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TO SYLVANUS URBAN:

The Author, EDWARD, Lord THURLOW.

state ;

Now Spring has danc'd upon the bud These are the deeds, whieh Angels love to ding meads,

[quires,

see! And full-blown Summer led the graceful

[crowu !

These are the men, whom Angels love to Vine-crowned Autumn tun'd the joyous The blazing gates of Immortality reeds,

[fires. Fly ope, and Hallelujabs echo down : And limping Winter lights our house-hold

By these communion is with Heaven made; What grateful custom asks, we gladly These holy men lift up to Heaven our

pay, And follow Johnson * in his Latian song: These are the salt of earth; and, being If yet the Latian Muses keep away,

weigh'd,

[date. To English toil let English Verse belong. Shall find a palm and crown, that lacketh Verse, that can nourish Children's budding But not for me to sing their sacred hope,

[road,

praise: Instruct the flowering Youth in Virtue's

Thou, Urban, art among this boly quire : Teach Manhood with disastrous fate to

Thou lovest all upon good books to gaze, cope,

[its load.

And with pure truth to satisfy desire. And please the honour'd Age, and light

The Muses weave a wreath, and weaving Such Verse, as is to Urban justly dear;

sing, Uiban, who follows Phæbus in his course; Of laurels, that in wintry gardens sbine; Who wakes the rising, charms the closing And every verdant branch of beauty bring, year,

[its source.

And me they choose to make that gailand With knowledge, that from truth derives

thine. Urban, who holds the keys of Learning's If then, Respected Sir, some leaves you

gate, Aud duly opes, with each succeeding moon,

Which ihe lamenting Muse hath interwove, The sacred temple; never fouad too late,

Yet are they leaves of immortality, And never judg'd by thirsty minds too

Though softly pluck'd within a mournful

grove: Where all may drink of Wisdom's limpid Cypress, that never fades; to speak of stream,

{are more :
those,

[crowu'd, The shepherd, and the man whose gifts Whose pure fulfilled years with bliss are This fountain is for all : a liberal theme

And earthly grief, for e'en the pure have Of honest praise : an ever-flowing store.

woes, Such works as Urban's, read in cottages,

With everlasting psalms and larpings With innocent delight instruct the mind :

drown'd; Such works as Urban's, read in palaces,

Standing before the sempiternal throne, 'ouch with a pure delight the more re

The children of most blessed light and fin'd.

[own, For there the Muses in full concord sing,

Whose virtues shall 'again become ihine Not seldom, to the poor and wealthy Beyond the power of Fate, or Time to

thrồng: Ah!-ben sball Time that happy æra bring, These words the Muses bade me gently When Kings and Shepherds list alike the

speak; sopg?

Bade me their verdant laurel to present, O, for a golden verse, to bless the heads,

Above all Roman fame, above all Greek, That open to the poor the sacred book!

Virtue alone is perfect argument. That gaide the tender age, that feebly Laeken, near Brussels,

treads, And tempt it on the holy page to look !

Dec. 17, 1816.

see,

soon.

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love ;

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* Dr. Samuel Johnson, the glory of the last age, who wrote an Alcaick. Ode, in honour of Sylvanus Urbàn, which may be seen among his Latin Poems in vol, I. of his works. See also the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. Vill. p. 156, or vol. LIV, 11.

1

PREFACE

TO THE

SECOND PART OF THE EIGHTY-SIXTH VOLUME.

“ Duc me, Parens, celsique dominator Poli,

Quocunque placuit, ulla parendi mora est,
Assum impiger, fac nolle, comitabor geinens,
Malusque patiar, quod pati licuit bono;
Ducunt volentem fata, noientem trabunt.”-

W may confidently appeal to the numerous Prefatory Addresses which

bave jutroduced our Volumes for a long series of Years, for the truth of the assertion, that the tone of our sentiments and the tenor of our language have been invariably consistent and uviform ; vever too much elevated by the temporary advantages and prosperity of our Country, nor pusillanimously depressed and dejected by any incidental mortifications and calamities. We have reposed our hopes and expectations, not presumptuously, but firmly, first in that gracious Providence wbuse universal influence we feel with grateful sensibility; and, secondly, in ihal natural magnanimity which has ever been the proud distinction of Englishmen, and we trust will continue for ever. Wbat! shall Britons, who have endured with patient fortitude, resisted with successful bravery, overcome with persevering resolution, difficulties and dangers, almost unexampled in the page of History—shall we shrink appalled and disheartened by temporary pressures ? Shall we be so fac misled by the clamours of the ignoraot, or the fallacious inisrepresentations of the seditious, as to forfeit our Character, long and honourably sustained for loyalty, firmness, and courage !—Most surely not.-In the words of Shakespeare, Let us play the men.”—Let us endure the present evils with resignation, and look forward with cheerfuloess and hope.

