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FIXED AND MOVABLE FESTIVALS.
April Septuagesima Sunday, ...January 21 Rogation Sunday
April 2 Sexagesima Sunday,
January 28 Ascension Thursday (Holy Day)....May Quinquagesima Sunday. February 4 Sunday after Ascension..
May Shrove Tuesday..
February 6 Whit-Sunday (Pentecost) ........May 1 Ash Wednesday.
.February 7 Trinity Sunday.. Quadragesima Sunday .February 11 Corpus Christi..
May 2 Mid-Lent Sunday. March 4 St. John the Baptist.
June 2 St. Patrick's Day March 17 Michaelmas Day.
September 2 Palm Sunday.. March 18 Advent Sunday
December Good Friday.. March 23 Christmas Day.
December 2 Easter Sunday..
TO OBTAIN CORRECT LOCAL TIME. Apply to standard time by adding or subtracting the correction in minutes given ir the table. If the first be correct, the resulting local time will be correct. Albany, N. Y.. Eastern. Add 5 Lexington, Ky..
Add 2 Austin, Texas.. Central . Sub. 31 Little Rock, Ark...
Sub. Baltimore, Md.
Add 1 Baton Rouge.
Eastern. Sub. 1 Bismarck, Dak..
43 Mempnis, Tenn.
Central. Add 1 Boston Mass.,
Lastern. Add 16 Milwaukee, Wis..
1 Burlington, Iowa..
1 Cairo, Ill... 3 Nashville, Tenn..
1 Charleston, S. C.
20 New Haven, Conn. Eastern.
Central Chicago, Ill..
Add 10 New Orleans, La..
Central. Sub. Cineinnati, Ohio..
22 New-York, N. Y..
Eastern, Add Cleveland, Ohio.. 33 Norfolk, Va...
Sub. Columbia, s. C... Eastern. Sub 24 Ogdensburg, N. Y.. Columbus, Ohio.. Central Add 28! Omaha City, Neb..
2 Dayton, Ohio.... 23 Pensacola, Fla..
Add 1 Denver, Col..
Mountain. Sub. 0 Philadelphia, Penn. Eastern. Sub. Des Moines, Iowa.. Central. 14 Pittsburg, Penn..
21 Detroit, Mich.. Add 28 | Portland, Me..
Add 1: Dubuque, Iowa. Sub. 3 Providence, R. I..
14 Duluth, Minn....
9. Quincy, Ill...
Central Sub. Erie, Penn.... Add 40' Raleigh, N. C..... Eastern.
11 Evansville, Ind..
10 Richmond, Va... Ft. Gibson, Cher Nat'n. Sub. 2: Rochester, N. Y.
1 Port Smith, Ark..
11 Rock Island, Ill.
1 Fort Wayne, Ind.
Add 191 Santa Fe, N. M.
Mountain. Galena, IN...
Sub. 21 Savannah, Ga....
Central Add 31 Galveston, Texas..
19 Shreveport, La..
Sub. 1! Grand Haven, Mich.
Add 15 Springfield, mi... Harrisburg. Penn. Eastern Sub. 7 St. Joseph, Mo..
Sub 11 Houston, Texas.
21 St. Louis, Mo... Huntsville, Ala... Adl 12 St. Paul, Minn.
1: Indianapolis, Ind.
16 Superior City, Wis. Jackson, Miss...
Sub. 1 Syracuse, N. Y.
Eastern. Jacksonville, Fla..
Add 33 Toledo, Ohio..
Central, Add 21 Janesville, Wis..
4, Trenton N. J...
Sub. Kanisas City, Mo..
18 Washington, D. C. Keokuk, Iowa.. 6 Wheeling. W. Va...
21 Knoxville, Tenn...
Add 24 Wilmington, Del.... La Crosse, Wis..
Sub 5 Wilmington, N. C.. Lawrence, Kansas.
