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tem, and which is practically equivalent employments upon their health and lonto the

work done at the rate of one Joule gevity; what measures are taken to pro. per second.

tect their physical condition and to pro8. The unit of induction shall be the tect them from accidents; the rates of Henry, which is the induction in a cir wages paid them in comparison with the cuit when the electro-motive force in rates paid men; and the effect, if any, duced in this circuit is one international their employment has had upon the wages volt while the inducing current varies at and employment of men. the rate of one ampere per second.

The act of August 13, 1894, enacts that It shall be the duty of the National hereafter any person or persons entering Academy of Sciences to prescribe and into a formal contract with the United publish, as soon as possible after the pas States for the construction of any public sage of this act, such specifications of building, or the prosecution and compledetails as shall be necessary for the prac tion of any public work or for repairs tical application of the definitions of the upon any public building or public work, ampere and volt hereinbefore given, and shall be required before commencing such such specifications shall be the standard work to execute the usual penal bond, specifications herein mentioned.

with good and sufficient sureties, with the IMMIGRATION.

additional obligations that such contractor

or contractors shall promptly make payThe Sundry Civil Appropriation act of ments to all persons supplying him or August 18, 1894, provides that the head them labor and materials in the prosecumoney from alien passengers on and after tion of the work provided for in such Oct. 1, 1894, collected under the act of contract; and any person or persons makAugust 3, 1882, was made one dollar in ing application therefor, and furnishing stead of fifty cents.

affidavit to the department under the diINTERNAL REVENUE PROCESS. rection of which said work is being, or

has been prosecuted, that labor or maIt also enacts that hereafter no part of

terials for the prosecution of such work any money appropriated to pay any fees

has been supplied by him or them, and to the United States commissioners, mar

payment for which has not been made, shals, or clerks shall be used for any

shall be furnished with a certified copy warrant issued or arrest made, or other

of said contract and bond, upon which fees in prosecutions under the internal

said person or persons supplying such larevenue laws, unless said fees have been

bor and materials shall have a right of taxed against and collected from the de

action, and shall be authorized to bring fendant, or unless the prosecution has

suit in the name of the United States for been commenced upon a sworn complaint

his or their use and benefit against said setting forth the facts constituting the contractor and sureties, and to prosecute offence and alleging them to be within

same to final judgment and execution. the personal knowledge of the affiant

The act of August 15, 1894, directs the or upon a sworn complaint by a United Commissioner of Labor to investigate and States district-attorney, collector or depu report upon the effect of the use of maty collector of internal revenue or revenue chinery upon labor and the cost of proagent, setting forth the facts upon infor

duction, the relative productive power of mation and belief, and approved either hand and machine labor, the cost of before or after such arrest by a circuit manual and machine power as they are or district judge or the attorney of the used in productive industries, the effect l'nited States in the dist ict where the

upon wages of the use of machinery offence is alleged to have been committed

operated by women and children, and or the indictment is found: Provided, whether changes in the creative cost of That it shall be the duty of the marshal, products are due to a lack or to a surplus his deputy, or other officer, who may ar of labor, or to the introduction of power rest a person charged with any crime or machinery, offence, to take the defendant before the

LAND. nearest circuit court commissioner or the nearest judicial officer having jurisdiction,

DES MOINES RIVER LANDS. and the officer or magistrate issuing the The Sundry Civil Appropriation act of warrant shall attach thereto a certified August 18, 1894, appropriated $200,000 to copy of the complaint, and upon the arrest adjust the claims of settlers on the of the accused, the return of the warrant, SO-called Des Moines River Lands, with a copy of the complaint attached, through a special commissioner, who shall confer jurisdiction upon such officer shall find the reasonable sum due each as fully as if the complaint had origin claimant under the homestead, pre-empally been made before him, and no mile tion or other public land laws under the age shall be allowed any officer violating acts of Aug. 8, 1846, and March 2, 1861. the provisions hereof.

