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are marked by the continuation of the American coast from Mount St. Elias towards the West, with the chain of islands called the Fox and the Aleutian islands. The Western boundary may be described by a line drawn from the Cape of Kamtschatka (Cape Lopatka) towards the South, passing by the Kurili islands, and the Eastern coast of the Japan islands; from thence by Formosa, and along the East of the Philippines; by Gilolo; by the North and Eastern coast of New Guinea; and by the East coast of New Holland, to the South-east «ape of Van I ■emeu's land. — Considering the present state of science in our quarter of the globe, it is scarcely possible to reflect, without astonishment, that the whole of this great expanse of ocean, and even its existence, three centuries ago was unknown to Europeans: for though Marco Polo, in the 13th century, gave notice of the existence of a sea Eastward of China, his information did not reach within the limits
above described The expectation of
being able to sail Westward from Europe, without interruption, to the spice islands, appears to have been the principal inducement of Columbus in undertaking, and of the Spanish Court in promoting, the celebrated voyage which first marked the Western limits of the Atlantic Ocean, and made known to Europeans another continent. The most esteemed geographers of that time were of opinion, and have so represented it in their maps, that from the Western shores of Europe and Africa to the Eastern part of Asia, the whole space was, with the exception of some islands, a continued open sea; Asia being then believed to extend much more towards the East than experience has since shewn. The discovery of America opened a new field for enterprise, and with such powerful attractions, as for a time to eclipse the original object, and wholly to engross the attention of the Spanish adventurers. America, however, was not supposed to be of an extent to obstruct entirely the sailing West from Europe to the Eastern Indies; and the attempt to accomplish that navigation was soon renewed."
The following is a brief outline of the first volume:
"Chapter I.—Introductory; containing a brief Account of the Discoveries made in the South Sea previous to the Voyage of Magalhanes.
II:—Voyage of Fernando de Magalhanes.
111.—Sequel of the Voyage after the Death of Magalhanes.
IV. — Progress of Discovery on the
Western Coast of America, to 1524. Disputes between the Spaniards and Portuguese, concerning the Spice Islands. Attempt to discover a Strain near the Isthmus of Darien.
V.—Voyage of Garcia Jofre de Loyasa, from Spain to the Moluccas. Discovery of the North Coast of Papua, by the Portuguese. Voyage of Alvaro de Saavedra, from New Spain to the Moluccas.
VI.—Various other Expeditions between the Years 1526 and 1533, each inclusive. Discoveries on the Western Coast of America. Discovery of California.
VII.—Expedition of Simon de Alcazova. The Spaniards penetrate to the South from Peru.
VIII.—The Marquis Del Valle sails to California. Voyage of Hernando de Grijalva, and Alvarado, from Peru to the Moluccas. Voyage of Alonzo de Catnargo from Spain to Peru.
IX. — Relation given by Marcos de Niza of his Journey to Cevola. Discovery by Francisco de lilloa, that California was part of the Continent.
X.—Continuation of the Discoveries to the North of Mexico. Expeditions of Hernando de Alarcon, and of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado. River de Buena Guia.
XI.—Schemes for Maritime Expeditions formed by Pedro de Alvarado. They are frustrated by his Death. Voyage of Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, to the North of California. Establishment of the Spaniards in Chili. The Coast of Japan seen for the first time by Europeans.
XII.—Voyage of Ruy Lopez de Villa. lohos.
XIII.—Events connected with Maritime Expeditions in the South Sea, to the year 1558. Ships sent to examine the American Coast to the South from Valdivia. Juan Ladrilleros to the Strait of Magalhanes.
XIV.—Expedition of Miguel Lopez de Legaspi, from New Spain to the Philippine Islands.
XV .—Of the Islands discovered near the Continent of America in the Pacific Ocean.
XVI.— Discovery of the Salomon Islands, by Alvaro de Mendana.
XVH.—Progress of the Spaniards in the Philippine Islands. The Islands San Felix and San Amber discovered. Enterprize of John Oxnam, an Englishman, in the South Sea.
XVIII.—Reports concerning the Discovery of a Southern Continent.
XIX.—Voyage of Francis Drake round the World.
XX.—Some Account of the Charts to this Volume, with Miscellaneous Observations starvations on the Geography of the 16th Century. Evidence in favour of the Prooability that the Country, since named New Holland, was discovered by Europeans within that period."
The Appendix to the First Volume closes with remarks that will be very useful to Mariners, on the Projection of Charts, and particularly on the Degree of Curvature proper to be given to the Parallels of Latitude.