21 Yankton, Dak...
PERPETUAL CALENDAR. SHOWING THE DAY OF THE WEEK OF ANY DATE, OLD STYLE OR NEW
BEFORE OR AFTER CHRIST. EXPLANATION.- Under or over each year of the century for which that se. month will be found the names or ab quence may be used--old style dates, or breviations for the days of the week, ar reckonings under the Julian Calendar, ranged in seven different orders or se marked at the left; new style dates, ac. quences, reading from left to right.
cording to the Gregorian Calendar, at the These are marked as sequence A, se right; thus 16 at left of sequence D shows quence B, and so on. At the right or left that this sequence is to be used for all old of each sequence is given the centurial style dates from 1600 to 1699, as the cate
of landing of Pilgrims, Dec. 11, O. S., cause an irregularity of 12 years, either in 1620. At the right of sequence F, 16 one period, or in two intervals of 6 years shows that this is the sequence for all each, or in one of 7 and another of new style dates in the same period, as the years, after which the regular intervals landing of Pilgrims, Dec. 21, 1620. The 18 will be successively repeated again. But at right of sequence D indicates this as notice the difference in the grouping of the one to use for the present century, the years unwer January and February, 1800 to 1899.
and that of the other ten months. Take Above or beneath those sequences are the years in the column in which we find given, for each month, the odd years of 3 under any other month, and the calen the century, from 00 to 99, reading from dar for those months repeats as follows: left to right and so arranged that all the 3, 8, 14, 25, 31, showing that the order years of a century in which the first of for an entire year recurs less frequently, the month falls on a certain day of the as in 3, 14, 25, 31. The order for any week are in the same column. Thus, take leap year is repeated at intervals of 28 the table for January and the sequence for years; thus the calendar for 1856 correthe present century, D, all the years in sponds with that for 1884, and this order the first column, 4, 9, 15, 26, etc., are over would obtain again in 1912 but for the Sunday in the sequence named; so the 1st omission of leap year in 1900, by which of January in all these years is Sunday. the interval is extended 12 years, and the In the second column are all the years in 29th of February will not fall on Friday which the 1st falls on Monday, and so on. again until 1924. The order for any year If we bear in mind that the 8th, 15th, 220 next succeeding a leap year will be reand 29th of any month will come on the peate) in 6 years, while the orders for the same day of the week as the 1st, this ar second and third years following a leap rangement gives at once the day of the year will be repeated in 11 years. Then week of five dates in any month, and from the calendar for '81 will be repeated in these the day of any other date in that '87; the order that obtained in '82 will month can easily be found.
occur again in '93, but that for '83 correNow with a given date to find the day sponds with '94. of the week, as Aug. 23, 1841. In the What has been shown as to leap year table for August find the given year 41; dates, as Feb. 29th, recurring on the same take the sequence in line with the centur day of the week, is of course true of Inial year 18, D, and in this sequence abovo auguration Day, March 4th, of every 41 we find Sunday. The August 1 in that fourth year. This came on Sunday in year was Sunday, and the 8th, 15th and 1821, 1819 and 1877, an: if 1900 were a 22d must have fallen on Sun ay also; and leap year it would occur again in 1905, if the 22d was Sunday, the 23d was Mon but owing to that omission it will not reday. What day of the week was Dec. 11, cur until 1917. The irregular interval 0. s., 1620? Use sequence D for 1600s O. caused by the omissions of leap year is S. and in this above 20 in December find sometimes 40 and sometimes 12 days. Friday. Then the 1st and the 8th came Under the Julian Calendar, established 40 on Friday, and the 11th must have been B. C. by Julius Caesar, the calendar for Monday.
an entire century was repeated every 700 Take the same date as given, new style, years, and therefore the sequence of days Dec. 21, 1620. Use sequence F for the given here for 1700 O. S., G., answers also 1600s N. S. and above 20 find Tuesday, for the time 700 years earlier, i. e., the which was 1st and the 22d, and the century 1000 to 1099; also for the years 21st was Monday. Then the Pilgrims
300 to 399. In this way the sequences landed on Monday.
given may cover the time back to the beIf the last Thursday in November, 1885.ginning of the Christian Era. Under the be Thanksgiving Day, what will be the Gregorian Calendar the orders are repeat. date? We find that in 1885 the 1st, and ed every 400 years, and only four of the therefore the 29th, of November comes on sequences are required, viz., C, D, E and Sunday, then the preceding Thursday, or F; F serving alike for 1600 and 2000, E Nov. 26th, is the last Thursday, or for 1700 and 2100, etc. Thanksgiving Day.
