« PreviousContinue »
ministration of that office as incompetent, the Republican party, particularly the Recorrupt, disgraceful and dishonest.
publican Senate, for causing the defeat of WATERWAYS.--"The Federal Govern measures beneficial and protective to this ment should care for and improve the class of wage-workers. We are in favor Mississippi River and other great water of the enactment by the States of laws ways of the Republic so as to secure for
for abolishing the notorious sweating systhe interior States easy and cheap trans tem, for abolishing contract convict labor portation to the tidewater, When any and for prohibiting the employment in waterway of the public is of sufficient
factories of children under fifteen years importance to demand the aid of the Government--that such aid should be extend
MISCELLANEOUS.--"We are opposed ed, a definite plan of continuous work,
to all sumptuary law as an interference until permanent improvement is secured.
with the individual rights
the NICARAGUA CANAL.-"For purposes citizen. Upon this statement of principles of National defence, the promotion of and policies the Democratic party asks commerce between the States, we recog the intelligent judgment of the American nize the early construction of the Nic
people. It asks a change of administraaragua Canal and its protection against
tion and a change of party, in order that foreign control as of great importance to there might be a change of system and a the United States.
change of methods, thus assuring the WORLD'S FAIR. - "Recognizing the maintenance unimpaired of institutions World's Columbian Exposition as a Na under which the Republic has grown tional undertaking of vast importance, in great and powerful." which the General Government has in
The Platform, as reported from the vited the co-operation of all the powers of the world, and appreciating the ac
Committee on Resolutions, contained this ceptance by many of such powers of the
declaration, as the first paragraph of Secinvitation so extended, and the broadest
tion 3, with the heading "Revenue Tar
iffs" : liberal efforts being made by them to contribute to the grandeur of the under
"We reiterate the oft-repeated doctrines taking, we are of the opinion that Con
of the Democratic party that the necessity gress should make such necessary finan
of the Government is the only justificacial provisions as shall be requisite
tion for taxation, and whenever a tax is to the maintenance of the National honor unnecessary it is unjustifiable; that when and public faith.
custom-house taxation is levied upon artiPUBLIC SCHOOLS.--"'Popular educa
cles of any kind produced in this country. tion being the only safe basis of popular
the difference between the cost of labor suffrage, we recommend to the several
here and labor abroad, when such a dif States most liberal appropriations for the
ference exists, fully measures any possible public schools. Free common schools are
benefits to labor, and the enormous addithe nursery of good government, and they tional impositions of the existing tarif have always received the fostering care
fall with crushing force upon our farmers of the Democratic party, which favors and workingmen, and for the mere ad every means of increasing intelligence. vantage of the few whom it enriches, ex Freedom of education, being an essential act from labor a grossly unjust share of of civil and religious liberty as well as a the expenses of the Government, and we necessity for the development of Intelli demand such a revision of the tariff laws gence. must not be interfered with under as will remove their iniquitous inequali any pretext whatever. We are opposed ties, lighten their oppressions and put to state interference with parental rights them on a constitutional and equitable and rights of conscience in the education basis. But in making reduction in taxes of children as an infringement of & it is not proposed to injure any domesti fundamental Democratic doctrine that the industries, but rather to promote their largest individual liberty consistent with healthy growth. From the foundation of the rights of others insures the highest this Government taxes collected at the type of American citizenship and the best Custom House have been the chief source government.
of Federal revenue. Such they must conTERRITORIES.--"We approve the ac
tinue to be. Moreover, many industries tion of the present House of Representa
have come to rely upon legislation for tives in passing bills for the admission
successful continuance, so that any change into the Union as States of the Territories
of law must be at every step regardful of of New Mexico and Arizona, and we favor the labor and capital thus involved. The the early admission of all the Territories process of reform must be subject in the having necessary population and resources execution of this plain dictate of justice.' to admit them to Statehood, and while On motion of Lawrence T. Neal, O they remain Territories we hold that the Ohio, the above paragraph was struck officials appointed_to administer, the Gov from the Platform and the following sub ernment of any Territory, together with stituted: the District of Columbia and Alaska, "We denounce Republican Protection as should be bona fide residents of the Terri a fraud, a robbery on the great majority tory or district in which their duties are of the American people for the benefit of to be performed. The Democratic party the few. We declare it to be a funda believe in home rule and the control of mental principle of the Democratic party their own affairs by the people of the that the Federal Government has no con vicinage.