As the word " Equality” was the howl of the Deinagogues of France, so is “ Reform” the popular catch word of our Modern Patriots.-We also are staunch and avowed Advocates for Reform ; but not of that proposed Political alteration in a Constitution, which has remained for ages, like the Pyramids of Egypt, firm on its base, unshaken and aninjured by the War of Elements, and the Scythe of Time. We would commence, as more consistent with our habits and compatible with our views, with a Reform in Literature.-We would not have the Press, which has so long constituted the great Palladium of Britons, prostituted to base and unworthy purposes. We would not have it used to disseminate sedition, to make the poor discontented with the stations allotted to them by Providence, envious of their superiors, and ripe for perpetration of crimes. We would not have it employed to mislead the credulous, and impose upon the ignorant, by ioclining them to believe that the temporary distresses to which all alike must bow, are occasioned, not by the interposition of Providence, but by the ambition, or the avarice, or the misconduct of their Rulers. We would not bave this-powerful and useful engine perverted from its design, by impressiog the erroneous persuasion, that the benevolent spirit of the day, demonstrating itself by unparalleled effusions of the most public, and most geoerous charity that ever distinguished any Nation of The world, originates in selfish

and

and unworthy motives, tending to uo ultimate good, and deserving no gratitude or praise.

For a reformation of such glaring and destructive abuses, and many more might be enumerated, we are, and ever have been, strenuous advocates ; nod that we are so, we soberly adduce our continued series of Volumes as a test.

It has been our endeavour to speak truth, not to misrepresent or deform it; to recommend that plain and well-beaten track, which by long experience, has been proved to lead to repose, security, and honour; but not to recommend new, untried and uoknown ways, of difficult access, dangerous experiment, and uncertain termination. It has been our maxin to render honour where honour is due, and not

Spargere voces

In vulgum ambiguas. There are other reforms also, to which we would most willingly contri* bute our assistance, and promote by our example. That individual Reform which must begin at home, in every man's own bosom, which, by moderating his desires and regulating his appetites, teaches him to view ihe actions of his neighbour with complacency and candour, to submit to the ordi. nances of his Country with humble acquiescence, and to regard the persons of his Rulers with deference and honour.

We could also specify other instances which we deem so important and so necessary, that we would anxiously and zealously lend our aid to their effectual accomplishment.-We would, among other things, assist in rooting up the noxious weeds, the nettles, the thistles, and the thorns, which obstruct the avenues to, and involve in shades the pure light of, our venerable Church.--We would demonstrate our fervent indignation against the sacrilegious hands, which, with a sort of fanatical enthusiasm, are endeavouring to undermine its columns, and contaminate its chaste simplicity.

In this respect, again we proudly challenge the strictest investigation of our Principles and Conduct. Friends to the Ecclesiastical Establishment of our Country, convinced at heart that both will endure or perish together; we have uniformly and consistently demonstrated our unshaken adherence to this branch of our Constitution. To fair and reasonable and moderate argument, where the object is the discovery or confirmation of Truth, we can have no possible objection. But we oppose with all our powers the false lights of Fanaticismi, the overweening zeal of arrogant Enthusiasm, the cant of Hypocrisy, and the pride of acknowledged Heresy.

This subject of Reform is exceedingly specious, and multiplies itself into numerous braoches, upon many of which we could get expatiate with considerable satisfaction. Enough perhaps may have been said to designate such Reforins as we would zealouly support and advocate.-.We now turn round to our Correspondents of every denomination, with a complacency arising from the consciousness of having to the best of our ability, discharged our duty to them and to our Country. To those, and there are many such, who for a long extended period, have honoured us with their confidence and correspondence, we offer our cordial thanks and ackoowledgments. Professions of our Principles, or avowal of our future objects, would to them be entirely superfluous. They who may hereafter be induced to unite with us in the cause of Literature, or in the promotion of the common good, from a slight inspection of our former labours may form an adequate judgment of our impartiality, and from a careful examioation of this annual Address may easily delermine how far our Religious and Political Creed is in harmony with their own.

We take our leave with universal good-will to each and all of our Countrymen ; recommending, under the present temporary gloom, patient and pious confidence in that Power who cali alone finally preserve us.

“ Sed quoniam revoyata lues turbare salutem

Tentat Romulidum, patris implorata medela est
Ne sinat antiquo Romam squalere veterno,
Neve togas procerum fummoque et sanguine tingui."

