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THE REPUBLICAN NATIONAL | legislation, as will secure the maintenance CONVENTION.
of the parity of values of the two metals,
so that the purchasing and debt-paying The tenth Republican National Conven power of the dollar, whether of silver, tion met at Minneapolis on June 7, 1892. gold or paper, shall be at all times equal. J. Sloat Fassett, of New York, was The interests of the producers of the counelected temporary chairman, and Wm. try, its farmers and its workingmen, deMcKinley, jr., of Ohio, permanent chair- mand that every dollar, paper or coin, man. The following platform was unani issued by the Government shall be as mously reported on June 10 from the Com good as any other. We commend the wise mittee on Resolutions. Joseph B. Foraker, and patriotic steps already taken by our of Ohio, chairman, and was unanimously Government to secure an international adopted by the convention at the evening conference to adopt such measures as will Session:
insure a parity of value between gold and REPUBLICAN PLATFORM,
silver for use as money throughout the
world. Adopted at Minneapolis, June 10, FREE BALLOT AND FAIR COUNT. 1892.
"We demand that every citizen of the
United States shall be allowed to cast one ""The representatives of the Republicans free and unrestricted ballot in all public of the United States, assembled in general elections, and that such ballot shall be convention on the shores of the Missis
counted and returned as cast; that such sippi River, the everlasting bond of an
laws shall be enacted and enforced as will indestructible Republic, whose most glor
secure to every citizen, be he rich or poor, jous chapter of history is the record of the native or foreign born, white or black, Republican party, congratulate their coun
this sovereign right guaranteed by the trymen on the majestic march of the Na Constitution. The free and honest popution under the banners inscribed with the
lar ballot, the just and equal repreprinciples of our platform of 1888, vindicated by victory at the polls and pros
sentation of all the people, as well as
their just and equal protection under the perity in our fields, workshops and mines, laws, are the foundation of our republiand make the following declaration of
can institutions, and the party will never principles: PROTECTION.-"We reaffirm the Amer
relax its efforts until the integrity of the
ballot and the purity of elections shall be ican doctrine of protection. We call at fully guaranteed and protected in every tention to its growth abroad. We main State. tain that the prosperous condition of our
SOUTHERN OUTRAGES.—'We decountry is largely due to the wise revenue legislation of the Republican Congress.
nounce the continued inhuman outrages We believe that all articles which cannot political reasons in certain Southern States
perpetrated upon American citizens for be produced in the United States, except luxuries, should be admitted free of duty,
of the Union. and that on all imports coming into com
FOREIGN RELATIONS.-"We favor petition with the products of American
the extension of our foreign commerce, labor there should be levied duties equal
the restoration of our mercantile marine to the difference between wages abroad
by home-built ships and the creation of and at home. We assert that the prices
a Navy for the protection of our National of manufactured articles of general con
interests and the honor of our flag; the sumption have been reduced under the
maintenance of the most friendly relaoperations of the tariff act of 1890. We
tions with all foreign Powers, entangling denounce the efforts of the Democratic
alliances with none; and the protection of majority of the House of Representatives
the rights of our fishermen. We reaffirm to destrny our tariff laws piecemeal, as
our approval of the Monroe Doctrine, and is manifested by their attacks upon wool,
believe in the achievement of the manilead and lead ores, the chief products of
fest destiny of the Republic in its broada number of States, and we ask the peo
est sense. We favor the enactment of ple for their judgment thereon.
more stringent laws and regulations for RECIPROCITY.-"We point to the suc
the restriction of criminal, pauper and cess of the Republican policy of reciproc
contract immigration, ity, under which our export trade has
MISCELLANEOUS.-"We favor eflivastly increased, and new and enlarged
cient legislation by Congress to protect markets have been opened for the prod
the life and limbs of employes of transucts of our farms and workshops. We portation companies engaged in carrying remind the people of the bitter opposition on interstate commerce, and recommend of the Democratic party to this practical legislation by the respective states that business measure, and claim that, exe
will protect employes engaged in State cuted by a Republican Administration, commerce, and in mining and manuour present laws will eventually give us
facturing control of the trade of the world,
"The Republican party has always been SILVER.-"The American people, from the champion of the oppressed, and recogtradition and interest, favor bimetallism, nizes the dignity of manhood, irrespective and the Republican party demands the of faith, color or nationality; it sympause of both gold and silver as standard thizes with the cause of Home Rule in money, with such restrictions and under Ireland, and protests against the persecusuch provisions, to be determined by tion of the Jews in Russia.
