Page images

Various other provisions are enacted, and be unlawful for any railroad company to the following are the closing sections: use any car in interstate commerce that

Sec. 7. That whenever it shall be shown is not provided with secure grab irons or to the satisfaction of the President that handholds in the ends and sides of each by reason of the existence of cholera or car for greater security to men in coupother infectious or contagious diseases in ling and uncoupling cars. a foreign country there is serious danger That within ninety days from the pasof the introduction of the same into the sage of this act the American Railway United States, and that notwithstanding Association is authorized hereby to desigthe quarantine defence this danger is so nate to the Interstate Commerce Commisincreased by the introduction of persons sion the standard height of drawbars for or property from such country that a sus freight cars, measured perpendicular from pension of the right to introduce the same the level of the tops of the rails to the is demanded in the interest of the public centres of the drawbars, for each of the health, the President shall have power several gauges of railroads in use in the to prohibit, in whole or in part, the in United States, and shall fix a maximum troduction of persons and property from

variation from such standard height to such countries or places as he shall desig be allowed between the drawbars of nate and for such period of time as he empty and loaded cars. Upon their demay deem necessary.

termination being certified to the InterSec. 8. That whenever the proper au state Commerce Commission, said Comthorities of a State shall surrender to the mission shall at once give notice of the United States the use of the buildings standard fixed upon to all common carand disinfecting apparatus at a State riers, owners, or lessees engaged in inquarantine station, the Secretary of the terstate commerce in the United States Treasury shall be authorized to receive by such means as the Commission may them and to pay a reasonable compensa

deem proper. But should said association tion to the State for their use, if, in his

fail to determine a standard as above opinion, they are necessary to the United provided, it shall be the duty of the InStates.

terstate Commerce Commission to do so, (This bill passed both houses finally before July 1, 1894, and immediately to without division, though difference of give notice thereof as aforesaid. And view as to the extent of the interference after July 1, 1895, no cars, either loaded with State quarantine by the United or unloaded, shall be used in interstate States previously found expression in de

traffic which do not comply with the bate and in votes.)

standard above provided for. RAILROAD COUPLERS AND

That any such common carrier using

any locomotive engine, running any train, BRAKES.

or hauling or permitting to be hauled or The act of March 2, 1893, provides that used on its line any car in violation of from and after the 1st day of January, any of the provisions of this act, shall be 1898, it shall be unlawful for any com

liable to a penalty of $100 for each and mon carrier engaged in interstate com every such violation, to be recovered in a merce by railroad to use on its line suit or suits to be brought by the United any locomotive engine in moving inter States District Attorney in the District state traffic not equipped with a power

Court of the United States having jurisdriving-wheel brake and appliances for diction in the locality where such violaoperating the train-brake system, or to tion shall have been committed, and it run any train in such traffic after said shall be the duty of such District-Atdate that has not a sufficient number of torney to bring such suits upon duly vericars in it so equipped with power or fied information being lodged with him train brakes that the engineer on the lo of such violation having occurred. And comotive drawing such train can control it shall also be the duty of the Interstate its speed without requiring brakemen to Commerce Commission to lodge with the use the common hand brake for that pur proper District-Attorneys information of pose.

any such violations as may come to its That on and after the first day of Jan knowledge: Provided, That nothing in uary, 1898, it shall be unlawful for any this act contained shall apply to trains such common carrier to haul or permit composed of four-wheel cars or to locoto be hauled or used on its line any car motives used in hauling such trains. used in moving interstate traffic not That the Interstate Commerce Commisequipped with couplers coupling auto sion may from time to time, upon full matically by impact, and which can be hearing and for good cause, extend the uncoupled without the necessity of men period within which any common carrier going between the ends of the car.

