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A HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS

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FLORIAN CAJORI, PH.D.
FORMERLY PROFESSOR OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS IN THE TULANE UNIVERSITY

OF LOUISIANA; NOW PROFESSOR OF Physics

IN COLORADO COLLEGE

I am sure that no subject loses more than mathematics
by any attempt to dissociate it from its history." — J. W. L.
GLAISHER

New York
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

LONDON : MACMILLAN & CO., LTD.

1913

All rights reserved

COPYRIGHT, 1893,

BY MACMILLAN AND CO.

Set up and electrotyped January, 1894. Reprinted March,
1895; October, 1897 ; November, 1901; January, 1906; July, 1909;
February, 1913.

Norwood Press :
J. S. Cushing & Co. - Berwick & Smith.

Norwood, Mass., U.S.A.

PREFACE.

An increased interest in the history of the exact sciences manifested in recent years by teachers everywhere, and the attention given to historical inquiry in the mathematical class-rooms and seminaries of our leading universities, cause me to believe that a brief general History of Mathematics will be found acceptable to teachers and students.

The pages treating — necessarily in a very condensed form — of the progress made during the present century, are put forth with great diffidence, although I have spent much time in the effort to render them accurate and reasonably complete. Many valuable suggestions and criticisms on the chapter on “Recent Times” have been made by Dr. E. W. Davis, of the University of Nebraska. The proof-sheets of this chapter have also been submitted to Dr. J. E. Davies and Professor C. A. Van Velzer, both of the University of Wisconsin; to Dr. G. B. Halsted, of the University of Texas; Professor L. M. Hoskins, of the Leland Stanford Jr. University; and Professor G. D. Olds, of Amherst College, - all of whom have afforded valuable assistance. I am specially indebted to Professor F. H. Loud, of Colorado College, who has read the proof-sheets throughout. To all the gentlemen above named, as well as to Dr. Carlo Veneziani

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JUL 171916370596

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