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Sackett, Meadville, Penn.; Supreme Re is the first Monday in each month, and ceiver, John J. Acker, Albany, N, Y.; Su its motto, “Freedom Our Rock." preme Guide, John Milne, Essex Centre, Ont.; Supreme Watchman, W. H. Foulk, Delaware; Supreme Medical Examiner,
HOLSTEIN-FRIESIAN ASSOCIA. Dr. William C. Richardson, St. Louis,
The Holstein-Friesian Association of
America is composed of men who are inCity, N. J.; R. B. Farren, Massachusetts.
terested in the breeding of fine cattle and The society was formed on October 27, 1868, its objects being philanthropic, edu
the production of superior dairy butter
and milk. The membership numbers cational and the providing of a mortuary about 500, and is spread all over the benefit of $2,000. The total membership
Union. Its officers are: President-D. F. July 1, 1894, was 343,424, with 33 grand lodges. The Supreme Lodge meets on the
Wilbur, Otsego, N. Y.; vice-presidents,
S. Burchard, New-York; M. R. Seeley, second Tuesday of June, 1896, at Buffalo,
Michigan, J. M. Biddell, Iowa; J. M. GiN. Y.
lette, Wisconsin; treasurer, W. Brown The membership of the order in the various States on July 1, 1895, was as
Smith, Syracuse, N. Y.; secretary, F. L follows: Pennsylvania, 14,305; Ohio,
Houghton, Brattleboro, Vt. There is also
a board of directors. Next annual meet4,820; Kentucky, 2,149; Indiana, 5,993; Iowa, 8,896; New-York, 28,283; Illinois,
ing, Buffalo, third Thursday in March,
1896. 17,169; Missouri, 24,574; Minnesota, 14,152; Wisconsin, 6,719; Tennessee, 1,805: Michigan, 21,413; California, 15,685;
SONS OF VETERANS. Georgia, Alabama, etc., 2,013; Kansas, Commander-in-chief, W. H. Russell, LA 26,658; Ontario, 26,588; Oregon, 6,894: Crosse, Kan.; senior vice-commander, ElMassachusetts, 43, 223; Maryland, 3,486; wood r. Carr, Radnor, Pa.; junior viceTexas, 4,139; Nevada, 1,083; Nebraska, commander, W. R. Cooper, Knoxville, 18,580; the Dakotas, 9,488; Montana, Tenn.; adjutant-general, H. V. Speelman, 4,773; Washington, 4,925; New Jersey, La Crosse, Kan.; quartermaster-general, 5,192; British Columbia, 672; Manitoba R. Lobenstein, Chicago; inspector-general, and Northwestern Territories, 2,076;
F. C. Stillson, Battle Creek, Mich.; judgeUtah, Wyoming and Idaho, :3,093; Colo-advocate-general, B. R. Oglesby, Indianrado, New Mexico and Arizona, 7,458; apolis, Ind. ; surgeon-general, Dr. Dan s. Delaware, 2,820; Quebec and Maritime Gardner, Massillon, Ohio; chaplain-inProvinces, 2,211; West Virginia, 2, 105: chief, Rev. F. B. Cole, Providence, R. I; individuals, S. L. B. J., 4. Total, 343,424. council-in-chief, D. F. Goulding, Somer
ville, Mass.; R. M. Buckley. Louisville,
Ky., and H. v. Speelman. The headquar. ORDER OF ELKS.
ters of the commander-in-chief, First NaThe Benevolent and Protective Order of tional Bank Building, La Crosse, Kan. Elks of the United States of America is Organized in 1881. Comprises lineal de an organization whose objects are "Char scendants (over 18 years of age) of honor. ity and Sociability," and which has a ably discharged soldiers, sailors or matotal membership of 21.844, among 245 rines who served in the Civil War. There lodges. It was founded in 1871. The are 30 organized divisions in 44 States and principal officers are: Grand Exalted Territories and in Canada, 2,500 camps, Ruler, William G. Meyers, Philadelphia; and about 50.000 members. Each division Grand Secretary, Geo. A. Reynolds.
own corps of officers. The objects of this society are practically the
same as those of the Grand Army of the TAMMANY SOCIETY AND
THE WAR OF 1812.