stitutional power to impose and to collec LABOR.-"We fayor legislation by Con tariff duties, except for the purpose of gress and State Legislatures to protect the revenue only, and we demand that the Ilves and limbs of railway employes and collection of such taxes shall be limited those of other hazardous transportation to the necessities of the Government wher companies, and denounce the inactivity of I honestly and economically administered.'
The vote on striking out was-Yeas 564, nays 342, as follows:
Yeas Nays Alabama
18 Arkansas 16 Minnesota
11 6 Vermont Colorado
ii 11 Connecticut 12 Montana
Washington ... 8
West Virginia 12
6 Idaho North Carolina
Dist. of Columbia.
1 Utah Louisiana
8 Maryland 9 South Carolina 18
342 Massachusetts .... 26 41 South Dakota ....
7 There was a minority of 15 nays in Illinois, 5 yeas in Minnesota, and 15 nays in Pennsylvania, whose votes were counted, under the unit rule, with the majority of the delegations from those States.
Mr. Patterson, of Colorado, moved to insert the word "free" before "coinage of both gold and silver," in the Silver Plank, but was voted down.
Gooi 8: : : :
DEMOCRATIC NOMINATIONS FOR PRESIDENT. Governor Leon Abbett, of New Jersey, presented the name of Grover Cleveland, of New-York, for President; Wm. c. DeWitt, of Brooklyn, that of David B. Hill, of New-York, and John F. Dunscombe, of Iowa, that of Horace Boies, of Iowa. Mr. Cleveland was nominated on the first ballot, which resulted as follows:
David B. Hill.......:::::::
David B. Hill.......:::::49
Adlal E. Stevenson. ::
Grover Cleveland... 90 91 92 93 9:58
North Carolina. 3 1-3 Colorado
North Dakota... 6 Connecticut
Pennsylvania ... 64 Georgia
Rhode Island Idaho
3 i3 Illinois
South Dakota.. Indiana 30
24 Massachusetts 24
Wyoming Michigan 28
Arizona Mississippi 8
Dist. Columbia.. Missouri 34
Indian Territ'y. Montana
Totals ...... .617 1-3 114 103 364, 16 2-3 Whole number of votes cast, 909%; One vote was cast (from West Virginia) necessary to a choice, 607.
for Robert E. Patterson, of Pennsylvania, John G. Carlisle received 14 votes, 1 (from Massachusetts) for William E. William R. Morrison 3 votes, and James Russell, of Massachusetts; 1 (from Maine) E. Campbell 2 votes.
for William C. Whitney, of New-York.
::: : : :
:: :: 0 ::
Adlal E. Stevenson.
Allen B. Mörse......
NOMINATIONS FOR VICE THE PEOPLE'S PARTY CON PRESIDENT.
VENTION. On June 23 Adlai E. Stevenson, of Illi This body met at Omaha, July 2, 189 nois, was nominated by acclamation for C. H. Ellington, of Georgia, was chose the Vice-Presidency after one ballot had temporary chairman, and H. L. Louck been taken. His name was presented by of South Dakota, permanent chairman. Nicholas E. Worthington, of Illinois. The ballot resulted as follows:
THE PLATFORM. "Assembled upon the one hundred an sixteenth anniversary of the Declaration Independence, the People's Party of Ame ica, in their first National Conventio invoking upon their action the blessin
of Almighty God, puts forth, in the nam States.
and on behalf of the people of this countrthe following preamble and declaration principles:
"The conditions which surround us be justify our co-operation. We meet in th midst of a nation brought to the vere
of moral, political and material ruir Alabama
Corruption dominates the ballot-box, th Arkansas
Legislatures, the Congress, and touche California
even the ermine of the Bench.
