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promise or offer to pay in excess of , immediate admission of Oklahoma and such sum is declaredo unlawful. Candi- the Indian Territory as one State, by the dates are further required within thirty passage of a proper enabling act. All days after election to file a statement tribal governments in the five civilized in writing setting forth in detail all sums nations shall be abolished, and a comof money contributed, disbursed, expended plete division of the common domain or promised by them. It is mandatory made among the citizens of each nation, upon the officer or officers authorized to except Sections 16 and 36, reserved for issue certificates of election to withhold school purposes such division to be made them until these certified statements of equally and the lands made alienable by expenditures have been made. An ad- them except a homestead of - 160 acres ditional section provides that no candi. for each. Lands occupled as town sites date shall qualify until all the provisions shall not be divided or set apart to any of this act have been complied with. Pen- Indian, but shall be patented to the ocalties are provided for violations of the cupant thereof under U. S. townsite laws, act and the means for enforcing them and the proceeds of sales thereof shall be are sufficiently drastic to compel observ- paid to the Indians of the nation in ance.

which such townsite is located. All cat. NEBRASKA.-A "Maximum Freight tle leases in Indian reservations within Rate" bill passed, to take effect in Au- the present Territory of Oklahoma shall gust, 1893. Judge Grundy, of the United be abrogated, and all unsettled reservaStates District Court. on the 30th of tions shall be thrown open to settlement. July, suspended this law. The theory on This action was taken-yeas, 216; nays, which the court granted the order is that 18. The minority oppose Statehood until the law reduces rates to such a low Indian lands and property are brought by figure that it practically confiscates all Congress within the taxing powers of the Nebraska railroad property without com- proposed State, and the titles to the pensation. The railroads operating in lands are made subject to the jurisdiction Nebraska later secured temporary in- of State laws. junctions against the State Board ol PENNSYLVANIA.-An amended Ballot Transportation enforcing the new law. law was passed, by which the voter may NEW-JERSEY.-The Supreme Court has

vote a full party in et by marking an decided the "County Excise Commig

"X" within the circle at the top of it; sloners" act to be unconstitutional. This or may vote a mixed ticket by marking act applied to Camden. Cumberland, Hunt.

an "X" in a circle placed opposite the erdon, Warren and a few other countles.

name of each candidate. The Court also held to be unconstitutional

RHODE ISLAND, -The present State the act dividing counties into Assembly

debt will be entirely extinguished by Audistricts, as the Constitution (Sec. 3. Art.

gust 1, 1894. Governor Brown recomIV) provides that “the General Assembly

mended in his January, 1893. message shall be composed of members annually

a revision of the Ballot law So that one elected by legal voters of the respec

cross would indicate a vote for all cantive counties, who shall be apportioned

didates grouped under it, and that the among the said counties as nearly as may

power of veto be given the Governor. be, according to the number of their pres- SOUTH CAROLINA.-On July 15, 1893, ent inhabitants." The constitutionality of a new Liquor law took effect. Under the the "Werts Ballot Reform" act was al- new law there will be no barrooms in firmed by the Court of Errors and Ap- the State. Whiskey will be dispensed peals, which also decided that voters may or sold to consumers only by bonded oferase from the ballots all printed matter. ficers in the different counties in sealed