Instituted January 3, 1826, by ex-reguSohmer, John H. Patrick, William Sulzer,
lar officers of that war, as a military soAugustus W. Peters, Thomas L. Feitner,
ciety, and incorporated by the veterans of George B. McClellan; Secretary. John B.
1812 on January 8, 1892. President, Rev. McGoldrick; treasurer, Peter F. Meyer; Morgan Dix, s. T. D., D. C. L.; vicesagamore, William H. Dobbs; wiskinkie, president, Asa Bird Gardiner, LL D.: see Daniel M. Donegan.
retary, Henry Chauncey, jr., 137 BroadTammany was a Delaware chieftain
way, New-York City: treasurer, Gouverwho lived for over 100 years, and in
neur Mather Smith, M. D. The annual Revolutionary days was popularly styled meeting is held on January 8 in every the patron saint of the Republic. His
year, in the Governor's Room, in the name was adopted by the Sons of Liberty,
New-York City Hall, which organized soon after the Revolution as an offset to the aristo- MILITARY AND NAVAL ORDER cratic Society of the Cincinnati. The society was established on May 12, 1789,
OF THE UNITED STATES. and incorporated in 1805, but soon be Organized January, 1895. Objects of the came a political instrument in the hands order are broad and patriotic, in no way of the Democratic managers. William sectional, but the requirements for eliMooney, its principal founder, was the gibility to membership are restricted to first Grand Sachem. Its date of meeting direct male lineal descendants of commis.
sloned officers who performed active serv mon danger we may be able to seek with ice in the War of the Revolution, the war unclouded vision a safe and reasonable with Tripoli, the War of 1812, or the protection. Mexican War, thus embracing all the *The real trouble which confronts us conwars of this country with a foreign en sists in a lack of confidence, widespread emy. Officers: Commander, David Banks; and constantly increasing, in the continuvice-commander, James H. Morgan; sec ing ability or disposition of the Governretary, Frank M. Avery; registrar, Georgement to pay its obligations in gold. This W. Olney: treasurer, Egbert L. Viele; lack of confidence grows to some extent chaplain, Rev. Dr. T. Stafford Browne. out of the palpable and apparent embar
rassment attending the efforts of the Gov
ernment under existing laws to procure U. S. BOND ISSUES.
gold, and to a greater extent out of the President Cleveland Asks Con- impossibility of either keeping it in the gress to Act,
Treasury or cancelling obligations by its The following is the text of the special expenditure after it is obtained. The only
way left to the Government for procuring message of President Cleveland on the
gold is by the issue and sale of its bonds. financial question, sent "to the Senate and
The only bonds that can be issued were House of Representatives" on January 28, authorized nearly twenty-five years ago, 1895:
and are not well calculated to meet our "In my last annual message I com
present needs. Among other disadvanmended to the serious consideration of the tages, they are made pavable in coin inCongress the consideration of our Na-stead of specifically in gold, which in extional finances, and in connection with the
isting conditions detracts largely and in subject indorsed the plan of currency an increasing ratio from their desirability legislation which at that time seemed to as investments. It is by no means cerfurnish protection against impending dan tain that bonds of this description can ger. This plan has not been approved by much longer be disposed of at a price the Congress. In the mean time the situa creditable to the financial character of tion has so changed and the emergency now our Government. The most dangerous and appears so threatening that I deem it my irritating feature of the situation, howduty to ask at the hands of the legislative ever, remains to be mentioned. It is branch of the Government such prompt found in the means by which the Treasury and effective action as will restore confi is despoiled of the gold thus obtained dence in our financial soundness and avert without cancelling a single Government business disaster and universal distress obligation, and solely for the benefit of among our people.
