« PreviousContinue »
STATEMENT showing the RECEIPTS and EXPENDITURE of the Society from the Year 1848 to the 31st Dec., 1878.
* This_sum includes the Special Parliamentary Grant transferred to the
Cameron Expedition Fund in February, 1877.
Publications.-A new form of publication of the Proceedings' of the Society was commenced in January of the present year, the old 'Proceedings' terminating with the 22nd volume. The new series is a monthly publication, containing besides the chronicle of the proceedings of the Evening Meetings, numerous maps and a record of Geographical events throughout the world, together with notices of new books and maps published in various countries. The numbers have hitherto been issued with punctuality on the 1st of each month, and at the end of the year the twelve parts will form a large volume, a complete Index being issued as soon as practicable after the last number. Although attended by a considerably increased expense, the Council have felt assured from the commencement that the new publication would meet with the warm approval of the Fellows. The expense is counterbalanced to a larger extent than was originally estimated, by receipts from advertisements and from sales to the public, upwards of 800 copies being subscribed for by persons who are not Fellows of the Society.
Expeditions; Grants of Instruments to Travellers.-A second grant of 500l. was made during the year 1878 to the African Exploration Fund.-Instruments at a total cost of 3577. 18s. have been supplied to travellers as follows:-Mr. Keith Johnston (for the East African Expedition of the African
Exploration Fund), a complete set, value 1707.; Mr. Henry Forbes (for his journey to Celebes), instruments, to the value of 97.; Mr. Simons (for the Exploration of the Sierra Nevada of Santa Martha), instruments, to the value of 157.; Mr. Comber (Expedition to the Congo), instruments, to the value of 571.; Dr. Mullens (for Lake Tanganyika), instruments, to the value of 1017.; Captain A. H. Markham, R.N. (voyage to Nova Zembla), instruments, value 57. 18s. The instruments lent to Mr. Craven (East Africa) and Lieut. Congreve (Paraguay) have been returned into store, on the termination of the journeys of these travellers.
Annual Grant for Scientific Purposes.-The science lectures appointed by the Committee charged by the Council with the administration of the annual grant of 5007. for scientific purposes, have been continued during the past year; but only a portion of the grant, viz. 1757., was expended. The following gentlemen were chosen to deliver the three lectures for the Session 1878-9:-Professor A. Geikie, subject, 'Geographical Evolution'; Professor Rolleston, subject, 'The Modifications of the External Aspects of Organic Nature produced by Man's Interference'; and J. Ball, F.R.S., subject, 'The Flora of the European Alps and its connection with that of other regions of the Earth.' The large MS. Map of Equatorial Africa, with Bibliographical list of authorities, the compilation of which was entrusted by the Committee to the well-known geographer, Mr. Ravenstein, is making steady progress.
Library.-641 books and pamphlets have been added to the Library during the past year; 473 (including all the pamphlets) being donations, and 168 purchased. Besides these, and without reckoning such publications of general interest as the Athenæum,' &c., 1102 separate parts or numbers of periodicals, Transactions,' &c., have been received (including those obtained by gift in or towards completion of defective series), many of which complete annual or other volumes.
136 pamphlets and small works have been put into covers on the Society's premises, and 263 volumes have been bound during the past year.
The sum of 1367. 17s. 5d. has been expended in purchasing books, and the further sum of 877. Os. 6d. in binding.
Among the more important accessions are:-Gaimard's 'Voyage en Laponie' and 'Voyage en Island'; and Du Petit Thouars's 'Voyage de la Vénus,' with Atlases complete; Brosset's 'Description' and 'Histoire de la Géorgie'; Texier's' Description de l'Arménie'; Cartas de Indias (presented by the Conde de Toreno, through H.E. the Spanish Minister); Vander Aa's Collection of Sea and Land Journeys in the East and West Indies, in Dutch, 27 vols. (presented by C. R. Markham, Esq.); Juan and Ulloa's 'Observaciones Astronomicas y Phisicas' (presented by J. P. Gassiot, Esq.); Sir J. Maundevile's 'Voiage'; Gerritsz's 'Detectio Freti Hudsoni'; Bruce's 'Annals of the East India Company'; Heeren's Political and other Works; the continuation of Burgess's' Archæological Survey of Western India,' and Rice's Mysore and Coorg,' with many other official publications referring to India (presented by Her Majesty's Secretary of State for India); Encyclopædia Britannica,' 9th edition, vols. viii. and ix. (presented by Messrs. A. and C. Black); Œuvres de Champlain,' by Laverdière; Wild's 'At Anchor' (presented by Messrs. Marcus Ward and Co.); a collection of the chief works referring to Arctic Voyages (presented by the Rev. H. Back); a collection of Dutch writings by Professor Veth on the Indian Archipelago (presented by the Author, per P. Bicker-Caarten, Esq.); a collection of Geographical Addresses by the late Sir Roderick Murchison (presented by Kenneth Murchison, Esq.); Kanitz's 'DonauBulgarien'; Paz Soldan's 'Diccionario Geografico del Peru,' with various writings on South America, by Vicuña-Mackenna, Raimondy, &c. (presented by Señor M. F. Paz Soldan); the completion of Sir H. Lefroy's 'Memorials of the Bermudas (presented by the Author, per Messrs. Longman); Fouqué's Santorin et ses Eruptions'; Thomson's 'Through Cyprus with the Camera'; the current reports and other publications of the U.S. Geographical Survey under Professor F. V. Hayden (presented by him); various publications of the Egyptian General Staff (presented by General Stone); the continuation of the Memoirs and other publications of the Geological Survey of India (presented by the Indian Government, per Dr. Oldham);
the continuation of vol. iii. and the whole of vol. iv. of Reclus's Géographie Universelle (presented by the Author); and all as yet published of St. Martin's Géographie Universelle.'
The Library continues to be much consulted by Fellows of the Society and officers of public departments. Reference is also constantly being made to it by students, authors, and artists connected with publishing establishments.
Map-Room. The revision of the classified Register of Maps, and the preparation of an alphabetical catalogue of all the Maps in the Society's Collection, with an index of authors, were decided upon at the Council Meeting of June 3rd, 1878; since which time considerable progress has been made in this work, and the new catalogue is being prepared with a view to its being subsequently printed.
The Council have voted 50l. per annum, for four years, to be expended in putting the bindings of the Society's Atlases in good order, and the shelves on which the Atlases are kept have been covered with sliding sashes for their better preservation.
The offer of Messrs. Lund and Blockley, to provide the MapRoom with a Synchronizing time current has been accepted by the Council, and an hourly mean time current is now received in the Map-Room. A case containing a set of traveller's instruments (such as the Society recommend) has been placed in the Map-Room.
Great interest has been evinced by the Fellows of the Society and the general public in the Maps of the Seat of War in Afghanistan and South East Africa. Public officers, students, and the public have made frequent use of the Maps in the Society's Collection. The large Maps have been lent during the year, for the purpose of illustrating many Geographical lectures in different parts of the kingdom.
The accessions to the Map-Room Collection since last Anniversary comprise 468 Maps and Charts on 1426 Sheets; 24 Atlases containing 790 Sheets; and 132 Photographs. Of these 50 Maps and 4 Atlases have been purchased. 5 new Diagrams (Cyprus, South East Africa, Southern Usambara, part of Midian, Cameroons Mountains, and Lake Nyassa) have been constructed on the establishment, and several others have