Page images
PDF
EPUB

THE RISING, SETTING AND MERIDIAN PASSAGE OF VENUS, MARS,

JUPITER AND SATURN.

VENUS.

MARS.

JUPITER.

SATURN

Day

Meridian.

[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

January
January
January
February
February
February
March.
March.
March.
April.
April.
April
May
May
Мау,
June.
June.
June.
July.
July
July.
August
August
August
September
September
September
October
October.
October
November.
November.
November
December
December
December
December.

Sets Sets
Sets Sets
Sets Sets

Rises Rises
Eve. Eve. Eve. Eve. Mo. Mo. Eve. Mo. Mo. Mo. Mo, Mo.
! H, M. H.M.H.M. H.M.H.M.H.M.H.M.H.M.H.M.H.M.H.M. H.M.
10:37) 5:11 5:40 7:07 1:54 1:38 11:13 6:43 6:15 7:33] 2:11| 2:00
11 0:52 5:35 6:06 6:44 1:38 1:21 10:29 6:00 5:30 6:56 1:36) 1:23
21 1:04 5:59 6:31 6:22 1:20 1:01 9:45 5:16| 4:46 6:19 0:59 0:46

1 1:15 6:29 6:43 6:00 1:05 0:44 8:58 4:29 3:59 5:37 Eve. Eve. 11 1:23 6:51 7:01 5:42 0:53 0:30 8:17 3:48 3:181 4:58 11:34 11:21 21 1:30 7:16 7:21 5:25 0:42 0:17 7:37 3:09 2:38 4:19 10:55 10:42

1 1:34 7:34 7:34 5:12 0:33 0:07 7:06 2:38 2:07 3:47 10:23 10:10 11 1:40 7:58 7:52 4:57 0:22 Eve. 6:29 2:01| 1:301 3:061 9:42 9:29 21 1:46 8:21 8:10 4:42 0:13 11:41 5:53 1:25] 0:55 2:25 9:00) 8:47

1 1:53 8:47 8:29 4:27 Eve. 11:28 5:15 0:46 0:16) 1:39) 8:13) 8:01 11 2:02 9:11 8:48 4:13 11:46 11:15 4:41 Eve. Eve. 0:57) 7:30 7:18 21 2:12 9:36 9:07 4:00 11:34 11:02 4:08 11:37 11:05 Eve. 6:471 6:35 1 2:24 9:58 9:25 3:47 11:20 10:49 3:36 11:05 10:33 11:29 Sets. Sets. 11 2:36 10:13 9:40 3:34 11:04 10:34] 3:05 10:34 10:02 10:47| Mo. Mo. 21 2:43 10:24 9:51 3:21 10:50 10:20) 2:34 10:02) 9:31 10:05 3:35 3:47

1 2:59 10:28 9:58 3:07 10:31 10:02 2:01 9:27 8:58 9:19) 2:50 3:01 11 3:07 10:26 10:00 2:53 10:11 9:45 1:31 8:57| 8:28 8:38 2:10| 2:20 21 3:11 10:17 9:55 2:39 9:52 9:271 1:01 8:27 7:57 7:58 1:31 1:41

1 3:12 10:03 9:46 2:25 9:30 9:09 0:31 7:56 7:26 7:18 0:51 1:01 11 3:09 9:47 9:33 2:10 9:08 8:49 Mo. 7:24 6:55 6:39 Eve. Eve. 21 3:02 9:23 9:16 1:55 8:46 8:30 11:32 Ris. Ris. 6:00 11:27|11:38

1 2:49 8:53 8:52 1:38 8:12 8:06 10:59| Mo. Mo. 5:19 10:45 10:56 11 2:31 8:21 8:25 1:23) 7:55 7:44 10:29 3:10 3:37 4:41 10:06 10:19 21 2:03 7:42 7:49 1:07 7:31 7:22 9:58 2:41 3:07 4:04 9:28| 9:41

