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hardt, St. Louis, Mo.; Judge-Advocate General, Jacob Shively. Anderson, Ohio; Quartermaster-General, Magnus Tait, Los Gatos, Cal.; National Chief of Staft, L. J. Allen, St. Charles, Mich.; National Adjutant-General, John F. Hoffman, Wison, Ohio.
810 members. Originally instituted in California in October, 1875, and organized July 4, 1876. The several State Societies organized a National Society April 30, 1889. Officers of National Society: President-general, General Horace Porter, New-York; vice-president-general, General J. C. Breckinridge, U. S. A., Washington; Colonel Thomas M. Anderson, U. S.A., Vancouver Barracks, Washington; Cushman K, Davis of Minnesota; John Whitehead, of New Jersey, and Edwin S. Barrett, of Boston; secretary-general, Franklin Murphy, Newark, N. J.; treasurer-general, C. W. Haskins, No. 2 Nassau-st. New-York; registrar-general, A. Howard Clark, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.
historian-general, Henry Hall, New-York; chaplain-general, Right Rev. Charles E. Cheney, Chicago. Annual election of officers, April 30.
SONS OF THE REVOLUTION. This society, formed to perpetuate the memory and principles of the men of the American Revolution, has branches in the following States: Alabama, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Hampshire, New-Jersey, NewYork, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia; also District of Columbia. Total membership, annual meeting, 1895, 4,318. New-York has 1,599, Pennsylvania 889, the other societies 1,830. The New-York Soclety, the first of this organization, organized December 4, 1883, in New York City. The General (National) Society was formed April 19, 1890. The Sons of the Revolution are descendants of the active men of the Revolution, although collateral descendants are admitted to membership. General officers: President, John Lee Carroll, Ellicott City, Md.; vice-presidents, G. D. W. Vroom, Trenton, N. J., and John Screven, Savannah, Ga., secretary, James M. Montgomery, No. 146 Broadway, NewYork City; assistant secretary, William H. Harris, Baltimore,
treasurer, Richard McC. Cadwalader, Philadelphia; assistant treasurer, Stephen Salisbury, Worcester, Mass.; chaplain, Rev. Morgan Dix, D.D., New-York City; registrar, John W. Jordan, Philadelphia; historian, T. B. M. Mason, U. S. N., Washington, D. C.
NAVAL ORDER OF THE UNITED
STATES. Instituted July 4, 1891, at Boston, Mass.. under the title of the "Naval Legion of the United States." On June 19, 1883, the name was changed to the Naval Order of the United States, and a general commandery established, to which the State commanderies became subordinates. Othcers: General commander, Lieutenant John C. Soley, U. S. N., Boston; vice-general commanders, Rear-Admirals John L. Worden and Francis A. Roe, and Commander Henry C. Taylor, U. S. N.; general recorder, Lieutenant-Commander F. W. Nichols, U. S. N.; general treasurer, Dr. Thomas A. De Blois; general registrar, Charles C. Philbrook; general historian, Lieutenant-Commander T. B. M. Mason, U. S. N.; general chaplain, Rev, Minot J. Savage. There are five State commanderies, Massachusetts being the oldest.
The membership consists of two classes. 1. Officers, sailors or marines in actual service in the United States Navy. Marine Corps, Revenue or Privateer services during the wars, or in face of the enemy in any engagement in which the Navy of the United States has participated, and who resigned or were discharged with honor, or who are still in the service. 2. Male lineal descendants of officers, sailors or marines in actual service in the Navy, Marine Corps, Revenue Privateer services under the authority of any of the thirteen original Colonies or States, or of the Continental Congress during the war of the Revolution, or ot the United States during the war with France, the war with Tripoli, the War of 1812, the war with Mexico, the Civil War, or in face of the enemy in any engagement in which the navy of the United States has participated, and who resigned or were discharged with honor, or who are still in the service.