Volume 11. of this Chronological History of Voyages and Discoveries, brings them down from the year 1579 to 1620; and Volume III. from the year 1620, to 1688; and the present Volume to the year 1723, including, as already observed, a History of the Buccaneers of America. This, we understand, will be followed with another volume, in which we may expect to meet with some curious particulars relative to the Voyages of Captain Cook. In our next Number we propose giving a more particular account of this Fourth Volume; and, in the mean time, close this article with two or three observations, explanatory, iii a short degree, of the plan and execution of this most useful undertaking.
Our English Compilers of Voyages, Hackluil,Harri*,Campbell,&c. though men of abilities, were not .mariners: and it is evident that, however liberal their general information may have been, in a History of Maritime Discovery places must occur, where the discriminating judgment and skill of a navigator will be required. — It has already been seen that, from the respectable station held by Capt. Bar ney, as Lieutenant to Capt. Cook during his last two Voyages, some credit is due to his pretensions in undertaking a work like the present. To this may be added, the ample testimony he received from Sir Joseph Banks," He had himself visited, and was so well acquainted with, the scenes and several topicks here described; and who indulged our Author with the unrestrained use of his most valuable library, and not merely with access, but with permission to take away, for more deliberate consideration, whatever appeared connected with his pursuits. The outline, too, of his phiii for a General History of Maritime Discovery, had the entire approbation of Major Rennet. To this may be added, the undoubted
proofs Capt. Barney himself has given of his skill in tl e several parts of Navigation, Geography, and Hydrography. This Work, therefore, is attended with every necessary recommendation: and it may be expected to be more particularly useful to nautical gentlemen. But the Captain also has proved himself to be a most useful Compiler of History; and as an Historian he gives much information on manners, and customs, and people, and language; so that as a Chronological History of Voyages, these volumes cannot fail of being at once useful to Gentlemen of the Navy, and agreeable to general Scholars, and general Readers.
To each Volume a brief account of the original publications is prefixed, either in a nole, or in the introduction of the chapters; and those are noted, which have been more immediately followed: by this mean the necessity of encumbering the work with too frequent references is avoided. In all geographical facts, the authorities are invariably noticed, and also in other Cases, where the facts related may be any way doubtful; and in describing any thing that may be of suspicious credit, the original authors are made to speak for themselves, and such Ob. servalions subjoined by Capt. Burney as may serve to remove difficulties. Sometimes he cites original journals, in preference to other writings; for which he gives this pertinent reason, viz. "that the words of an eye-witness, flowing naturally from first impressions, are frequently more expressive, and convey ideas more just than studied descriptions, though the language may be often such as it would be scarcely allowable for other persons to use."
The Work is edited in a manner which renders it convenient as a book of consultation and reference. The head and margin of each page shows the matter, the number of the chapter, the date, and place of the transactions related; and to each Volume is also prefixed an ample table of contents. Each Voyage is accompanied with an inquiry into the situation of the places discovered. This is usually placed at the end, together with opinions on various geographical questions that are connected with the subject, and on some occasions conjectures are offered.
One observation we cannot avoid making, relating to the temper of the Narrator. No history unfolds such horrid scenes of worse than barbarian cruelties, as that relating to the Europeans who first visited South America; so that Spanish cruelty and injustice became proverbial. During the time that the Spaniards possessed the exclusive navigation of the Pacific, these cruelties were most unrelentingly carried on by them on the natives of South America: and we find enough in the history of other Voyages, (in this account of the Buccaneers,) of men of all nations, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Dutch, and English, to make us blush for human nature. Unjust and cruel as they were to. the natives, and to one another, Capt. Burney spares none, where they do not deserve to be spared: he often scrutinizes actions with the minuteness of a moralist, and always with the feelings of humanity and benevolence: and we think his Work may not only prove useful to Gentlemen of the Navy, but may be found useful as a book of nautical morality. Where the Captain uses his own style, it is neat and good; where that of others, it will be received with all those allowances for which we have already accounted, and for which no apology can be required.
The Volumes are accompanied with Plates and Cuts: and the authorities and materials from which they are formed or copied, appear in the narrative, and in a subjoined list.
Different Readers, no doubt, according to their different tastes and expectations, might find something to object to in so extended a work: but we think there is but little to which nuy reasonable objection can be made. The Captain has himself corrected, in the Second Volume, two or three geographical errors made in the First. With respect to ourselves, we think his undertaking is above, and, we hope, does not stand in need of, our recommendation.
(To be continued.)