**The ultimate reliance of free popular the life of the Nation, we pledge anew to government is the intelligence of the the veteran soldiers of the Republic a people and the maintenance of freedom watchful care and recognition of their among men. We therefore declare anew just claims upon a grateful people. our devotion to liberty of thought and HARRISON'S ADMINISTRATION. conscience, of speech and press, and ap "We commend the able, patriotic and prove all agencies and instrumentalities | thoroughly American Administration of which contribute to the education of the President Harrison. Under it the country children of the land; but, while insisting has enjoyed remarkable prosperity, and upon the fullest measure of religious lib the dignity and honor of the Nation at erty, we are opposed to any union of home and abroad have been faithfully Church and State.
maintained, and we offer the record of TRUSTS.-"We reaffirm our opposition, pledges kept as a guarantee of faithful declared in the Republican platform of performance in the future." 1888, to all combinations of capital organized in trust or otherwise, to control arbi- THE REPUBLICAN NOMINAtrarily the condition of trade among our
TIONS. citizens. We heartily indorse the action already taken upon this subject, and ask
On June 11 Senator E. O. Wolcott, of for such further legislation as may be
Colorado, nominated for President James required to remedy any defects in exist
G. Blaine. R. W. Thompson, of Indiana, ing laws and to render their enforcement
ex-Secretary of the Navy, nominated Benmore complete and effective.
jamin Harrison. On the first ballot Presi. POSTOFFICE REFORM.-"We approve
dent Harrison was chosen for re-election. the policy of extending to towns, villages
The vote by States was as follows: and rural communities the advantages of
McKin Linthe free delivery service now enjoyed by
son. Blaine. ley.Reed.coln. the larger cities of the country, and re
7 0 0 affirm the declaration contained in the Arkansas
1 0 0 Republican platform of 1888, pledging the California
1 0 0 reduction of letter postage to one cent at
0 0 the earliest possible moment consistent Connecticut with the maintenance of the Postoffice Delaware Department and the highest class of Florida postal service.
26 CIVIL SERVICE.-"We commend the Idaho
0 spirit and evidence of reform in the Civil Illinois
34 Service, and the wise and consistent en Indiana
30 forcement by the Republican party of the Iowa
20 laws regulating the same.
11 NICARAGUA CANAL. -"The construc- Kentucky
22 tion of the Nicaragua Canal is of the Louisiana
8 highest importance to the American peo Maine
0 ple, both as a measure of National de Maryland
14 fence and to build up and maintain Massachusetts
18 American commerce, and it should be Michigan
19 controlled by the United States Govern Minnesota
1 0 ment. TERRITORIES.--"We
0 favor the ad Missouri
0 mission of the remaining Territories at Montana the earliest practicable date, having due Nebraska
15 regard to the interests of the people of the Territories and of the United States.
0 All the Federal officers appointed for the
18 Territories should be selected from bona
0 New-York 27
10 fide residents thereof, and the right of self-government should be accorded as far
North Carolina. 17 2-3
2 2-3 North Dakota ..
2 as practicable. ARID LANDS.-" We
7 subject to the Homestead laws, of the
3 arid public lands to the States and Ter
42 ritories in which they lie, under such
1 Congressional restrictions as to disposi- South Dakota...
South Carolina.. 13 tion, reclamation and occupancy by set
8 tlers as will secure the maximum benefits
Tennessee to the people.
22 COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION.
8 World's Columbian Exposition is a great
9 National undertaking, and Congress should
Washington promptly enact such reasonable legisla
West Virginia.. 12 tion in aid thereof as will insure a dis
19 charge of the expenses and obligations in.
Wyoming cident thereto, and the attainment of re
0 sults commensurate with the dignity and Dist. Columbia.. progress of the Nation.
New Mexico INTEMPERANCE. -- "We sympathize Oklahoma with all wise and legitimate efforts to
Utah lessen and prevent the evils of intemper
0 ance and promote morality.
0 PENSIONS.-''Ever mindful of the services and sacrifices of the men who saved Totals
.535 1-6 182 1-6 182
Kentucky, 1 absent. Delegates present, polls, but in contempt of that verdict the 904 1-3; necessary to choice, 453. Har- Republican party has defiantly declarec rison's plurality, 166.
in its latest authoritative utterance tha At the evening session State Senator its success in the coming elections wil Edmund O'Connor, of New York, nomi mean the enactment of the Force bill, and nated Whitelaw Reid, of New York, for the usurpation of despotic control ove Vice-President. The nomination was made elections in all the States. Believing tha unanimous.
the preservation of republican govern ment in the United States is dependen
upon the defeat of this policy of legal THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL ized force and fraud, we invite the sup CONVENTION.