SOLDIERS' HOMESTEAD CERTIFI. The act of June 28, 1894, makes the first Monday of September in each year, In

CATES. bor's holiday, a legal public holiday, the It also provides that all soldiers addisame as Christmas, the 1st of January, tional homestead certificates heretofore the 22d of February, the 30th of May, issued under the rules and regulations of the 4th of July.

the General Land Office under section The act of August 1, 1894, directs the 2,306 of the Revised Statutes of the Commissioner of Labor to investigate and United States, or in pursuance of the de report upon the conditions attending the cisions or instructions of the Secretary of employment of women and children; their the Interior, of date March 10, 1877, or wages, earnings, sanitary surroundings, any subsequent decisions or instructions and cost of living: the effect of various of the Secretary of the Interior or the

Commissioner of the General Land Office, shall be, and are hereby, declared to be valid, notwithstanding any attempted sale or transfer thereof; and where such certificates have been or may hereafter be sold or transferred, such sale or transfer shall not be regarded as invalidating the right, but the same shall be good and valid in the hands of bona fide purchasers for value: all entries heretofore or hereafter made with such certificates by such purchasers shall be approved, and patent shall issue in the name of the assignees. RECLAMATION OF DESERT LANDS.

It also provides that to aid the public land States in the reclamation of the desert lands therein, and the settlement, cultivation and sale thereof in smali tracts to actual settlers, the Secretary of the Interior, Wth the approval of the President, be, and hereby is, authorized and empowered, upon proper application of the State to contract and agree, from time to time, with each of the States in which there may be situated desert lands as defined by the act entitled "An act to provide for the sale of desert land in certain States and Territories," approved March 3, 1877, and the act amendatory thereof, approved March 3, 1891, binding the United States to donate, grant and patent to the State free of cost for survey or price such desert lands, not exceeding 1,000,000 acres in each State, as the State may cause to be irrigated, reclaimed, occupied, and not less that 20 acres of each 160-acre tract cultivated by actual settlers, within ten years next after the passage of this act, as thoroughly as is required of citizens who may enter under the said desert land law.

Before the application of any State is allowed or any contract or agreement is executed, or any segregation of any of the land from the public domain is ordered by the Secretary of the Interior, the State shall file a map of the said land proposed to be irrigated which shall exhibit a plan showing the mode of the contemplated irrigation, and which plan shall be suffcient to thoroughly irrigate and reclaim said land and prepare it to raise ordinary agricultural crops, and shall also show the source of the water to be used for Irrigation and reclamation, and the Secretary of the Interior may make necessary regulations for the reservation of the lands applied for by the States to date from the date of the filing of the map and plan rf irrigation, but such reservation shall be of no force whatever if such map and plan of irrigation shall not be approved. That any State contracting under this section is hereby authorized to make all necessary contracts to cause the said lands to be reclaimed, and to induce their settlement and cultivation in accordance with and subject to the provisions of this section; but the State shall not be authorized to lease any ot said lands or to use or dispose of the same in any way whatever, except to secure their reclamation, cultivation and settlement.

As fast as any State may furnish satisfactory proof according to such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Interior, that any of said

lands are irrigated, reclaimed and occupied by actual settlers, patents shall be issued to the State or its assigns for said lands so reclaimed and settled: Provided, That said States shall not sell or dispose of more than 160 acres of said lands to any one person, and any surplus of money derived by any State from the sale of said lands in excess of the cost of their reclamation, shall be held as a trust fund for and be applied to the reclamation of other desert lands in such State.

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS. The act of December 12, 1893, extends to January 1, 1897, Section 3 of the land grant forfeiture act of September 29, 1890.

The act of January 11, 1894, provides that no register or receiver shall receive evidence in, hear or determine any cause pending in any district land office in which he is interested directly or indirectly, or has been of counsel, or where he is related to any of the parties in interest by consanguinity or affinity within the fourth degree, computing by the rules adopted by the common law.

The act of May 30, 1894, makes it lawful for the Commissioner of the General Land Office to cause patents to be issued, as evidence of title, for all valid locations made with land scrip issued pursuant to decrees of the Supreme Court of the United States, which valid locations were made prior to the approval of the aforesaid act in the same manner that patents are now issued under the provisions of section 3 of said act of January 28, 1879.