The pe Colorado
ple are demoralized; most of the State Connecticut
have been compelled to isolate the voter Delaware
at the polling places to prevent universa Florida
intimidation or bribery." The newspape Georgia
are largely subsidized or muzzled, publ. Idaho
opinion silenced, business prostrated, ou Hlinois
homes covered with mortgages, labor in Indiana
poverished, and the land concentrating Iowa ........
the hands of capitalists.
workmen are denied the right of organiza Kentucky 12 12
tion for self-protection; imported paupeLouisiana
ized labor beats down their wages; Maine
hireling standing army, unrecognized E Maryland
our laws, is established to shoot thes Massachusetts
down, and they are rapidly degeneratin Michigan
into European conditions. The fruits a Minnesota
the toil of millions are boldly stolen Mississippi .... 8
build up colossal fortunes for a few, ur Missouri 16 10
precedented in the history of mankin Montana Nebraska .... 6 5
and the possessors of these in turn de
spise the Republic and endanger libert: Nevada
From the same prolific womb of govern New Hampshire
mental injustice we breed the two gres New Jersey
classes-tramps and millionaires. New-York
"The national power to create mone North Carolina... 22
is appropriated to enrich bondholders; North Dakota....
vast public debt, payable in legal tende Ohio
currency, has been funded into gold-bea. Oregon
ing bonds, thereby adding millions to th Pennsylvania
burdens of the people. Silver, which he Rhode Island.
been accepted as coin since the dawno South Carolina... 18
history, has been demonetized to add South Dakota..
the purchasing power of gold by decreas Tennessee
ing the value of all forms of property a Texas 26
well as human labor, and the supply Vermont
currency is purposely abridged to fatte Virginia ........
usurers, bankrupt enterprise and enslav Washington
industry. West Virginia...
"A vast conspiracy against mankin Wisconsin
has been organized on two continents Wyoming ........
and it is rapidly taking possession of th Alaska
world. If not met and overthrown Arizona
cnce, it forebodes terrible social COTE District Columbia
vulsions, the destruction of civilizatior New Mexico ......
or the establishment of an absolute des Oklahoma
potism. We have witnessed, for mor Utah
than a quarter of a century, the strue Indian Territory.
gles of the two great political partie
for power and plunder, while grievou Totals 402 343 86
wrongs have been inflicted upon the sui
fering people. We charge that the cor •Absent one.
trolling influences dominating both thes Bourke Cockran received 5 votes, Lam- parties have permitted the existing dreač bert Tree 1 vote, and Horace Boles 1 vote. ful conditions to develop without seriou
John L. Mitchell....:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
prevent or restrain them. form this day organized will never cease Neither do they now promise us any sub to move forward until every wrong is stantial reform. They have agreed to righted, and equal rights and equal priygether to ignore, in the coming campaign, lleges securely established for all the men every issue but one. They propose to and women of this country. We declare, drown the outcries of a plundered peo therefore, ple with the uproar of a sham battle "1. That the union of the labor forces of over the tariff, so that capitalists, cor the United States this day consummated porations, National banks, rings, trusts, shall be permanent and perpetual; may its watered stock, the demonetization of sil spirit enter into all hearts for the salvaver, and the oppressions of the usurers tion of the Republic and the uplifting of may all be lost sight of. They propose to
mankind. sacrifice our homes, lives and children *2. Wealth belongs to him who creates on the altar of Mammon; to destroy the
it, and every dollar taken from ti dustry multitude in order to secure corruption
without an equivalent is robbery. 'IT funds from the millionaires.