1 1:20 6:52 7:01 0:49 7:03 6:58 9:24] 2:09 2:34 3:24 8:471 9:00 11 Mo. Ris. Ris. 0:33 6:38 6:36 8:53 1:39 2:04 2:48 8:101 8:23 21 11:26| Mo. Mo. 0:18 6:14 6:15 8:21 1:09 1:33 2:13 7:33 7:47

1 10:30 4:39 4:35Mo, Ris. Ris. 7:48 0:37 1:02 1:38 6:58 7:11 11 9:48 3:48 3:47 11:47 Mo Mo. 7:15 Eve. Eve. 1:03) 6:21] 6:35 21 9:21 3:17 3:18 11:32 6:03 5:52 6:40 11:28 11:51) Mo. Ris. Ris. 1 9:02 3:00 3:00 11:17 5:57 5:43 6:01 10:50 11:13 11:50 Mo.

Mo. 11 8:52 2:55 2:54 11:04 5:52 5:36 5:24 10:13 10:36 11:15 6:01 5:46 21 8:47 2:59 2:55 10:52 5:46 5:281 4:46 9:35 9:58 10:40 5:28 5:12

1 8:46 3:10 3:02 10:40 5:46 5:23 4:07 8:56 9:19 10:05 4:54 4:38 111 8:47 3:22 3:10 10:29 5:42 5:17 3:26 8:15 8:38 9:30 4:20 4:04 21 8:50 3:38 3:16 10:19 5:37 5:12 2:44 7:32 7:551 8:551 3:46 3:30 31 8:56 3:551 3:36 10:10 5:31 5:08 2:01 6:48) 7:11 8:19) 3:10 2:53

[ocr errors]

FIXED AND MOVABLE FESTIVALS AND CYCLES, Septuagesima Sunday. .February 10 Trinity Sunday.

June 9 Sexagesima Sunday February 17 Corpus Christi.

...June 13 Quinquagesima Sunday February 24 Michaelmas Day.

September 29 Shrove Tuesday.. .February 26 Advent Sunday.

December 1 Ash Wednesday February 27 Christmas

December 25 Quadragesima Sunday.

..March 3 Dominical Letter (1).
Mid-Lent Sunday.

March 24 Epact (2)
Palm Sunday.
April 7 Golden Number (3)

15 Good Friday April 12 Solar Cycle (4)

28 Easter Sunday. . April 14 Roman Indiction (5)

8 Low Sunday April 21 Julian Period (6).

.6.GOS Rogation Sunday. May 19 Dionysian Period

224 Ascension Day.

.May 23 Jewish Lunar Cycle. Whit Sunday:

June 2 Explanatory Note.-The Dominical Letter indicates the day of the year on which the first Sunday occurs; F is the 6th letter, and the 6th of January will be Sunday. The Golden Number is the number in a cycle of 19 years, which shows how many years have passed since New Moon fell on January 1. This and (1) are chiefly used in fixing the rate of Easter. No. (4) indicates the number of years that have elapsed since the current cycle of 28 years began. The first cycle began with the year 10 and is used to find (1.) Roman Indiction is a cycle of 15 years, and is of no utility except to chronologers. Julian Period is a cycle of 7980 years, and is the product of (3), (4) and (5), and when completed (3), (4) and (5) will coincide or begin at the

12

same time. Dionysian Period is a cycle of 532 years, and is called the Great Paschal Cycle, being the product of the Solar and Lunar Cycles. This and (6) are chiefly used in chronology. The Jewish Lunar Cycle is always three less than (3); used only by the Jews in fixing the time of their festivals.

PLANETS BRIGHTEST OR BEST SEEN. MERCURY,* February 5 and October 8, in the West soon after sunset; also March 17, in the east before sunrise. VENUS, August 14, in the west after sunset, and October 26 in the east before sunrise.

MARS and JUPITER not this year. Jupiter at the beginning and end of the year will be nearly at its brightest aspect. SATURN, April 24; URANUS, May 8; NEPTUNE in December.

*Mercury will be theoretically brightest at several other times in the year, but then having a low altitude may not be seen. A GRAPHIC EXHIBIT OF THE DURATION OF EVENING AND MORNING STARS, ADAPTED TO THE EQUATOR AND

APPROXIMATELY ESTIMATED. (Copyrighted by Berlin H. Wright.)

