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AUGUST 1, 1893–NOVEMBER 3, 1893.

The pressure brought to bear upon the laws which must be executed until rePresident from all quarters to call Con- pealed by Congress: gress together immediately, to take such “Now, Therefore, I, Grover Cleveland, action as might be necessary to relieve President of the United States, in perthe country of impending business dis formance of a constitutional duty, do by asters, bore fruit on June 30, when he this

proclamation declare that an extraorissued the following proclamation:

dinary occasion requires the convening of

both Houses of the Congress of the United "Executive Mansion, Washington, D. C., States at the Capitol in the city of Wash

"June 30, 1893.

ington, on the seventh day of August

next at 12 o'clock noon, to the end that "Whereas, The distrust and apprehen- the people may be relieved through legission concerning the financial situation lation from present and impending danwhich pervade all business circles have ger and distress. already caused great loss and damage to "All those entitled to act as members our people and threaten to cripple our of the LIIId Congress are required to take merchants, stop the wheels of our manu notice of this proclamation and attend at facturers, bring distress and privation to the time and place above stated. our farmers and withhold from our work "Given under my hand and seal of the ingmen the wage of labor;

United States at the city of Washington "And, Whereas, the present perilous on the thirtieth day of June, in the year condition is largely the result of a finan of our Lord 1893, and of the Independence cial policy which the Executive branch of of the United States the 107th. the Government finds embodied in unwise



JULY 14, 1890. President Cleveland called the LIIIA "I believe these things are principally Congress in extra session August 7, 1893, chargeable to Congressional legislation in view, as expressed in his message, "of touching the purchase and coinage of silthe existence of an alarming and ex ver by the General Government. traordinary business situation, involving "This legislation is embodied in a the welfare and prosperity of all our peo statute passed on the 14th day of July, ple." He described the situation thus: 1890, which was the culmination of much

agitation on the subject involved, and "Our unfortunate financial plight is not which may be considered a truce, after the result of untoward events nor of a long struggle, between the advocates of conditions related to our natural re free silver coinage and those intending to sources; nor is it traceable to any of the be more conservative." afflictions which frequently check na He earnestly recommended the prompt tional growth and prosperity. With plen repeal of the provisions of the act passed teous crops, with abundant promise of July 14, 1890, authorizing the purchase remunerative production and manufact of silver bullion, and that "other legisure, with unusual invitation to safe in lative action may put beyond all doubt vestment, and with satisfactory assur or mistake the intention and the ability ance to business enterprise, suddenly of the Government to fulfil its pecuniary financial distrust and fear have sprung obligations in money universally recogup on every side. Numerous moneyed in nized by all civilized countries." stitutions have suspended because abun On the 11th of August Mr. Wilson, of dant assets were not immediately availa West Virginia, introduced into the House ble to meet the demands of frightened of Representatives a bill to repeal the depositors. Surviving corporations and clause referred to, with this clause added: individuals are content to keep in hand "But this repeal shall not impair or in the money they are usually anxious to any manner affect the legal-tender qualloan, and those engaged in legitimate ity of the standard silver dollar heretobusiness are surprised to find that the se fore coined; and the faith and credit of curities they offer for loans, though here the United States are hereby pledged to tofore satisfactory, are no longer ac maintain the parity of the standard gold cepted. Values supposed to be fixed are and silver coins of the United States at fast becoming conjectural, and loss and the present legal ratio, or such other failure have invaded every branch of ratio as may be established by law." business.

This bill was debated till the 28th of Au

gust, when it was brought to a vote in ler, gall, Coke, Daniel, Dubois, George, the House. Mr. Bland moved to add to ris, Irby, Jones of Ark., Jones of Nev., the bill a provision to authorize the free Martin, Pasco, PEFFER,

Powers, coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1. Roach, Stroup, STEWART. Teller, Vance, which was rejected-yeas 125, nays 226, Walthall, Wolcott - 28.

The pays not voting 2. (Affrinative-Republicans Messrs. Aldrich. Caffery, Camden, 13. Democrats and Populists 112; nega Cullom, Davis, Dixon. Dolph, Faul tiveRepublicans 110, Democrats 116.) Frye. Galiinger. Gibson, Gorman, Votes were then cast on other amend

Hall. Higgins, Hill, Hoar, Lindsay L ments for coinage with a different ratio:

McMillan, McPherson, Manderson, Mi

of W18., Morrill, Murphy, Palmer, Per Not

Proctor. Quay. Ransom, Sherman, s Yeas. Nays. voting.

