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shop-woman who turns her business-talents to an equally profitable account.
We have thus glanced at the leading departments of business in which young women in London are extensively employed. The numbers, as nearly as a careful enquiry could enable us to ascertain, stand thus :Dress-makers ...vvvvvvvvvvvvvv
15,000 Book-folders .........vorrio
2,500 Stock-makers (supposed)...... 3,000 Shirt-collar-makers ............
Shop-women .............. 2,500 So that, in these ten branches of business alone, there are no fewer than 37,000 females employed ; almost all of whom are unmarried, and have no other means of support. Taking one line of business with another, and one female with another, the average wages earned by them, does not exceed eight shillings per week. Need we wonder then, that with such scanty means of maintaining themselves, in a place where lodgings and provisions are so high, (especially when it is remembered, that in most cases, they are expected to “ go genteel in their clothes,” and have moreover, to work for so many hours per day, before they can earn their miserable pittance) need we wonder, we say, that so many poor unfortunate creatures are to be seen walking the streets ? What, too, increases the danger of these unhappy females, forsaking the paths of virtue, and deviating into those of vice, is the circumstance of so many of them being permitted to work together,
without any responsible person being present to operate as a check upon them. In such cases, the improper conversation of one female often corrupts the minds of numbers.
We hope the facts we have stated, and the observations we have made, in the course of these papers, will have the effect of drawing public attention to the condition of the young women of London who earn their bread by the labour of their hands. Their condition stands in urgent need, morally and socially, of amelioration, and whoever comes forward to make the attempt, will not only merit the gratitude of the poor creatures themselves, but will deserve well of society.
THE THOUGHTLESS SINGER AWAKENED. How often are the hearts of Christians made to ache by hearing words of deep and solemn import, expressive of the deepest mysteries of our faith, or the highest aspirations of the renewed soul, sung by (it may be) an elegant and accomplished young lady, but whose tone and manner, too plainly indicate the only desire with which she sings them, is that of gaining admiration from her fellow mortals, and that she regards only the music of the piece, and sings it with no more feeling than she will bestow on the first ballad she takes up.
An eminent minister of Christ some time since, met in a circle of friends, a young lady distinguished for the excellency of her voice. She was delighting the company by the skill she displayed in singing a hymn, the sentiments of which the minister feared she did not feel. He approached the piano just as she uttered the words, “ Angels shall waft my spirit home,” and laying his hand on her shoulder said with much solemnity and earnestness, “ Stop, I cannot hear this, you know this will not be your happy case should you be called away in your present state.” She was startled at his rebuke but endeavoured to smile it off, and withdrew from the instrument to laugh and talk with friends. The party broke up and the faithful servant of the Lord had well nigh forgotten the circumstance, when a short time since a gentleman called upon him, and recalling the whole to his mind, said that he was come at the dying request of the young lady he had once reproved, to assure him, “ Angels had wafted her spirit home,” and that she dated her conviction from his faithful and solemn address which she had never forgotten, and which, through the mercy of God, had been blessed to her conversion. Oh that Christians would learn to be thus faithful, and while themselves careful that in singing they follow the advice of the Apostle, 1 Cor. xiv. 15, they would also never allow others whilst accompanying 'music, to take the name of the Lord in vain to an extent they would not tolerate to hear if not thus disguised.
THE OBJECT OF MATERNAL ASSOCIATIONS.
MATERNAL Associations are intended,
First :--To produce a stronger conviction of maternal responsibility.
It is almost a truism to remark, that mothers have duties peculiar to themselves. These are not con. fined to the period of infancy ; nor do they exclusively relate to the care of the body. They have to do with the formation of character. The effects of maternal influence, on gons as well as daughters, extend over the whole of their future life. The mother, of necessity, forms the earliest impressions, and these are always the most deep and indelible. Her affection possesses a power which is sometimes felt to be superior even to the authority of a father. And the recollection of all that she was to him in childhood, will follow the man through every chequered scene of life, down to its very close. Here, then, is a vast amount of power, which God himself has entrusted to woman's hand, and that for a high and sacred purpose. But there is a danger of even an affectionate mother losing sight of this responsibility, amidst the cares, the bustle, and the anxieties of life. This need not surprise us, when we consider how they press upon her, and how im. mediate and unremitting must be the attention which she gives to them. Whatever, then, can deepen or recall her sense of responsibility, must be viewed as most desirable. And this is one great object of a Maternal Association. Another is,
Secondly :-To excite in the minds of mothers, a deeper sensibility as to the real condition of their children.
What is their condition individually, as sinners before God? They are “ready to perish," “ chil. dren of wrath, even as others.” This is firmly believed by every Christian mother, but the impression, the deep and influential feeling of it, is in danger of being weakened. Her child is daily and hourly by her side ; she sees all its winning ways and amiable dispositions; even those early indications of depravity, which she cannot fail to perceive, present the character of mere simplicity and childish
ness; and thus, while she compassionates the hea. then abroad, or the grossly ignorant among her neighbours, her mind may glide into comparative ease or supineness, as to the real state of her own beloved offspring. From some passing event, she may receive an occasional impulse, producing some special effort of prayer or instruction ; but this is transient, it wants the advantages of habitual, systematic perseverance. One object of these Associations is, to produce such an impression as shall be constant and powerful ; by conversation and reading, at stated and frequent opportunities, to keep the subject before the mind. Their design is,
Thirdly :-To lead mothers to exercise a more prayerful and vigilant control over their own spirit and temper.
This is a most important result; and unless the other considerations mentioned combine in forming this, they are of little practical utility. It is known to all, how vain it is to expect instruction to be really effective, unless it is accompanied by consistent conduct. The very looks are watched by children and servants; and their influence may be of the most serious kind. But, as brevity is desirable, I must proceed to notice one more object of these Associ. ations, namely :
To give encouragement under maternal trials and difficulties.
To mention only those which a mother may meet with in the discharge of her duties to her children her own early training may have been unfavourable or imperfect ; while the various tempers and constitutions of the children themselves may present many difficulties to perplex or to distress her mind. It is often a relief to find that others have had