NEW-YORK.-A Constitutional Con- packages, ranging from hall a pint to vention is to meet in May, 1894, under four gallons. No package will be peran act passed by the last Legislature. mitted to be opened on the premises. The Delegates were chosen at the November only requirement for any citizen to obtain election of 1893. A "Personal Registra. whiskey or other stimulants is that he tion" act, applicable to the whole State, shall sign an order or request stating the passed the last Assembly, but failed in amount or kind wanted. Liquor is not to the Senate in the last hours of the ses- be sold to minors or habitual drunkards. sion by reason of the illness of one of Beer and wine are also included under the Democratic Senators, without whose the provisions of the law. The local olvote the necessary seventeen votes could ficers obtain their liquors from a State not be had. On October 15 Judges Herrick Commissioner, who purchases all the and Mayham, of the Supreme Court, de- liquors sold in the State and puts them cided in the Albany election case that a po- into sealed packages for distribution. All litical party has the legal right to name, of the goods purchased must be analyzed through its county or city committees, by the State chemist, and their purity its own election inspectors, its own pro- guaranteed before sale. In the United tectors of its rights at the polls, its own States Court in Charleston, S. C., Novemmen to count all the ballots cast at an ber 24, Judge Simonton signed an order election. A “Woman Suffrage'' act at vil- directing the South Carolina Railway to lage electiong was passed, but its validity bring in all goods offered as freight and will be contested in tha courts.

consigned to private consumers. The deNORTH CAROLINA.-A "State Bank- cision was made on the petition of a ing'' act has been passed in anticipation number of citizens, who claimed the right of the repeal of the 10 per cent restriction to buy beer and whiskev in another State by Congress. It provides that the State for their own consumption and to have shall Issue $4,000,000 of 4 per cent bonds the railroads transport it. The maximurr. as a basis for banking.

profit allowed under the law is 30 per cent OKLAHOMA.-A Statehood Convention to the State and 60 per cent to the local held November 28, 1893, passed regolu- dispensary, one-hall of which goee Into tions asking Congress to provide for the the

county treasury and the other

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COMMERCIAL FAILURES IN 1893.
(Compiled by R. G. Dun & Co. Incomplete.)
-TOTAL

---MAN'F'R'G--TRADE OTHER
States.

No. Liabilities. No. Liabilities. No. Liabilities. (No. Liabilities Maine 343 $3,437,663

$569 585 2591 $2,862,278 3 $4,800 New Hampshire

320,730 12 168,632 41 152,098 Vermont ..

47 2,320,638 7 114,546 37 136,092 3 2,000,000 Massachusetts 978 18,717,357 327 8,770, 439 619) 10,480, 138

463,030 Connecticut 228 3,088,918 31 2, 138,790 125 486,685 4

208,627 Rhode Island

174 1.006.030 44 303,176 129 702,854 New-England (1.789 $29,651,7701 482|$12,065, 168 1,290 $14,820,145] 241 $2,766,457 New York

11,844 $80,656,847 639|$50, 459,504 1,104 $17,386,437 62|$12,810,906 New Jersey

296 5,809,401 93 3,753, 667 198 2,020,737 6 34,937 Pennsylvania

1,214 53,128,365 417| 46,487,348 733 6,350,591 13 290,426 Middle

3,264 $139,594,553 1,149100,700,519 2,035|$25,757, 7651 81 $13, 136,269 Maryland $2,842,320 46 $1,341, 086 119 $1,496,334

$4,900 Delaware 32 794,337 4 285,500 27 208,837 1

300,000 District of Columbia 104 1,485,995 31 183,643 49 1,011,3501 1 32,000 Virginia

352 3,743,036 49 1,439,067 295 2,685,471 8 118,000 West Virginia.

53 247.289 6 125,633 39 121, 656 North Carolina. 77 1,052, 257

26,500 73 1,025, 751 South Carolina.

82 715,694 5 53,332 74 472,362 1 190,000 Florida

68 502,905 5 91,500 63 411, 405 Georgia.