Stockbridge, Turpie, Vilas, Voorhees, v 17 to 1.

burn, white of La.-39. The pairs were 101 241 11 18 to 1. 103 240 10 Affirmative.

Negat 19 to 1. 104 238 11 Pettigrew.

Gordo: 20 to 1. 122 222 9 Mitchell of Ore.

Squire Cameron.

Brice. A motion to add to the bill a clause to Hansbrough.

Mills. revive the Bland-Allison act of 1878, so

White of Cal.

Chand as to require the purchase monthly of Colquitt.

Wilso not less than $2,000,000 and not more


Alliso: than $4,000,000 worth of silver bullion,


Hawi and the coining of the same as fast as


Platt. purchased into standard silver dollars, (Republicans in Roman, Democrats in was rejected-yeas 136, nays 213, not ics, Popalists in SMALL CAPS.] voting 4. (On this vote the affirmative

Some minor amendments were voted was made up of Republicans 15, Demo

and the bili reported by the Committ erats and Populists 121; the negative

Finance was, on October 30, passed b Republicans 110, Democrats 103.) The

Senate-Yeas 43. naye 32, not voting 10 bill as introduced by Mr. Wilson then

Yeas - Messrs. Aldrich, Brice, ca passed the House-yeas 239, nays 109, not

Camden, Carey, Cullom, Davis, D voting 5. (Affirmative--Republicans 101, Dolph, Faulkner, Frye, Gallinger, Gi Democrats 138; negative-Republicans 24, Gorinan, Gray, Hale, Hanley, Higgins. Democrats 85.)

Hoar, Hunton, Lindsay, Lorge, MoM On the 29th of August, in the Senate, McPherson, Manderson. Mills, Mitch Mr. Voorhees reported the bill from the Wis., Morrill, Murphy, Platt, Proctor, Finance Committee, with this amend Ransom, Sherman, Smith, Squire, S ment in the nature of a substitute, yiz. : bridge, Turpie, Vilas, Voorhees, Washi

*Be It enacted, etc., That so much of white of La.--43. the act approved July 14, 1890, entitled Nays-Messrs. ALLEN, Bate, Berry, B "An act directing the purchase of silver burn, Butler, Call, Cameron, Cockrell, bullion and issue of Treasury notes there- Daniel, Dubois, George, Harris, Irby, on, and for other purposes,' as directs of Ark. Jones of Nev.. KYLE, Martin, 1 the Secretary of the Treasury to pur PEFFER, Perkins, Pettigrew. Power, 1 chase from time to time silver bullion to Roach, Shoup, STEWART, Teller, Vance, the aggregate amount of 4,500,000 ounces, Walthall, Walcott-32. or so much thereof as may be offered in The pairs announced were as follows: each month at the market price thereof, repeal---Messrs. Allison, Chandler, Wi not exceeding $1 for 371.25 grains of pure Gordon and Palmer, Against repe silver, and to issue in payment for such Messrs. Mitchell of Ore., White of Cal., purchases Treasury notes of the United quitt, Morgan, and Hansbrough. States, be and the same is hereby, re An analysis of the vote shows tha pealed. And it is hereby declared to be the forty-three Senators actually v the policy of the United States to con for unconditional repeal twenty-t tinue the use of both gold and silver as were Republicans and twenty Democ standard money, and to coin both gold Three of the five Senators paired in and silver into money of equal intrinsic vor ot repeal were Republicans and and exchangeable value, such equality Democrats. To the total strength o to be secured through international agree peal in the Senate, therefore, the D ment or by such safeguards of legislation cratic majority contributed twenty as will insure the maintenance of the votes, while the Republican minority parity in value of coins of the two metals tributed twenty-six. The votes act and the equal power of every dollar at cast against the Voorhees bill-thirty all times in the markets and in the pay in all-were given by nineteen Democ ment of debts. And it is hereby further nine Republicans and four Popu declared that the efforts of the Govern Three Democrats and two Republi ment should be steadily dir ted to the were paired agains repeal, so that establishment of such a safe system of total anti-repeal strength in the Sen bimetallism as will maintain at all times thirty-seven-was made up of twenty the equal power of every dollar coined Democrats, four Populists and eleven or Issued by the United States in the publicans. The final division markets and in the payment of debts." President's programme of silver les