Pope Gregory Xu in 1582 undertook to This arrangement involves no compari. reform the Julian Calendar. To correct son or distinction further than this: For the errors that had accumulated and to the months of January and February of guard against future inaccuracies, he supcentesimal leap years only, as 1600, 2000, pressel ten days and provided for the etc., by the Gregorian Calendar, the omission of leap year every centesimal heavy-faced 00s in the first column are to year, excepting every fourth centesimal be used, but for centesimal years not leap year. Under the Gregorian Calendar 1700, years the 00s in the secon' column are re 1800 and 1900 are not counted as leap quired. By the Julian Calendar every years, but 1600 and 2000 are. This calencentesimal year was leap year; by the dar was adopted by Germany in 1700 and Gregorian Calendar only every fourth cens by England not until 1752, by which time, tesimal year is a leap year. 1700 0. S. as 1700 had passed as leap year, the dirthen should be regarded as a leap year, ference amounted to 11 days, and Parliawhile 1700 N. S. is not.
ment rectified the error by suppressing 11 As to the intervals between the times days in September of that year. The when a given day of the month falls on a Julian Calendar still prevails in Russia, certain week day, as Jan. 1st on Saturday, an: as 1800 has passed with them as leap this occurred in 1803-14-20-25-31, and so year, the difference between their reckonon at intervals of 11, 6, 5 and 6 years, ing and ours is 12 days, so that August 7 which intervals are repeated and would in Russia is the same as August 19 with continue without interruption but for the us. omission of leap year in 1900, which will
(See Page 11.)
SA SUM TU
TH FSA SUM TU
Tu W THF SA SU
TU W T F SA SUM 17 E
THF SASU MTU WE TH F SA SUM TUW 16F
SA SUM TU W Th F M SASU M Tu W THF
Calendar for Me., Calendar for Boston, Mass Calendar for N. York city ; Cal. for Wash.,D.C.Calender for Charleston, 8.
Moon H. W Bun Sun Moon Sun | Sun Moon H, W.
2 Tu 12 4 2717 374 32 341 17 30 4 39 3 348 917 25 4 44 3 394 56 7 19 4 50 3 257 356 311| 4 9
Sa 12 6 15 7 37 4 36 sets 17 30 4 43 sets 11 2817 25 4 48 sets 8117 19 4 53 sets z 415 9 sets 7 28 as
48 3 5
Calendar for Mo. Calendar for Boston, Mass. Calendar for N. York city Cal, for Wash.,D.0.1 Onlendar for Charleston, #
Last Quarter Full Moon First Quarter New Moon
8. M. 8. E.Ma. M. H. MH. M. H. M. H. M. H. M.M.A.M.E.M.H. MH. M.A. M. H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M.
32 1 Th 12 13 5117 1915 9 4 437 145 14 4 33 8 37 7 10 5 18 4 26 5 1217 6 5 22 4 18 6 555 33 3 57 4 37||
W 12 14 22 7 11 5 187 1817 715 22 7 20 257 45 25 7 21 9 4817 05 28 7 246 50 5 38 7 30 9 2
5816 37 5 50 716 31 5 55 mo. ev.nl
27 18 28 mo. 7 28 mo 6 28 mo. 5 28 mo.
9 16 ev. 8 16 ev. 7 16 ev. 136 43 mo. 5 43 mo. 4 43 mo. 3 43 mo. 2 43 mo. 5 5 45 ev. 4.45 ev. 345 ev. 2 45 ev. 1 45 ev.