Regicide Directory of France,” by por bribes to the avaricious, he may be forced by the Right Hon. Edmund Burke. Whether than the most disastrous war. The weaker he is

a vulgar cry into a peace ten times more ruinous the passage we have italicized may not have in the fund of motives which apply to our avarice, reference to these identical papers now first to our laziness, and to our lassitude, if he means published, we leave the curious to decide. to carry the war to any end at all, the stronger he It will be seen that our opinions of the ought to be in his addresses to our maguanimity

and to our reason, character of the transactions here recorded

"In stating that Walpole was driven by a are fortified by the great name of Burke. popular clamor into a measure not to be justified,

I do not mean wholly to excuse his conduct. My " There has not been in this century any foreign time of observation did not exactly coincide with peace or war, in its origin the fruit of popular de that event; but I read much of the controversies sire, except the war that was made with Spain in then carried on. Several years after the contests 1739. Sir Robert Walpole was forced into the of parties bad ceased, the people were amused, war by the people, who were inflamed to this and in a degree warmed with them. The events measure by the most leading politicians, by the of that era seemed then of magnitude, which the first orators, and the greatest poets of the time. revolutions of our time have reduced to parochial For that war Pope sung his dying notes. For importance; and the debates which then shook that war Johnson, in more energetic strains, em- the nation now appear of no higher moment than ployed the voice of his early genius. For that a discussion in a vestry. When I was very young, war Glover distinguished himself in the way in a general fashion told me I was to admire some of which his muse was most the natural and happy. the writings against that minister: a little more The crowd readily followed the politicians in the maturity taught me as much to despise them. I

7

VOL. VIII.

NO, II,

NEW SERIES.

XI.

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observed one fault in his general proceeding. He never manfully put forward the entire strength of his cause.

He temporized; he managed; and [Backed, "Mr. Hodgson, from yo 13th of adopting very nearly the sentiments of his adver: March to 12th April

. Sandy Bay, 8th April, saries, he opposed their inferences. This, for a political comunander, is the choice of a weak post

. 1740. Mr. Hodgson to Gov. Trelawny."] His adversaries had the better of the argument as he handled it, not as the reason and justice of his

Sandy Bay, April 8th, 1740. cause enabled him to manage it. I say this after

May it please your Excellency :- I dated having seen, and with some care examined, the original documents concerning certain important trans- my last from Port Royal by mistake on actions of those times. They perfectly satiefied the 1st of March, whereas we sailed from me of the extreme injustice of that war, and of the thence on the 29th of February, arrived at falsehood of the colors which, to his own ruin, St. Andrews on the 3d of March, sailed and guided by a mistaken policy, he suffered to be daubed over that measure. Some years af- for Sandy Bay on the 6th, where we came ter

, it was my fortune to converse with many of to an anchor on the 11th, but were prevented the principal actors against that minister, and with by a north from going ashore till the 13th. those who principally excited that clamor. None

King Edward being informed of my arriof them, no, not one, did in the least defend the measure, or attempt to justify their conduct. val, sent me word that he would see me the They condemned it as freely as they would have next day, which he did, attended by several done in commenting upon any proceeding in his- of his captains. I read to him your Exceltory, in which they were totally unconcerned. lency's letter, and my own commission, and Thus it will be. They who stir up the people to when I had explained them by an interimproper desires, whether of peace or war, will be condemned by themselves. They who weakly preter, told my errand and recommended to yield to them will be condemned by history." them to seek all opportunities of cultivating

friendship and union with the neighboring We resume with the original dispatch Indian nations, and especially such as were giving an account of the first formal taking under s: bjection to the Spaniards, and of possession of that region towards which helping them to recover their freedom. They so much interest has been attracted lately, approved every thing I said, and appointed It will be found to be very interesting and the 16th to meet the Governor, John Briton, curious. It is somewhat singular that the and his captains at the same place, to hear King described so nearly resembles the de- what I had farther to say. scriptions of the present “ King of Mosquito.” On the 16th they all came except AdmiLord Palmerston, in his dispatch to the ral Dilly and Colla Morgan [Mosquito Indian Nicaraguan Government, says: “The time chiefs, who had been complimented with when and the manner in which the connec- British commissions or titles.-Ed.] who tion between Great Britain and the Mos- were sick. General Hobby and his capt quito Coast began is not well known.”

were at too great a distance to be sent for, This paper evidently throws some light on but their presence not being material, I pro

Ι the subject, and may be useful to his Lord- ceeded to acquaint them that as they had ship, provided he still continues to ignore long acknowledged themselves subjects of the treaty of Paris, 1763.

