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TIMES OF UPPER MERIDIAN PASSAGE OF POLARIS, 1894.

(Computed by S. Hart Wright, Ph. D., Penn Yan, N. Y.) Surveyors and civil engineers may obtain the variation of the magnetic needle for any place in the United States by directing their compass to the North Star (Polaris) when it is upon the meridian, as given in the table below, for the upper culmination: or 11 hours 58 minutes before or after, when the star is on the lower meridian. Exact local time is used in the table, and the timepiece used must be correct, and the bearing of the star taken promptly on time, and that bearing will be the true variation of the needle. An error of only a few seconds in the timepiece will vitiate the bearing found; therefore, it will be much better to take the bearing when the star is furthest east or west, or at its greatest elongation, as observations made upon it then are not affected materially by small errors of timepieces. To use this table for places west of the Washington mean, subtract 10 seconds for each hour of longitude west of Washington. When the upper culmination occurs in the daytime from February 1 to August 1, use the lower culmination.

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July. August. Septemb'r October. Novemb'r December Morn, Morn. Morn, Morn. Fve. Eve. 6:41:37 4:40:14 2:38:46 0:41:04 10:35:17 8:37:08 6:37:42 4:36:19 2:34:51 0:37:08 10:31:21 8:33:11 6:33:47 4:32:26 2:30:55 0:33:12 10:27:25 8:29:14 6:29:52 4:28:29 2:27:01 0:29:17 10:23:29 8:25:18 6:25:57 4:24:34 2:23:06 0:25:21) 10:19:32 8:21:21 6:22:02 4:20:39 2:19:10 0:21:26 10:15:36] 8:17:24 6:18:07 4:18:44 2:15:15 0:17:31 10:11:41 8:13:27 6:14:12 4:12:49 2:11:20 0:13:35 10:07:44 8:09:31 6:10:17 4:08:54 2:07:24 0:09:39 10:03:48 8:05:34 6:06:23 4:04:59 2:03:29 0:05:43 9:59:52 8:01:38 6:02:28 4:01:04 1:59:34 Eve. 9:55:55 7:57:42 5:58:33 3:57:09 1:55:38 11:53:55 9:51:59 7:53:45 5:54:38 3:03:15 1:51:42 11:49:59 9:48:03 7:49:49 5:50:43 3:49:19 1:47:47 11:45:54 9:44:07 7:45:52 5:46:47 3:45:24 1:43:52 11:42:08 9:40:101 7:41:55 5:42:52 3:41:29 1:39:57 11:38:13 9:36:14 7:37:58 5:38:57 3:37:34 1:36:01 11:34:17 9:32:17 7:34:01 5:35:02 3:33:38 1:32:06 11:30:21 9:28:21 7:30:04 5:31:08 3:29:43 1:28:10 11:26:25 9:24:25 7:26:07 5:21:13 3:25:481 1:24:15 11:22:29 9:20:29 7:22:10 5:23:19 3:21:53 1:20:19 11:18:34 9:16:32

7:18:13 5:19:24 3:17:58 1:16:24 11:14:37 9:12:36 7:14:17 5:15:29 3:04:02 1:12:28 11:10:41 9:08:39 7:10:21 5:11:33 3:00:08 1:08:33 11:06:45 9:04:43 7:06:24 5:07:38 2:56:13 1:04:38 11:02:49 9:00:46 7:02:27 5:03:44 2:52:18 1:00:42 10:58:53 8:56:501 6:58:31 4:59:49 2:48:23 0:56:47 10:54:58 8:52:53 6:54:34 4:55:54 2:44:27 0:52:51 10:51:02 8:48:57 6:50:37 4:51:591 2:40:32 0:48:55 10:47:06 8:45:00 6:46:40

17.

18. 19. 20 21

22

23 24. 25 26 27 28. 29.

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Day....
Polaris, lo
tance of

Dis.
Polar

370

AZIMUTH TABLE OF POLARIS, 1894.