The act of July 26, 1894, provides that the time for making final proof and payment for all lands located under

the homestead and desert land laws of the United States, proof and payment of which has not yet been made, be, and the same is hereby, extended for the period of one year from the time proof and payment would become due under existing laws.

That the time of making final payments on entries under the pre-emption act is hereby extended for one year from the date when the same becomes due in all cases where pre-emption entrymen are un. able to make final payments from causes which they cannot control, evidence of such inability to be subject to the regulations of the Secretary of the Interior.

The act of August 4, 1894, validates afl). davits made before United States Commissioners in all land entries, if no other objection exists. And another act, of same date, fixes a five years' limit instead of four, for completion of proof in all cases where declarations of intentions to enter desert lands have been filed, and the four years' limit within which final proof may be made had not expired prior to January 1, 1894.

The following act became law, by lapse of time, not having been acted upon by the President within ten days from August 8, 1894:

That section 2,401 of the Revised Statutes is hereby amended so as to read as follows: "When the settlers in any township not mineral or reserved by the Gov. ernment, or persons and associations lawfully possessed of coal lands and otherwise qualified to make entry thereof, when the owners or grantees of public


lands of the United States, under any sonable rules and regulations as the Seclaw thereof, desire a survey made of the retary of the Interior may provide. same under the authority of the Surveyor The act of August 23, 1894, provides General, and shall

file an application that hereafter, in addition to the officers therefor in writing, and shall deposit in now authorized to administer oaths in a proper United States depository to the such cases, fourth-class postmasters of the credit of the United States, a sum suffi United States are hereby required, empowcient to pay for such survey, together ered and authorized to administer any and with all expenditures incident thereto, all oaths required to be made by pensionwithout cost or claim for indemnity on ers and their witnesses in the execution the United States, it shall be lawful for of their vouchers with like effect and the Surveyor-General, under such instruc force as officers having a seal; and such tions as may be given him by the Com postmaster shall affix the stamp of his missioner of the General Land Office, and office to his signature to such vouchers, in accordance with law, to survey such and he is authorized to charge and retownship or such public lands owned by ceive for each voucher not exceeding 25 said grantees of the Government, and cents, to be paid by the pensioner. make return therefor to the general and REVENUE LEGISLATION. proper local land office: Provided, That no application shall be granted unless the

The act "to reduce taxation, to provide township so proposed to be surveyed is

revenue for the Government, and for within the range of the regular progress

other purposes"-which became a law by of the public surveys embraced by exist

lapse of time, the President not having ing standard lines or bases for township

acted upon it, affirmatively or negatively, and subdivisional surveys."

within ten days after the 15th of August, That section 2,403 of the Revised Stat

1894, was under consideration from Deutes of the United States as heretofore

cember 19, 1893, when the Committee of amended is hereby amended so as to read

Ways and Means reported to the House as follows: "Where settlers or owners or

the bill agreed upon by it, until August grantees of public lands make deposits

15, 1894, on which day the House closed in accordance with the provisions of sec

the controversy between it and the Senate tion 2, 401, as hereby amended, certificates

by accepting the Senate's amendments in shall be issued for such deposits which

their entirety, 634 in number. The bill may be used by settlers in part payment

consists of two parts: That imposing cus. for the lands settled upon by them, the

toms duties and that imposing Internal survey of which is paid for out of such

Revenue taxation, chief among which are deposits, or said certificates may be as

the new Taxes on Income and Successions. signed by indorsement and may be re

That amendment, made in Committee of ceived by the Government in payment for

the Whole, was concurred in, in

the public lands of the United States in States

House-Yeas, 182 (6 Republicans, 166 where the surveys were made, entered or Democrats, 10 People's); nays, 48 (3 Reto be entered under the laws thereof."

publicans, 45 Democrats); not voting, 122. All laws and parts of laws inconsistent

The bill then was passed by the House: with this act were thus repealed.