The vertical line under the sign

of each planet is a 6 o'clock line 9 8

for evening stars, and a midnight VENUS MARS JUPITER SATURN

line for morning stars, From the EVA. Mara, Evo. Mara Eve. Marn. Eve. Morn.

diagram it appears that Venus will be seen in the evening until Sep

tember 18; will be morning star Fob

after September 18. Mars will be

both morning and evening star until March

February 5, and then evening star April

only until October 10, when it be

comes morning star. Jupiter is May

both morning and evening star until

March 17, and then evening star Jans

only until July 10, then morning July

star the rest of the year, and also

evening star after October 31. SatAug.

urn will be morning star only until Sapt.

January 26, and then both morning

and evening star until July 23; then Det

evening star only to November 2,

when it became morning star, and Nor.

on the 24th of April it becomes an all-night star, from 6 p. m. to 6 a. m,

[graphic]
[blocks in formation]

Days Duration. Sa

[blocks in formation]

7 Rajeb (year 1312) begins
1894

Dec. 29 30 8 Sheban begins, 1895.

Jan,

28 29 9 Ramadan begins.

Feb. 26 30 10 Schewal begins..

Mar. 28 29 11 Dsu'l Kadjah begins. April 26 30 12 Dsu'l Hejjah begins. May 26 29 1 Muharrem (year 1313). June 24 30 2 Saphar begins..

July 24 29 3 Rabia I begins.

Aug. 22 30 4 Rabia II begins.

Sept. 21 29 5 Jomhadi I begins.

Oct. 20 30 6 Jomhadi II begins.

Nov. 19 29 7 Rajeb begins...

Dec. 18 30 8 Sheban begins 1896.

Jan. 171 29

[blocks in formation]

Мау. .

June, July. August. Septemb'r October. Novemb’r December
Morn. Morn.

Morn.
Morn. Morn,

Eve.

Eve. Eve,
9:22:57 7:21:03 5:23:06 3:21:13 1:19:20 11:17:26 9:15:33 7:17:36
9:19:01 7:17:07 5:19:10 3:17:17 1:15:24 11:13:30 9:11:37 7:13:40
9:15:05 7:13:12 5:15:14 3:13:21 1:11:28 11:09:35 9:07:41 7:09:44
9:11:09 7:09:16 5:11:18 3:09:25 1:07:32 11:05:39 9:03:45 7:05:48
9:07:13 7:05:20 5:07:22 3:05:29 1:03:36 11:01:43 8:59:50 7:01:52
9:03:17 7:01:24 5:03:26 3:01:33 0:59:40 10:57:47 8:55:54 6:57:56
8:59:21 6:57:28 4:59:31 2:57:37 0:55:44 10:53:51 8:51:58 6:54:00
8:55:25 6:53:32 4:55:35 2:53:41 0:51:48 10:49:55 8:48:02 6:50:04
8:51:29 6:49:36] 4:51:39 2.49:45 0:47:52 10:45:59/ 8:44:06 6:46:09
8:47:33 6:45:40 4:47:43 2:45:50 0:43:56 10:42:03 8:40:10 6:42:13
8:43:38 6:41:44 4:43:47 2:41:54 0:40:00 10:38:07 8:36:14 6:38:17
8:39:42 6:37:48 4:39:51 2:37:58 0:36:05 10:34:11 8:32:18 6:34:21
8:35:46 6:33:52 4:35:55 2:34:02 0:32:09 10:30:15 8:28:22 6:30:25
8:31:50 6:29:57 4:31:59 2:30:06 0:28:13 10:26:20 8:24:26 6:26:29
8:27:52 6:26:01 4:28:03 2:26:10 0:24:17 10:22:24 8:20:30 6:22:33
8:23:58 6:22:03 4:24:07 2:22:14 0:20:27 10:18:28 8:16:35 6:18:37
8:20:02 6:18:09 4:20:11 2:18:18 0:16:25 10:14:32 8:12:39 6:14:41
8:16:06 6+14:13 4:16:15 2:14:22 0:12:29 10:10:361 8:08:43 6:10:45
8:12:10 6:10:17 4:12:20 2:10:26 0:08:33 10:06:40 8:04:47 6:06:49
8:08:14 6:06:21 4:08:24 2:06:30 0:04:37 10:02:44 8:00:51 6:02:54
8:04:18 6:02:25 4:04:28 2:02:35 Eve. 9:58:48 7:56:55 5:58:58
8:00:23 5:58:29 4:00:32 1:58:39 11:52:50 9:54:52 7:52:59 5:55:02
7:56:27 5:54:33 3:56:36 1:54:43 11:48:54 9:50:56 7:49:03 5:51:06
7:52:31 5:50:37 3:52:40 1:50:47 11:44:58 9:47:00 7:45:07 5:47:10
7:48:35 5:46:41 3:48:44 1:46:51 11:41:02 9:43:05 7:41:11 5:43:14
7:44:39 5:42:46 3:44:48 1:42:55 11:37:06 2:39:09 7:37:15 5:39:18
7:40:43 5:38:50 3:40:52 1:39:00 11:33:10 9:35:13 7:33:20 5:35:20
7:36:471 5:34:54 3:36:56 1:35:03 11:29:14 9:31:17 7:29:24 5:31:26
7:32:51] 5:30:58 3:33:00 1:31:07 11:25:18 9:27:21 7:25:28 5:27:30
7:28:55 5:27:02 3:29:05 1:27:11 11:21:22 9:23:25 7:21:32 5:23:34
7:24:59
3:25:09 1:23:15