COMRADES OF THE BATTLE
FIELD. Organized Aug. 5, 1891, its object being the preservation of individual records of service in action and to collect and preserve for future ages the true history of the War of the Rebellion as made by the soldiers and sailors under the fire of the enemy. Any one who was actually under fire of the enemy, or who was wounded or taken prisoner in action during the war, is eligible to membership. The officers of the order are: General Commanding, George E. Dolton, St. Louis, Mo.; Lieutenant-General, George L. Camp, Burton, Wash.; Register-General, Victor Geb
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF
NAVAL VETERANS. Organized 1887. Rear-Admiral commanding, Samuel Alman, New York City: commodore, E. C. Farquhar, Zanesville, Ohio; captain, Geo. Fritschner, Louisville; commander, W. J. Ferguson, Philadelphia; lieutenant-commander, E. D. Bliss, Brooklyn, N. Y.; senior lieutenant, D. Bungay, Rockford, Il.;
et surgeon, Thos. G. Herron, Cincinnati; fleet paymaster, E. F. Dustin, Providence; fleet engineer, Geo. L. Seavey, Chicago; chaplain, Rev. A. S. McWilliams, Detroit: National secretary, George W. Bostwick, No. 104 Baltic-st., Brooklyn; judge advocate, Charles J. Cowley, Lowell, Mass. Membership comprises thirty-six States and local naval veteran associations. The total membership is over 12,000. The association is organized much upon the lines of the Grand Army of the Republic.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION General, s. Swartwout, Stamford, Conn.; OF COLUMBIAN DAUGHTERS
Registrar-General, G. N. Mackenzie, Bal
timore; Historian-General, Dr. F. E. AbOF AMERICA.
bot, Cambridge, Mass.; Chaplain-General, Incorporated June 11, 1892. Objects: Rev. C. Ellis Stevens, LL. D., D. C. L.; The protection and education of the Surgeon-General, Dr. s. C. Chew; Chancelyoung above the age of fourteen years lor-General, T. F. Bayard. A deputy (who have talent, but no means), to de- governor-general is appointed from each velop them in art, science, literature and State society. music; also for the advancement of social purity. Officers: Governor-general, Mrs.
LOYAL WOMEN OF AMERICAN Stephen A. Webster, New-York; presidentGeneral, Mrs. John Quincy Adams, New
LIBERTY. York; vice-presidents, Miss M. Louise An organization of Christian women Jennings, Mrs. J. A. Brugger, Mrs. Fanny having for their special work the exercise Miller; organizing directors, Mrs. Harriet of their influence, by lectures and otherB. Benedict and Mrs. Louisa C. South-wise, as opportunity offers, toward urging worth, Cleveland, Ohio; Mrs. Ellen H. legislation to a limitation of immigration, Wallworth and Mrs. Fanny B. Ward, the absolute separation of Church and Washington, D. 0.; Miss Beatrice R, E.
State in all matters pertaining to taxaWebster, No. 26 Beekman Place, New tion and education, compulsory education York, secretary.
and retention of the Bible in public
schools. The motto of the order is For UNITED STATES DAUGHTERS. God and American Liberty." Any woman
who will promise to work for the increase 1776-1812-1892.
of God's Kingdom and for the furtherance Incorporated January 8, 1892. Annual
of American liberties may become a memmeeting hetd January 9 of each year. Ob- ber; and persons of either sex, eligible by jects: To perpetuate the memory of those the conditions noted above, may becoine who in military, naval, or civil service, by honorary members. The National headtheir acts or counsel, aided to achieve quarters are 171 Tremont-st., Boston, and American Independence; to assist in the
the officers are as follows: President, proper celebration of anniversaries con Mrs. I. C. Manchester, Providence, R. I.; nected with the wars of 1776 and 1812; to vice-presidents, Mrs. Mary Ann Liversecure and preserve manuscripts, records, more, Melrose, Mass.: Mrs. Sarah A. etc., relating to those wars, and to in Howes, Lewiston, Me.; Mrs. Hulda L spire patriotism and promote social inter Loomis, Springfield, Mass.; Mrs. H. E. course among the members. Officers: Bolles, Hartford, Conn.; secreary, Mrs. President-general, Mrs. Stephen A. Web H. E. Carleton, Cambridge, Mass.; treasster; vice-president-general, Mrs. De Vol urer, Mrs. A. L. Pratt, Boston. There is a ney Everett; secretary-general, Mrs. membership of about 5,000. Next convenGeorge A. Ludin; treasurer-general, Mrs. tion, Boston, June 11, 1896. William Hudson; historian, Mrs. Le Roy s. Smith. Headquarters, No. 26 Beekman DAUGHTERS OF REVOLUTION. Place, New-York City.