(Computed by S. Hart Wright, Ph. D., Penn Yan, N. Y.) The azimuths in the annexed table, applied properly to the magnetic bearing of Polaris at the time of its greatest elongation east or west, will give the true variation of the magnetic needle from a true north direction, and will be of great use to all surveyors and engineers. When the elongation is east the azimuth will be east, and vice versa. At the present time, the line of "No Variation of the needle runs southeasterly from near Toledo, Ohio, to a point on the Atlantic coast about 50 miles southwest of Cape Fear, N. C. East of that line the north enl of the needle points west of a true north, and west of that line east of a true north. The country may therefore be divided into eastern and Western magnetic regions. In the "Eastern Region" the bearing of Polaris at its western elongation, if eastward added to the azimuth, gives the Cesired variation west; but if westward, the bearing taken from the azimuth gives the variation west. The bearing of Polaris at its eastern elongation will be eastward, and the azimuth subtracte! gives the variation west. In the Western Region" the bearing of Polaris at its eastern elongation, if westward, added to the azimuth, gives the variation east. but eastward the bearing taken from the azimuth gives the variation east. The bearing of Polaris at its western elongation will be westward, and diminished by the azimuth gives the variation east. The azimuths in the table, given for two-degree zones, are practically sufficient for all the United States except Alaska. For intermediate latitudes, or dates, the azimuths may be found

by proportion sufficiently correct, or exactly by the formula, log-sine azimuth--log-sine Polar distance of Polaris-log-cosine latitude. The surveyor or engineer is on the line of "No Variation" when the bearing of Polaris at greatest elongation is the same as the azimuth.

Azimuth of Polaris at its Greatest Elongation East or West. Nonth.

For the Latitudes and Dates Given Belove. 290 310 330 350

390 410 430 45° North North North North North North North North North O 1 110111 0101 0110

0

o January....

1/1 15 5/1 25 51 1 27 36 1 29 32 1 31 40 1 34 11 36 37|1 39 30|1 42 4011 46 12 January.... 121 15 4 501 35 31 39

0 361 29 39 11 January.... 21 1 15 4

35 31 39

0 36 29 39 February... 1 1 15 4

11 50 35 31 39

0 36 29 39 February... 11 1 15 5

11 51 36 32 40

1 37 30 40 February... 21 1 157

12 38 34 42

40 32 43 March.

14 11 15 9 56

36 45

6 42 35 March..

46 17 .. 111 15 11 1 25 58 43 39 47

9 45 38 48 March.

20 121 1 15 14 1 26 0 46 43 51 12 49 41 53 April.

11 15 17 5 50 46 54 16 53 April

45 1 42 57 11 1 15 20 8 53 501 31 58 2011 36 56 April..

49|1 43 1 21 1 15 23 121 27 57 53|1 32 2 24/1 37 0 53 5 37 1i 15 26 15/1 28 0 57 6 27 41 39 57

9 41 111 15 28 17] 3 1 29 591 81 30 7/1 40 01 ... 121 1 15 31 21 6/1 30 4 12 34 11

48 11 15 33

8

51 14 36 13 June.

7 19 51 11 1 15 34)

10

6 15 38 June.

14

8

20 52 211 15 34

10
6
15 38 14

20 52 1 1 15 34

101
15 38 14

20 July

52 .... |111 15 34

10

15 38 14 July

52 ... 21/1 15 33 23

8
14 36 13

19 August 11 15 31

6
12 34 11

16
August.. 11|1 15 29 18
August..

41 300

31 81 40 1 13 211 15 26 15/1 28 oli 29 57

27 41 39 57 9 September.. 1 i 15 23 12/1 27 57 53/1 32 2 24/1 37 0 53

5 37 September.. 11 1 15 20 8 53 50)1 31 58 2011 36 56 49 1 43 1 33 September.. 21 1 15 16|1 26 4 49 45 53 15 51 October....

441 42 55 1 1 15 12 1 25 59

40 48 10 46 39 50 21 October..... 11 1 15 9 56 41 36 45

6 42 October...

35 46 17 211 15 6 51 36 32 November.. 11 15 Ol

401 34 1 37 30

40 12 45 26 341 33 55 31 23 33

5 November.. 111 14 57

42 27 22

30 51 November.. 121/1 14 53

27 19 29 1 46 0 37 22 18 25 46 22

14 December..

241 45 55 1/1 14 50

18 14 21 42 18 10 20 50 December.. 11 1 14 47 15 10 18 89 14

6
16

46 December.. 21/1 14 45 28 12 8 15 36 11

3

43 December.. '31 i 14 441 25 271 27 11 1 29 7/1 31 14 1 33 35 1 36 10 1 39 2 1 42 11 1 45 12

THE SEASONS. 75TH MERIDIAN TIME. Winter begins. 1893, December 22, 8:53 a. m., and lasts 89 days, 1 hour, & olnutes.

