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was the debate; in a measure, a revival of the old lyceum. By means of debates on American topics of the day and political problems the young men are made familiar with current issues. They are led to interest themselves in practical politics, chiefly municipal affairs, working in any party, for partisanship is not recognized by the League, Much attention is given to the development of a patriotic spirit by means of the ritual and the general sentiment of the League, which now numbers about 13,000 members. On October 2, 1894, the League was transferred from The Youth's Companion" to a National directorate. A monthly paper, “The New Century," is the organ of the League


of Missouri; W. H. Bartholomew, of Kentucky; W. F. Slaton, of Georgia; D. B. Johnson, of South Carolina; H. A. Wise, of Maryland; W. E. Sheldon, of Massachusetts; S. S. Packard, of New-York; W. R. Malone, of Utah; D. L. Kiehle, of Minnesota; F. A. Fitzpatrick, of Nebraska. Board of Trustees-X. A. Calkins, of New-York; E, C. Hewitt, of Illinois; H. S. Tarbell, of Rhode Island, and Zalman Richards, Washington, Each State has also a director in the Association.

OBJECTS-To elevate the character and advance the interests of the profession of teaching, and to promote the cause of popular education in the United States. It consists of ten departments, as follows: Superintendence of National schools, higher instruction, secondary education, industrial education, art education, music education, business education, elementary schools, kindergarten instruction and a National Council of Education, It has 200 life members, and its annual membership during the last eight years has averaged more than 4,000, that of 1894 being 5,500. The Association and its departments hold annual meetings in July. The Board of Trustees consists of five members, four of whom are chosen-one each year--for a term of four years. The president is an ex-officio member, and the board constitutes the executive financial council. The Association has a permanent fund of $40,000.


TION. Officers-President, H, M. Utley, Detroit, Mich.; vice-presidents, J. C. Dana, Denver Public Library, Col.; Mary S. Cutter, N. Y. State Library, Albany; Ellen M. Coe, Free Circulating Library, N. Y. City: secretary, Frank P. Hill, Newark, N. J.; recorder, Henry J. Carr, Scranton, Penn.; treasurer, George W. Cole, Jersey City. The A. L. A. was organized in 1876 and incorporated in 1879. Its present membership numbers some 600, comprising leading librarians and libraries of all parts of the United States, together with other persons interested in its work. The annual fee is $2 for persons and $5 for institutions. The association seeks in every practicable way to develop and strengthen the public library as an essential part of the American education system. It therefore strives by individual effort of members and where practicable by local organization to stimulate public interest in establishing or improving libraries and thus to bring the best reading within reach of all. The seventeenth general meeting of the A, L. A. is to be held at Denver, Col., in August, 1895.

UNIVERSITY EXTENSION. The University Extension movement was started in 1890, and is a system of instruction for adults embracing lecture courses, determined upon by each local organization, with classes, examinations and certificates. The "unit of instruction" is a course of six or twelve weekly or fortnightly lectures, followed by a special conference or class. The "unit of organization" is a committee of citizens or the directors of a literary or social club, willing to assume the local management of the course. Lecturers are secured through the central office, either from the faculty of a neighboring college or from the society's regular staff.

The department for New-York State is at Albany, with Melvil Dewey as director; Myrtilla Avery, assistant director; J. Eugene Whitney, inspector for Western New-York, Rochester. The department gives needed advice and suggestions to centres organized or in process of organization, and saves unnecessary duplication of local expenses by effecting cooperation among centres in all parts of the State.

American Society-115 South 15th-st.. Philadelphia. Dr. William Pepper, honorary president; Prof. E. J. James, president; Prof. E. T. Devine, secretary; F. B. Miles, treasurer.

Chicago University, Chicago, Ill.-Nathaniel Butler, director; Oliver J. Thatcher, correspondence-teaching secretary.

Cleveland Society-Prof. E. O. Stevens, Adelbert College, Cleveland, Ohio, secretary.

Connecticut Society-Edward O. Nourse, secretary.

Ohio Society-Prof. James Chalmers, Ohio State University, Cleveland, secretary.