those who find profit in shipping it abroad, "Whatever may be the merits of the
or whose fears induce them to hoard it at plan outlined in my annual message as a home, We have outstanding about five remedy for ills then existing and as a hundred millions of currency notes of the safeguard against the depletion of the gold Government, for which gold may be dereserve then in the Treasury. I am now manded; and curiously enough the law reconvinced that its reception by the Con quires that when presented and in fact gress and our present advanced stage of redeemed and paid in gold they shall be financial perplexity necessitate additional reissued. Thus the game notes may do or different legislation. With natural re- duty_many times in drawing gold from sources unlimited in variety and product the Treasury; nor can the process be arive strength, and with a people whose rested as long as private parties for profit activity and enterprise seek only a fair or others see an advantage in repeating opportunity to achieve National success the operation. More than three hundred and greatness, our progress should not be millions of dollars in these notes have alchecked by a false financial policy and ready been redeemed in gold, and notheedless disregard of sound monetary withstanding such redemption they are laws, nor should the timidity and fear still outstanding, which they engender stand in the way of "Since the 17th of January, 1894, our our prosperity. It is hardly disputed that bonded interest-bearing debt has been inthis predicament confronts us to-day. creased $100,000,000 for the purpose of obTherefore, no one in any degree respon- taining gold to replenish our coin reserve. sible for the making and execution of our Two issues were made, amounting to fifty laws should fail to see a patriotic duty in millions each-one in January, and the honestly and sincerely attempting to re other in November. As a result of the lieve the situation. Manifestly this effort first issue, there was realized something will not succeed unless it is made un more than fifty-eight millions of dollars trammelled by the prejudice of partisan- in gold. Between that issue and the sucship, and with a steadfast determination ceeding one in November, comprising a to resist the temptation to accomplish period of about ten months, nearly one party advantage. We may well remember hundred and three millions of dollars in that if we are threatened with financial gold were drawn from the Treasury. This dificulties all our people, in every station made the second issue necessary,
and of life, are concerned, and surely those upon that more than $58,000,000 in gold who suffer will not receive the promotion was again realized. Between the date of of party interests as an excuse for per this second issue and the present time, mitting our present troubles to advance to covering a period of only about two a disastrous conclusion. It is also of the months, more than $60,000,000_of gold utmost importance that we approach the have been drawn from the Treasury: study of the problems presented as free These large sums of gold were expended as possible from the tyranny of precon without any cancellation of Government ceived opinions, to the end that in a com obligations, or in any permanent way ben
efiting our people or improving our pecun- | Treasury should be authorized to issue iary situation.
bonds of the Government for the purpose *The financial events of the last year of procuring and maintaining a sufficient suggest facts and conditions which should gold reserve and the redemption and cancertainly arrest attention. More than cellation of the United States legal-tender $122,000,000 in gold have been drawn out notes and the Treasury notes issued for of the Treasury during the year for the the purchase of silver under the law of purpose of shipment abroad or hoarding it July 14. We shoula be relieved from the at home. While nearly $103,000,000 of humiliating process of issuing bonds to this amount was drawn out during the procure gold, to be immediately and re first ten months of the year, a sum ag- peatedly drawn out on these obligations gregating more than two-thirds of that for purposes not related to the benefit of amount, being about $69,000,000, was our Government or our people. The prindrawn out, during the following two cipal and interest of these bonds should months, thus indicating a marked accel be payable on their face in gold, because eration of the depleting process with the they should be sold only for gold or its lapse of time. The obligations upon which representative, and because there would this gold has been drawn from the Treas now probably be difficulty in favorably ury are still outstanding and are disposing of bonds not containing the stipavailable for use in repaying the exhaust ulation. I suggest that the bonds be issued ing operation with shorter intervals as in denominations of $20 and $50 and their our perplexities accumulate. Conditions multiplies, and that they bear interest are certainly supervening tending to make at
rate not exceeding 3 per the bonds which may be issued to replen- per annum. I do
not see ish our gold less useful for that purpose. they should
be payable An adequate gold reserve is in all cir years
from their date. We