Spring begins, 1894, March 20. 9:59 a. m., and lasts 92 days, 20 hours, 5 minutes, Summer begins, 1804, June 21, 6:04 a. m., and lasts 93 days. 11 hours, 24 minutes, Autumn begins, 1894, September 22, 8:28 p. m., and la sts 89 days, 18 hours, 41 minutes.

Winter begins, 1804, December 21, 3:09 p. 1. Trop'l year, 365 days, 6 hours, 10 minutes.

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May May May June.

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July.

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TO FIND THE TIME OF GREATEST ELONGATION OF POLARIS. By adding the numbers in the annexed table for any given latitude to the time of meridian passage of Polaris (the Pole Star), given in another table, the time of its great western elongation is found. If the same number be subtracted instead of added, we get the time of greatest eastern elongation. At the time of either

elongation

the

magnetic Constant

Constant
Lati-
Lati.

Lati.

Constant bearing may be taken with

for
for
tude
tude

tude
the compass, using

that
North,
Elonga-
North.
Elonga-

Nerth.

Elonga- elongation which occurs at tion. tion.

tion.

night. The eastern elon

gations occur at night from 1 II. M. 8. H. M. 8.

H. M. 8. April 1 to October 11, and 29 00 5:56:14 34 30 5:55:34 40 00 5:54:48

the western elongations oc29 30 5:56:11 35 00 5:55:30 40 30 5:54:44

cur at night all the rest of 30 00 5:56:07 35 30 5:55:26 41 00 5:54:39

the 5:56:03 30 30

year. Correct local time 36 00 5:55:22 41 30 5:54:35

is to be used, and bearings 31 00 5:56:00 36 30 5:55:18 42 00 5:54:30

taken on the star promptly 31 30 5:55:56 37 00 5:55:14 42 30 5:54:26

on time; but an error of 32 00 5:55:53 37 30 5:55:10 43 00 5:54:20

half a minute or even a 33 00 5:55:46 38 30 5:55:02 44 00 5:54:10

minute

in the timepiece 33 00 5:55:46 38 30 5:55:02 44 00

not invalidate the 33 30 5:55:42 39 00 5:54:57 44 30 5:54:05

bearing,

as Polaris then 34 00 5:55:38 39 30 5:54:53 45 00 5:54:00

Imoves nearly vertically.

EMBER DAYS.
Wednesday
First Sunday in Lent.

.February 14, 16 and 17
Friday and
Pentecost..

May 16, 18 and 19
after
September 14...

.September 19, 21 and 22 Saturday December 13.

.December 19, 21 and 22 CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES. (1) Dominical or Sunday Letter........ G. (5) Roman Indiction...... (2) Epact-(Moon's Age, Jan, 1)....... 23 (6) Julian Period.....

.6607 (3) Lunar Cycle or Golden Number... 14 (7) Dionysian Period...

223 (4) Solar Cycle.......

27 (8) Jewish Lunar Cycle.. Explanatory Note.-The Dominical Letter indicates the day of the year on which the first Sunday occurs; G is the 7th letter, and the 7th of January will be Sunday. The Golden Number is the number in a cycle of 19 years, which shows how many years have passed since New Moon fell on January 1. This and (1) are chiefly used in fixing the cate of Easter. No. (4) indicates the number of years that have elapsed since the current cycle of 28 years began. The first cycle began with the year 10 and is used to find (1.) Roman Indiction is a cycle of 15 years, and is of no utility except to chronologers. Julian Period is a cycle of 7980 years, and is the product of (3), (4) and (5), and when completed (3), (4) and (5) will coincide or begin at the same time. Dionysian Period is a cycle of 532 years, and is called the Great Pas

This

an (6) are chal Cycle, being the product of the Solar and Lunar Cycles. chiefly used in chronology. The Jewish Lunar Cycle is always three less that (3): used only by the Jews in fixing the time of their festivals.

HEBREW CALENDAR, 1894. MOHAMMEDAN CALENDAR, 1894.

}

..... 11

Gregorian Date.

Hebraic Months.

Mohammedan Months.

Days....
Duration.

Gregorian Date.

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7 Redjeb begins...

Jan. 8130 8 Sheban begins..

Feb. 7 29 9 Ramadan begins.

March 8 30 10 Shawal begins..

April 7 29 11 Dsu'l Kadah begins. May

6 30 12 Dsu'l Hejjah begins.

June 30 1 Muharrem begins..