Colgate University-Prof. Ralph Thomas, secretary, Hamilton. N. Y.

Rochester University-J. E. Whitney, secretary, Rochester, N. Y.

Brown University-Prof. W. H. Munro, director, Providence, R. I.

Wisconsin Society-Prof. E. A. Berge, secretary, Madison, Wis.

Rutgers College Society-Prof. Louis Berier, secretary, New-Brunswick, N. J.

Colby University Society-Prof. S. Mathews, secretary, Waterville, Me.

Kansas University Society-Chancellor F. H. Snow, Lawrence, Kan,


Officers-President, Theodore Roosevelt; secretary, Walter H. Church. Headquarters, Boston, Mass.

The Lyceum League was organized in 1891 by "The Youth's Companion" for the purpose of training young men in the duties of citizenship. The method chosen

M. M. Sheedy, Pittsburg, Penn.; secretary, Warren E. Mosher, A. M., Youngstown, Ohio. The next session will be in July and August, 1895, at the assembly grounds, Lake Champlain, near Plattsburg, N. Y.

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION. President ex-officio, Grover Cleveland, President of the U. S.; chancellor, Melville W. Fuller, Chief Justice of the U. S.; secretary. S. P. Langley, LL. D.; assistant in charge of Office, William C. Winlock; regents-Melville W. Fuller, Adlai E. Stevenson, Senators J. S. Morrill, George Gray, s. M. Cullom, Representatives Robert R. Hitt, Joseph Wheeler and Henry Coppee, John B. Henderson, J. B. Angell, Andrew D. White, William Preston Johnston; executive committeeHenry Coppee and John B. Henderson.

An establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men,' founded in 1846, on the bequest of James Smithson, of England, and located at Washington, D. C., in the centre of one of the largest Government reservations. The total amount of the original bequest was $541,379, which has been swelled by subsequent additions to about $900,000. The President and Vice-President of the U. S., the Chief Justice, Secretary of State, Secretary of the Treasury. Secretary of War, Secretary of the Navy, Postmaster-General, Attorney-General, Commissioner of Patents, and such honorary members as they may elect form the "establishment." The building of the Institution is one of the most imposing in the U. S.

Under the charge of the Smith sonian Institution are the National Museum; keeper, S.P. Langley; assistant secretary in charge, G. Brown Goode; chief clerk, W. V. Cox. Bureau of Ethnology: Director, John W. Powell; chief clerk, Henry C. Rizer. The National Zoological Park: Superintendent, Frank Baker. Astrophysical Observatory: Senior assistant, R. C. Child.

CHAUTAUQUA. Headquarters, 87 West Genesee-st., Buffalo, N. Y.

Lewis Miller, President; W. A. Duncan, Secretary; E. A. Skinner, Treasurer; John H. Vincent, Chancellor; William R. Harper, Principal: George F. Vincent, Vice-Chancellor; Chief Officer of Instruction, Rev. Dr. John H. Vincent, Buffalo, N. Y.; Jesse L. Hurlbut, General Superintendent; Kate F. Kimball, Executive Secretary

The Chautauqua plan of summer education was started in 1874. The institution was organized by Lewis Miller, of Akron, Ohio, and the Rev. Dr. John H. Vincent, now a Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In August, 1873, Mr. Miller and his associate selected a site for a summer Assembly at Fair Point, on the west side of Chautauqua Lake, in Chautauqua Co., N. Y., where the village of Chautauqua now stands. The first Assembly was called for the discussion of religious and secular topics and opened on the first Tuesday in August, 1874. It lasted three weeks. Since then an Assembly has been held regularly every year. That of 1894 opened on June 29 and closed on August 26. About 35,000 persons visited the Assembly between those dates.

Besides the platform lectures and entertainments, the Chautauqua managers employ several other methods for placing education within the reach of the people. These are described below in the order of their establishment:

Counsellors-Lyman Abbott, D. D.; J. M. Gibson, D. D.; Edward Everett Hale, D. D.; Bishop H. W. Warren, D. D.; W. C. Wilkinson, D. D.; James H. Carlisle, LL. D.

