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TO SYLVANUS URBAN:
The Author, Ed Ward, Lord Thuklow.

■M"OW Spring hat danc'd upon the budding means, [quires,

And full-blown Summer led the graceful

Vine.crowned Autumn tun'd the joyous reeds, [fires.

And limping Winter lights our house-hold

What grateful custom asks, we gladly

pay.

And follow Johnson * in his Latian song:
If yet the Latian Muses keep away,
To English toil let English Verse belong.

Verse, that can nourish Children'sbudding hope, (road,

Instruct the flowering Youth in Virtue's

Teach Manhood with disastrous fate to cope, [>'» load.

And please the honour'd Age, and light

Such Verse, as is to Urban justly dear j U(ban,who follows Phoebus itt his course; Who wakes the rising, charms the closing year, [its source.

With knowledge, that from truth derives

Urban, who holds the keys of Learning's

gate, And duly opes, with each succeeding moon, The sacred temple ; never found too late, And never judg'd by thirsty minds too

soon.

Where all may drink of Wisdom's limpid stream, [are more:

The shepherd, and the man whose gifts This fountain is for all: a liberal theme of honest praise: an ever-flowing store.

Such works as Urban's, read in cottages, With innocent delight instruct the mind: such works as Urban's, read in palaces, Touch with a pure delight the more refin'd. . I

For there the Muses in full concord sing, Not seldom, to the poor and wealthy

tbiong: Ah! wben shaUT'ime thatbappy sera bring, When Kings and Shepherds list alike the

song,?

O, for a golden verse, to bless the heads, That open to the poor the sacred book! That guide the tender age, that feebly

treads, And tempt it on the holy page to look!

These are the deeds, which Angels love t»
see! [crown!

These are the men, whom Angels love to
The blazing gates of Immortality
Fly ope, and Hallelujahs echo down:

By these communion is with Heaven made;
These holy men lift up to Heaven our

state; These are the salt of earth; and, being A

weigh'd, [date.

Shall find a palm and crown, that lacketh

But not for me to sing their sacred

praise: Thou, Urban, art among this holy quire: Thou lovesl all upon good books to gaze, I

And with pure truth to satisfy desire.
The Muses weave a wreath, and weaving

sing,
Of laurels, that in wintry gardens shine p'
And every verdant branch of beauty bring,
And me they choose to make that garland

thine.
If then. Respected Sir, some leaves you

see, Which the lamenting Muse hath interwove, Yet are they leaves of immortality, Though softly pluck'd within a mournful grove:

Cypress, that never fades; to speak of those, (crowed,

Whose pure fulfilled years with bliss are

And earthly grief, for e'en the pure have woes,'

With everlasting psalms and harpinga
drown'd;

Standing before the sempiternal throne,
The children of most blessed light and

love; town,

Whose virtues shall again become thine
Beyond the power of Fate, or Time to

move.
These words the Muses bade me gently

speak;
Bade me their verdant laurel to present—>
Above all Roman fame, above all Greek,
Virtue alone is perfect argument.

Laeken, near Brussels, 'r •' ■

Dee. 17, 1816.

* Dr. Samuel Johnson, the glory of the last age, who wrote an Alcaick Ode, in honour of Sylvanus Urban, which may be seen among his Latin Poems in vol, I. of his works. See also the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. VIII. p. 156, or vol. LIV, p. 11.

PREFACE

SECOND PART Of The EIGHTY-SIXTH VOLUME.

Due me, Parens, celsique dominator Poli,
Quocunque ptacuil—nulla parendi mura est,
Assam impiger, lac nolle, cotnitabor gemens,
Malusque patiar, quod pali licuit bono;
Ducunt voleiitem fata, nolentem trahuut."—

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It may confidently appeal to the numerous Prefatory Addresses which have introduced our Volumes for along series of Years, for the truth of the assertion, that the tone of our sentiments and the tenor of our language have been invariably cousistent and uniform; never too much elevated by the temporary advantages and prosperity of our Country, nor pusillanimotisly depressed and dejected by any incidental mortifications and calamities. We have reposed our hopes and expectations, not presumptuously, but firmly, first in that gracious Providence whose universal influencewefeel with grateful sensibility; and, secondly, in that natural magnanimity which has ever been the proud distinction of Englishmen, and we trust will continue for ever.— What! shall Britons, who have endured with patient fortitude, resisted with successful bravery, overcome with persevering resolution, difficulties and dangers, almost unexampled in the page of History—shall we shrink appalled and disheartened by temporary pressures? Shall we be so far misled by the clamours of the ignorant, or the fallacious inisrepreseutations of the seditious, as to forfeit our Character, long and honourably sustained for loyalty, firmness, and courage?—Most surely not.—In the words of Shakespeare, " Let us play the men."—Let us endure the present evils with resignation, and look forward with cheerfulness and hope.