268 2,744,608 29 537,487 235 2,118,711 4 88,100 Alabama

130 1,610,950 8 27,500 116 1,232,450 3 343,000 Mississippi 147 2,120, 433 12 515,118

135

1, 605,375
Louisiana
121 2,048,213 18 1,027,782

101
1,057,087

26,314 Tennessee

500 7,431, 173 60 1,992,510 433 3,392,345 81 2,218,318 Kentucky 370 7,610,576 57 2,314,261 305

3,682,315 6 1,614,000 Southeast

2,445 $35,417,000 342 $9,960,919 2,064 $20,521, 459 39 $4,934.632 Arkansas

152
$3 615,440]

$582,450 128 $1,489,991 4 $1,543,000 Texas

548 5,133, 150 27 514,651 518 4,104,074 3 514,425 Missouri

449

5,867,918 43 515,868 401 4,783,550 5 458,500 Southwest ... (1,149 $14,606,509 90 $1,712,969 1,047 $10,377,615 12 $2,515,92 Ohio

768 $20,221,322 271 $13,092,483 484 $4,000,622 13 $3,128,217 Indiana

197 5,610,711 58 4,114,565 139 1,496,146 Michigan

287 4,033,916 64 1,832, 431 222 2, 201,477 Illinois

532 18,302,871 175 5,563,832 316) 10,015, 015 41 2,723,77 Wisconsin

224
6,322, 796

3,679,887

1741 2,042, 409 1 600,00 Central

12,007 $54,491,866 617|$28,283, 198 1.835 $19, 755, 669 55 $6,451,99 Minnesota

400

$9,546,4181 86 $3,274,472 298 $5,856,270 16 $415,67 Iowa

172 10,838,332 16 1,764,930 144 1,228, 4021 12 7,845,00
332 1.998, 413

198,575 305 1, 797,338
Kansas
316 2,775,853 8

18,598 305 2,742, 255 2 16,0
Indian Territory.
16 181.386

16 181,386
Montana

128
1,898, 202

126 1,708,202 2. 190,0
North Dakota
24 261,616

251,616 1 10,0 Bouth Dakota 62 276,048

62 276,048 Colorado

424 13,712, 150 1,817,397 324 4,946,768 17 6,947, Wyoming

9
29,400 1

1.500 8 27, 900
Oklahoma

45
463, 6001.

45 463,600
West

11,926 $41,984,4221 2191 $7,075,472 1,656|$19,479,7891 51 $16,429,1

10

COMMERCIAL FAILURES IN 1893.-Continued.
TOTAL ---MAN'TR'G--TRADE

OTHER-
States.

No. | Liabillties. | No. (Liabilities. No. Liabilities. No. Liabilities. Utah 1871 $1,880,067 24 210,728, 102 $1,663, 1391 1

$200 Idaho ..... 761 834,327 8 118,957

67

714,370 1 1,000 Arizona . 11 123,000 1 7,000

116,0001 Nevada

79,000

4 79,000 Washington

269

3,903, 400 65 1,899,000 183 1,608,000 161 396, 400 Oregon

217 1,952,100 41 358, 600 167 945, 800 9 647,700 California

718
6,830,000 125
2,308,000 579

4,143,000/ 14 383,000 Pacific

-11,477| $15,605,894_264 $4,908,285/1,172| $9,269,309|41| $1,428,300 Totals............

(14,066 0331,352,014 | 3,163 0164,706,530 | 10,599 $119,081.741 302 36,662,735 Wanting all returns for the latter part of December. In the aggregate of liabilltles, failures of banks and financial institutions are not included, the total for the year thus far reported is shown by sections in a separate table on the next page. The aggregate of indebtedness and stocks of rallroads which have gone into the hands of receivers is also shown in a separate table.

The failures in Canada thus far reported in 1893 were 1,278 in number, against 1,688 In 1892, and the aggregate of liabilities, $12, 456,426, against $13,766,191 for the full year 1892...The labilities in 1893 were $6,686, 191 in manufacturing, $4,525,419 in trading, and $4,246,826 to liabilities of banks, bankers, brokers and transporting concerns.

The following table shows the liabilities of all banks which have failed in the United States during the year 1893 up to December 20. Part of these are included in the preceding aggregate of failures, but about $100,000,000 of liabilities must be added to the previous total for the year in order to include all banking

institutions:
BANK FAILURES, 1893.
Sections.