of cumstances absolutely essential to the up-present generation have large amounts to holding of our public credit and to the pay if we meet our obligations, and long maintenance of our high National char bonds are most salable. The Secretary of acter. I cannot see that the differences the Treasury might well be permitted at of opinion concerning the extent to which his iscretion to receive on he sale of silver ought to be coined or used in our bonds the legal tender and Treasury notes currency should interfere with the coun to be retired, and, of course, when they sels of those whose duty it is to rectify are thus retired or redeemed in gold they evils now apparent in our financial situa should be cancelled. These bonds, under tion. They have to consider the question existing laws, could be deposited by Naof National credit and the consequences tional banks as security for circulation, that will fall from its collapse. Whatever and such banks should be allowed to issue ideas may be insisted upon as to silver or circulation up to the face value of these bimetallism, a proper solution of the ques or any other bonds so deposited, except tion now pressing upon us only requires a bonds outstanding bearing only 2 per cent recognition of gold as well as silver, and interest, and which sell in the market at a concession of its importance, rightfully less than par. or wrongfully acquired, as a basis of Na **National banks should not be allowed tional credit, a necessity in the honorable to take out circulating notes of a less de discharge of our obligations payable in nomination than $10, and when such as are gold and a badge of solvency. I do not un now outstanding reach the Treasury, exderstand that the real friends of silver de cept for redemption and retirement, they sire a condition that might follow inac should be cancelled, and notes of the de tion or neglect to appreciate the meaning nomination of $10 and upward issued in of the present exigency if it should result their stead. Silver certificates of the doin the entire banishment of gold from nomination of $10 and upward should be our financial and currency arrangements. replaced by certificates of denominations
"Besides the Treasury notes, which cer under $10. As a constant means for the tainly should be paid in gold, amounting maintenance of a reasonable supply of to nearly $500,000,000, there will fall due gold in the Treasury, our duties on imin 1904 $100,000,000 in bonds issued during ports should be paid in gold, allowing all the last year, for which we have received other dues to the Government to be paid gold, and in 1907 nearly $600,000,000 of 4 in any other form of money. per cent bonds issued in 1877. Shall the "I believe all the provisions I have sugpayment of these obligations in gold be gested should be embodied in our laws, it repudiated? If they are to be paid in such we are to enjoy a complete reinstatement a manner as the preservation of our Na of a sound financial condition. They need tional honor and National solvency de not interfere with any currency scheme mands, we should not destroy, or even providing for the increase of the circulatimperil, our ability to supply ourselves ing medium through the agency of Nawith gold for that purpose.
While I am tional or State banks, since they can ensnot unfriendly to silver, and while I de ily be adjusted to such a scheme. Objecsire to see it recognized to such an extent tion has been made to the issuance of inas is consistent with financial safety and terest-bearing obligations for the purpose the preservation of National honor and of retiring the non-interest-bearing legalcredit, I am not willing to see gold en tender notes. In point of fact, however, tirely banished from our currency and these notes have burdened us with a large finances. To avert such a consequence, I load of interest, and it is still accumulatbelieve thorough and radical remedial leg ing. The aggregate interest on the origislation should be promptly passed. I inal issue or bonds, the proceeds of which therefore beg the Congress to give the in gold constituted the reserve for the subject immediate attention.
payment of these notes, amounted to $70,"In my opinion, the Secretary of the '326,250 on January 1, 1895, and the an
nual charge for interest on these bonds amount to something more than $100,000,and those issued for the same purpose 000. Such a premium is to be allowed to during the last year will be $9,145,000, the Government upon the bonds as to fix dating from January 1, 1895. While the the rate of interest upon the amount of cancellation of these notes would not re-gold realized at 3% per cent per annum. lieve us from the obligations already in At least one-half of the gold to be obcurred on their account, these figures are tained is to be supplied from abroad, given by way of suggesting that their ex which is a very important and favorable Istence has not been free from interest feature of the transaction The privilege charges, and that the longer they are out is especially reserved to the Government standing, judging from the experience of to substitute at par within ten days from the last year, the more expensive they will this date in lieu of the 4 per cent coin become.
bonds other bonds in terms payable in "In conclusion, I desire to frankly con gold and bearirg only 3 per cent interest, fess my reluctance to issuing more bonds if the issue of the same should in the in present circumstances and with no bet mean time be authorized by the Congress. ter results than have lately followed that "The arrangement thus completed, which course. I cannot, however, refrain from after careful inquiry appears in present adding to an insurance of my anxiety to circumstances and considering all the ob co-operate with the present Congress in jects desired to be the best attainable, deany reasonable measure of relief an ex-velops such a difference in the estimation pression of my determination to leave of investors between bonds made payable nothing undone which furnishes a hope in coin and those specifically made payfor improving the situation or checking a able in gold in favor of the latter as is suspicion of our disinclination or disabil- represented by % of 1 per cent in annual ity to meet with the strictest honor every interest. In the agreement just concluded National obligation."