Question was debated on October 27, when tion found the Democratic party in the bill reported from the Finance Commit Senate split into two exactly equal p tee sending a motion to add a provision for twenty-two votes being cast for the tree coinage of silver was rejected-yeas 28, hees bill and twenty-two against it. mays 39, not voting 18. The yeas were In the House of kepresentatives, Messrs. ALLEX, Bate, Berry, Blackburn, But vember 1, pending concurrence in


Senate substitute, a motion to recommit N. Y.; Phillips, Penn.; Post, Ill.; Powthe bill or to add to the substitute a ers, Vt.; Randall, Mass. Ray, N. Y.; plause to revive so much of the act of Reed, Me.; Reyburn, Penn.; Russell, January 18, 1837, as provides for the Conn.; Scranton, Penn.; Settle, N. C.; coinage of the standard silver dollar of Shaw, Wis.; Sherman, N. Y.; Stone, C. 4124 grains of standard silver was re W., Penn.; Stone, W. A., Penn.; Storer, jected-yeas 109, nays 176, not voting 68. Ohio; Thomas, Mich.; Van Voorhis, N.

The House then concurred in the Sen Y.; Wanger, Penn.; Waugh, Ind.; Wheelate amendment to the House bill-yeas er, IM.; White, Ohio; Woomer, Penn.; 194, nays 94, not voting 66:

Wright, Penn.-70. Grand total, 194. YEAS (Democrats)-Alderson, W. Va.; NAYS (Democrats)-Alexander, N. C.; Baldwin, Minn.; Barnes, Wis.; Bartlett, Allen, Miss.; Arnold, Mo.; Bailey, Tex.; N. Y.; Barwig, Wis.; Beltzhoover, Penn.; Bankhead, Ala.; Bell., Tex.; Blanchard, Berry, Ky.; Black, Ga.; Black, Ill.: La.; Bland, Mo.; Boatner, La.; Bower, Brawley, s. C.; Breckinridge, Ark.; Bretz, N. C.; Branch, .N. C.; Bryan, Neb.; Ind.; Brickner, Wis.; Brookshire, Ind.; Burns, Mo.; Capehart, W._va.; Clark, Brown, Ind.; Bunn, N. C.; Bynum, Ind.; Mo.; Cobb, Ala.; Cockrell, Tex. ; Cooper, Cabaniss, Ga., Cadmus, N. J.; Campbell, Tex.; Gox, Tenn.; Crawford, N. C.;

Y.; Cannon, Cal.; Caruth, Ky.; Culberson, Tenn.; De Armond, Mo.; DenCatchings, Miss.; Causey, Del.; Clancy, son, Ala. ; Dinsmore, Ark.; Dockery, Mo.; N. Y.; Cobb, Mo.; Cockran, N. Y.; Comp Epps, Va.; Fithian, Ill. Fyan, Mo.; ton, Md.; Coombs, N. Y.; Cooper, Wis.; Grady, N. C.; Hall, Mo.; Heard, Mo.; Cooper, Fla.; Cooper, Ind.; Cornish, N. Henderson, N. C.; Hutcheson, Tex. ; J.; Covert, N. Y.; Crain, Tex.; Cum Ikirt, Ohio; Jones, Va.; Kilgore, Tex.; mings, N. Y.; Davey, La.; De Forest, Kyle, Miss.; Lane, Ill. ; Latimer, s. C.; Conn.; Donovan, Ohio; Dunn, N. J.; Livingston, Ga.; Maddox, Ga.; Maguire, Dunphy, N. Y.: Durborow, Ill.; Ed.