port of all citizens who desire to see the
Constitution maintained in its integrity This body met in Chicago on June 21,
with the laws pursuant thereto whicl 1892 William C. Owens, of Kentucky, have given our country a hundred year: was made temporary chairman, and William L. Wilson, of West Virginia, perma
of unexampled prosperity; and we pledg
the Democratic party, if it be intrustet nent chairman.
with power, not only to the defeat of thi DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM,
Force bill, but also to relentless opposi Adopted at Chicago, June 22, tion to the Republican policy of profligati
expenditure which, in the short space o 1892,
two years, has squandered an enormou *The representatives of the Democratic surplus, emptied an overflowing Treasury party of the United States, in National after piling new burdens of taxation upoi convention assembled, do reaffirm their
the already overtaxed labor of the coun allegiance to the principles of the party as formulated by Jefferson and exempli
TARIFF.-"We denounce Republica fied by the long and illustrious line of protection as a fraud, a robbery of th his successors in Democratic leadership great majority of the American peopl/ from Madison to Cleveland; we believe for the benefit of the few. We declare i the public welfare demands that these to be fundamental principle of th principles be applied to the conduct of Democratic party that the Federal Gov the Federal Government through the ac ernment has no constitutional power to cession to power of the party that advo impose and collect tariff duties, excep cates them, and we solemnly declare that for the purpose of revenue only, and w the need of a return to these fundamental
demand that the collection of such taxe principles of a free popular government
shall be limited to the necessities of th based on home rule and individual liberty
Government when honestly and econom was never nore urgent than now, when
ically administered. We denounce th the tendensy o centralize all power at
McKinley Tariff law enacted by the LIS the Federal Capital has become a menace
Congress as the culminating atrocity o to the reserved rights of the States that
class legislation; we indorse the effort strikes at the very roots of our Govern
made by the Democrats of the presen ment under the Constitution as framed
Congress to modify its most oppressivi by the fathers of the Republic.
feature in the direction of free raw mate ELECTIONS BILL.-"We warn
rials and cheaper manufactured good people of our common country, jealous for
that enter into general consumption, ani the preservation of their free institutions,
we promise its repeal as one of the benef that the policy of Federal control of
icent results that will follow the action elections, to which the Republican party
of the people in intrusting power to th has commended itself, is fraught with the
Since the McKinle gravest dangers, scarcely less momentous
tariff went into operation there have beei than would result from a revolution prac
ten reductions of the wages of the laborini tically establishing monarchy on the ruins
man to one increase. We deny that ther of the Republic. It strikes at the North has been any increase of prosperity to th as well as the South, and injures the
country since the tariff went into opera colored citizens even more than the white;
tion, and we point to the dulness and it means a horde of deputy marshals at
distress, the wage reductions and strike every polling place armed with Federal
in the iron trade as the best possibly power, returning boards appointed and
evidence that no such, prosperity ha: controlled by Federal authority, the out
resulted from the McKinley act. We cal rage of the electoral rights of the people the attention of thoughtful Americans ti in the several States, subjugation of the
the fact that after thirty years of re colored people to the control of the party strictive taxes against the importation o in power, and the reviving of race an
foreign wealth, in exchange for our agri tagonisms now happily abated, of the cultural surplus, the homes and farm utmost peril to the safety and happiness of the country have become burdene of all, a measure deliberately and justly with a real estate mortgage debt of ove described by a leading Republican Sena $2,500,000, exclusive
of all other forms o tor as 'the most infamous bill that ever
indebtedness; that in one of the chie crossed the threshold of the Senate.' Such agricultural States of the West there ap a policy, if sanctioned by law, would pears a real estate mortgage debt aver mean the dominance of a sell-perpetuating aging $165 per capita of the total popu Oligarchy of office-holders, and the party lation, and that similar conditions and first Intrusted with its machinery coula tendencies are shown to exist in othe be dislodged from power only by an ap- agricultural exporting States. We de peal to the reserved rights of the people nounce a policy which fosters no indus to resist oppression which is inherent in try so much as it does that of the sherify all self-governing communities. Two years RECIPROCITY.-"Trade interchange 01 ago this revolutionary policy was em the basis of recip.ocal advantages to the phatically condemned by the people at the countries participating is a time-honored
doctrine of the Democratic faith, but we CIVIL SERVICE.--"Public office is a denounce the sham reciprocity which jug- / public trust. We reaffirm the declaration gles with the people's desire for en of the Democratic National Convention of larged foreign markets and freer ex 1876 for the reform of the civil service, changes by pretending to establish closer and we call for the honest enforcement of trade relations for a country whose arti all laws regulating the same. The nomicles of export are almost exclusively agri nation of a President, as in the recent cultural products with other countries that Republican Convention, by delegations are also agricultural, while erecting a composed largely of his appointees, holdcustom-house barrier of prohibitive tariff ing office at his pleasure, is a scandalous taxes against the rich and the countries satire upon free popular institutions and of the world that stand ready to take a startling illustration of the methods by our entire surplus of products and to ex which a President may gratify his ambichange therefor commodities which are tion. We denounce a policy under which necessaries and comforts of life among
Federal office-holders usurp control of our people.