the annual saving in interest to the GovUpon the reading of the above in the ernment if 3 per cent gold bonds should House of Representatives, a bill was in be substituted for 4 per cent. coin bonds troduced to authorize the Secretary of the under the privilege reserved would be Treasury to issue bonds to maintain a $539, 159, amounting in thirty years, or at sufficient gold reserve, and to carry into the maturity of the coin bonds, to $16,effect the recommendations of the Presi 174,770. Of course there should never be dent. Its subsequent defeat in the House any doubt in any quarter as to the redrew from the President the following demption in gold or the bonds of the Govmessage on February 8, which was ad ernment which are made payable in coin. dressed "To the Congress of the United Therefore the discrimination in the judgStates'':
ment of investors between our bond obil"Since my recent communication to the gations payable in coin and those specifiCongress calling attention to our financial cally made payable in gold is very sigcondition and suggesting legislation which nificant. It is hardly necessary to sugI deemed essential to our National wel gest that, whatever may be our views on fare and credit, the anxiety and appre- the subject, the sentiments or preferences hension then existing in business circles of those with whom we must negotiate in have continued. As a precaution, there- disposing of our bonds for gold are not fore, against the failure of timely legis- subject to our dictation. lative aid through Congressional action, "I have only to add that in my opinion cautious preparations have been pending the transaction herein detailed for the into employ to the best possible advantage, formation of the Congress promises better in default of better means, such Executive results than the efforts previously made authority as may, without additional legis in the direction of effectually adding to lation, be exercised for the purpose of re our gold reserve through the sale of inforcing and maintaining in our Treasury bonds; and I believe it will tend, as far an adequate and safe gold reserve. In the as such action can in present circumjudgment of those especially charged with stances, to meet the determination exthis responsibility, the business situation pressed in the law repealing the silveris so critical and the legislative situation purchasing clause of the Act of July 14, is so unpromising, with the omission thus 1890, and that, in the lauguage of such refar on the part of Congress to beneficially pealing act, the arrangement made will enlarge the powers of the Secretary of the aid our efforts to 'insure the maintenance Treasury in the premises, as to enjoin im of the parity in value of the coins of the mediate Executive action with the facili two metals and the equal power of every ties now at hand.
dollar at all times in the markets and in "Therefore, in pursuance of Section 3,700 the payment of debts." of the Revised Statutes, the details of the The parties abundantly able to fulfil arrangement have this day been concluded their undertaking'' mentioned in the meswith parties abundantly able to fulfil sage were those who formed what came their undertaking, whereby bonds of the to be known as the "Belmont-Morgan United States authorized under the Act Syndicate." of July 14, 1875, payable in coin, thirty The alternative clause in the President's years after their date, with interest at the message to substitute 3 per cent gold rate of 4 per cent per annum, to the bonds in place of the 4 per cent coin amount of a little less than $62,400,000 bonds was defeated in the House on Febare to be issued for the purchase of gold ruary 14 by a vote of 167 to 120. coin amounting to a sum slightly in ex In response to a resolution of the Sencess of $65,000,000, to be delivered to the ate on February 6, 1895, requiring a stateTreasury of the United States, which sum ment from the Secretary of the Treasury added to the gold now held in our reserve as to what kind of money or currency, will so restore such reserve as to make it and what amounts of each kind, were re
ceived in exchange for the United States lives lost, 750; total number of persons bonds issued and sold under the provisions succored. 12,013; total number of days of the Refunding Act of 1870, Secretary succor afforded, 31,353. Carlisle made this report: "Five per cent On June 30, '1895, there were 251 lifebonds, issue of 1881, $500,000,000: 442 per saving stations--184 being on the Atlanus cent 'bonds, issue of 1891, $185,000,000; 4 coast, 13 on the Pacific coast, 53 on the per cent consols, issue of 1907, $710,345,- lakes, and one at the Ohio Falls, Louis 000." The proceeds of these bonds, he says ville, Ky. The smallest loss of property in were paid into the Treasury in United any one year was in 1884, it amounting to States gold coin, gold certificates, called 13.62 per cent, against 14 per cent in the bonds, past-due coin coupons, and, in year 1894-'95. The smallest percentage of some instances, uncalled 5-20 bonds sub loss of life was in 1888, when it was one ject to call. The amounts respectively of out of every 232, while in the year 1894-35 bonds. coupons, certificates and coin re it was one in every 224. ceived cannot be stated from the records of the department, but the entire proceeds
NATIONAL GUARD. were equivalent to United States gold coin.