Yeas, 204 (194 Democrats, 10 People's);

nays, 140 (125 Republicans, 15 DemoPENSIONS.

crats); not voting, 8; paired, 3 RepubliThe Deficiency Appropriation act of De cans, 3 Democrats. cember 21, 1893, provided that any pen The action of the Senate was taken besion heretofore or that may hereafter be tween March 20, 1894, when the bill was granted to any applicant therefor under reported from the Committee on Finance any law of the United States authorizing with amendments, and July 2, when it the granting and payment of pensions, on was passed, with 634 amendments. The application made and adjudicated upon, vote on passage was Yeas 39 (37 Demoshall be deemed and held by all officers crats, 2 People's); nays, 34 (31 Republiof the United States to be a vested right cans, 1 Democrat, 2 People's); paired, in the grantee to that extent that pay 6 Republicans, 6 Democrats. men thereof shall not be withheld or sus A Committee of Conference appointed pended until after due notice to the July 7, consisting of Senators Voorhees, grantee of not less than thirty days, the Harris, Vest, Jones of Ark., Sherman, Commissioner of Pensions, after hearing Allison and Aldrich, and Representatives all the evidence, shall decide to annul, va Wilson of W. Va., McMillan, Turner of cate, modify, or set aside the decision

Ga., Montgomery, Reed, Burrows and upon which such pension was granted. Payne were unable to agree. On the 7th Such notice to grantee must contain a full of August, and again on the 13th, the and true statement of any charges or alle Democrats of the House held a caucus to gations upon which such decision grant. consider the situation, the Senate by reing such pension shall be sought to be in peated votes having indicated an unwillany manner disturbed or modified. (In ingness to consent to material modificaCommittee of the Whole, House of Repre tion of its amendments. On the 13th the sentatives, December 19, 1893, this was caucus by a vote of 130 to 21 determined adopted-ayes 123, nays 46. No yea or to concur in the Senate amendments, and nay vote was taken in the House, and it pass four separate bills for the Senate's was passed in Senate without dissent.) consideration, to place on the free list su

The Invalid Pension Apportionment act gar, coal, iron ore and barbed wire. On the of July 18, 1894, provided that the report same day the House voted to recede from of such examining surgeons when filed its non-concurrence in the Senate's amendin the Pension Office shall be open to ments, thus passing the bill-yeas 183 the examination and inspection of the (174 Democrats, 8 Peoples); nays 106 (93 claimant or his attorney, under such rea Republicans, 13 Democrats); not viting, 61,

The four separate bills were passed the the United States and the principles of same day. The free coal bill passed the Declaration of Independence. And yeas 162, nays 104. The free iron ore bill said convention shall provide, by ordipassed-yeas 171, nays 103. The free nance irrevocable without the consent of barbed wire bill passed-yeas 191, nays 84. the United States and the people of said The free coal bill passed-yeas 276, nays State: 11. The above bills were favorably report 1. That perfect toleration of religious ed by the Committee on Finance, but sentiment shall be secured, and that no were not taken up for action before final inhabitant of said State shall ever be moadjournment.

lested in person or property on account The debated Tables of Schedules of of his or her mode of religious worship: Rates can be found in "The Tribune Ex Provided, That polygamous or plural martra" on this subject, issued in September, riages are forever prohibited. 1894.

2. That the people inhabiting said proSTATE TAXATION


NATIONAL posed State do agree and declare that BANK NOTES AND U. S. TREASURY

they forever disclaim all right and title NOTES, AND GOLD, SILVER OR

to the unappropriated public lands lying OTHER COIN.