Organized September 9, 1891. Is National in its character, and comprises all
the State societies and chapters. HeadSOCIETY OF COLONIAL WARS.
quarters, 64 Madison-ave., New-York Instituted in 1892 to “perpetuate the city. Officers of National Society: memory of these events and of the men President-general, Mrs. Edward P. Steers; who, in military, naval and civil positions vice-president-general, Mrs. Louise F. of high trust and responsibility, by their Rowe; treasurer-general, Miss Lucretia acts or counsel assisted in the establish V. Steers; registrar-general, Mrs. Mary C. ment, defence, and preservation of the Martin-Casey; secretary-general, Mrs. American Colonies, and were in truth F. Adelaide Ingraham; librarian, Mrs. the founders of this Nation." Eligibility Louise S. Davis; chaplain-general, Rev. is confined to an adult male descendant George R. Van De Water, D. D. Next of an ancestor who fought in battle un annual meeting, January 6, 1896. der Colonial authority, from the settlement of Jamestown, Va., in 1607, to the DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERIbattle of Lexington, in 1775, or who served as Governor, Deputy-Governor,
CAN REVOLUTION. Lieutenant-Governor, Member of the Organized at Washington October 11, Council, oras a military, naval, or 1890. President-general, Mrs. John W. marine officer in the service of the Foster, of Indiana; vice-president-general Colonies, or under the banner of Great in charge of organization of chapters, Britain, or was conspicuous in military, Mrs. Charles S. Johnson; ' treasurer-genofficial' or legislative life during that eral, Mrs. Amos G. Draper; recording secperiod. The New-York Society was the retary, Mrs. Robendeau Buchanan; correoriginal society, and there are State sponding secretary, Mrs. William E. societies in Connecticut, District of Co Earle, 1710 I-st., Washington, D. C.; surlumbia, Illinois, Maryland, Massachu-geon-general, Dr. Anita M. McGee; histosetts, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hamp- rian-general, Mrs. Henry Gannett; assistshire, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, ant historian, Mrs. F. W. Dickins, WashVermont and Virginia.
ington; chaplain-general, Mrs. Harry Officers-Governor-General, Frederic J. de Heth. The above officers, with 20 vicePeyster; Secretary-General, Howard Pell, presidents-general and 40 State Regents, 4 Warren-st., New-York City; Treasurer constitute the National Board.
The objects of the society are: To per men, $1,809.09; Michigan, 187 men, $1.700. petuate the memory and the spirit of the Georgia, 52 men, $472. 73. Total enlisted men and women who achieved American force of petty officers and men, 2.00 Independence, by the acquisition and pro Total allotment, $24,500; $500 is reserved tection of historical spots and the erec for the purchase of books. New Jersey tion of monuments; by the encourage has only recently organized. Divisions are ment of historical research in relation to being formed in New Orleans, in Obi the Revolution, and the publication of and in Annapolis, Md. The battalion at its results; by the preservation of decu Chicago was disbanded, but has reorments and relics and of the records ganized as a civil organization. It will be of the individual services of soldiers and seen that this Naval Militia movement patriots of the Revolution, and by the has grown out of an attempt to establish promotion of celebrations of all patrioti a Natid Naval Reserve. All requests anniversaries. Any woman of good, moral for information concerning the Naval Mcharacter, 18 years of age, and who is litia of any State should be addressed to the lineal descendant of a man or woman the adjutant-general of that State. who rendered material aid to the cause of independence, is eligible. The
annual meeting is held at Washington on Feb
CONFEDERATE VETERAN ruary 22 of each year.