As the word " Equality" was the howl of the Demagogues of France, so is " Reform" the popular catchword of our Modern Patriots.—We also are staunch and avowed Advocates for Reform; but not of that proposed Political alteration in a Constitution, which has remained for ages, like the Pyramids of Egypt, finn on its base, unshaken and uninjured by the War of Elements, and the Scythe of Time. We would commence, as more consistent with our habits and compatible with our views, with a Reform in Literature.—We would not have the Press, which has so long constituted the great Palladium of Britons, prostituted to base and unworthy purposes. We would not have it used to disseminate sedition, to make the poor discontented with the stations allotted to them by Providence, envious of their superiors, and ripe for perpetration of crimes.—We would not have it employed to mislead the credulous, and impose upon the ignorant, by inclining them to believe that the temporary distresses to which all alike must bow, are occasioned, not by the interposition of Providence, but by the ambition, or the avarice, or the misconduct of their Rulers.—We would not have this powerful and useful engine perverted from its design, by impressing the erroneous persuasion, that the benevolent spirit of the day, demonstrating itself by unparalleled effusions of the most public and most generous charity that ever distinguished any Nation of the world, originates in selfish

20844 ." «*

and unworthy motives, tending to no ultimate good, and deserving no gratitude or prime.

For a reformation of such glaring and destructive abuses, and many more might he enumerated, we are, and ever have been, strenuous advocates i •nd that we are so, we soberly adduce our continued series of Volumes as a test.

It has been our endeavour to speak truth, not to misrepresent or deform it i to recommend that plain and well-beaten track, which by long experience, has been proved to lead to repose, security, and honour) but not to recommend new, untried and unknown ways, of difficult асгем, dangerous experiment, and uncertain termination. It has been our in ax i m to render honour where houuur is due, and not

Spargere voces
In vulgum ambiguas.

There are other reforms also, to which we would most willingly contri* bute our assistance, and promote by our example. That individual Reform which must begin at home, in every roan's own bosom, which, by moderating his desires and regulating his appetites, teaches him to view the action! of his neighbour with complacency and candour, to submit to the ordinances of his Country with humble acquiescence, and to regard the person« of his Rulers with deference nod honour.

We could also specify other instances which we deem 90 important and fo necessary, that we would anxiously and zealoiibly lend our aid to their effectual accomplishment.— We would, among other things, assist in rooting up the noxious weeds, the nettles, the thistles, and the thorns, which obstruct the avenues to, and involve in shades the pure light of, our Tenerable Church.—We would demonstrate our fervent indignation against the sacrilegious hands, which, with a sort of fanatical enthusiasm, are endeavouring to undermine its columns, and contaminate its chaste simplicity. -—In this respect, again we proudly challenge the strictest investigation of our Principles and Conduct. Friends to the Ecclesiastical Establishment of our Country, convinced at heart that both will endure or perish together: we have uniformly and consistently demonstrated our unshaken adherence to this branch of our Constitution. To fair and reasonable and moderate argument, where the object is the discovery or confirmation of Truth, we can have no possible objection. But we oppose with all our powers the false lights of Fanaticism, the overweening zeal of arrogant Enthusiasm, the cant ot Hypocrisy, and the pride of acknowledged Heresy.

This subject of Reform is exceedingly specious, and multiplies itself into numerous branches, upon many of which we could yet expatiate with considerable satisfaction. Enough perhaps may have been -.ml to designate such Reforms as we would zcalouly support and advocate.—We now turn round to our Correspondents of every dénomination, with a complacency arising from the consciousness of having to the best of our ability, discharged our duty to them and to our Country. To those, and there are many such, who for a long extended period, have honoured us with their confidence ami correspondence, we offer our cordial thanks and acknowledgments. Professions of our Principles, or avowal of our future objects, would to them be entirely superfluous.—They who may hereafter be induced to unite with us in the cause of Literature, or in the promotion of the common good, from a slight inspection of our former labours may form an adequate judgment of our impartiality, and from a careful examination of this annual Address may easily determine how far our Religious and Political Creed is in harmony with their own.

We take our leave with universal good-will to each and all of our Countrymen; recommending, under the present temporary gloom, patient acd pious confidence in that Power who can alone finally preserve ui.

"Sed quoniam reuovata Inés turbare salulem
Tentât Romulidum, patris implórala medela est
Ne sinat antiquo Romain squalerc velcruo,
Neve togas, procerиш fuinoque ct »anguine l'ujjjui.1'

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE

[graphic]

London Gazette

Jenbrai. F.VENING

M.Post-M.Herald
iMoraiug Chronic.
jTimes-M. Advert,

P.Ledgers-Oracle

Brit. Press—Day

St. James's Chron.