Cal.; Mallory, Fla.; McCulloch, Ark.; munds, Va.; English, N. J.; Erdman, McDearmon, Tenn.; McLaurin, s. C.; McPenn.; Everett, Mass.; Fellows, N. Y.; Rae, Ark.; Money, Minn.; Morgan, Mo.; Fielder, N. J.; Fitch, N. Y.; Geary, Cal.; Moses, Ga.; Richardson, Tenn.; Robbins, Geissenhainer, N. J.; Goldzier, Ill.; Gor Ala.; Robertson, La.; Sayers, Tex.; Shell, man, Mich.; Gresham, Tex.; Haines, N. S.C.; Sibley, Penn.; Snodgrass, Tenn.; Y.; Hall, Minn.; Hammond, Ind.; Harter, Stallings, Ala.; Stockade, Miss.; Strait, Ohio; Hendrix, N. Y.; Hines, Penn.; Hol S. C.; Talbert, S. C.; Tarsney, Mo.; Tate, man, Ind.; Houck, Ohio; Hunter, Ill.; Ga.; Terry, Ark.; Wheeler, Ala.; WillJohnson, Ohio; Kribbs, Penn.; Lapham, iams, Ill. ; Williams, Miss. -67. R. I.; Layton, Ohio; Lisle, Ky.; Lock Republicans-Aitken, Mich.; Broderick, wood, N. Y.; Lynch, Wis.; Magner, N. Kan.; Cannon, Ill. ; Curtis, Kan.; DoolitY.; Marshall, Va.; Martin, Ind.; Mc tle, Wash.; Ellis, Ore. ; Funston, Kan.; Aleer, Penn.; McCreary, Ky.; McDan Hillborn, Cal.; Hopkins, Penn.; Hainer, nold, Ill. ; McEttrick, Mass.; McGann, Neb.; Hartman, Mont.; Hermann, Ore.; Ill.; McKaig. Md.; McNagny, Ind.; Mere Lucas, S. D.; Marsh, Ill.; Meiklejohn, dith, Va.; Meyer, La.; Montgomery, Ky.; Neb.; Smith, Ill. ; Sweet, Idaho; Wilson, Mutchler, Penn.; Oates, Ala.; O'Neil, Wash.-18. Mass.; Outhwaite, Ohio; Paschal, Tex.; Populists-Baker, Kan.; Bell, Col. ; Patterson, Tenn.; Paynter, Ky.; Pearson, Boen, Minn.; Davis, Kan.; Harris, Kan.; Ohio; Pendleton, W. Va.; Pigott, Conn.; Hudson, Kan.; Kem, Neb.; McKeighan, Price, La.; Rayner, Md.; Reilly, Penn.; Neb.; Pence, Col.-9. Grand total, 94. Richards, Ohio; Richardson, Mich.; THE PAIRS—The following pairs were Ritchie, Ohio; Rusk, Md. ; Ryan, N. Y.; announced: McMillin with Burrows; Schermerhorn, N. Y.; Sickles, N. Y.

Simpson with Gillett of Massachusetts; Sipe, Penn.; Somers, Wis. ; Sperry, Conn.; Enloe with Boutelle; Russell of Georgia Springer, Ill. ; Stevens, Mass.; Stone, Ky.; with Bartholdt; O'Ferrall with Hepburn; Swanson, Va.; Talbot, Md.; Taylor, Ind.; Lawson with Tawney; Goodnight with Tracey, N. Y.; Tucker, Va.; Turner, Ga.; Stephenson; Conn with Childs; Page with Turpin, Ala. ; Tyler, Va.; Warner, N. Y.; Pickler; Coffeen with Lacey; BreckinWashington, Tenn.; Weadock, Mich.; ridge of Kentucky with O'Neill of PennWells, Wis.; Whiting, Mich.; Wilson, w. sylvania, Lester with Northway; Abbott Va.; Wolverton, Penn.-124.

with Walker; Pendleton of Texas with Republicans-Adams, Ky.; Aldrich, Ill.; Neal; Hare with Loud: Hayes with BowApsley, Mass.; Avery, Mich.; Babcock, ers of California; Woodard with HenderWis.; Baker, N. H.; Belden, N. Y.; son of Illinois; Hatch with Cousins; Bingham, Penn.; Blair, N. H.; Brosius, Bankhead with Gear; Hooker of MissisPenn.; Caldwell, Ohio; Chickering, N. Y.; sippi with Grosvenor; Graham with Van Cogswell, Mass. ; Curtis, N. Y.; Daniels, Voorhis of Ohio; Ellis of Kentucky with N. Y.; Dingley, Me.; Draper, Miss.; Dalzell; Brattan with Dolliver; Wise with Fletcher, Minn.; Forman,

Ill. ;