The following table shows the number An analysis of the vote on the Gold of officers and men comprising the Nation. Bond bill in the House shows that several al Guard of the States and Territories, the parties were divided as follows: Demo allotment to each State and Territory of crats-For the bill, 89; against, 94; ma the annual appropriation by the general jority against, 5. Republicans-For the Government, and the appropriations made bill, 31; against, 63; majority against, 32. by each State and Territory: Populists-Against the bill, 10; for the bill,
No. of none,
States, etc. The supplies of gold realized by two
ment. aton. bond sales in 1894, namely, $117,171,795 71, having been exhausted so that net gold in Alabama
3,0471 $9,489 $15,000 the Treasury was reduced January 31 to Arkansas
974 6,901 None. $44,705,967, and other large exports being Arizona
530 2,000 4, 710 ordered for the next day, $25,929,828 hay California
4,146 7,764 180.000 ing been exported in January, the Treas-Colorado
785 3,450 30,645 ury made on Friday, February 1, a con Connecticut 2,7401 5, 1761 tract with August Belmont & Co., and N. Delaware
2,588 3,000 M. Rothschild & Co. of London; J. P. Dist. of Col.
1,463 8,000 20.500 Morgan & Co. and J. S. Morgan & Co., of Florida
1,088 3,450 8,000 London, to furnish 3,500,000 ounces of *Georgia
4.301 11,214 20,000 gold, half from Europe, at $17.80441 per Idaho
535 2,587 ounce, Government accepting each ounce Indiana
12,939 45,000 at $18.60465, and paying in thirty-year 4 Iowa
11,214 45,000 per cent bonds, the syndicate agreeing by Kansas
1,815 8,626 31,000 its control of exchange to prevent with Kentucky
1, 469 11,214 10,000 drawals of gold until the termination of Louisiana
1,698 6.901 None. its contract. The effect was that some Maine
1,337 5,176 32.449 gold on shipboard was withdrawn and Maryland
1,885 6,901 45,000 other shipments stopped February 1, Massachusetts 5,3441 12,939 215,000 though the formal contract was not signed | Michigan
2,8751 12.077 73.286 until February 8, and the imports of $25, Mississippi
7,764 000,000 gold in five months ending with Minnesota
2,027 7,764 June prevented any withdrawals from the Missouri
2, 107 14,664 10,000 Treasury for export. For these five Montana
2,588 21.600 months commercial balances due abroad Nebraska
1,137 6,901 15,000 were neutralized by the sale of bonds. Nevada
439 2,588 None. But in July exports began again, and N. Hampshire. 1,380 3,450 30.00 when the syndicate had completed its con New Jersey
3,938 8,626 21.500 tracts became heavy, $3,296,067 in July, New Mexico
470 3,000 1.000 and $31,807, 784 in the next two months. New-York
12,901 31,054 430,000 A considerable part of the bonds was re North Carolina.. 1, 403 9,489 6.000 turned from Europe and sold here after North Dakota.. 522
2,588 11,000 the contract with the syndicate had ter-Ohio
6,260 19,840 121,115 minated. Within ten days after their is- Oklahoma
153 1,000 None, sue the bonds were sold in open market | Oregon
1,467 3,450 30,000 at 120.
Pennsylvania 8,578 27,604 350.000
979 3,450 190,518
South Carolina.. 6,7111 7.764 No report LIFE-SAVING SERVICE OF U. S. South Dakota.. 799 3,450 *4,000
1,389 10,351 8.000 The Life-Saving Service was practically Texas
3,000 12,939 5,000 established in 1871, and the following sum Vermont
787 3.450 $15,000 mary from statistics is compiled by Super Virginia
3,006 10,351 10,674 intendent Kimball up to the close of the Washington
1,598 3,450 40,000 fiscal year, ending June 30, 1895: Total West Virginia.. 845 5,176 15,000 number of disasters, 8,302; total value of Wisconsin
2,649 10,351 0106, 000 vessels, $92,956, 220; total value of car Wyoming
450 2,585 8.250 goes, $40,685, 754; total value of property Utah
1,003 3,000 involved, $133,641,974; total value of property saved, $102,342 047; total value of
1114,950 $400,000 $2,557,741 property lost, $31,299,927; total number of a No fixed amount. *Report of 1894. persons involved, 67,258; total number of About.