shall complywith the provisions of this act. That when any person, firm, company That any employe of any such common or corporation engaged in interstate com carrier who may be injured by any lomerce by railroad shall have equipped a comotive, car or train in use contrary sufficient number of its cars SO to to the provision of this act shall not be comply with

the provisions of Section 1 deemed thereby to have assumed the risk of this act, it may lawfully refuse to re thereby occasioned, although continuing ceive from connecting lines or road in the employment of such carrier after or shippers any cars not equipped suffi the unlawful use of such locomotive, car ciently, in accordance with the first sec or train had been brought to his knowltion of this act, with such power or train edge. brakes as will work and readily, Inter This bill passed the Senate-Yeas 39 change with the brakes in use on its own (Republicans 23, Democrats 14, Indepencars, as required by this act.

dents 2); nays 10 (Republicans 2, DemoThat from and after the first day of crats 8). It passed the House-Yeas 185 July, 1895, until otherwise ordered by the (Republicans 60, Democrats 118, People's Interstate Commerce Commission, it shall (7); nays 84 (Republicans 7, Democrats 77).


OF 1892.

THE REPUBLICAN NATIONAL / legislation, as will secure the maintenance CONVENTION,

of the parity of yalues of the two metals,

so that the purchasing and debt-paying The tenth Republican National Conven

power of the dollar, whether of silver, tion met at Minneapolis on June 7, 1892.

gold or paper, shall be at all times equal. Sloat Fassett, of New York, was | The interests of the producers of the counelected temporary chairman,' and Wm. try, its farmers and its workingmen, deMcKinley, jr., of Ohio, permanent chair mand that every dollar, paper or coin, man. The following platform was unani issued by the Government shall be as mously reported on June 10 from the Com good as any other. We commend the wise mittee on Resolutions, Joseph B, Foraker, and patriotic steps already taken by our of Ohio, chairman, and was unanimously Government to secure an international adopted by the convention at the evening conference to adopt such measures as will session:

insure a parity of value between gold and REPUBLICAN PLATFORM,

silver for use as money throughout the

world. Adopted at Minneapolis, June 10, FREE BALLOT AND FAIR COUNT.-1892.

"We demand that every citizen of the **The representatives of the Republicans free and unrestricted ballot in all public

United States shall be allowed to cast one of the United States, assembled in general elections, and that such ballot shall be convention on the shores of the Missis

counted and returned as cast; that such sippi River, the everlasting bond of an laws shall be enacted and enforced as will indestructible Republic, whose most glor secure to every citizen, be he rich or poor, ious chapter of history is the record of the native or foreign born, white or black, Republican party, congratulate their coun this sovereign right guaranteed by the trymen on the majestic march of the Na

Constitution. The free and honest popution under the banners inscribed with the lar ballot, the just and equal repre. principles of our platform of 1888, vindi sentation of all the people, as well as cated by victory at the polls and pros their just and equal protection under the perity in our fields, workshops and mines, laws, are the foundation of our republiand make the following declaration of can institutions, and the party will never principles:

relax its efforts until the integrity of the PROTECTION.--"We reaffirm the Amer ballot and the purity of elections shall be ican doctrine of protection. We call at fully guaranteed and protected in every tention to its growth abroad. We main State. tain that the prosperous condition of our SOUTHERN OUTRAGES.--"We de. country is largely due to the wise revenue

nounce the continued inhuman outrages legislation of the Republican Congress, We believe that all articles which cannot political reasons in certain Southern States

perpetrated upon American citizens for be produced in the United States, except

of the Union. luxuries, should be admitted free of duty,

FOREIGN and that on all imports coming into com

RELATIONS.--"We favor petition with the products of American

the extension of our foreign commerce, labor there should be levied duties equal

the restoration of our mercantile marine to the difference between wages abroad

by home-built ships and the creation of and at home. We assert that the prices

a Navy for the protection of our National of manufactured articles of general con

interests and the honor of our flag; the

maintenance of the most friendly relasumption have been reduced under the operations of the tariff act of 1890. We

tions with all foreign Powers, entangling denounce the efforts of the Democratic

alliances with none; and the protection of majority of the House of Representatives

the rights of our fishermen. We reaffirm to destroy our tariff laws piecemeal, as

our approval of the Monroe Doctrine, and is manifested by their attacks upon wool,

believe in the achievement of the manilead and lead ores, the chief products of fest destiny of the Republic in its broad

est sense. a number of States, and we ask the peo

We favor the enactment of ple for their judgment thereon.