is one in Chicago and several throughout NAVAL MILITIA OF STATES.
the South. In the South there are many
monuments to Confederate soldiers, but In 1887 Senator Whitthorne introduced a bill in Congress "to create a Naval Re-only one stands north of Mason and Dix.
on's line, and that is in Chicago. Recently serve of auxiliary cruisers, officers and
steps were taken to secure a burial plase men from the mercantile marine of the United States." The measure did not pass,
for the members of the New York Camp
and their families, and the Mount Hope but in the following year Mr. Whitthorne introduced a naval militia measure formu
Cemetery Association made a gift of a
plot containing 3,000 square feet, lated by the Navy Department. This bill
Charles Broadway Rouss gave $5,000 for did not become a law, but it was enacted by several State Legislatures as a purely
a monument to be put up on the plot. The
monument is simple and symmetrical, with State measure (notably Massachusetts and New-York), and organizations were
a pedestal 9 feet high and an obelisk 47 formed in those States under it. It was
feet high, the whole weighing 106 tons.
It will be dedicated on Memorial Day. not until March 2, 1891, that Congress, at
1896. The New-York Camp was organized the urgent request of Secretary Tracy, appropriated $25,000 to arm and equip the
in 1890, and was the first one organized
in the North. Its object is to perpetuate naval militia. Since then this sum has been
the memories of dead comrades; to minannually appropriated. The act of July
ister to the wants of needy and worthy 26, 1894, recommended by Secretary Her
Confederate veterans, their widows and bert, provided for the purchase of books, in addition to arms and equipment,
and orphans; to extend to their late adversa
ries in arms courtesies which characteron Aug. 3, 1894, an act was passed au
ize intercourse between soldiers and sigthorizing and empowering the Secretary
nity a common citizenship, etc. The headof the Navy to loan unserviceable naval
quarters of the camp are at the St. James vessels to the naval militia organizations Hotel. Its officers are: Commander, A. G. for inshore armories for purposes of in Dickinson; lieutenant-commander, c. E struction and drill, Under this act the Thoburn; paymaster, Edward Owen, adjuNew Hampshire is loaned to New York,
tant, Thomas L. Moore; medical director, the Minnesota to Massachusetts, the Wy Dr. J. Harris Dew; chaplain, Rev. Dr. O. andotte to Connecticut, the Portsmouth
A. Glazebrook. and Ajax to New Jersey, the St. Louis to Pennsylvania, the Dale to Maryland, and the Nantucket to North Carolina. The an
CHAUTAUQUA. nual appropriation is not distributed di
Headquarters, 87 West Genesee-st., Butrectly to the States, but is expended un-falo, N. Y. der the Bureau of Ordnance on requisi
Lewis Miller, president, Akron, Ohio: tions by the Governors of the States, ap W. A. Duncan, secretary, Syracuse; E. A. proved by the Navy Department. All
Skinner, treasurer, Westfield, N. Y.; matters relating to the Naval Militia come
John H. Vincent, chancellor; William R. under the cognizance of the Assistant
Harper, principal; George F.
