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fears, the man of honour scorns to do an ill action. The latter confiders vice as something that is beneath him, the other as something that is offensive to the Divine Being. The one is what is unbecoming, the other as what is forbidden. Thus Seneca speaks in the natural and genuine language of a man of honour, when he declares, that were there no God to see or punish vice, he would not commit it, because it is of so mean, fo base, and fo vile a nature.
I SHALL conclude this head with the description of honour in the parting of young Juba.
Honour's a facred tie, the law of kings,
In the second place, we are to consider those who have mistaken notions of honour. And there are such as establish any thing to themselves for a point of honour which is contrary either to the laws of God, or of their country ; who think it more honourable to revenge, than to forgive an injury; who make no scruple of telling a lie, but would put any man to death that accuses them of it; who are more careful to guard their reputation by their courage than by their virtue. True fortitude is indeed so becoming in human nature, that he who wants it, scarce deserves the name of a man; but we find several who so much abufe this notion, that they place the whole idea of honour in a kind of brutal courage; by which means we have had many among us who
have called themselves men of honour, that would have been a disgrace to a gibbet. In a word, the man who fa. crifices any duty of a reasonable creature to a prevailing mode or falhion, who looks upon any thing as honourable that is displeasing to his Maker, or destructive to society, who thinks himself obliged by this principle to the practice of some virtues and not of others, is by no means to be reckoned among true men of honour.
Timogenes was a lively instance of one actuated by false honour. Timogenes would smile at a man's jest who ridiculed his Maker, and at the same time, run a man through the body that spoke ill of his friend. Timogenes would have scorn'd to have betrayed a secret, that was intrusted with him, though the fate of his country depended upon - the discovery of it. Timogenes took away the life of a young fellow in a duel, for having spoke ill of Belinda, a lady whom he himself had seduced in her youth, and betrayed into want and ignominy. To close his character, Timo. genes, after having ruined seyeral poor tradesmen's families who had trusted him, fold his estate to satisfy his creditors; but like a man of honour, disposed of all the money he
could make of it, in the paying of his play-debts, or to speak in his own language, his debts of honour.
In the third place, we are to confider those persons who : treat this principle as chimerical, and turn it into ridicule. Men who are professedly of no honour, are of a more profligate and abandoned nature than even those who are actuated by false notions of it, as there is more hope of a Heretic than of an Atheist. The sons of infamy 'consider honour with old Syphax, in the play before mentioned, as a fine imaginary notion that leads aftray young unexperienced men, and draws them into real mischiefs, while they are engaged
in the parsuits of a shadow. These are generally persons who, in Shakspeare's phrase, “ are worn and hackneyed in “ the ways of men;" whose imaginations are grown callous, and have lost all those delicate sentiments which are natural to minds that are innocent and undepraved. Such old battered miscreants ridicule every thing as romantic that comes in competition with their present interest, and treat those persons as visionaries, who dare stand up in a corrupt age for what has not its inimediate reward joined to it. The talents, intereft, or experience of such men, make them very often useful in all parties, and at all times. But whatever wealth and dignities they may arrive at, they ought to consider, that every one stands as a blot in the annals of his country, who arrives at the temple of honour by any other way than through that of virtue.
ON GOOD HUMOUR. Good humour may be defined a habit of being pleased; a constant and perennial softness of manner, easiness of approach, and suavity of disposition; like that which every man perceives in himself, when the first transports of new felicity have subsided, and his thoughts are only kept in motion by a slow succetion of soft impulses. Good humour is a state between gaiety and unconcern; the act or emanation of a mind at leisure to regard the gratification of another.
It is imagined by many, that whenever they aspire to please they are required to be merry, and to fhew the glad. ness of their souls by flights and pleasantry, and bursts of
laughter. But though these men may be for a time heard with applause and admiration, they seldom delight us long. We enjoy them a little, and then retire to easiness and good -humour, as the eye gazes a while on eminences glittering with the sun, but soon turns aching away to verdure and to Rowers.
GAIETY is to good humour, as animal perfumes to vegetable fragrance; the one overpowers weak spirits, and the other recreates and revives them. Gaiety feldom fails to give some pain; the hearers either strain their faculties to accompany its towerings, or are left behind in envy and despair. Good humour boasts no faculties which every one does not believe in his power, and pleases principally by not offending.
It is well known, that the most certain way to give any man pleasure, is to persuade him that you receive pleasure from him, to encourage him to freedom and confidence, and to avoid any such appearance of superiority as may overbear and depress him. We fee many that by this art only, spend their days in the midst of caresses, invitations, and civilities: and without any extraordinary qualities or attainments, are the universal favourites of both sexes, and certainly find a friend in every place. The darlings of the world will, indeed, be generally found such as excite neither jealousy nor fear; and are not considered as candidates for any eminent degree of reputation, but content themselves with common accomplishments, and endeavour rather to folicit kindness than to raise esteem. Therefore in assemblies and places of resort it seldom fails to happen, that though at the entrance of some particular person every face brightens with gladness, and every hand is extended in falutation, yet if you pursue him beyond the first exchange of civilities, you will find him
of very small importance, and only welcome to the company, as one by whom all conceive themselves admired, and with whom any one is at liberty to amuse himself when he can find no other auditor or companion; as one with whom all are at ease, who will hear a jest without criticism, and a narrative without contradiction; who laughs with every wit, and yields to every disputer.
There are many whose vanity always inclines them to associate with those from whom they have no reason to fear mortification;
and there are times in which the wife and the knowing are willing to receive praise without the labour of deserving it, in which the most clevated mind is willing to descend, and the most active to be at rest. All therefore are at some hour or another fond of companions whom they can entertain upon eafy terms, and who will relieve ther. from folitude, without condemning them to vigilance and caution. We are most inclined to love when we have nothing to fear; and he that encourages us to please curselves, will not be long without preference in our affection to those whose learning holds us at the distance of pupils, or whose wit calls all attention from us, and leaves us without importance and without regard.
Ir is remarked by Prince Henry, when he fees Falstafflying on the ground," that he could have better spared a better man.” He was well acquainted with the vices and follies of him whom he lamented, but while his conviction compelled him to do justice to fuperior qualities, his tenderness ftill broke out at the remembrance of Falstaff, of the cheerful companion, the loud buffoon, with whom he had passed his time in all the luxury of idleness, who had gladdened him with unenvied merriment, and whom he could at once enjoy and despise.