The C. L. S. c. comprises a system of home reading circles, the members of which pursue courses of reading laid out by the officers in books and magazine articles approved by the Board of Counsellors. Anybody can join it, and at any time, by sending his name to Miss K. F. Kimbali, Buffalo, N. Y., with a 50-cent fee. In return he will receive a member. ship book, telling him what books to read and how to read them, and containing examination papers, by which, at stated periods, his proficiency may be ascertained. Two or more members form a local circle. The course covers our years, requiring an average of forty minutes' reading a day during months of each year. All the classes, though in different periods of their course, study the same subjects simultaneously. No reader is pledged to continue the work for the four years. Special courses are provided for graduates wishing to continue their readings. The Order of the White Seal, League of the Round Table and other associations are formed of those who have passed ex aminations in the special courses.


TIAN UNION. This is a society of the United Presbyterian Church of North America, organized on May 25, 1889, with headquarters at No. 1,336 Orthodox-st., Frankford, Philadelphia. It has a membership of 30,824, and the number of local societies is 710, the objects of the society being the training of young people for Christian work in the congregation, and the development of an earnest Christian life among its members. The principal officers are: Chairman of general committee, Rev. D. F. McGill, D.D., Allegheny. Penn.; general secretary, Rev. J. A. Duff, Englewood, Chicago.



SCHOOL. Organized in summer of 1892, at NewLondon, Conn. Objects are similar to those of the Chautauqua Society, with lecture courses, classes in literature, science and art, concerts and other forms of entertainment and recreation Officers: President, Rev. Thomas J. Conaty, D. D., Worcester, Mass.; vice-presidents, Rev. P. A. Halpin, s, J., New York City, and T. B. Fitzpatrick, Boston; treasurer, Rev.

CHAUTAUQUA ASSEMBLIES IN THE UNITED STATES. Since Chautauqua was started it has had many imitators, all of which work independently and bear no official relation to the original assembly. The titles of the assemblies, with the names of the managers, are given below: Assembly.

Acton Park, Ind.

. Mrs. Dr. Gatch, Lawrenceburg, Ind.
Bay View, Petoskey, Mich. John M. Hall, Flint, Mich.
Beatrice Chautauqua, Neb.. Dr. W. A. Davidson, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio
Black Hills, So. Dak.... ... Rev. J. W. Hancher, Hot Springs, S. D.
Central Chautauqua

sembly, Fremont, Neb.... Rev. G. M. Brown, Fremont, Neb.
Cent.N.Y. Assem., Tully,N.YT. H. Armstrong, Friendship, N. Y.
Clarion District, Penn...... Rev. F. M. Beck, Brookville, Penn.
Conn. Val., North'ton, Mass. Dr. W. L. Davidson, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio.
Cumb. Valley, near Harris-
burg, Penn...

...A. A. Line, Carlisle, Penn. Detroit Lake, Minn........ Rev. L. W Squier, Crookston, Minn. Devil's Lake, N. D........ Eugene May, Fargo, N. Dak. East'n Maine Assem.,Northport, Me....

Rev. G. D. Lindsay, Portland, Me.
Epworth H'ts, Loveland, O.Dr. P. M. Bigney, 988 Gilbert-ave., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Hedding Chaut., East Ep-
ping, N. H..

Rev. 0. S. Baketel, Manchester, N. H.
Iowa Chaut., Colfax, Iowa. Rev. J. J. Mitchell, Chester Centre, la.
Island Park, Rome City, Ind. Rev. N. B. C. Love, Columbus Grove, Ohio.
Kentucky Chaut., Lexing-
ton, Ky....

Dr. W. L. Davidson, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio.
Lakeside Encampment, 0.. Rev. B. T. Vincent, University Park, Col.
Lake Madison Chaut., S. D.C. E. Hager, Madison, S. Dak.
Long Beach Assembly, Cal.Prof. G. R. Crow, 1,012 W. 7th-st., Los Angeles, Cal.
Long Beach Chaut., Hemp-
stead, L. I...