within the boundaries thereof; and to all The act of August 13, 1894, provides lands lying within said limits owned or

held by any

Indian or Indian tribes; that circulating notes of National bank

the same shall be and remain subing associations and United States legaltender notes and other notes and certifi

ject to the disposition of the United

States, and said Indian cates of the United States payable on de

lands shali

remain mand and circulating or intended to cir

under the absolute jurisdiction

and control of the Congress of culate as currency and gold, silver or

the other coin, shall be subject to taxation as

United States; that the lands belong money on hand or on depcsit under the

to citi ens of the United States residing

without the said State shall never be laws of any State or Territory, and in

taxed at a higher rate than the lands the same manner and at the same rate as

belonging to residents thereof. other money or currency circulating as

3. That the debts and liabilities of said money within its jurisdiction.

In the House the vote was--yeas 173 Territory, under authority of the legisla(Republicans, 34, Democrats, 133, People's

tive assembly thereof, shall be assumed 6); nays 41. (Republicans 29, Democrats

and paid by said State. 12.) In the Senate there was no division,

4. That provision shall be made for the

establishment and maintenance of a sysTERRITORIES.

tem of public schools, which shall be The act of August 8, 1894, provides that open to all the children of said State and all railroad companies operating railroads free from sectarian control. through the Territories over a right of The Constitution shall be submitted way obtained under any grant or act of for ratification by the voters at the NoCongress giving right of way over the vember election in 1895. The return of public lands, shall be required to estab said election shall be made to the said lish and maintain passenger stations Utah commission, who shall cause the and freight depots at or within one same to be canvassed, and if a majority fourth of a mile of the boundary limits of of the votes cast on that question shall all town sites already established on the be for the constitution, shall certify the line of sald railroads by the Interior De result to the President of the United partment; and upon failure of said com States, together with a statement of the panies to establish such stations and de. votes cast thereon, and upon separate arpots, they shall be liable to a fine of $500 ticles or propositions, and a copy of said for each day after Nov. 8, until said sta- constitution, articles, propositions and ortions and depots shall be established. dinances. And if the constitution and UTAH, ADMISSION OF, AS A STATE. government of said proposed State The act of July 16, 1894, requires the

are republican in form, and if all Governor of said Territory to order an

the provisions of this act have been election on November 6, 1804, of delegates complied with in the formation thereof, to a constitutional convention. All male

it shall be the duty of the President of citizens of the United States over twenty

the United States to issue his proclamaone years of age, who have resided one

tion announcing the result of said elecyear next prior to said election, in said

tion, and thereupon the proposed State of Territory, are' authorized to vote for dele

Utah shall be deemed admitted by (ongates. There shall be 107 delegates, who

gress into the Union, under and by virare apportioned in the act among the

tue of this act, on an equal footing with counties. A new registration is to be

the original States, from and after the made of the voters in the Territories, to

date of said proclamation. which all possessing the qualifications

(In the House, December 13, 1893, the stated above are eligible. No other test

proviso prohibiting "polygamous or plural is to be required. The convention shall

marriages" was inserted in the first parameet on the first Monday in March, 1895,

graph of conditions, after a short strugshall declare on behalf or the people of

gle, in which the vctes were taken by said proposed State that they adopt the

division) Constitution of the United States. The BILL FOR THE COINAGE OF THE Constitution shall be republican in form,

SEIGNIORAGE. and make no distinction in civil or po In the second (first regular) session of litical rights on account of race or color, the LIId Congress, on March 1, 1894, except as to Indians not taxed, and not this bill was introduced: to be repugnant to the Constitution of "Be it enacted, etc., That the Secretary

of the Treasury shall immediately cause to be coined as fast as possible the silver bullion held in the Treasury, purchased under the act of July 14, 1890, entitled "An act directing the purchase of silver bullion and the issuing of Treasury notes thereon, and for other purposes,' to the amount of the gain or seigniorage of such bullion, to wit: The sum of $55, 156,681,* and such coin or the silver certificates issued thereon shall be used in the payment of public expenditures; and the Secretary of the Treasury may, in his discretion, if the needs of the Treasury demand it, issue silver certificates in excess of such coinage. Provided, That said excess shall not exceed the amount of the seignorageas herein authorized to be coined.