9:19:29

5:19:38

[graphic]

THE SEASONS, WASHINGTON TIME.
Winter begins 1894, December 21, 3 hours 1 minute evening. Autumn begins 1895, September 23, 2 hours 3 minutes, morning.
Spring begins 1895, March 20, 3 hours 41 minutes, evening.

Winter begins, 1895, December' 21, 8 hours 31 minutes,
Summer begins 1885, June 21, 11 hours 36 minutes, morning. evening.

A Table of One Hundred and Thirteen Bright Stars. To ascertain when any Star or constellation found in the following Table will be on the upper meridlan, add the numbers opposite in the left-hand column of figures to the time of " Sidereal Noon" found in these pages. For the RISING of a Star, subtract the number opposite in the right-hand column of figures from its meridian passage. For the setting of a star, add the same number to its meridian passage. Those marked (...) revolve in a circle of perpetual apparition, and do not rise or set north of the latitude of New York (400 42 40'), for which latitude the semidiurnal arcs are calculated. The civil day begins at midnight, and consequently 24 hours after midnight, or 12 hours from noon, is morning of the succeeding day, and more than 24 hours from noon, is evening of the next day. This table

is arranged in the order of culmination.

Stars having an asterisk (*) in the last column are seen only in Florida and Texas, when passing the meridian. Computed by S. Hart Wright, Ph.D., Penn Yan, N, Y.

NAME OF STAR.

For
Meridian

[blocks in formation]

For
Meridian
For Ris-
ing and

Setting. 12 Passage.

n Ceti

[ocr errors]

y Ceti

14

H. M.H. M.

H. M.H. M. a Andromedæ (Alpheratz)... 0 37 52 B Ursa Majoris (Merak). 10 54 B Cassiopeiæ (Caph)....... 0 4

a Ursa Majoris (Dubke).

10 56 y Pegasi (Algenib). 0 81 6 51|| Leonis

11 71 6 57 a Phænices 0 20 2 25 8 Leonis (Zozma)..

11 717 17 a Cassiopeia (Schedir).. 0 35 B Leonis (Denebola)..

11 421 6 54 B Ceti (Diphda) 0 38 4 531x Ursa Majoris (Phad)

11 46 y Cassiopeiæ 0 50 al Crucis (Acrux)

12 19 1 3 ly Crucis......

12 21 B Andromeda (Merach) 1 4 8 29B Corvi.