No. Liabilities.
New-England

16 $12,516,000
Middle States.

35 43,478,618 Central States.

149

37,457,963 Western States.

217 39,486,298 Southern States.

82

22, 119,514 Southwestern

61

29, 703, 776 Pacific

81

26,138,639 Totals

641 $210,930,808 or these failures, 161 were National banks, with $67,673,894 liabilities, 198 were State banks with $41,258,362 liabilities, 250 were savings and private banks with $41,895, 346 llabllities, and 29 were loan and investment, or mortgage companies, with $66,810,000 liabilities.

Finally, the record of railroad recelverships in 1893 includes 75 roads, operating 25,015 miles, and having outstanding $650,898,487 stock, and $1,191,594,115 indebtedness, mak. ing a total of $1,842, 492,602, as follows:

RAILROAD RECEIVERSHIPS, 1893.
Railroads.

Mileage. Indebtedness. Stock. Altoona, Clear & Northern..

13

$57,615 $42,750 Annapolis & Baltimore.

28 1,000,000

500,000 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe.

9,344 295,086,500 102,000,000 Baltimore & Lehigh

84

2,202,400 3,375,000 Birmingham, Sheffield & Tennessee.

119 3,363,209 3,275,000 Boston & Albany (Ga.)..

22
220,000

220,000 Carolina,, Cumb. Gap & Chicago.

24
925,000

500,000 Chicago, Peoria & St. Louis..

417 3,419,254 3,500,000 Chicago & Southeastern.....

100 1,625,000 2,000,000 Chicago & Northern Pacific....

26 25, 742,000 30.000.000 Cincinnati, N. O. & Texas Pacific.

336 16,286,686 3,000.00 Chattanooga, Rome & Columbus.

138 2,210,000 2,800.000 Denver City R. R...

4,381,000 2.770.000 Detroit, Bay City and Alpena..

224

2,643,379 1,670,000 Dover & Statesboro..

10

63,592 100.000 Cleveland, Canton & Southern.

210 6,669, 228 13,251,000 Dutchess County, N. Y..

13
350,000

300,000 Findlay, Fort Wayne & Western

60 1, 840,000 3,090.000 Fort Worth & Denver City..

8,343,000 9,375.000 Georgia-Pacific

566

23, 683,016 8,555,000 Hutchinson & Southern..

82 1,025,000 7,320,000 Jacksonville, Louisville & St. Louis.

128 1,680,000 1,500,000 Kentucky & Indiana Bridge.

10

2,300,000 1.700.000 Lake Erie, Alliance & Southern

86 2,035,000 3,000,000 Lancaster & Hamden..

14
280,000

280.000 Little Rock & Memphis.

133 3,351,275 3.250,000 Louisville & Southern..

127

5,885, 145 7.000.000 Louisville, St. Luis & Texas.

166 6,294,000 3,071.000

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17

Stock. 1,000,000

600,000 1,000,000

520,000 23,514,000

1,014,000 85,963,800

800,000 2,800,000

300,000 85,140, 131 4,633,500 2,432,000 4,230,000 40,344,362 6,600,000

409, 100

750,000 1,40.000 1,200,000

RAILROAD RECEIVERSHIPS, 1893.-Continued.
Railroads.

Mileage. Indebtedness.
Macon & Northern..

105

2,200,000 Mary Lee Coal & R. R........

7

275,000 Middlesboro Belt

552,000 Minnesota & Wisconsin..............

26

620,000 New-York and Tew-Englaud.

360 20,622,918 New-York & Massachusetts.

40

555, 897 New-York, Lake Erie & Western.

1,103 98,164,541 Norfolk, Albemarle & Atlantic.......

18

647,379 North & South Illinois....

50

600,000 North Galveston, Houston & Kansas City.

35

800,000 Northern Pacific

3,354 165,919, 161 Omaha & St. Louis ...

145 3,324,081 Paducah, Tennessee & Alabama.......