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METEOROLOGICAL DIARY KEPT AT EXETER,

May

58 ]

Do......

Do...

Do.

Bar. Ther.

Hyg. at 8 A, M.

Bar. Ther. Hyg. at 3 P. M.
[ 29.401 31 15 D F. & C.

29.4259 11 M Do................................
229,50 50 10 D F. & C....

29.65 56

8 M Do..........
3 29.86 511 10 D Cloudy with sm. showers... 29,82 56 25 do. Do.; and frequent showers.

4 29 90 52 8£ D Cloudy and hazy, but fair. 29.93 584 274 do. | F. & Cloudy; windy.
S 5 29.71 54 7 D Cloudy, hazy, and windy... 29.70 581 11 do. F. & C.; blowing hard...
629.79 50 19 D| Fine; more moderate.......

29.85

8 M
ñ | 29.76 511

14 D

Wet haze, after 10"fair...... 29.65 581 $ do. P. & C........ 51 12

DCloudy and lowering; after 29.22 56 11 do. Squalls with rain.........
9 29.4? 49 4

D Cloudy & windy...[11 rain. 29.48 55 21 M
10 2 23 48 7 D Wet haze ; aft, 11 F. & C. 29.17 54 15 M Do. ; wind and small rain...
11 29.1545
7 D F. & C. and windy...[windy. 29.29 50 144 M

Fine but windy...
S 12 | 29.25 44

224 D F. & C.; sm. drifts of sleet. 29.31 48 5 M F. & C....
13 29.41 475 | 15 D Fine, with clouds....

29.48 52

16 M Do..........
14 29.62 49 35 M Haze, with small raio....... 29.62 504 40 do. Do.......................
15 29.60 56 11 D Hazy, aft. 9 fine..............

29.64 63 2 M
16 29.59 56

& M

Wet haze; aft. 11 fair....... | 29,56 62 24} dn. F. & C.............. 17 | 29.55 | 587 29 M Fine, tho' hazy; aft. 12 very | 29.55

65

Very fine....................
18 29.56 58 124 D Fine though hazy....... (hine. 29.67 594 17 do. | Do....
S 1929.65 541 5 DCloudy &gloomy; cold win.. 29.65 54 14 do. Do. Do.........
20 | 29 69531 2 D Fine...

29.70 59 14 do.
21 29.72 56 10 DVery five....................

29.67 637 7 M Do.. 22 29.66 554 37 M

29.66
Fine..................

61 10 M Do. ; cloudy.
23 | 99.75 59 42 M Hazy; fine.......

29.75 65 42 do. | Very fine.....
24 | 29.75 581 43 M Hazy and gloomy...

29.70 56 40 do. Do...
25 89.65 55 38 M Hazy; aft. 10 wet haze..... 29.73 52 6 do. Wet haze; after 6 fine......
S 26 | 29 98 54 5 D Fine.

29.98 60

20 do. | Do.......... 27 | 29.74 54 Fine with clouds....

29.90 | 592

Do 28 29.95 574 14 M Fine. ............................

29.95 | 644 13 D Do. 29 | 29.94 58 17 M Very fine.......................

29.84 63 7 D fine, 30 29.79 55 3 M Fine

29.75 | 641 14 D Do......... 31 29.70 58 13 D | Fine.

29.70 64 29 do. I Do..

Fine............

Bar. Ther. Hyg. at 10 P. M. 29.44 474 | 20

M Do.; some showers,
29.75 46 22 do. Do.; wet haze.
29.84 501 9 do. Do,
29.93 51 8 do. Do.; some wet.
29.69 481 | 14 do. Fine; but windy.
29.86 45 6 D Do.
29.60 46 10 M Fine.
29.2645 3 M | Do.; blowing hard
29.50 44

Fine,
29,25 427

24 do. Wind and raia.
29.25 42 26 do. Cloudy; showers.
29.37421 14 do. | Do.
29.58 44 15 do. F. & C.
29.60 50
29.64 51 32 do. Do,
29.55 | 511 13 do. Do.
29.52 55

D Do.; squall, light.
29.61 513 4 do. Fine.[thun. &rain.
29.67 481 21 M Fine; Do.
29.7154 14 do. Do.
29.65 58 28 do. Do.
29.66 58 30 do. F. & C.
29.75 62 304 do. Do.
29.67 55 0 Do.; some wet.
29.85 53 7 do. Fine.
29.8+

5 do. Sm.rain; bl. fresb.
29.95 543 | 14 MF. & C.
29.96 52 43 M Do.
29.81 49 27 M
29.75 51 7 M Do.
29.72 511 | 20 M I Do.

Do.........

474

124 M

4 D

Do.

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