more stringent laws and regulations for RECIPROCITY.-"We point to the suc

the restriction of criminal, pauper and cess of the Republican policy of reciproc-contract immigration. ity. under which our export trade has

MISCELLANEOUS.-"We favor emnvastly increased, and new and enlarged

cient legislation by Congress to protect markets have been opened for the prod

the life and limbs of employes of transucts of our farms and workshops.


portation companies engaged in carrying remind the people of the bitter opposition on interstate commerce, and recommend of the Democratic party to this practical

legislation by the respective States that business measure, and claim that, exe

will protect employes engaged in State cuted by a Republican Administration, commerce, and in mining and manuour present laws will eventually give us

facturing control of the trade of the world.

"The Republican party has always been SILVER. -"The American people, from the champion of the oppressed, and recogtradition and Interest, favorbimetallism, nizes the dignity of manhood, irrespective and the Republican party demands the of faith, color or nationality; It sympause of both gold and silver as standard thizes with the cause of Home Rule in money, with such restrictions and under Ireland, and protests against the persecusuch provisions, to be determined by tion of the Jews in Russia.

"The ultimate reliance of free popular the life of the Nation, we pledge anew to government is the intelligence of the the veteran soldiers of the Republic & people and the maintenance of freedom watchful care and recognition of their among men. We therefore declare anew just claims upon a grateful people. our devotion to liberty of thought and

HARRISON'S ADMINISTRATION. conscience, of speech and press, and ap "We commend the able, patriotic and prove all agencies and instrumentalities thoroughly American Administration of which contribute to the education of the President Harrison. Under it the country children of the land; but, while insisting has enjoyed remarkable prosperity, and upon the fullest measure of religious lib the dignity and honor of the Nation at erty, we are opposed to any union of

home and abroad have been faithfully Church and State.

maintained, and we offer the record or TRUSTS.-"We reaffirm our opposition, pledges kept as a guarantee of faithful declared in the Republican platform of performance in the future." 1888, to all combinations of capital organized in trust or otherwise, to control arbi- | THE REPUBLICAN NOMINAtrarily the condition of trade among our

TIONS. citizens. We heartily indorse the action already taken upon this subject, and ask

On June 11 Senator E. 0. Wolcott, of for such further legislation as may be

Colorado, nominated for President James required to remedy any defects in exist

G. Blaine. R. W. Thompson, of Indiana, ing laws and to render their enforcement jamin Harrison. On the first ballot Presi.

ex-Secretary of the Navy, nominated Benmore complete and effective. POSTOFFICE REFORM.-"We approve

dent Harrison was chosen for re-election. the policy of extending to towns, villages

The vote by States was as follows: and rural communities the advantages of


McKin Linthe free delivery service now enjoyed by

Bon. Blaine. ley.Reed.coln. the larger cities of the country, and re



7 0 0 affirm the declaration contained in the



1 0 Republican platform of 1888, pledging the



1 0 0 reduction of letter postage to one cent at


0 0 the earliest possible moment consistent Connecticut

8 with the maintenance of the Postoffice Delaware Department and the highest class of Florida

0 postal service.

Georgia CIVIL SERVICE.-"We commend the Idaho spirit and evidence of reform in the Civil Illinois

34 14 Service, and the wise and consistent en Indiana


0 forcement by the Republican party of the Iowa


5 laws regulating the same.