July 5 30 2 Saphar begins..

Aug. 29 3 Rabia I. begins..

Sept. 2 4 Rabia II. begins.

Oct. 21 5 Jomhadi I. begins.

Oct. 31 6 Jomhadi II. begins. Nov. 30 29 7 Rejeb begins....

Dec. 29 30 Note. -The Mohammedan era began July 18, new style, or July 15, old style, on Thursday in the year 622 A. D. The year is lunar, containing 12 moons, and 354 or 355 days, and hence slides backward through the twelve Gregorian months in thirty-three years. The year 1311 began July 15, 1893, and ends July 4, 1894. The year 1312 begins July 5, 1894, and ends June 23, 1895.

The year 5654 began September 11, 1893, or sunset of the 10th, and is embolismic, or a leap year, containing 13 months and 384 days, and is the eleventh of the 298th Jewish Cycle of nineteen years. The year 5655 begins October 1, or at sunset of September 30, 1894.

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D. X. X.
Jan. -19 in 2

2 6 2 eve.
3 4 1 mo. 4 ON.

10 10 25 요. 5 6 N. 10 brightest.

10 6 0 eve. Ꮒ Ꮎ W. 14 6 17 eve. n 900 W. 2 stationary. 15 4 28 021

16 7 1

4 4 11 S. 9 stationary. 24 1 46 mo. din 2

26 10 44 ohc 27 0 7 eve. 12 4 3 N.

100 Superior. 29 7 28 mo. Fe. -10

1 1 38

4 41 N. k stationary. 3 11 6

HOW 3 7 56 eve. H 900 W. 9 in Perihelion. 5 7 37 mo.

6 3 55 eve.? 11 20 N. 8 10 33

9 49 S. g3OE. 11 2 44 mo. 900 E. 1621

13 4 7 21 4 24 N. 10 Inf. 16 3 56 Invisible. H stationary. 18 3 37 9 brightest. 21 6 0 eve. 23 8 54

4 23 N. 8 gr. elong. E. 25 10 45

18 8 E. 8.98 Aquari. 27 i 28 mo. 0 18 S. Mar.. OU O E. 1 3 28 mo. W 900 E.

2 0 21

4 44 N. 10

4 10 31 eve. 2 12 28 N. P stationary 7 06 182

12 3 32 124 4 4 40 S. 6.8 @ Inf.

14 3 10 mo. o brightest. 22 10 0 eve. 02

23 3 53 mo. h 424 N. 18 31 0 30

4 2 N. April 16

2 3 50 mo.

6 55 N. 324

9 6 6 21 4 51 s. o gr. elong. W. 10 10 20 eve. 8 27 40 W. 8 h

11 0 53 h 1800
o brightest. 13
ohc
19 8 37 mo. h

4 14 N.
Piha 24 7 24
0 gr. elong. W. 27 4 19

오. 46 10W. 29 1 52

2 26 N. May -1890

1 5 59 eve. ?

0 42 N. 8 HO Brightest.

H 1800 182

6 11 46 eve. 21 4 59 S. ho

16 11 47 mo. h 4 2 N. 30 Superior. 20 10 36 18 4 26 3 13

1 45 N. 26 6 9 eve.

2 49 N. 128 3 10 mo.

0 1S. 28 0 46 eve.

31 3 52 8 4 15 S. Jane-18.30

1 9 6 2 0 59 N.

3 4 22 Invisible. 821 0

4 9 3 mo. oh

12 3 33 eve. h 4 IN. OW. 17 7 0 mo. 90 W. h stationary. 22 3 40 gr. elong. E. 23 2 37 8 25 16 E. 26 1 40

2 51 S. 30 10 35 오. 6 20 S.

D. H. M. July - 1040 1 3 58 eve 24 5 17 S

Aphelion. 3 4 14 mo. Farthest o 8 h

9 10 3 eve. h 4 11 N Oh O E. 10 9 25 h 90 OF 12 0 46 mo. 9

09S 30 24 20 3 20

0 51 S Inf.