Great Britain, the Governor of Jamaica had We do not desire at present to re-open sent me to take possession of their country, the discussion of the Nicaraguan question, in his majesty's name: then asked if they especially in the manner it has been dis- had any thing to object. They answered cussed in this Review, contrary to the advice that they had nothing to say against it, but of its present conductor, but we are glad to were very glad I was come for that purpose. be able to add any new facts that may So I immediately raised the standard and throw light upon it; retaining personally, reduced the sum of what I had said into as we do, the confidence we have always articles. I asked them both separately and felt, notwithstanding all that has been said, jointly if they approved and would abide in the patriotism and far-seeing statesman- by them. They unanimously declared they ship of the eminent Secretary in whose would. So I had them read over again in hands the negotiation has been, knowing a solemn manner under the colours. At that he of all others is the man to settle it the end of every article fired a gun, and upon such bases as the honor and interests concluded with cutting up a turf, and promof the country demand.

ising to defend their country and to pro

cure them all the assistance and instruction King Edward and his captains went from England in my power.

aboard likewise. As we went, they told me The formality all this was done with that Captain Stewart had teazed them into seemed to have a good influence upon them, a sort of promise to go with him, but they for they often repeated their desire of learn- were averse to it, and wondered that such a ing to read, and said they must now mind privateer, who was a blaze of fire, did not their king more than they had done, and do look out for Spaniards at sea, rather than all they could to help themselves and hurt trouble them to make his voyage for him. the Spaniards, to whom I recommended all I told them that I had nothing to say to the mercy that was consistent with their what promises they had laid themselves own safety. But they seemed not to under- under before I came amongst them; that I stand me rightly, saying—if they fight they knew truth and sincerity were most agreemust kill

. The articles I enclosc, and hope able to your Excellency, and therefore could your Excellency will excuse so much cere- say nothing more than if they went with mony: for as I had no certain information Captain Stewart and I liked the design, that whether the country was ever taken posses- I would go with them. If I did not, would sion of before or ever claimed otherwise depend upon their hastening back to try than by sending them down commissions, I another that both they and I should like. thought the more voluntary and clear the However, if they desired me, they might cession of it was, the better.

depend upon my going with them any The governor came attended with a nu- where. I spoke the same to Captain Stewmerous guard, who behaved to him with art, who persuaded them with much ado to much respect and silence. He is a sensible meet him at Pearl Keys. They tyed their old man, and carries a good command; the knotts with much reluctance, and told me king being very young, I believe not twenty, the next day they were so divided in their is not much observed, but was he to be a opinions since my coining, that they knew while in Jamaica or England 'tis thought he not what to do for the best. would make a hopefull monarch enough. The same day Admiral Dilly and Collo

On the 18th the king with his captains Morgan sent me word they were coming to came of their own accord to consult about a wait on me. I immediately crossed the proper place to attack, but hearing that Lagune to meet them, hearing they were Captain Jumper was expected from the other sensible clever fellows, and such I found side of the Cape, with 5 or 6 periauguas, them. They had despatch'd a messenger and neither the governor, Admiral Dilly nor to the governor to meet them the next day Collo Morgan being present, I thought it best to hold a general and decisive council. to defer it 'till they were summoned. The They all mett on Sunday the 23d, at king brought his mother and the captains Senock Dawkras (Mr. Whitehead's house). their wives. I entertained them as usual, The governor being sick, tryed our patience but there always comes such a train with by making us wait till the afternoon; but them that instead of one puncheon of rum when he came, made ample amends by the I should have had three or four. However, justness of his sentiments. as I recommended sobriety to them at first He told the king and his captains it was as from your Excellehcy, none of them has plain they had got a name and the good presumed to get drunk when they come to opinion of the Governor of Jamaica, (whose

success against the rebellious negroes they On the 19th Capt. Andrew Stewart, who had all heard of,) and if they did not keep has been hovering several months on this it up, what could the world say of them? coast in hopes of getting the Muskitos to There was an officer now sent down by your make an expedition for him, came into the Excellency to observe their manner of fightroad and sent me an invitation to dine on ing, and if they did not do their best they board, with an apology for not waiting on should lose the favor of the English. It was me himself , which I accepted, and was salu- true they were but a small number of

peoted with 5 guns at coming off. He was very ples compared to us who had men to spair desirous to agree with me about attacking for sickness and the sword. But if they some place or other, but proposed none but show'd themselves worthy, no doubt the a gold mine which he could not describe. King of Great Britain would send a force

me.

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