0 NICARAGUA CANAL.-"The construc- Kentucky


2 tion of the Nicaragua Canal is of the Louisiana

8 highest importance to the American peo Maine

0 12 ple, both as a measure of National de Maryland

14 fence and to build up and maintain Massachusetts. 18 American commerce, and it should be Michigan


19 controlled by the United States Govern Minnesota

8 ment. TERRITORIES.--"We

Mississippi 1342 favor the ad Missouri

28 mission of the remaining Territories at Montana the earliest practicable date, having due Nebraska

15 regard to the interests of the people of Nevada

0 the Territories and of the United States.

0 All the Federal officers appointed for the New Jersey

New Hampshire 4

0 Territories should be selected from bona

New-York 27 35 10 fide residents thereof, and the right of North Carolina. 17 2-3 2 2-3

0 self-government should be accorded as far North Dakota 2

0 as practicable.



45 0 ARID LANDS." We favor cession, Oregon

1 subject to the Homestead laws, of the Pennsylvania .. 19

3 arid public lands to the States and Ter

Rhode Island... 5 ritories in which they lie, under such

2 Congressional restrictions as to disposi- South Dakota... S

South Carolina.. 13

0 0 tion, reclamation and occupancy by set



3 tlers as will secure the maximum benefits



0 to the people.




9 World's Columbian Exposition is a great


1 National undertaking, and Congress should

Washington promptly enact such reasonable legisla

West Virginia.. 12 tion in aid thereof as will insure a dis


19 charge of the expenses and obligations in.

Wyoming cident thereto, and the attainment of re

Arizona sults commensurate with the dignity and

Dist. Columbia.. progress of the Nation.

New Mexico INTEMPERANCE. - "We

sympathize Oklahoma with all wise and legitimate efforts to

Utah Iessen and prevent the evils of intemper

Alaska ance and promote morality.

Indian Territory ***as in a tha car.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


Kentucky, 1 absent. Delegates present, polls, but in contempt of that verdict the 904 1-3; necessary to choice, 453. Har Republican party has defiantly declared rison's plurality, 166.

in its latest authoritative utterance that At the evening session State Senator its success in the coming elections will Edmund O'Connor, of New-York, nomi mean the enactment of the Force bill, and nated Whitelaw Reid, of New York, for the usurpation of despotic control over Vice-President. The nomination was made elections in all the States. Believing that unanimous.

the preservation of republican government in the United States is dependent

upon the defeat of this policy of legalTHE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL ized force and fraud, we invite the supCONVENTION.

port of all citizens who desire to see the

Constitution maintained in its integrity This body met in Chicago on June 21,

with the laws pursuant thereto which 1892, William C. Owens, of Kentucky,

have given our country a hundred years was made temporary chairman, and William L. Wilson, of West Virginia, perma- the Democratic party, if it be intrusted

of unexampled prcsperity, and we pledge nent chairman.

with power, not only to the defeat of the DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM, Force bill, but also to relentless opposiAdopted at Chicago, June 22, tion to the Republican policy of profigate

expenditure which, in the short space of 1892,

two years, has squandered an enormous "The representatives of the Democratic surplus, emptied an overflowing Treasury, party of the United States, in National after piling new burdens of taxation upon convention assembled, do reaffirm their the already overtaxed labor of the counallegiance to the principles of the party

try. as formulated by Jefferson and exempli

TARIFF.-"We denounce Republican fied by the long and illustrious line of protection as a fraud, a robbery of the his successors in Democratic leadership great majority of the American people from Madison to Cleveland; we believe for the benefit of the few. We declare it the public welfare demands that these

to be a fundamental principle of the principles be applied to the conduct of

Democratic party that the Federal Govthe Federal Government through the ac

ernment has no constitutional power to cessio to power of the party that advo- impose and collect tariff duties, except cates them, and we solemnly declare that

for the purpose of revenue only, and we the need of a return to these fundamental

demand that the collection of such taxes principles of a free popular government

shall be limited to the necessities of the based on home rule and individual liberty