20 520 eve.
24 5 39

5 2C S
in Perihelion 26
02

29 11 17 mo. 21 5 28 S 88

30 226 O 5 53 Aug.- OHIO E. 3 1 29 eve. H 90 OE loha 6 8 22 mo. h

4 27 N gr. elong. W. 9 0 6 8 18 57W 0 in 82

15 10 50
odo
21 10 43 eve.o

6 53 S 182

26 3 44 mo. 124 5 35 S 39

28 8 15 eve. 3 35 S Sept.- o ho

2 10 1 eve. 12 4 43 N
8 $ Sup. 3 1 9 mo.
Bị ô W. 6 6 26 0 900W
( eclipsed. 14 See Eclipses.
o stationary. 15 10 22 mo.

in Perihelion 17
odo
18 11 41

7 9S 64

22 4 1 eve. 21 5 38 S 09

27 743 eve. 0 20 N 04 W. 28 4 21 mo. 2 900W

30 1 23 eve. h 4 56 N o 8 h 80 2 32

3 35 S Oct

14 6 57 mo.

3 2 od 15 7 23

5 31 S 8 gr. elong. E. (19 5 25 8 24 31 E 2

19 11 67 eve. 21 5 33 S 20 5 1

180 0 o ho

21 5 33 mo. 21 stationary.

24 7 31 68

27 11 27 eve. ? 3 63 N 28 4 33 mo. h 5 10 N 30 10 59"

Q 요

1 6 S Nov.1 OHC

7 8 23 eve. Inr. 10 1 26 Transit. 10

Visible.

11 1 48 mo. 3 2 S 10 OH

12 9 35 오. 0 32 N 12 11 13

08S 820

16 4 56 4 5 22 S stationary.

9 2 eve. 61

24 5 55 h 5 30 N din 2

26 3 23
27 4 1 mo.?

5 IN gr. elong. W.27 11 50 § 20 10W 28 8 1

2 4N 090 Sup 30 10 9 Dec. -18 WO

6 6 32 W 1800
8 0 59 eve. 1 53 S

13 9 24 mo. 2 5 14 S Winter begins 21

22 4 62 h. 5 56 N

8 43 eve.21 180 0 23 4 45 mo. H

4 33 N 27 10 26

3 58 N

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SIDEREAL NOON, OR MERIDIAN PASSAGE OF THE VERNAL EQUINOX FOR 1894.

Washington Mean Time. (Computed by S. Hart Wright, Ph. D., Penn Yan, N. Y.)

April.

January February March,

June.

July.

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Eve.
5:13:49
5:09:53
5:05:57
5:02:01
4:58:05
4:54:09
4:50:13
4:46:17
4:42:21
4:38:25
4:34:29
4:30:34
4:26:38
4:22:42
4:18:46
4:14:30
4:10:54
4:06:58
4:03:02
3:59:06
3:55:10
3:51:15
3:47:181
3:43:23
3:39:27
3:35:31
3:31:35
3:27:39
3:23:43
3:19:47
3:15:51

Eve. Eve. Morn.
3:11:55 1:21:501 11:19:57
3:07:59 1:17:54 11:16:01
3:04:03 1:13:58 11:12:05
3:00:08 1:10:02 11:08:09
2:56:12 1:06:06 11:04:13
2:52:16 1:02:11 11:00:17
2:48:20 0:58:14 10:56:21
2:44:24 0:54:18 10:52:25
2:10:28 0:50:231 10:48:29
2:36:32 0:46:27 10:44:33
2:32:36 0:42:31 10:40:38
2:28:40 0:38:35 10:36:42
2:24:44 0:34:391 10:32:46
2:20:48 0:30:43 10:28:50
2:16:53 0:26:47 10:24:54
2:12:57 0:22:51 10:20:58
2:09:01 0:18:55 10:17:02
2:05:05 0:14:59 10:13:06
2:01:09 0:11:03 10:09:10
1:57:13 0:07:08 10:05:14
1:53:17 0:03:12 10:01:18
1:49:21 Morn. 9:57:23
1:45:25 11:55:20 9:53:27
1:41:29 | 11:51:24 9:49:31
1:37:33 11:47:28 9:45:35
1:33:38 | 11:43:32 9:41:391
1:29:42 | 11:39:36 9:37:43
1:25:46 11:35:40 9:33:47

11:31:44 9:29:51
11:27:49 9:25:55
11:23:53

May.
Morn.
9:21:59
9:18:03
9:14:08
9:10:12
9:06:16
9:02:20
8:59:24
8:54:28
8:50:32
8:48:36
8:44:40
8:40:44
8:36:48
8:32:53
8:28:57
8:23:01
8:19:05
8:15:09
8:11:13
8:07:17
8:03:21
7:59:25
7:55:29
7:51:33
7:47:38
7:43:42
7:39:46
7:35:50
7:31:54
7:27:58
7:24:02)