Vincent, Secretary of the Navy. The apportion vice-chancellor; chief officer of instrucment of the appropriation is made on the tion, Rev. Dr. John H. Vincent, Buffalo, basis of the number of uniformed petty N. Y.; Jesse L Hurlbut, general superofficers and men in each organization. intendent; Kate F. Kimball, executive Under regulations approved March 6, 1895, secretary the appropriation for 1894 was appor The Chautauqua plan of summer edutioned as follows: New-Jersey, 216 men, cation was started in 1874. The institu$1,963.64; California, 313 men, $2,845,45; tion was organized by Lewis Miller, of North Carolina, 255 men, $2,318.18; Penn Akron, Ohio, and the Rev. Dr. John H. sylvania, 167 men, $1,518.18; South Caro Vincent, now a Bishop of the Methodist lina, 165 men, $1,500; Massachusetts, 409 Episcopal Church. In August, 1873, Mr. men, $3,718.18; Connecticut, 71
Miller and his associate selected a site $645.46; Maryland, 174 men, $1,581.82; for a summer Assembly at Fair Point, on Rhode Island, 100 men, $909.09; New the west side of Chautauqua Lake, York, 387 men,
$3,518.18; Ilinois, 1991 Chautauqua Co., N. Y., where the village
of Chautauqua now stands. • The first Assembly was called for the discussion of religious and secular topics and opened on the first Tuesday in August, 1874. It lasted three weeks. Since then an Assembly has been held regularly every year. That of 1895 opened on June 30 and closed on August 26. About 35,000 persons visited the Assembly between those dates.
Besides the platform lectures and entertainments, the Chautauqua managers employ several other methods for placing education within the reach of the people.
The C. L. S. C. comprises a system of home reading circles, the members of which pursue courses of reading laid out by the officers in books and magazine articles approved by the Board of Counsellors. Anybody can join it, and at any time, by sending his name to Miss K. F.
Kimball, Buffalo, N. Y., with a 50-cent fee. In return he will receive a membership book, telling him what books to read and how to read them, and containing examination papers, by which, at stated periods, his proficiency may be ascertained. Two or more members form a local circle. The course covers four years, requiring an average of forty minutes' reading а day during ten months of each year. All the classes, though in different periods of their course, study the same subjects simultaneously. No reader is pledged to continue the work for the four years. Special courses are provided for graduates wishing to continue their readings. The Order of the White Seal, League of the Round Table and other associations are formed of those who have passed ex. aminations in the special courses.
CHAUTAUQUA ASSEMBLIES IN THE UNITED STATES.
.....C. P. Williamson, Atlanta, Ga. Bay View, Petoskey, Mich.John M. Hall, Flint, Mich. Beatrice, Neb.
.....Dr. W. A. Davidson, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio.
...A. A. Line, Carlisle, Penn.
.J. Melvin Richards, Bethesda, Ohio.
Neb. Rev. W. Scott, 216 420 Place, Chicago, Ill. New-England Assem., Framingham, Mass.
..Dr. Hurlbut, 150 5th-ave., New-York City.
.... Rev. E. W. Porter, Peabody, Mass. Ocmulgee, Hawkinsvile, Ga.N. E. Ware, Hawkinsville, Ga. Ottawa, Kan....
Rev. D. C. Milner, Ottawa, Kan.
W. W. Ulerich, Latrobe, Penn.
.Mrs. M. H. Williams, Shreveport, La.
Harrisonburg, Va....... A. P. Funkhouser, Harrisburg, Va.
Point, Ore. .......G. F. Billings, Ashland, Oregon.
.. Rev. H. C. Jennings, Marshall, Minn. Waterloo, Iowa.
..F. J. Sessions, Waterloo, Iowa. Willamette Valley, Ore....Mrs. C. H. Dye, Oregon City, Oregon. Winfield, Kan.... ........A, H. Limerick, Winfield, Kan.
HISTORICAL SOCIETIES. Alabama-Alabama, Tuscaloosa.
mismatic Soc.. Boston Memorial Assn., Alaska-Alaska, Sitka.
Colonial of Mass.; Boston Memorial Soc. Arkansas-Arkansas, Little Rock,
Military, Bostonian Soc., Old South, Nes California--Southern Cal., Los Angeles; England Meth, and Bedford, Boston; Soc. of Cal. Pioneers, San Francisco; Universalist, College Hill; Dedham; Po Cal., San Francisco.
cumtuck Valley Memorial Assn., DeerColorado-State, Denver.
field; Dorchester, and Dorchester Hist. Connecticut-Conn., Hartford; New
and Antiq. Soc., Dorchester; Lexington: Haven Colony, New Haven; New-London
Old Residents', Lowell; Pilgrim Soc., PlyCounty, New-London: Tolland Co., Tol mouth; Antiquarian Soc., Rehoboth; Esland; Saugatuck, Westport; Fairfield Co.,
sex Inst., Salem, Old Colony, Taunton, Bridgeport.