any will not work, neither shall he eat.' "Assembled on the anniversary of the
The interests of rural and civic labor birthday of the Nation,
and filled with the are the same; their enemies are identical. spirit of the grand general and chieftain
*3. We believe that the time has come who established our independence, we seek
when the railroad corporations will either to restore the Government of the Re own the people or the people must cwn public to the hands of the plain people'
the railroads; and shoud the Governwith whose class it originated. We assert
ment enter upon the work of owning and our purposes to be identical with the pur
managing all railroads, we should favor poses of the Natic nal Constitution, to
an amendment to the Constitution hy form a more perfect union, and establish
which all persons engaged in the Govjustice, insure domestic tranquility, pro
ernment service shall be placed under a vide for the common defence, promote
civil service regulation of the most rigid the general welfare, and secure the bless
character, so as to prevent the increase ings of liberty for ourselves and our pos
of the power of the National Administraterity. We declare that this Republic tion by the use of such additional Govcan only endure as a free government
ernment employes. while built upon the love of the whole
MONEY.-1. We demand a National people for each other and for the Nation; currency, safe, sourd and flexible, issued that it cannot be pinned together by bayo
by the General Govern.nent only, a full nets; that the Civil War is over, and that legal tender for all debts public and prievery passion and resentment which grew
vate, and that without the use of bankout of it must die with it, and that we ing corporations; ajust, equitable and must be in fact, as we are in name, one
efficient means of distribution direct to united brotherhood of freedom.
the people at a tax not to exceed 2 per "Our country finds itself confronted by cent per annum, to be provided as set conditions for which there is no prece
forth in the Sub-Treasury plan (f the dent in the history of the world; our
Farmers' Alliance, or a better systein; annual agricultural productions amount to
also by payments in discharge of its oblibillions of dollars in value, which must
gations for public Improvements. within a few weeks or months be ex
“(A) We demand free and unlimited changed for billions of dollars' worth of
coinage of silver and gold at the present commodities consumed in their produc- | legal ratio of 16 to 1. tion; the existing currency supply is
"(B) We demand that the amount of wholly inadequate to make this exchange;
circulating medium be speedily increased the results are falling prices, the forma
to not less than $50 per capita. tion of combines and rings, the Impov "(C) We demand a graduated income erishment of the producing class. We
tax. pledge ourselves that, it given power, we
**(D) We believe that the money of the will labor to correct these evils by wise
country should be kept as much as possiand reasonable legislation, in accordance ble in the hands of the people, and hence with the terms of our platform. We be
we demand that all State and National lieve that the powers of Government revenues shall be limited to the necesother words, of the people should be sary expenses of the Government, ecoexpanded (as in the case of the postal
nomically and honestly administered. service) as rapidly and as far as the
We demand that Postal Savgood sense of an intelligent people and ings Banks be established by the Governthe teachings of experience shall justify, ment for the safe deposit of the earnings to the end that cppression, Injustice and of the people and to facilitate exchange. poverty, shall eventually cease in the TRANSPORTATION.-" 2. Transportaland.
tion being a means of exchange and a "While our sympathies as a party of public necessity, the Government should reform are naturally, upon the side of own and operate the railroads in the inevery proposition which will tend to terest of the people. The telegraph and make men intelligent, virtuous and tem telephone, like the postoffice system, being perate, we nevertheless regard these ques a necessity for the transmission of news, tions-important as they are as secondary should be owned and operated by the Govto the great Issues now pressing for solu ernment in the interests of the people. tion, and upon which not only cur indi LAND, -*3. The land, including all the vidual prosperity, but the very existence natural sources of wealth, is the heriof free Institutions depends; and we ask tage of the people and should not be all men to first help us to determine monopolized for speculative purposes, and whether we are to have a Republic to allen ownership of land should be proadminister, before we ditter as to the hibited. All land now held by railroads conditions upon which it is to be admin and other corporations in excess of their istered; believing that the forces of re actual needs, and all lands now owned by
aliens, should be reclaimed by the Gov James G. Field, Virginia, and Mann P: ernment and held for actual settlers Virginia The vote on the morning only."
July 5 resulted as follows: James The following supplementary resolu Weaver, 995; James H. Kyle, 265. tions, not to be incorporated in the plat For Vice-President, James G. FI formn, came from the Committee on Reso of Virginia, was chosen by a vote of lutions and were adopted, as follows: to 554 for Ben Terrell, of Texas.