... Dr. J. L. Hurlbut, 150 5th-ave., New-York.
Long Pine Chaut., Neb.... Rev. George Hindley, Ridgeville, Ind.
Missouri Chaut., Sedalia, Mo. Rev. R. R. Marquis, Sedalia, Mo.
Monona Lake, Madison, Wis.J. E. Moseley, Madison, Wis.
Monteagle, Tenn... ..Prof. J. I. D. Hinds, Lebanon, Tenn.
Mountain Lake Park, Md... Dr. W. L. Davidson, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio.
Nebraska Assem., Crete, Neb. Rev. W. Scott, 216 42d Place, Chicago, Ill.
New-England Assem.,Fram-
ingham, Mass..

.Dr. Hurlbut, 150 5th-ave., New-York City.
Northern N. E.

Fryeburg, Me...

Rev. G. D. Lindsay, Portland, Me.
Ocean City, N. J.... Rev. C. B. Ogden, Mantua, N. J.
Ocean Grove, N. J...... Rev. B. B. Loomis, Lansingburg, N. Y.
Ocean Park, Me....... Rev. E. W. Porter, Blackstone, Mass.
Ottawa, Kan...

Rev. D. C. Milner, Ottawa, Kan.
Pacific Coast Assem., Mon-
terey, Cal.

Mrs. E. J. Dawson, San Jose, Cal.
Penn. Chaut., Mt. Gretna,

Rev. H. C. Pardoe, Bedford, Penn.
Piasa Bluffs, Ill..

Rev. Frank Lenig, Clifton Heights, St. Louis, Mo.
Puget Sound Assem., Wash. Hon. J. W. Fairbank, Seattle, Wash.
Ridgeview, Penn.

W. W. Ulerich, Latrobe, Penn.
Rock River, Dixon, Ill. Rev. J. H. Ruthrauft, Dixon, Ill.
Rocky Mt., nr. Denver, Col. F. H. Priestly, University Park, Col.
Round Lake, N. Y......... Rev. H. C. Farrer, 433 Clinton-ave., Albany, N. Y.
San Marcos, Texas....... Wm. H. Nance, San Marcos, Texas.
Seaside Assem., Key East,
N. J....

W. M. Alberti, 557 5th-ave., New-York City.
Silver Lake, N. Y. .. Rev. T. P. Parker, Scottsville, N. Y.
S. Oregon Assem., Central
Point, Ore.

..J. S. Smith, Ashland, Oregon.
Spirit Lake, Iowa......... E. C. Whalen, Spirit Lake, Iowa.
Texas Chaut., Georgetown,

C. C. Cody, Georgetown, Texas.
Waseca, Minn..

Rev. H. C. Jennings, Red Wing, Minn. Waterloo, Iowa.

F. J. Sessions, Waterloo, Iowa. Winfield, Kan..

....A. H. Limerick, Winfield, Kan.
Florida Chaut., De Funiak
Springs, Fla..

Dr. W. L. Davidson, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio.
Georgia Chaut., Albany, Ga. Dr. W. A. Duncan, Syracuse, N. Y.
Ocmulgee Chaut., Hawkins-
ville, Ga.

......N. E. Ware, Hawkinsville, Ga. Demorest, Ga... ........0. W. Powers, Demorest, Ga.

YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. The Young Men's Christian Association Gustave Tophel; treasurer, Frederick Bonwas organized in London in 1844 by na; general secretary, Charles Fermaud. George Williams, a junior clerk in a The committee is composed of members large drygoods house. The first associa representing America, Australia, Austriation in America was established at Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, England, Montreal in 1851; the first in the United France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, States at Boston a few months later. Norway, Russia, Spain, Sweden and SwitThe present aggregate membership of the

zerland. 1,410 American associations is 232,962,

NEW-YORK STATE COMMITTEEand of the total of 5,147 a membership Headquarters, No. 40 East Twenty-thirdof 437,707, and the net value of their st., New-York. Chairman, Lucien C. Warproperty $15,211,039; 638 have libraries, ner; treasurer, George H. Robinson; State aggregating 476,572 volumes. The follow secretary, George A. Hall. ing are the officers of the committees:


Headquarters, No. 40 East Twenty-third

st., New-York. MITTEE-Headquarters, 40 East Twenty

President, Cleveland H.