... 12 27 4 35 01 Ceti 1 19 5 301B Crucis

12 39 a Ursa Minoris (Polaris). 1 21 e Ursa Majoris (Alioth)

12 47 a Eridani (Achernar). 1 34 8 Virginis.

12 471 6 14 5 Ceti 1 46 5 22e Virginis.

12 551 6 40 B Arietis 1 49 7 14a Virginis (Spica)

13 181 5 23 a Piscium (El Rischa).

1 57 6 als Ursa Majoris (Mizar).. 13 18 y Andromeda (Almaadi) 1 57 9 217 Ursæ Majoris (Benetnasch) 13 41 a Arietis 2 1 7 26 8 Centauri (Agena)...

13 54 2 381 6 9 a Bootes (Arcturus).

9 7 12 o Ceti (Mira) 2 11 5 48a Centauri (Bengula).

14 30 a Ceti (Menkar) 2 56 6 13|a? Libre..

14 431 5 4 B Persei (Algol) 3 1 9 10 B Ursa Minoris (Kochab)

14 59 a Persei (Algenib).. 3 16 B Libræ,

15 91 5 29 7 Tauri (The Seven Stars) 3 41 7 29 a Corona Borealis (Alphecca)...15 28 7 44 a Tauri (Aldebaran). 4 29 6 58a Serpentis (Unuk)....

15 37 6 23 a Auriga (Capella) 5 8 10 14 8 Scorpii

15 52 4 37 B Orionis (Rigel) 9 5 31 B1 Scorpii,

15 571 4 49 y Orionis (Bellatrix). 5 18 6 21a Scorpii (Antares).

16 20 4 20 B Tauri (El Nath) 5 19 7 528 Herculis (Rutilicus).

16 231 7 20 • Orionis (Mintaka) 5 26 5 59|a Herculis

17 71 6 51 e Orionis (Anilam) 5 80 5 56 ^ Scorpii (Lesuth)..

17 231 3 18 a Columbæ (Phat).. 5 35 3 37 || y Aræ.....

17 14 K Orionis (Saiph)... 5 42 5 26|a Aræ..

17 21 a Orionis (Betelguese) 5 496 268 Draconis (Rastoban).

17 25 B Aurige (Menkalina)... 5 51 953||Scorpii

17 27) 2 u Geminorum

6 87 24|a Ophiuchi (Ras Alhague). 17 27 6 45 Canis Majoris. 6 151 4 1 ly Draconis (Etanin)

17 51 B Canis Majoris (Mirzam) 6 17 4 551 Sagittarii.

18 51 4 43 a Argus (Canopus) 6 21 e Sagittarii.

18 14 3 35 y Geminorum (Alhena). 6 31 6 59 a Lyræ (Vega)...

18 30 8 54 é Geminorum Mebusta). 6 377 36B Lyræ..

18 431 8 17 a Canis Majoris (Sirius) 6 40 5 1o Sagittarii

18 46) 4 19 'e Canis Majoris (Adhara).. 6 511 4 alla Aquilæ (Altair).

19 431 6 30 & Geminorum (Wasat). 7 137 22a2 Capricorni (Giedi).

20 91 5 15 n Canis Majoris (Aludra). 7194 5a Pavonis

2014 a Geminorum (Castor). 7 27 8 11a Cygni (Deneb)..

20 35 9 56 a Canis Minoris (Procyon). 7 33 6 19 a Cephei (Alderamin).

21 13 B Geminorum (Pollux) 738 7 50||B Aquarii.

21 231 5 39 y Argus).

8
5 1 318 Cephei (Alphirk)

21 24
€ Argus
8 19) e Pegasi (Enif).

21 36 6 33 S Argus (Naos).. 59 2 58 a Aquarii

21 575 57 i Argus

9 13
a Gruis

21 581 1 21 a Hydræ (Alphard).... 9 21 5 31 3 Pegasi..

22 331 6 36 Leonis

9 387 31a Pisces Australis (Fomalhaut) 22 48 4 0 u Leonis 9 45 7 42| B Pegasi (Scheat).

22 551 7 44 a Leonis (Regulus) 10 1 6 44a Pegasi Markab).