**Sec. 2. After the coinage provided for in the first section of this act, the remainder of the silver bullion purchased in pursuance of said act of July 14, 1890, shall be coined into legal-tender standard silver dollars as fast as possible, and the coin shall be held in the Treasury for the redemption of the Treasury notes issued in the purchase of said

bulkon. That as fast as the bullion shall be coined for the redemption of said notes the notes shall not be reissued, but shall be cancelled and destroyed in amounts equal to the coin held at any time in the Treasury, derived from the coinage herein provided for, and silver certificates shall be issued on such coin in the manner now provided by law. Provided, That this act shall not be construed to change existing law relating to the legal-tender character or mode of redemption of the Treasury notes issued under said act of July 14, 1890.

*That a sufficient sum of money is hereby appropriated to carry into effect the provisions of this act."

Passed the House of Representatives-yeas 168, nays 129, not voting 56.

On March 7, 1894, the bill passed the Senate without amendment-yeas 44. nays 34, not voting 10. On March 29, President Cleveland returned it to the House with his objections, and on April 4, failing to receive the necessary two-thirdg vote-yeas 144, nays 114, not voting 95it fell.



LIId Congress.

LIIId Congress.

1st Session. 2d Session Estimates. Allowed.

1894. Agricultural

$3,232,995 50 $3,323,500 00 $2,233,843 06 $3,223,623 06 Army

24,308.499 82 24, 225, 639 78 20.332,918 52 23,592,884 68 Diplomatic and Consular. 1,604,045 001 1,557,445 00 1,642,638 76 1,563,918 76 District of Columbia.

5,317,973 27 5,413,223 91 5,381,473 91 5,545,678 57 Fortification

2,734,276 00 2,210,055 00 7,438,418 00 2,427,004 00 Indian

7,664,047 84 7,854,240 38 6,931,156 61 b10,659,565 16 Legislative, etc.

21,900,132 21,865,802 81 22, 310,510 33 21,305,583 29 Military Academy.

428,917 33 432.556 12 463,183 68 406,535 OS Navy

23,543,385 00 22,104,061 38 27,875,914 02 20,327,126 72 Pension

154,411.682 00 a 180.681,074 85 162, 631,570 00 151,581,570 00 Postoffice

80,331,276 73 84,004,314 22 90,399,485 33 87,236,599 55 River and Harbor.. 21,154,218 00 c..

e7, 625,000 00 11,643, 180 00 Sundry civil..

27,665,076 93 41,716,311 15 34,966,002 81 34,253, 775 55 Deficiencies, except

for pensions ..

8,230,859 50 8,127,362 12 f17.012,027 317 12,211,006 06 Totals...

1$382,527,385 89$403,515,586 11 $412,244,737 24 $390,578,048 42 Miscellaneous

3,208,922 82 520,499 18 7,343,423 47 577,956 55 Total regular annual appropriations

$385,736,308 71 $404,036,085 29 $419,588,160 71{$391,156,005 03 Permanent annual appropriations

10121.863,880 00|a115,468, 273 92 h101,074,680 00]h101,074,680 00 Totals by sessions.... 1$507,600,188 71|$519,504,369 21 $620,662,840 71|$492, 230,685 03 Totals by Congresses.

$1,027, 104,547 92 a Includes $14,149,724 85 deficiency for 1893. b Includes $1,330,660 67 to be placed to credit of certain Indians for value of certain non-paying State bonds or stocks; also includes $2,472,697 to carry out agreements with various Indian tribes. c No River or Harbor bill was passed for 1894, but $14, 166, 153 was included in the Sundry Civil act to carry out contracts authorized by law. d Amount originally submitted to Congress by Secretary of Treasury. e Amount estimated for rivers and harbors for 1895, exclusive of $4,885,000 required to meet contracts. Includes $3,974,646 14 judgmente in favor of and claims audited as due the several Pacific R. R. companies. h Note on page 267 of Book of Estimates for 1895: The Secretary of the Treasury having recommended the repeal of the sugar bounty law, no estimate was submitted for the fiscal year 1895. In case the law is not repealed $11,000,000 will be required for the purpose, which should be added to the sum total of the estimates for 1895."

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