Dodge; treasurer, M. Taylor Pyne; genthird-st., New-York. Chairman, Frederic eral secretary, R. R. McBurney. B. Pratt; treasurer, F. B. Schenck; gen INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF eral secretary, Richard C. Morse.

FICERS-President, Sir George Williams; CENTRAL INTERNATIONAL COM vice-presidents, Count Bernstoff, Alfred MITTEE-Headquarters, No. 2 Place du Andre, Prince Oscar of Sweden and NorPort, Geneva, Switzerland. Chairman, way, and H. Thane Miller,


10 58 24

2 12

1 Italy

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No. Countries.

744] China

130 Japan United States......... .1,338 Switzerland


Turkey Canada .............. 58 Norway.

133 Persia ....... Bermuda 1 Sweden

43 Syria Mexico


AFRICA. Argentine Republic.. 2 Spain .........

12 Brazil 1 Greece

1 Madagascar British Guiana. 2 Belgium

34 North Africa.. Uruguay 1 Austria-Hungary

14 West Africa.....
West Indies.
6) Russia .....

12 South Africa.


England, Ireland and

Gibraltar and Malta... 4 Australia

New Zealand


102 India

80 Germany ...1,005 Ceylon ..........


101 | North Dakota.. British Columbia. 4 Indiana

27 Ohio Manitoba 71 lowa

48 Oklahoma Territory. New Brunswick 7 Kansas

34 Oregon Nova Scotia.... 16 Kentucky

19 Pennsylvania Ontario 39 Louisiana

6) Rhode Island. Prince Edward Island. 3 Maine

19 South Carolina. Quebec 4 Maryland

18) South Dakota. Alabama 18 Massachusetts

72) Tennessee Arizona 1 Michigan

35) Texas Arkansas 9 Minnesota

20 Utah California ....... 38 Mississippi .........

11 Vermont Colorado 10 Missouri

34 Virginia ..... Connecticut ..... 25 Nebraska ...

27 Washington .... Delaware 1 New Hampshire

13 West Virginia. District of Columbia. 3 New Jersey

41 Wisconsin Florida 1 New-York

148 Georgia ......... 19 North Carolina..

35 Total Idaho


9 68

2 15 143

24 20 36 32

1 12 56 10 15 34


REFORMED CHURCH OF THE UNITED STATES. Officers of General Squad: President, Reiter, D. D., Miamisburg, Ohio; assistRev. Thomas G. Apple, D. D., LL. D., ant clerk, Rev. Jacob Dahlman, D. D., Lancaster, Penn.; vice-presidents, Rev. Akron, Ohio; corresponding secretary, John H. Sechler. D.D., Philadelphia, Rev. T. Franklin Hoffmeier, Middletown, and Rev. Marcus Bachman, D. D., Balti Md., treasurer, Christian G. Gross, 879 more, Md.; Stated clerk, Rev. Isaac H. North 41st-st., Philadelphia.

ave., New-York; Rev. H. C. Jennings, Marshall, Minn. Secretary, Rev. Edwin A. Schell, central office, 57 Washingtonst., Chicago. Treasurer, Charles E. Piper, 108 La Salle-st., Chicago.


ENDEAVOR. Headquarters, 646 Washington-st., Boston. President, the Rev. Francis E. Clark, D. D.; general secretary, John Willis Baer; treasurer, William Shaw; auditor, Frederick H. Kidder, Medford, Mass.

The first Christian Endeavor Society was established by the Rev. F. E. Clark, at Wiliston Church, Portland, Maine, Feb. 2, 1881. On October 1, 1893, there were 34,946 societies in all parts of the world, with 2,000,000 members. At the international convention in New-York City in July, 1892, 35,000 delegates were present. The next convention will be held in Boston in July. Nearly thirty denominations are represented in the society's membership. Its object is "to promote an earnest Christian life among its members, to increase their mutual acquaintance, and to make them more useful in the service of God." Motto, "For Christ and the Church."