Nun —Kven. Mail

Star—Traveller
: Pilot—Statesman
! Packet-Lond.Chr.

'Albion—C. Chron.

Courier—Globe

Eng. Chron. — Inq.

Cour.d'Angleterre

Cour. de Londres

IJotherWeeklyP.

I" Sunday Papers

VUefcCry Police

Lit Adv. monthly

Bath 3—Bristol 5

Berwick—Boston

Birmingham 5

Blackjj. Brighton

Bury St. Edmund's

t'arrib.—Chalh.

Carli.2— Chesler2

Chelms. Cambria.

Meteorological Diaries for May & July, 2, 94

.taiatenanemitf Corrc^ponftente, Kc.

On Emigration from England to France...3,4

T .ur thrnagh various parts of Flanders, &C. 6

The late F. N. C. Muudy, Esq. and his Poem.8

Pont Llyn Dyffws.—Buildings at Rome 9

Mode of Teaching in Modern Athens 10

Dr. F.bel's Description of Switzerland 11

'imes Duke of York to the King of Ardra..ii.

Sir B. Brydge-'s Edit, of Collins's Peerage..12

Means of Escape from Fire.—Insolvent Act. 14

The Speeches at Rugby School Anniversary.16

Roman Hypocaust at Duncton; Roads, &C.17

One Cause of the Increase of Poor Rates...20

Intended Review and Sham Fight of Clergy.21

SirC. Hedges ?—The Name of Cambridge..23

Subscription for a Church in Dean Forest...24

Dr. Pim-kard on the Emancipation of Slaves. 25

S ire Trade, since the Abolition Treaty 27

Observations relating to the Tower of Babel.28

Scarce. Poetry.— Inscription to Liberty 32

'in the Monumental Bust of Shakspeare....33

r>rcat Malvern Abbey 35.—Ancient Sport...36

Tuddington Church.—Buckler's Cathedrals.37

• hu'ughtson Ecclesiastical Residence 38

release of Captives.—Spectator, No. 159...40

Embellished with

Cornw.-Covent, 2

Ciimb.2- Doncast.

Der!>.— Dorchest.

I)u ham —.Kssex

Kxeter2, Gloue.2

Halifax—Hants 2

Hereford, Hull 3

Hiiniingd. Kent4

Ipswich 1, Lauras.

Leices/i—Leeds 2

Lichfield, Liver.6

Maidst. Manch.4

Mewc.3.—Notts. 2

Northampton

Norfolk, Norwich

N. WalesOxfort! 2

Portseu—Pottery

Preston—Piym.2

Reading—Salisb.

Salop—Shefriel<12

Sherborne, Sussex

Shrewsbury

-Jtaff.—Stamf. 2

Taunton— I'yne

Waken.—Wafw.

Wolvnh Wore.2

York?.lREI.AND37

SCOTLAND M.

Jersey2. Guern.2.

IrteVticva of JfUto PuMicariontf.

Smith's Antient Topography rff L-iinloii 41

Cambria Depicta ; by E.lwnrd Pngh 45

Literary Anecdotes of the XVIILh Century.46

Capt. Burney's Histtry of Voyages, &C....50

Restoration of Works of Art 11 Italy, a Poem53

Moscow, a Poem.—Appeal to Poland 54;

Sermon at Consecration of Bp. of Oxford...55 I

Mourner comforted.—Styles's Sermon 56 j

Dr. Lettsom's Hints, and Neild on Prisons.^.57

Literary Intelligence, &c 61

Sblsct Poetry for July 1816 .62 64

. irjistorical Cferorticfr.

Proceedings in last Session of Parliament... 65

Abstract of principal Foreign Occurrences,Al

Country News 76.—Domestic Occurrences.AT

City Freedom presented to the Royal Dukes 78

Theatrical Regist. Promotions, Preferments.79

Births, and Marriages of eminent Persons.. ,80

Character of the late R. B. Sheridan, Esq ..81

Memoir of the late David Williams, Esq....86

Edmund Calamy. Esq. and his Ancestors 9')

Rev. Cooper Willyams 91 —Mrs. Jordan, ..93

Obituary, with Anecd. of remarkable Persons 91

Bill of Mortality.—Prices of Markets. &e...»5

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Canal, &c. Shares.—Prices ot the Stocks....96
View of the Romantic Scene of Pont Y Glyn, near Corften,
in Merionethshire;
and a Plan of the Remains of a Roman Hypocaust at Duncton, in Sussex.


By SYLVAN US URBAN, Gent.

«•

Printed by Nichols, Son, and B«NTtEr, at Cicero's Head, Red Lion Passage, Fleet-sir. London;

here all Letters to the Editor are particularly desired to be addressed,' Post-paid,

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