118 2,717,065 Pan Handle.

225,000 Pittsburgh, Akron & Western.

165 2,450,000 Philadelphia & Reading.

327 183, 186,062 Philadelphia, Reading & New-England.

181 11,100,000 Port Jervis, Monticello & New-York.

41

485,766 Port Royal & Augusta

112 2,256, 708 Port Royal & West Carolina.

227

3,056,813 Prescott & Arizona Central.

73 1,650,000 Raleigh Springs R. R. Co..

11

138, 718 Rio Grande Southern...

180 5,704, 436 Santa Fe Southern..

39

390,000 Savannah & Western..

622 8.135,000 St. Louis, Cape Gir. & Ft. Scott..

103 1,547,909 St. Louis, Chicago & St. Paul.

101 1,250,003 Seattle, Lake Shore & Eastern.

246 6,675,000 Sedalia, Warsaw & Southern..

43

338,000 Sioux City & Northern.

96

2,044,767 Sioux City, O'Neil & Western.

130 2,411, 420 Sioux City Terminal..

16

500,000 Stuttgart & Arkansas R. R.

34

275,000 Tennessee Midland.

136 2,711,000 Texas & Sabine Valley & N. W.

38

570,886 Toledo & Ohio Central (extension).

2,310.381 Toledo, Ann Arbor & North Michigan.

307 7,386,852 Toledo, St. Louis & Kansas City.

451

9,848, 162 Union Pacific

1,822 144,819,418 Union Pacific, Denver & Gult.

22, 436,000 Utah Central..

600,000 Washington Southern.

1,033,377 Western New-York & Pennsylvania.

647 36,366, 743 Wheeling Bridge & Terminal.

6

3,574,479 Winona & S. W........

117 2,118,000 Wisconsin Central.

915 26,634,255 Wisconsin, Minnesota & Pacific..

217

3,262,110 Totals

2.5,375 ($1,212,217,033

60

4,310,000

390,000 3,760,000 1,150,000 2,000,000 4,150,000

516,000 1,440,000 3,600,000 500.000

500,000 3,146,000

475,000 2,100,000 6,500,000 17,065,000 60,868,500 33,837,000

600,000 1,000,000 19,730,414

1,500,000 2,200,000 15,000,000

5,381,000 $674,412, 487

296,600

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COINAGE OF THE SILVER DOLLAR. 1793-'95 $204,791 1849.

62,600 1873. 1796.. 72,920 1850.

47,500 1874 1797. 7.776 1851.

1,300 1875. 1798. 327.536 1832.

1,100 1876. 1799. 423,515 1853.

46, 110 1877. 1800. 220.920 1854.

33,140 1878. 1801. 54,454 1855.

26,000 1879. 1802. 41,650 1856.

63,500 1880. 1803. 66,064 1877.

94,000 1881, 1804. 19,570 1858.

1882. 1805. 321 1859.

636,500 1883. 1836. 1,000 1860.

733,930 1881. 1837

1861.

78,500 1885. 1838.

1862.

12,090 1886, 1839. 300 1863.

27,660 1887 1840. 61,005 1864.

31,170 1888. 1841. 73,000. 1865.

47,000 1889. 1842. 184.613 1866.

49,625 1890, 165, 100 1867

60,325 1891. 1844. 20.000 1868,

182,700 1892 24.500 1869.

424,300 1803* 100.000 1870.

445, 462 1847. 140,750 1871.

1,117,130 Total.... $15,000 1872.

$1,118,6001 *January to July.

22,495,559 27,560, 100 27.397.335 27,927,975 27,574,100 28, 470,039 28, 136,875 28,697,767 31,423,886 33,611,710 31,990, 833 34,631,811 38,043,004 23,562.735 6,333,245

1,453, 465 .$427,303,888

1843......

1845....... 1846.........

......

1848.......

.....233

....306

.... 28

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