Story. On November 2 Mr. Cogswell ner, N. J.; Gillet, N. Y.; Grout, stated that he thought he had secured a Vt.: Harmer, Penn.; Haugen, Wis.; pair on the above vote for his colleague, Henderson, Iowa; Hitt, Ill. ; Hooker, Mr. Wright, who was unavoidably absent; N. Y.; Hopkins,

Ill. ;

Houk, Tenn.; but by error the pair was not assigned. Johnson, Ind.; Johnson, N. D.; Joy, Mr. Wright was opposed to recommitMo.: Keifer, Minn.;

Le Fevre, N.

ment and in favor of concurrence. Y.; Lilly, Penn.; Linton, Mich.; Loudenslager, N. J.; Mahon, Penn.; Marvin, N. Y.; McCall, Mass.; McCleary, Minn.; McDowell, Penn.; Mercer, Neb.; Milliken, The President approved the bill on Me.; Moon, Mich.; Morse, Mass.; Payne, November 1, 1893.




AUGUST 7, 1893-NOVEMBER 3, 1893.

16. An act to regulate the fees of the clerk of the United States Court for the Indian Territory. Nov. 3, 1893.

PUBLIC ACTS. 1. An act in aid of the California Midwinter International Exposition. Sept. 1, 1893.

2. An act to provide for certain urgent deficiencies in the appropriations for the service of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1894, and for other purposes. Sept. 27, 1893.

3. An act to provide for clerical assistance in the Health Department of the District of Columbia. Oct. 2, 1893.

4. An act to extend the time for completing the work of the Eleventh Census, and for other purposes. Oct. 3, 1893.

5. An act granting_settlers on certain lands in Oklahoma Territory the right to commute their homestead entries, and for other purposes. Oct. 20, 1893.

6. An act providing for the construction of a steam revenue cutter for the New-England coast. Oct. 31, 1893. (The cost is not to exceed $175,000.)

7. An act to amend Section 6 of the act approved March 3, 1891, entitled "An act to repeal timber culture laws, and for other purposes." Nov. 1, 1893.

8. An act to repeal a part of an act approved July 14, 1890, entitled "An act directing the purchase of silver bullion and the issue of Treasury notes thereon, and for other purposes.' Nov. 1. 1893.

9. An act to amend an act entitled "An act to provide the times and places for holding terms of United States courts in the States of Idaho and Wyoming," approved July 5, 1892. Nov. 3, 1893.

10. An act to provide for the time and place of holding the terms of the United States Circuit and District courts in the State of South Dakota. Nov. 3, 1893.

11. An act providing for the construction of a steam revenue cutter for service on the Great Lakes. Nov. 3, 1893. (The cost not to exceed $175,000.)

12. An act to amend Section 2,324 of the Revised Statutes of the United States relating to mining claims. Nov. 3, 1893.

13. An act to increase the number of officers of the Army to be detailed to colleges. Nov. 3, 1893.

14. An act to amend an act entitled "An act to prohibit the coming of Chinege persons into the United States," approved May 5, 1892. Nov. 3. 1893.

15. An act in aid of the World's Fair Prize Winners' Exposition to be held at New-York City. Nov. 3, 1893.

PUBLIC RESOLUTIONS. 1. Joint resolution making available appropriations for the payment of session employes of the House and Senate during the first session of the LIIId Congress. Aug. 17, 1893.

2. Joint resolution providing for the appropriate commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the laying of the cornerstone of the Capitol of the United States, September 18, 1793. Aug. 17, 1893.

3. Joint resolution making immediately available the appropriation for mileage of Senators and members of the House of Representatives. Aug. 21, 1893.

4. Joint resolution to make the provisions of the act of May 14, 1890, which provides for townsite entries of lands in a portion of what is known as Oklahoma applicable to the Territory known as the "Cherokee Outlet," and to make the provisions of said act applicable to townsites in the "Cherokee Outlet." Sept. 1, 1893.

5. Joint resolution to make the 18th day of September, 1893, a holiday within the District of Columbia. Sept. 9, 1893.

6. Joint resolution to permit the use of certain ensigns, flags and signal numbers to decorate the Capitol and its proaches, September 18, 1893. Sept. 9, 1893.

7. Joint resolution providing for the erection of a suitable building for the storage of documents for the use of the Senate. Sept. 13, 1893.