Government when honestly and economwas never anore urgent than now, when ically administered. We denounce the į the tendency o centralize all power at McKinley Tariff law enacted by the Lİst the Federal Capital has become a menace

Congress as the culminating atrocity of to the reserved rights of the States that

class legislation; we indorse the efforts i the

made by the Democrats of the present ment under the Constitution as framed

Congress to modify its most oppressive by the fathers of the Republic.

feature in the direction of free raw mate1 ELECTIONS BILL.-'We warn the

rials and cheaper manufactured goods people of our common country, jealous for that enter into general consumption, and the preservation of their free institutions, we promise its repeal as one of the benefthat the policy of Federal control

of icent results that will follow the action elections, to which the Republican party

of the people in intrusting power to the | has commended itself, is fraught with


Democratic party. Since the McKinley gravest dangers, scarcely less momentous tariff went into operation there have been than would result from a revolution prac

ten reductions of the wages of the laboring tically establishing monarchy on the ruins

man to one increase. We deny that there of the Republic. It strikes at the North

has been any increase of prosperity to the as well as the South, and injures the

country since the tariff went into operacolored citizens even more than the white; tion, and we point to the dulness and it means a horde of deputy marshals at distress, the wage reductions and strikes every polling place armed with Federal in the iron trade as the best possible power, returning boards at pointed and evidence that no such prosperity has controlled by Federal authority, the out

resulted from the McKinley act. We call rage of the electoral rights of the people the attention of thoughtful Americans to in the several states, subjugation of the the fact that after thirty years of recolored people to the control of the party strictive taxes against the importation of in power, and the reyiving of race an- foreign wealth, in exchange for our agritagonisms now happily abated, of the cultural surplus, the homes and farmg utmost perll to the safety and happiness of the country have become burdened of all, a measure deliberately and justly with a real estate mortgage debt of over described by a leading Republican Sena- $2,500,000, exclusive of all other forms of tor as 'the most infamous bill that ever

indebtedness: that in one of the chief crossed the threshold of the Senate. Such agricultural States of the West there apa policy, if sanctioned by law, would pears a real estate mortgage debt avermean the dominance of a self-perpetuating aging $167 per capita of the total popuoligarchy of office-holders, and the party lation, and that similar conditiong and first Intrusted with its machinery could tendencies are shown to exist in other be dislodged from power only by an ap- agricultural exporting States. We depeal to the reserved rights of the people nounce a policy which fosters no indus

to resist oppression which is inherent in try so much as it does that of the sherift. i all self-governing communities. Two years RECIPROCITY.--"Trade interchange on

ago this revolutionary policy was em the basis of recip.ocal advantages to the phatically condemned by the people

at the countries participating is a time-honored

doctrine of the Democratic faith, but we CIVIL SERVICE.-"Public office is a denounce the sham reciprocity which jug public trust. We reaffirm the declaration gles with the people's desire for en of the Democratic National Convention of larged foreign markets and

freer ex 1876 for the reform of the civil service, changes by pretending to establish closer and we call for the honest enforcement of trade relations for a country whose arti all laws regulating the same. The nomicles of export are almost exclusively agri nation of a President, as in the recent cultural products with other countries that Republican Convention, by delegations are also agricultural, while erecting a composed largely of his appointees, holdcustom-house barrier of prohibitive tariff ing office at his pleasure, is a scandalous taxes against the rich and the countries satire upon free popular institutions and of the world that stand ready to take a startling illustration of the methods by our entire surplus of products and to ex which a President may gratify his ambichange therefor commodities which are tion. We denounce a policy under which necessaries and comforts of life among Federal office-holders usurp control of our people.