**Whereas, Other questions having been presented for our consideration, we here. by submit the following, not as a part of THE PROHIBITION CONVE the Platform of the People's party, but
TION. as resolutions expressive of the sentiment of this convention:
This body met at Cincinnati, June
1892. ELECTIONS.-'1. Resolved, That we
John P. St. John, of Kansas,
chosen demand a free ballot and fair count at
temporary chairman, and all elections, and pledge ourselves to se
Ritter, of Indiana, permanent preside cure it to every legal voter without Federal intervention, through the adoption by
THE PLATFORM. the States of the unperverted Australian Or secret ballot system.
"The Prohibition party, in Natio: TAXATION"2. That the revenue de
Convention assembled, acknowledging rived from a graduated income tax should
mighty God as the source of all t be applied to the reduction of the bur government, and His law as the stand: den of taxation now resting upon the
to which human enactments must C domestic industries of this country.
form to secure the blessings of peace a PENSIONS.-3. That we pledge our
prosperity, prese its the followirig decla support to fair and liberal pensions to
tion of principles: ex-Union soldiers and sallors.
LIQUOR.-1. The liquor traffic is IMMIGRATION.-"4. That we condemn
foe to civilization, the arch-enemy the fallacy of protecting American labor popular government, and a public n under the present system, which opens
sance. It is the citadel of the forces te our ports to the pauper and criminal
corrupt politics, promote poverty classes of the world, and crowds out cur crime, degrade the Nation's home 11 wage-earners; and we denounce the pres
thwart the will of the people, and deli ineffective laws against contract
our country into the hands of rapacio labor, and demand the further restriction
class interests. All laws that, under of undesirable immigration.
guise of regulation, legalize and protEIGHT-HOUR LAW.-5. That we cor this traffic or make the Government sha dially sympathize with the efforts of in its ill-gotten gains, are 'vicious organized workingmen to shorten
the principle and powerless as a remed hours of labor and demand a rigid en We declare anew for the entire suppr forcement of the existing Eight-Hour law sion of the manufacture, sale, importati on Government work, and ask that a exportation and transportation of alcohc penalty clause be added to the said law. liquors as a beverage by Federal a
PINKERTON MEN.-6. That we re State legislation, and the full powers gard the maintenance of a large stand Government should be exerted to secu ing army of mercenaries, krown as the this result. No party that fails to rece Pinkerton system, as a menace to our nize the dominant nature of this issue liberties, and we demand its abolition; American politics is deserving of the su and we condemn the recent invasion of port of the people. the Territory of Wyoming by the hired WOMAN SUFFRAGE.-“2. No citiz assassins of plutocracy, assisted by Fed should be denied the right to vote on = eral officials.
count of sex, and equal labor should MISCELLANEOUS.-7. That we com ceive equal wages, without regard to se mend to the favorable consideration of MONEY.-'3. The money of the col the people and to the reform press the try should consist of gold, silver a legislative system known as the initia
paper, and be issued by the General Go tive and referendum.
ernment only, and in sufficient quant *8. That we favor a constitutional pro to meet the demands of business and gi Vision limiting the office of President and
full opportunity for the employment Vice-President to one term, and providing labor. To this end an increase in the v for the election of Senators of the United
ume of money is demanded. No indiv States by a direct vote of the people.
ual or corporation should be allowed *9. That we oppose any subsidy or national ald to any private corporation
make any profit through its issue.
should be made a legal tender for t for any purpose. **10. That this convention sympathizes
payment of all debts, public and priva
Its volume should be fixed at a defin with the Knights of Labor and their righteous contest
sum per capita, and made to increa with the tyrannical
with our increase in population. combine of clothing manufacturers of
SILVER.-"4. We favor the free a Rochester, and declares it to be the duty
unlimited coinage of gold and silv of all who hate tyranny and oppression to refuse to purchase the goods made
(This plank was stricken out by the cc by the said manufacturers, or to patron.
vention by a vote of 335 for to 596 agair
it.) ize any merchants who sell such goods."
TARIFF.-5. Tariff should be levi THE NOMINATIONS,
only as a defence against foreign Gover
ments which levy tarift upon or barc The following were placed in nomina our products from their markets, revenu tion for President: James B. Weaver, of being incidental. The residue of mea Iowa; James H. Kyle, South Dakota; necessary to an economical administi