party conventions in the States, and we TRUSTS.-"We recognize in the trusts
pledge the Democratic party, to the reand combinations which are designed to
form of these and all other abuses which enable capital to secure more than its
threaten individual liberty and local selfjust share of the joint product of capital
government. and labor a natural consequence of the
FOREIGN POLICY.-"The Democratic prohibitive taxes which prevent the free
party is the only party that has ever competition which is the life of honest
given the country a foreign policy contrade, but we believe their worst evils
sistent and vigorous, compelling respect can be abated by law, and we demand
abroad and inspiring confidence at home. the rigid enforcement of the laws made
While avoiding entangling alliances, it has to prevent and control them, together aimed to cultivate friendly relations with with such further legislation in restraint
other nations, and especially with our of their abuses as experience may show
neighbors on the American continent, to be necessary.
whose destiny is closely linked with our PUBLIC LANDS. -" The Republican
own, and we view with alarm the tenparty, while professing a policy of resery
dency to a policy of irritation and bluster ing the public land for small holdings by
which is liable at any time to confront actual settlers, has given away the peo
us with the alternative of humiliation or
war. We favor the maintenance of a ple's heritage, till now a few railroads and non-resident aliens, individual and
navy strong enough for all purposes of corporate, possess a larger area than that
National defence, and to properly mainof all our farms between the two seas.
tain the honor and dignity of the country
abroad. The last Democratic Administration re
FOREIGN OPPRESSION.-"This counversed the improvident and unwise policy
try has always been the refuge of opof the Republican party touching the public domain, and reclaimed from cor
pre sed from every land-exiles for con
science sake--and in the spirit of the porations and syndicates, abroad and domestic, and restored to the people nearly
founders of our Government we condemn one hundred million acres of valuable
the oppression practised by the Russian land to be sacredly held as homesteads
Government upon its Lutheran and Jew. for our citizens, and we pledge ourselves
ish subjects, and we call upon our Nato continue this policy until every acre of
tional Government in the interests of
justice and humanity, by all just and land so unlawfully held shall be reclaimed and restored to the people.
proper means to use its prompt and best
effort to bring about a cessation of these SILVER.--"We denounce the Republi- cruel persecutions in the dominions of can legislation known as the Sherman the Czar, and to secure to the oppressed act of 1890 as a cowardly makeshift,
equal rights. We tender our profound fraught with possibilities of danger in and earnest sympathy to those lovers of the future, which should make all of its freedom who are struggling for home rule supporters, as well as its author, anxious
and the great cause of local self-governfor its speedy repeal. We hold to the use ment in Ireland. of both gold and silver as the standard IMMIGRATION.-"We heartily approve money of the country, and to the coinage all legitimate efforts to rrevent the United of both gold and silver, without discrim States from being used as a dumping inating against either metal or charge for ground for the known criminals and promintage, but the dollar unit of coinage of fessional paupers of Europe, and we deboth metals must be of equal intrinsic mand the rigid enforcement of the laws and exchangeable value or be adjusted against Chinese immigration or the imthrough international agreement, or by portation of foreign workmen under consuch safeguards of legislation as shall in tract to degrade American labor and legsure the maintenance of the parity of the sen its wages, but we condemn and detwo metals and the equal power of every nounce any and all attempts to restrict dollar at all times in the markets and in the immigration of the industrious and payments of debts and we demand that worthy of foreign lands. all paper currency shall be kept at par PENSIONS.- This convention hereby with and redeemable in such coin. We renews the expression of appreciation of insist upon this policy as especially neces the patriotism of the soldiers and sailors sary for the protection of the farmers and of the Union in the war for its preservalaboring classes, the first and most de tion, and we favor just and liberal penfenceless victims of unstable money and sions for all disabled Union soldiers, their a fluctuating currency.
widows and dependents, but we demand BANKING.-"We recommend that the that the work of the Pension Once shall prohlbitory 10 per cent tax on State bank be done industriously, impartially and issues be repealed.
honestly. We denounce the present ad
ministration of that office as incompetent, the Republican party, particularly the Recorrupt, disgraceful and dishonest.
