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miseries of a female teacher's life, those crowds of young women whose necessities compel them to flock to it? Is a female of respectable education compelled to depend upon her own exertions for support ?--she has immediate recourse to teaching ; in truth, she knows of no other calling she could pursue that would not sink her in society. Her talents, her dispositions, her feelings, may qualify her for pursuits more congenial ; but society gives countenance to no other, in which she could at all maintain a respectable bearing.
But if the false views of society on female employments cannot be immediately reformed, much might certainly be done to check the tendency that unfortunately exists at present to promote the training of females of so small pecuniary means for the duties of governess. Some religious and excellent individuals have exerted themselves in founding institutions for the training of young ladies, the daughters of clergymen and others of small resources, for governesses ; and thus, though done from the best of motives, an evil is perpetuated, and numbers are thus added to a class already too numerous—far exceeding the demand.
It is certain that the limited view of society on female power and usefulness has a very injurious effect upon the education of young women of respectable family, who are obliged, through narrow circumstances, to have recourse to some kind of employment for support. If certain occupations, suitable to the various talents and dispositions of females, could be held forth to be as respectable and honourable as the profession of governess is by them fancied to be, (and there appears no reason why many employments suitable for females might not be so considered), it would tend most beneficially to their future usefulness and ultimate happiness. Few may have that peculiar species of talent which is required for governesses ; but all may be suited for usefully employing their talents in spheres corresponding to their capacity and inclinations. The difficulty we have to combat (and a formidable one it is,) is current prejudice. The affectation of many young women causes them to suffer privations and torments rather than let the world know their actual condition; and the artificial education bestowed on our female youth at the present day, tends to foster this unfortunate failing in young girls whose parents have but limited resources.
Once let the prejudice which prevails in restricting female employment to tuition, be overcome, and profitable fields of employment for female capacity and exertion would soon be discovered. We know an instance of three sisters, young women possessed of very cultivated minds, and moving in a highly respectable sphere in this metropolis, who have so far devoted their talents to the various parts of their father's business (that of printer and publisher), that in the capacity of composing, reading proofs of works in various European languages, and other consistent female employments, they surpass in practical dexterity, and neatness and accuracy of execution, many of the other sex who have served a regular apprenticeship to the business. Now there are several mechanical arts in which females might equally excel with men, such as lithographing, en. graving, etc.; and many useful trades besides those usually engaged in by women.
It has been suggested that an institution be opened by benevolent and influential individuals for the pure
pose of training young women to such useful employments. We fear, however, that little benefit would be conferred on the suffering class of females we are speaking of, by such institutions. We think that without real maternal influence, and an habitual training at home to industrious habits, and the inculcation of sober and staid views on the future prospects of life, aided by parental example, all that we might establish in the way of charitable institutions for the accomplishment of such an object, would be to defeat the very end we desire to serve.
From the all-pervading desire among parents of the middle rank of life to cultivate the mental facul. ties and female ornamental accomplishments, at the expense of the health, arise that bodily weakness and those nervous diseases, often terminating in insanity, which are now so generally among us.
We go on imparting female accomplishments, and mistakingly call it cultivating the mind, whereas by this fashionable mode of education, our appliances tend to weaken and debilitate the understanding. We create a nervous state of system through a mistaken course of mental training, and the mind becomes proportionally impaired thereby, the whole of our modern forms of education have tended more or less to restrict the mental powers and bodily habits to a prescribed course of discipline, artificial at the best, and thus to destroy the opportunity of applying those means for bodily health and mental vigour that nature has so wisely offered, and which the buoyancy of youthful spirits so readily lays hold of.
If to the pursuit of literature and the close application of attaining a degree of excellence in the range of female accomplishments, we were to.combine in female training, some domestic occupation, and the pursuit of some mechanical art or useful calling, the exercise of the one would materially tend to excellence in the other; and we might expect to see a vigorous mind and healthy body the accompanying adornment of England's woman.
We are aware that in suggesting the propriety of young females pursuing some mechanical art or useful manual employment, we are running counter to the views of society ; but this alone should not deter us from pressing the subject upon their attention. The question is, would the female portion of society be benefited, and rendered happier by the general adoption of such a course ? If so, whoever urges it upon the notice of society, however feeble the attempt, and how little soever it may be heeded, is performing an honourable duty, because labouring to effect a good end.
From “ the Scholastic Journal.”
FALSE CHARITY. ELIZA Bolworth kept her resolution, and kept it prayerfully; but she asked only for aid to assist her endeavours, not for wisdom to direct them; and while Mrs. Bolworth rejoiced over the sincerity of her daughter's attempt to judge less harshly of others, she was grieved to find her gradually adopting that false charity, which, by treating crime too leniently, creates a low standard of moral rectitude.
One day the following dialogue occurred between Eliza Bolworth, and Miss Jane Wells, who, accompanied by her mother, had made a morning call upon the Bolworth's.
Miss Jane. Do you often see Fanny - ?
Miss Jane.-Seldom ; for mamma says that though she is so clever and amiable, her habit of lying makes her an improper companion.
Eliza.-Poor thing. I think she would not tell a lie wilfully. She only exaggerates : her imagination is so vivid.
Mrs. Wells took leave. Other visitors came. One of them, in the course of conversation, mentioned an unhappy family quarrel which had lately taken place in the neighbourhood; and expressed his opinion that it had been fomented by the injudicious repetition of each party's remarks to the other, by a lady whom he named. He added, “ she was warned of its probable bad effects in the irritated state of mind of both parties ;” “for at times,” he continued, we often say things which an hour after we vainly wish unsaid ; and we are too apt to allow the expression of anger in another to produce the same emotion in ourselves.”
I am sure, said Eliza, who was present when the above remarks were made, I am sure Mrs. in doing as she did meant well.
That evening, when they were alone, Mrs. Bolworth took the opportunity of saying, I am glad, dear Eliza, to see you striving against your habit of evil speaking; but fear you are falling in the opposite error.
What! can we speak too well of others ?
Do you think Fanny and Mrs. whom you so promptly tried to exculpate this morning, can be justly defended ?
But, mamma, is it not right to impute the best motives to the conduct of others ?
Not unless we can do so consistently with truth. You know, love, it is one attribute of Christian