8. Joint resolution empowering the National Board of Commissioners of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Park to authorize the State Boards, or organizations building monuments in the park, to use the materials in said park, agreeably to such regulations as it may adopt. Oct. 2, 1893.

9. Joint resolution authorizing the State of Wisconsin to place in Statuary Hall at the Capitol the statue of Pere Marquette. Oct. 14, 1893.

10. Joint resolution fixing the qualifications to vote and to hold office in the Cherokee Outlet, Oklahoma Territory, at the first municipal elections. Oct. 17, 1893.

11. Joint resolution that the acknowledgments of the Government and people of the United States be tendered to various foreign Governments of the world who have participated in commemoration of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. Oct. 28, 1893.

12. Joint resolution for the reporting, marking and removal of derelicts. Oct. 31, 1893.

13. Joint resolution to amend the act approved April 25, 1890, relating to the admission of articles intended for the

World's Columbian Exposition. Nov. 3, 1893.

14. Joint resolution donating an abandoned cannon to the committee in charge of the National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic at Pittsburg, Penn., in 1894. Nov. 3, 1893.

15. Joint resolution transferring the exhibt of the Navy Department, known as the model battleship Illinois, to the State of Illinois, as a naval armory for the use of the naval militia of the State of Illinois, on the termination of the World's Columbian Exposition. Nov. 3, 1893.



CENSUS WORK. The act of October 3, 1893, extends the time for closing the work of the Eleventh Census from December 31, 1893, to June 30, 1894; and provides that the President may, in his discretion, authorize and direct the Commissioner of Labor to perform the duties of Superintendent of Census under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior until the work of closing the Eleventh Census is completed, at such additional compensation, payable from the appropriations for compiling the results of the Eleventh Census, as the Secretary of the Interior may determine not exceeding one-half of the compenbation now fixed by law for the SuperIntendent of Census.

CHINESE ACT AMENDED. The act of November 3, 1893, provides that Section 6 of an act entitled "An act to prohibit the coming of Chinese persons into the United States," approved May 5, 1892, is hereby amended so as to read as follows: "Section 6. And it shall be the duty of all Chinese laborers within the limits of the United States who were entitled to remain in the United States before the passage

of the act to which this is an amendment to apply to the collector of internal revenue of their respective districts within six months after the passsage of this act for a certificate of residence; and any Chinese laborer within the limits of the United States who shall neglect, fail or refuse to comply with the provisions of this act and the act to which this is an amendment, or who, after the expiration of said six months, shall be found within the jurisdiction of the United States, without such certificate of residence, shall be deemed and adjudged to be unlawfully within the United States, and may be arrested by any United States customs official, collector of internal revenue or his deputies, United States Marshal or his deputies, and taken before a United States Judge, whose duty it shall be to order that he

be deported from the United States, as provided in this act and in the act to which this is an amendment, unless he shall establish clearly to the satisfaction of said Judge that by reason of accident, sickness or other unavoidable cause he has been unable to procure his certificate, and to the satisfaction of said United States Judge, and by at least one credible witness other than Chinese, that he was a resident of the United States on the 5th of May, 1892; and if, upon the hearing, it shall appear that he is so entitled to a certificate, it shall be granted upon his paying the cost. Should it appear that said Chinaman had procured a certificate which has been lost or destroyed, he shall be detained and judgment suspended a reasonable time to enable him to procure a duplicate from the officer granting it, and in such cases the cost of said arrest and trial shall be in the discretion of the Court; and any Chinese person, other than a Chinese laborer, having a right to be and remain in the United States, desiring such certificate as evidence of such right, may apply for and receive the same without charge; and that no proceedings for a violation of the provisions of said Section 6 of said act of May 5, 1892, as originally enacted, shall hereafter be instituted, and that all proceedings for said violation now pending are hereby discontinued": Provided, That no Chinese person heretofore convicted in any court of the States or Territories or of the United States of a felony shall be permitted to register under the provisons of this act; but all such persons who are now subject to deportation for failure or refusal to comply with the act to which this is an amendment shall be deported from the United States as in said act and in this act provided, upon any appropriate proceedings now pending or which may be hereafter instituted.

Sec. 2. The words "laborer" or "laborers," wherever used in this act, or in the act to which this is an amendment, shall be construed to mean both skilled and

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