publican Senate, for causing the defeat of WATERWAYS.--"The Federal Govern measures beneficial and protective to this ment should care for and improve the class of wage-workers. We are in favor Mississippi River and other great water of the enactment by the States of laws ways of the Republic so as to secure for for abolishing the notorious sweating systhe interior States easy and cheap trans tem, for abolishing contract convict labor portation to the tidewater. When any and for prohibiting the employment in waterway of the public is of sufficient factories of children under fifteen years importance to demand the aid of the Goy
of age. ernment-that such aid should be extend
MISCELLANEOUS.-"We are opposed ed, a definite plan of continuous work,
to all sumptuary law as an interference until permanent improvement is secured.
with the individual rights of the NICARAGUA CANAL.-"For purposes citizen. Upon this statement of principles of National defence, the promotion of and policies the Democratic party asks commerce between the States, we recog the intelligent judgment of the American nize the early construction of the Nic people. It asks a change of administraaragua Canal and its protection against tion and a change of party, in order that foreign control as of great importance to there might be a change of system and a the United States.
change of methods, thus assuring the WORLD'S FAIR. - "Recognizing the
maintenance unimpaired of institutions World's Columbian Exposition as a Na under which the Republic has grown tional undertaking of vast importance, in great and powerful." which the General Government has invited the co-operation of all the powers
The Platform, as reported from the of the world, and appreciating the ac
Committee on Resolutions, contained this ceptance by many of such powers of the
declaration, as the first paragraph of Secinvitation so extended, and the broadest
tion 3, with the heading "Revenue Tar
iffs": liberal efforts being made by them to contribute to the grandeur of the under
"We reiterate the oft-repeated doctrines taking, we are of the opinion that Con
of the Democratic party that the necessity gress should make such necessary finan
of the Government is the only justificacial provisions as shall be requisite
tion for taxation, and whenever a tax is to the maintenance of the National honor unnecessary it is unjustifiable; that when and public faith.
custom-house taxation is levied upon artiPUBLIC SCHOOLS.--"Popular educa
cles of any kind produced in this country, tion being the only safe basis of popular
the difference between the cost of labor suffrage, we recommend to the several
here and labor abroad, when such a difStates most liberal appropriations for the
ference exists, fully measures any possible public schools. Free common schools are
benefits to labor, and the enormous addithe nursery of good government, and they
tional impositions of the existing tariff have always received the fostering care
fall with crushing force upon our farmers of the Democratic party, which favors
and workingmen, and for the mere adevery means of increasing intelligence.
vantage of the few whom it enriches, exFreedom of education, being an essential
act from labor a grossly unjust share of of civil and religious liberty as well as a
the expenses of the Government, and we necessity for the development of intelli
demand such a revision of the tariff laws gence, must not be interfered with under as will remove their iniquitous inequaliany pretext whatever. We are opposed
ties, lighten their oppressions and put to State interference with parental rights them on a constitutional and equitable and rights of conscience in the education
basis. But in making reduction in taxes of children as an infringement of a it is not proposed to injure any domestic fundamental Democratic doctrine that the industries, but rather to promote their largest individual liberty consistent with healthy growth. From the foundation of the rights of others insures the highest this Government taxes collected at the type of American citizenship and the best Custom House have been the chief source government.
of Federal revenue. Such they must conTERRITORIES.--"We approve the ac
tinue to be. Moreover, many industries tion of the present House of Representa
have come to rely upon legislation for tives in passing bills for the admission
successful continuance, so that any change into the Union as States of the Territories
of law must be at every step regardful of of New Mexico and Arizona, and we favor
the labor and capital thus involved. The the early admission of all the Territories process of reform must be subject in the having necessary population and resources
execution of this plain dictate of justice." to admit them to Statehood, and while
On motion of Lawrence T. Neal, of they remain Territories we hold that the Ohio, the above paragraph was struck officials appointed to administer the Gov from the Platform and the following subernment of any Territory, together with
stituted: the District of Columbia and Alaska, "We denounce Republican Protection as should be bona fide residents of the Terri a fraud, a robbery on the great majority tory or district in which their duties are of the American people for the benefit of to be performed. The Democratic party the few. We declare it to be a fundabelieve in home rule and the control of mental principle of the Democratic party their own affairs by the people of the that the Federal Government has no convicinage.
stitutional power to impose and to collect LABOR.-"We favor legislation by Con tariff duties, except for the purpose of gress and State Legislatures to protect the revenue only, and we demand that the lives and limbs of railway employes and collection of such taxes shall be limited those of other hazardous transportation to the necessities of the Government when companies, and denounce the inactivity of I honestly and economically administered."