5. The Restoration of the Worht of Art to Italy. %vo.
THIS Poem on the consummation of a most desirable event is, we understand, the production of a female pen. The following lines are a fair specimen of the general compo
sition of the whole. They are nervous, elegant, and classically correct; and should we induce any of our readers to become purchasers of the entire Poem, we have reason to believe they would be rendering an acceptable service to an highly cultivated female. "Land of departed fame! whose classic
plains Have proudly echo'd to immortal strains; Whose ballovv'd soil hath given the great and brave, [grave;
Day-stars of life, a birth-place and a Home of the Arts! where glory's faded smile [d'ringpile;
Sheds ling'ring light o'er many a mood-
thy chain, Vet, fallen Italy! rejoice again! Lost, lovely realm! once more 'tis thine
to gaze On the rich relicks of sublimer days.
Athens of Italy! once more are thine Those matchless gems of Art's exhaustless mine. For thee, bright Genius darts his living beam, [stream,
Warm o'er thy shrines the tints of Glory And forms august as natives of the sky Rise round each fane, in faultless majesty, So chastely perfect, so serenely grand, They seem creations of no mortal hand. Ye, at whose voice, fair Art, with eagle glance, [like trance;
Burst in full splendour from her deathWhose rallying call bade slumb'ring nations wake, And daring Intellect his bondage break; Beneath whose eye the Lords of son* arose, (long repose,
And snatch'd the Tuscan lyre from And bade its pealing energies resound, With power electric, through the realms around; [soul!
Oh ! high in thought, magnificent in Born to inspire, enlighten,and control; Cosmo, Lorenzo! view your reign once
more, The shrine where nations mingleto adore! Again th* Enthusiast there, with ardent
gaze, Shall hail the mighty of departed days: Those sovereign spirits, whose commanding mind [enshrin'd; Seems in the marble's breathing mould Still, with ascendant power, the world to awe, [draw; Still the deep homage of the heart to To breathe some spell of holiness around. Bid all. the scene be consecrated ground,
And And from the stone, by Inspiration
Dart the pure lightnings of exalted
There, thou, fair offspring of immortal
Mind! Love's radiant goddess, Idol of mankind! Once the bright object of Devotion's vow, Shalt claim from taste a kindred worship
now. Oh! who can tell what beams of heavenly
Flash'd o'er the sculptor's intellectual How many a glimpse, reveal'd to him alone, [own;
Made brighter beings, nobler worlds his Ere, like some vision sent the earth to
bless, Burst into life, thy pomp of loveliness! Venice, exult! and o'er thy moonlight
Swell with gay strains each Adriatic From thy proud dome again tii' unri
vall'd steed Starts to existence, rushes into speed: Still for Lysippus claims the wreath of
fame, Panting with ardour, vivified with flame. Again thy fanes may boast aTitian's dyes, Whose clear, soft brilliance emulates
thy skies, And scenes that glow in colouring's richest bloom, [illume. With life's warm flush, Palladia!) halls And thou, whose Eagle's towering
plume uufurl'd, Once cast its shadow o'er a vassal world, Eternal city! round whose Curule
throne, [Down ;
The Lords of nations knelt, In ages Thou, whose Augustan years have left
to time v.
Immortal records of their glorious prime; When deathless Bards, thine Olive shades
among, Swell'd the high raptures of heroic song; Fair, fallen Empress! raise thy languid
From the cold altars of th' illustrious
And once again with fond delight survey
The proud memorials of thy noblest day.
Bright with stern beauty, breathing
wrathful fire, In all the grandeur of celestial ire, Once more thine own, th' immortal
Archer's form Sheds radiance round, with more than
being warm! [feet frame
Oh! who could view, nor deem that pcr-
many a throe, Scal'd with the image of eternal woe: With fearful truth, terrific power,exprest, Thy pangs, Laocoon, agonize the breast, And the stem combat picture to mankind, Of suffering nature, and enduring mind.
Oh, mighty conflict! though his pains intense [sense;
Distend each vein, and dart thro' every
strife, Heaves every muscle with convulsive life, And in each limb Existence writhes, enroll'd [fold;
Midst the dread circles of the venom'd Yet the strong spirit lives—and not a cry Shall own the might of Nature's agony! That furrow'd brow unconquer'd Soul
That patient eye to angryHeav'n appeals,
That struggling bosom concentrates its
breath, Neath !
Nor yields one moan to torture or to
Souls of the lofty! whose undying
names Cairns ;
Rouse the young bosom still to noblest
Oh! with your images could fate restore
Your own high spirit to your sons once
more; Patriots and heroes! could those flames return, [ardour burn;
That bade your hearts with Freedom's Then from the sacred ashes of the first, Might a new Rome in phcenix-grandeur?
burst! With one bright glance dispel the" horizon's gloom, [the tomb; With one loud call wake Empire from Bind round her brows her own triumphal crown, [frown, Lift her dread aegis, with majestic Unchain her Eagle's wing, and guide his flight [Light." To bathe its plumage in the fount of
6. Moscow; a Poem. By Mrs. Hen. Rolls, Authoress of Sacred Sketches
from Scripture History, ivo. pp. M. Law and Whittaker.