The following was the number of societies ("Young People's" and "Junior'') in the various States and countries on July 1, 1894:

Alabama, 111; Alaska, 2; Arizona, 12; Arkansas 126; California, 952 Colorado, 269; Connecticut, 674; Delaware, 72; District

of Columbia, 105; Florida, 138; Georgia, 141; Idaho, 39; Iowa, 1,358; Indiana, 1,534, Illinois, 2,249; Indian Territory, 28; Kansas, 1,093; Kentucky, 276; Louisiana, 52; Maine, 599; Massachusetts, 1,229; Mississippi, 28; Maryland, 351; Montana, 60; Missouri, 956; Minnesota, 825; Michigan, 918; Nebraska, 619; NewHampshire, 316; Nevada, 4; New York, 3,319; New Jersey. 935; New Mexico, 28; North Carolina, 121; North Dakota, 103; Ohio, 2,267; Oklahoma Territory, 98; Oregon, 311; Pennsylvania, 3,455; Rhode Island, 184; South Carolina, 46; South Dakota, 218; Tennessee, 348; Texas, 275; Utah, 68; Vermont,391; Virginia, 130; Washington, 240; West Virginia, 265; Wisconsin, 701; Wyoming, 18; Floating Societies, 51; Mothers' Societies, 9; Intermediate Societies, 30; total, United States, 28.747. Canada has 2,242 societies; England, 1,453; Australia, 834; and there is a total of 453 in other foreign and missionary lands.


DREW. An organization connected with the Protestant Episcopal Church. Its memdership is limited to men only, and it is under the control of the bishops and clergy. It was organized as a parochial guild on November 30, 1883, and a general organization was effected October 23, 1886. There are local assemblies in the following cities and districts: Chicago. New-York, Cleveland, New England, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Utica, Detroit. Cincinnati, Long Island, Nashville, District of Columbia, Central New-York, Louisville, Norfolk, 'Pittsburg, Newark, Richmond, Baltimore, Elizabeth, N. J.: Boston, Providence, Savannah, Indiana, Ohio. In addition to these there are separate Brotherhoods of St. Andrew connected with the Church of England in Canada, Church of England in Australia, and the Scotch Episcopal Church.

The objects of the society are the same as those of the Daughters of the King. and its headquarters is at No. 281 Fourthave., New-York City. Its officers are: James L. Houghteling, president, No. 59 Dearborn-st., Chicago: John P. Faure, treasurer, and John W. Wood, secretary, No. 281 Fourth-ave.


AND PHILIP. President, Rev. Rufus W. Miller; general secretary and treasurer,

T. Wonder, 1,423 Mosher-st., Baltimore, Md. The society was organized at Reading, Penn., on May 4, 1888.

The object of the organization is the spreading of Christ's kingdom among young men. Each member must pledge himself to pray daily for the success of his work among young men, and to bring at least one young man within the hearing of the Gospel each week. The governing body is a Federal Council composed of two members from each denomination embraced in the federation. These members are elected from the Executive Council of each denomination, There are at present only four denominations--the Reformed Church in the United States, and the Reformed Church America, the Congregational Church, and the Presbyterian Church, The total membership is about 5.000, embracing 185 chapters, scattered throughout 23 States, the District of Columbia and Canada.

THE EPWORTH LEAGUE. An organization of young people of the Methodist Episcopal Church, formed in May, 1889, by the union of five general societies to train them in experimental religion, practical benevolence and church work, and to promote intelligent and vital piety in the young members and friends of the church, and formally recognized by the General Conference of 1892 as a department of the church. There are now 16,500 local chapters, and over 900.000 members. The subordinate bodies are the Junior League and Epworth Guards. President, Bishop James N. FitzGerald, New Orleans. Vice-presidents, W. W. Cooper, St. Joseph, Mich., Rev. W. I. Haven, 23 Marion-st. Brookline, Mass.; R. R. Doherty, 150 Fifth


Headquarters, Dayton, Ohio. The manager is the Rev. W. J. Shuey. Objects: Bible study, salvation of men and training for church work. The total membership at last report was 208,452; number of church buildings, 3,053, of the value of $4,661,770.

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