22 56 6 52 yl Leonis (AT Gieba) 10 13 7 14 y Cephei Er Rai)..

123 31 Argus

10 39 EXAMPLE. -The Seven Stars will be on the meridian for Jan. 1, 1895, at 8 h.56 m. evening, and will set at 1.5 m. in the morning of Jan. ad, and would rise on the 1st at 1 h. 27 m. in the afternoon, and would not

[graphic]

* *

*

*

*

[ocr errors]

TIMES OF UPPER MERIDIAN PASSAGE OF POLARIS, OR NORTH STAR, 1895. Surveyors and civil engineers may obtain the variation of the magnetic needle for any place in the United States by directing their compass to the North Star (Polaris) when it is upon the meridian, as given in the table below, for the upper culmination: or 11 hours 58 minutes before or after, when the star is on the lower meridian. Exact local time is used in the table, and the timepiece used must be correct, and the bearing of the star taken promptly on time, and that bearing will be the true variation of the needle. An error of only a few seconds in the timepiece will vitiate the bearing found; therefore, it will be much better to take the bearing when the star is furthest east or west, or at its greatest elongation, as observations made upon it then are not affected materially by small errurs' of timepieces. To use this table for places west of the Washington meridian, subtract 10 seconds for each hour of longitude west of Washington. When the upper culmination occurs in the daytime from February 1 to August 1, use the lower culmination.

[ocr errors][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small]

Morn. Morn. Morn.

Ere. H. M. s. H, M. S. H. M. S. H. M. S. 4:41:39 2:40:12 0:42:29 10:36:43 4:37:44 2:36:17 0:38:33 10:32:47 4:33:49 2:32:21 0:34:38 10:28:51 4:29:54 2:28:26 0:30:43 10:24:55 4:25:59 2:24:31 0:26:47 10:21:00 4:22:04 2:20:35 0:22:52 10:17:03 4:18:09 2:16:40 0:18:56 10:13:07 4:14:13 2:12:44 0:15:00 10:09:11 4:10:18 2:08:49 0:11:05 10:05:15 4:06:24 2:04:54 0:07:09 10:01:18 4:02:29 2:00:59 Eve. 9:57:22 3:58:34 1:57:04 11:55:21 9:33:25 3:54:39 1:53:09 11:51:25 9:49:29 3:50:44 1:19:13 11:47:30 9:45:33 3:46:491 1:45:18 11:43:34 9:41:36 3:42:54 1:41:22 11:39:38 9:37:41 3:38:59 1:37:27 11:35:43 9:33:45 3:35:03 1:33:31 11:31:47 9:29:48 3:31:08 1:29:35 11:27:51 9:25:52 3:27:13 1:25:40 11:23:55 9:21:56 3:23:19 1:21:44 11:19:59 9:17:59 3:19:23 1:17:49 11:16:03 9:14:03 3:15:28 1:13:54 11:12:07 9:10:06 3:11:33 1:09:59 11:08:11 9:06:09 3:07:38 1:06:04 11:04:16 9:02:13 3:03:43 1:02:08 11:00:20 8:58:16 2:59:49 0:58:12 10:56:24 8:54:20 2:55:52 0:56:17 10:52:28 8:50:24 2:51:57 0:50:21 10:48:31 2:48:02 0:46:25 10:44:35 8:42:31 2:44:07

10:40:39

Eve.

H. M. S 8:38:35 8:34:38 8:30:41 8:26:44 8:22:47 8:18:51 8:14:54 8:10:57 8:07:01 8:03:05 7:59:08 7:55:11 7:51:14 7:47:18 7:43:21 7:39:24 7:35:28 7:31:31 7:27:34 7:23:38 7:19:41 7:15:44 7:11:47 7:07:50 7:03:53 6:59:36 6:56:00 6:52:03 6:48:06 6:44:09 6:40:12

[graphic]

5:31
5:27:42
5:23:45
5:19:48
5:15:52
5:11:56
5:07:59
5:04:02
5:00:05
4:56:08
4:52:10
4:48:13

:44:16
4:40:19
4:36:22)

30. 31

« PreviousContinue »