THE liberality with which the former productions of this lady were received, has induced her again to meet the public eye in a Poem, "founded on one of the most dreadful events recorded in history; an event, too, followed by such immediate retribution, as must convince the most sceptical and thoughtless of the all-watchiug eye of Divine Providence." — The horrid conflagration is well described; and " Moscow" will add another sprig to her poetical wreath.
7. The Appeal of Poland. An Ode. Written on the Commencement of the late Campaign. By W. S. Walker, of Trinity College, Cambridge, Author of The Heroes of Waterloo, ![c. tvo, pp. 16. Longman Sf Co. OF Mr. Walker's Poetry, we have already spoken in Part I. p. 243. The present is an animated address to a Nation long famed for deeds of hardy prowess.
"From the bright fields where Poets and Patriots rove [came;
The laurel-crown'd spirit of Casimir The nymphs of Elysium his vesture had wove, [eyelid of flame.
And his gold hair shone bright o'er his On the green banks of Vistula sadly he stood, Where Warsaw looks down on the bluerolling wave, [the wood, And the breezes of evening were mute in As he pour'd his deep sigh to the land
of the brave." After calling to the recollection of the Poles, the valour of their ancestors, he concludes,
"Ye Chiefs of the Nations! whose madness estranged The hands, that, unshackled, had fought but for you, [avenged, Awake! be the deeds of your fathers And hind to your bosoms the brave and the true! [queror waved it, With you, when the hand of the ConWc stemm'd the proud Crescent on Chocim's* red plain, While the world gazed with pride on the bold hands that saved it— Oh, when shall those hands twine in glory again .'" The stream in the twilight roll'd silently by, ■ [shadow had cast:
And the night-cloud o'er Warsaw its 'Farewell!' cried the shade, and his heavenly eye (the blast—
Shone proudly with hope, as he rose on 'Thou art fall'n in the field, but thy race is not run; [die;
Thy body is fled, but thy soul cannot And the clouds, that hung dark o'er thy westering sun, [on high'!"
Shall herald, like rainbows, thy rising Annexed to the principal Poem are tome pretty " Stanzas to a young Female;" " Reflection, in the manner of Moore;" and "Reflection, in the manner of Lord Byron."
8, A Sermon, preached in the Chapel of Lambeth Palace, on Sunday the 24W of March, 1816, at the Consecration of the Honourable and Right
• "The battle of Chocim was fought in 1630, by the Poles, Prussians, Russians, Lithuanians, and Livoniane, against the superior force of Turkey."
Reverend Edward Legge, LL.D. Lora Bishop of Oxford. By the Reverend Charles Parr Burney, M. A. F. R. S. Chaplain to the Right Honourable the Lord Crewe. "Published by command oj HisGrace the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury. Ato. pp. 32. Payne and Foss.
THIS " true "you of an excellent stock" has an hereditary claim to our notice. He has been already introduced to our Readers (vol. LXXIX. pp. 527, 852) as " the son and grandson of two Doctors, highly eminent in their respective professions," and as the victorious combatant for a Prize in the Theatre at Oxford. The very name of the family of this young Divine conveys an idea of literary excellence j which is not lessened by the congenial adjunct of Parr. And whatever expectations such an association may excite, a perusal of this masterly Discourse will amply justify.
As a specimen of Pulpit Oratory, we shall take the first paragraph that occurs:
"Various as are the exalted and amiable qualities in the character of the Apostles, which forcibly appeal either to our admiration, or our love, there is none more remarkable than the union of humility with their consciousness of being distinguished by peculiar marks of the Divine Favour. Their eventful lives presented scenes of peril, and of difficulty, unparalleled in the annals of mankind,—and, assuredly, in a cause of such transcendent importance,'human agents never had been engaged. In the enumeration of their sorrows and labours, painful and meritorious as they were, vain is it to search for arrogance er ostentation ;—for feelings, which betrayed vanity;—exultation, which proclaimed self-confidence :—their strength and their weakness,—every act of the present,—every hope of the future, were absorbed in the one holy purpose, for which, in tribulation they were content to live, or in torture to die. Success, in common minds the parent of security and presumption, from the contrast of their own circumscribed faculties with the infinite and eternal blessings, of which they were the elected Instruments, did but make them bow in lowlier reverence before that Almighty Being, who had 'chosen the weak and foolish things of the world, to confound the mighty and wise.'—This humblemindedness, this entire reliance on Heaven for ability to discharge the duties of their « high calling*' shines forth in every page of their narrative, Such, eminently,