Morn.
7:20:06
7:16:10
7:12:14
7:08:18
7:04:22
7:00:27
6:56:31
6:52:35
6:48:39
6:44:43
6:40:47
6:36:51
6:32:55
6:28:59
6:25:03
6:21:07
6:17:12
6:13:16
6:09:20
6:05:24
6:01:28
5:57:32
5:53:36
5:49:40
5:45:44
5:41:48
5:37:52
5:33:56
5:30:01
5:26:05

Morn.
5:22:09
5:18:13
5:14:17
5:10:21
5:06:25
5:02:29
4:58:33
4:54:37
4:50:41
4:46:46
4:42:50
4:38:54
4:34:58
4:31:02
4:27:06
4:23:10
4:19:14
4:15:18
4:11:22
4:07:26
4:03:31
3:59:35
3:55:39
3:51:43
3:47:47
3:43:51
3:39:55
3:35:59
3:32:03
3:28:07
3:24:11

August. Septemb’r October. Novemb'r December
Morn. Morn. Eve, Evo. Ere.
3:20:15

1:18:22 11:16:29 9:14:36 7:16:39
3:16:20 1:14:26 11:12:33 9:10:40 7:12:43
3:12:24 1:10:30 11:08:37 9:06:44 7:08:47
3:08:28 1:06:35 11:04:41 9:02:48 7:04:51
3:04:32 1:02:39 11:00:46 9:58:52 7:00:55
3:00:36 0:58:43 10:56:50 9:54:56 6:56:59
2:56:40 0:54:47 10:52:54 8:51:01 6:53:03
2:52:44 0:50:51 10:48:58 8:47:05 6:49:07
2:48:48 0:46:55 10:45:02 8:43:09 6:45:11
2:44:52 0:42:59 10:41:06 8:39:13 6:41:15
2:40:56 0:39:03 10:37:10 8:35:17 6:37:20
2:37:00 0:35:07 10:33:14 8:31:21 6:33:24
2:33:05 0:31:11 10:29:18 8:27:25 6:29:28
2:29:09 0:27:15 10:25:22 8:23:29 6:25:32
2:25:13 0:23:20 10:21:26 8:19:33 6:21:36
2:21:17 0:19:24 10:17:31 8:15:37 6:17:40
2:17:21 0:15:28 10:13:35 8:11:41 6:13:44
2:13:25 0:11:32 10:09:39) 8:07:45 6:09:48
2:09:29 Eve. 10:05:43 8:03:501 6:05:52
2:05:33 11:59:44 10:01:47 7:59:54 6:01:56
2:01:37 11:55:48 9:57:51 7:55:58 5:58:00
1:57:41 11:51:52 9:53:55 7:52:02 5:54:04
1:03:45 11:47:56 9:49:59 7:48:06 5:50:09
1:49:50 11:44:01 9:46:03

5:46:13
1:45:54 11:10:05 9:42:07 7:40:14 5:42:17
1:41:58 11:36:09 9:38:11 7:36:18 5:38:21
1:38:02 11:32:13) 9:34:16 7:32:22 5:34:25
1:34:06 11:28:17 9:30:20 7:28:25 5:30:29
1:30:10 11:24:21 9:26:24 7:24:30 5:26:33
1:26:14 11:20:25 9:22:28 7:20:35 5:22:37
1:22:181
9:18:32

5:18:41

22

23
24
25
26
27
28.
20.
30.
31.

THE NATIONAL ENSIGN. On November 13, 1890, Secretary Tracy Issued an order that until July 4, 1891, the union of the National ensign and the union jack use in the naval service should be composed of five rows of seven stars and one row of eight stars, to provide for the addi. tion of the five new States of North and South Dakota, Montana, Washington and Idaho. In the arrangement space was left for the addition of another star to represent Wyoming, which was added on July 4, 1891. June 14, the anniversary of the adoption of the stars and stripes as the National flag, is now celebrated by the Sons of the American Revolution as Flag Day, by a display of the flag, and the society invites the people of the whole country to follow its example. The official National en signs of to-ay are of five sizes, the following being the dimensions: 36 feet long, 19 feet wide; 27.2 feet long, 14 1-3 feet wide; 23.1 feet long, 12 1-5 feet wide; 16.9 feet long. 8.9 feet wide; 9 3-4 feet long, 5 1-7 feet wide.

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