party conventions in the States, and we TRUSTS.-"We recognize in the trusts

pledge the Democratic party to the reand combinations which are designed to

form of these and all other abuses which enable capital to secure more than its

threaten individual liberty and local selfjust share of the joint product of capital

government. and labor a natural consequence of the

FOREIGN POLICY.-"The Democratic prohibitive taxes which prevent the free party is the only party that has ever competition which is the life of honest

given the country a foreign policy contrade, but we believe their worst eyils

sistent and vigorous, compelling respect can be abated by law, and we demand abroad and inspiring confidence at home. the rigid enforcement of the laws made While avoiding entangling alliances, it has to prevent and control them, together aimed to cultivate friendly relations with with such further legislation in restraint other nations, and especially with our of their abuses as experience may show

neighbors on the American continent, to be necessary.

whose destiny is closely linked with our PUBLIC LANDS. -" The Republican dency to a policy of irritation and bluster

own, and we view with alarm the tenparty, while professing a policy of reserving the public land for small holdings by

which is liable at any time to confront

us with the alternative of humiliation or actual settlers, has given away the peo

war. We favor the maintenance of a ple's heritage, till now a few railroads and non-resident aliens, individual and

navy strong enough for all purposes of

National defence, and to properly maincorporate, possess a larger area than that

tain the honor and dignity of the country of all our farms between the two seas.

abroad. The last Democratic Administration re

FOREIGN OPPRESSION.-"This counversed the improvident and unwise policy

try has always been the refuge of opof the Republican party touching the

pressed from every land-exiles for conpublic domain, and reclaimed from cor

science sake- and in the spirit of the porations and syndicates, abroad and do

founders of our Government we condemn mestic, and restored to the people nearly

the oppression practised by the Russian one hundred million acres of valuable

Government upon its Lutheran and Jew. land to be sacredly held as homesteads

ish subjects, and we call upon our Nafor our citizens, and we pledge ourselves

tional Government, in the interests of to continue this policy until every acre of

Justice and humanity, by all just and land so unlawfully held shall be reclaimed and restored to the people.

proper means to use its prompt and best

effort to bring about a cessation of these SILVER.-"We denounce the Republl-cruel persecutions in the dominions of can legislation known as the Sherman

the Czar, and to secure to the oppressed act of 1890 as a cowardly makeshift,

equal rights. We tender our profound fraught with possibilities of danger in

and earnest sympathy to those lovers of the future, which should make all of its

freedom who are struggling for home rule supporters, as well as its author, anxious

and the great cause of local self-governfor its speedy repeal. We hold to the use

ment in Ireland. of both gold and silver as the standard

IMMIGRATION.-"We heartily approve money of the country, and to the coinage

all legitimate efforts to prevent the United of both gold and silver, without discrim States from being used as a dumping inating against either metal or charge for ground for the known criminals and promintage, but the dollar unit of coinage of both metals must be of equal intrinsic

fessional paupers of Europe, and we de

mand the rigid enforcement of the laws and exchangeable value or be adjusted against Chinese Immigration or the imthrough international agreement, or by portation of foreign workmen under consuch safeguards of legislation as shall in

tract to degrade American labor and lessure the maintenance of the parity of the

sen its wages, but we condemn and detwo metals and the equal power of every nounce any and all attempts to ict dollar at all times in the markets and in

the immigration of the industrious and payments of debts and we demand that

worthy of foreign lands. all paper currency shall be kept at par PENSIONS.- This convention hereby with and redeemable in such coin. We

renews the expression of appreciation of insist upon this policy as especially neces the patriotism of the soldiers and sailors sary for the protection of the farmers and of the Union in the war for its preservalaboring classes, the first and most de tion, and we favor just and liberal penfenceless victims of unstable money and sions for all disabled 'nion soldiers, their a fluctuating currency.

widows and dependents, but we demand BANKING. - 'We recommend that the that the work of the Pension Office shall prohibitory 10 per cent tax on State bank be done industriously, impartially and issues be repealed.

honestly. We denounce the present ad

« PreviousContinue »