Weymouth; Rumford, Woburn; American Delaware-Del., Wilmington.
Antiquarian and Soc. of Antiquity, Wor D. C.-American Hist. Assn.; Colum
cester; Watertown; Danvers; Berkshire bian; Am. Jewish Hist. Soc.; Philosophi Hist. Scient. Soc., Pittsfield; Ipswich: cal and Hist. Soc., Washington.
Manchester; Hyde Park; Conn. Valley, Florida-Florida, St. Augustine.
Springfield; Winchester; Concord Anti
and Nat. Georgia-Macon Public
quarian; Framingham Hist. Library and
Hist.; Canton; Cape Ann. Gloucester; Hist. Assn., Macon; Georgia, Savannah.
Cape Cod, Westboro; Backus, Newton Illinois-Chicago. Chicago; Joliet, Joliet; Centre; Beverly; Old Newbury, NewburyIll. State, Springfield.
port. Indiana-Indiana, Indianapolis: County Michigan-Mich. State Pioneer, Pioneer of Vigo, Terre Haute; Vincennes Hist. and Soc. of the State of Mich., Lansing: Antiquarian Soc., Vincennes; Madison Co., Muskegon Co. Pioneer, Muskegon: Wayne Anderson; Borden Institute, New-Provi- | Co. Pioneer, Pioneer, Detroit: Houghton dence.
Co., Houghton; Oakland Co. Pioneer, Iowa—Iowa State, Iowa City; Masonic, Birmingham. Cedar Rapids; Aldrich Hist. Collection of Minnesota-Minnesota, St. Paul. the State Library, Des Moines: Muscatine Mississippi-Mississippi, Jackson; Univ. Academy of Science and History, Musca of Miss., Lafayette Co. tine.
Missouri -Missouri, St. Louis. Kansas-Kan. State, Topeka; Labette Montana-Helena Co., Oswego; Marshall Co. Pioneer Assn., Nebraska-Neb. State, and Neb. Univ. Marysville; oid Settlers' Assn. of Clay, Hist. Assn., Lincoln. Riley and Washington counties, Clay Cen New Hampshire New Hampshire, Contre.
cord; N. H. Antiq. Soc., Contocouk; Kentucky-Kentucky, Frankfort; Hist. Nashua, Nashua. and Scient. Soc., Maysville; Hist. and New Jersey--New-Jersey, Newark: Ner. Scient. Soc. of Mason Co.; Hist. Assn. Brunswick Hist, Club, New-Brunswick: of Filson Club, Louisville.
New-England Soc., Orange: Passaic , Louisiana-Louisiana, Baton Rouge. Paterson; Salem Co., Salem: Vineland,
Maine-Bangor, Bangor; Maine, Gorges Vineland; Hunterdon Co., Flemington: Soc., Maine Genealogical Soc., and Maine Somerset Co., Somerville; Burlington Ca Genealogical and Biographical Soc., Port-Lyceum of History, Burlington, land; Sagadahoe, Bath; York Institute, New Mexico-Hist. Soc. of N. M., Santa Saco; Pejepscot. Brunswick.
Fe. Maryland--Maryland, Johns Hopkins New-York-American Archaeological Univ. Hist. Seminary and Soc. for the Council, Am. Ethnological, Am. History of the Germans in Md.,, Balti- graphical, Am. Numismatic and more; Anne Arundel, Annapolis; Harford chaeological, Am. Philological, Co., Belair.
logical and Biographical, New England. Massachusetts - American Congrega-New-York, Huguenot Soo. of America tional Assn., Massachusetts, Archaeo Holland Soc., U. S. Catholic, New-York logical Inst. of America, New-England Acad. of Anthropology, New York City; Historic-Genealogical Soc., Boston Nu Historical and Forestry Soc., Nyack; 0p