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be only fairly looked in the face; let them only be boldly grappled with, and they will at once disappear.

THE CARE OF HEATHEN FOR THEIR CHILDREN. While walking among distressing evidences of folly and misery, we often saw scenes like the following: A poor man struggled up the back part of the mountain with a little child on his hip, less than three years old, plucking a few green twigs from the bushes as he passed. He then went up to a great bell suspended in the area, and taking a deer's horn, struck it twice or thrice. Then, reverently entering the image-house, he prostrated himself, and taught his little one to do the same, which it did so readily as to make it certain it was not its first attempt. He then prayed, with the palms of his hands placed together, and raised to his forehead, while the poor little babe lisped out the same words. At the conclusion, he walked up to the idol he had addressed, and laid before it, with great solemnity, his offering of green leaves, and taking up the babe descended the mountain.

Oh ye parents, who take no pains to teach your little ones to adore and trust and serve the eternal Gud, be reproved and abashed ; that poor idolator may confront and condemn you at the last awful day! From the Rev. H. Malcomb's Travels in South Eastern Asia.

IMPORTANT ENQUIRIES. SIR,

As your journal is a very practical one, I take the

liberty of asking a few questions of a practical nature, in the hope, that I may either be furnished with answers through the medium of your Magazine, or that Christian people may take them to heart, each to answer them to her own conscience.

How is it, that a shower of rain, or severe weather, is deemed a sufficient reason for absenting oneself from the house of God? while neither the one or the other, prevent us from punctually accepting the hospitality of our friends ?

How is it, that a mother can go to a dinner party, and remain there from six o'clock till eleven, having authorised her nurse, if the baby is troublesome, to give it a drink by some artificial means, while she cannot, or will not, authorise the use of the same means to enable her to remain, if need-be, (and it is of rare occurrence, from twelve o'clock till four in the house of God, on the Sabbath, waiting upon divine ordinances ?

How is it, that when our means become straitened, through any unforeseen circumstances, we are not prone to say, “I will get an article of dress less, this year, than last; or, I will dismount the artificial flowers, or other needless adorning, to meet the exigency of the case;" but resolve, instead, to reduce our subscription to this, or that, religious or charitable object ?

In the last inquiry, Sir, you may perhaps be surprised, that I should speak of Christians dismounting artificial flowers. This is an age when the maxim of Christian people appears to be-alas ! that it should be so: How near can I go to the fire without being consumed by the flame ? How near can I adopt the world's practice in my dress—in my living, and in my conversation, without losing my character, while

the inquiry should rather be, how far may I depart from the practice of the world, without the appearance of excessive singularity! How can I maintain “a conscience void of offence towards God and towards man?”

It is painful to observe, any, who are not manifestly in the gall of bitterness, and under the bond of iniquity, who by their dress--their mode of living, and their conversation-bring reproach on the holy name of their master-Jesus.

I may trouble you with some other questions at a future day, and am, Sir, in the mean time, yours faithfully,

X. Y. Z.

THE VICTIM.

[The following lines are part of an authentic copy of verses

found on an Altar at Glasgow, written by a young female of superior accomplishments, who died there the victim of wretchedness.]

When pamper'd, starv'd, abandon'd, or in drink,
My thoughts were rack’d, in striving not to think,
Nor could rejected conscience claim the power,
Timprove the respite of one serious hour;
I durst not look, to what I was before,
My soul shrunk back and wished to be no more,
Till the full course of vice and sin gone through,
My shatter'd fabric fail'd at twenty-two,
Then death with every horror in his train,
Here closed the scene of nought but guilt and pain;
Ye fair associates of my opening bloom,
Oh come, and weep, and profit at my tomb,
Then shun the paths where gay delusions shine,
Be yours the lesson-sad experience mine.

THE FEMALES' ADVOCATE.

THE YOUNG WOMEN OF LONDON,

No. 2.-BOOK-POLDERS, &c. &c. In our last article we confined ourselves to Dressmakers' Apprentices. . Our present observations are intended to apply to those young females in the metropolis who are employed in various ways in earning a livelihood by the labour of their hands, without being engaged in the capacity of servants.

A goodly number of young females are employed in the larger book-binding establishments in London. The number varies with the seasons and the briskness or otherwise of the business. Perhaps the average number so employed may be about 2,500. The Messrs. Westley alone give constant employment to upwards of 150; while sometimes their number exceeds 200. The ages of these females also vary. Some of them are only in their seventeenth year, while others have entered the shady side of forty. The wages they receive are regulated, in some cases, by the amount of work they perform, and in others by their ascertained capabilities as workwomen. None of them receive less than ten shillings weekly, while some of the first-rate hands earn from a guinea to twenty-four shillings. Their occupations chiefly consist in folding, sewing, and otherwise forwarding, as the technical term is, the books which are undergoing the process of binding.

VOL. IV.

D

Some of the young females thus employed in the book-binding establishments of the metropolis go home to dinner ; but in most instances they dine in the workshop,-if a small supply of bread and cheese, with, it may be, a morsel of cold meat or sandwich, may be dignified with the name of dinner. In almost every instance, these girls take their breakfasts before quitting home in the morning, and they postpone the hour of taking tea until their return in the evening. On ordinary occasions, their hour of leaving work is seven ; it is only when the business is brisk, and the time for executing particular orders limited, that they protract their labours beyond that hour.

It must have excited the surprise of all who have been in those book-binding establishments in London, in which a number of young females are employed, that those of them whose weekly earnings do not exceed twelve or fourteen shillings, can afford to dress smartly. We have heard surmises which have been made as to the conduct of many of their number, after they had quitted their occupations for the day, which, if well grounded, would lead to the conclusion that they form improper connexions with persons of the other sex, and by that means obtain the funds wherewith they procure the fine dresses in which they often appear. There may be, and there doubtless is, a greater or less number of instances of this description; but the statements which have been made to us as to the comparative numbers who come under this condemnation, are, we are persuaded, greatly exaggerated. In the case of those in the employ of the Messrs. Westley, we have reason to believe, that the charge or rather insinuation can scarcely be said to have an applica

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