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313. Rules. It is impossible to give Proverbs. 1. A great fortune, in the handa ricles-for reading every sentence, or indeed of a fool, is a great mis-fortune. 2. Too many any sentence; much more is left to the pupil, resolve, then re resolve, and die the same. 3. than can be written. All that is here at- Never give the tongue full liberiy, but keep it tempted--is, a meagre outline of the subject; under control. 4. Character-is the measure of enough, however, for every one who is deter- man and woman. 5. We may die of a surfeit, as mined to succeed, and makes the necessary and an instrument. 7. If we meet evil company,

well as of hunger. 6. Truth-is an ornament, application, and too much for such as are of an opposite character. The road is point for the worst, but hope for the best. 9. Though

it is no reason we should keep it. 8. Provide ad out, and all the necessaries provided for he is wise, that can reach the most, yet he, thai the journey; but each must do the traveling, learns, and practices what he learns, is viser. or abide the consequences. Be what ought 10. Never be without good books. 11. T'imom. lo be, and success is yours.

is the herald of truth. 12. Manners make the (3) No radiant pearl, which crested fortune wears,

13. Dissembled holiness, is double ini. (6) No gem, that twinkling, hangs from beauty's ears :

quity. 14. Conscience - is in the chamber of (5) Nor the bright stars, which night's blue arch adorn, (6) Nor rising run--that gilds the eternal morn

justice. (8) Shine-with such lustre, as the lear that breaks,

Oratory. Eloquence--may be considered (6) For other's woe, down virtui't manly check.

as the soul, or animating principle of dis. In reading, (rather reciting) these beautiful course; and is dependent on intellectual lines, the voice commences, as indicated by energy, and intellectual attainments. Elothe figures, gradually rises, then yields a lit- cution—is the embodying form, or representle; till it comes to the word shine,' which tative power ; dependent on exterior accomis on the 8th note; and then it gradually de- plishments, and on the cultivation of the orscends to the close; because such are the game. Oratory--is the complicated and vital thoughts, and the feclings. Get the insüll. ; existence, resulting from the perfect harmony never live out of doors ; grasp the thoughts, and combination of Eloquence and Elocution. and then let the words flow from feeling. Varieties. 1. Is there not the same dif

314. OPENING THE Mouth. This is forence-between actual and hereditary evil, among the most important duties of the clo- as between an inclination to do a thing, and cutionist, and singer; more fail in this par- the commission of the act? 2. Whoever has ticular, than in any other : indistinctness and flattered his friend successfully, must at once stammering are the sad effects of not open- think himself a knave, and his friend a fool. ing the mouth wide enough. Let it be your 3. Unfriended, indeed, is he, who has no first object to obtain the proper positions of friend good enough-to tell him his faulte. the vocal organs: for which purpose, practice 4. If those, who are called good singers, the vocal analysis, as here presented. The were as sensible of their errors in reading, as first effort is--separating the lips and teeth; they would be, if similar ones were made which will not only enable you to inhale and in their singing, they would be exceedingly exhale freely, through the nose, when speak- mortified, and chagrined. 5. The sacred ing and singing, but avoid uneasiness in the light of Scripture-should be shed upon the chest, and an unpleasant distortion of the fea- canvas of the worlil's history, as well as or turcs. The second is, a simultaneous action that of humanity. 6. The theology of creaof the lips, teeth, and tongue: let these re- tion—was revealed to the earliest ages; anıt marks be indelibly stamped upon your the science of creation, is now beginning to memory : for they are of immense practical be revealed to 118. 7. What is most spiritual importance.

-is most rational, if rightly understood; Anecdote. Alexander and the Pirate. and it also admits of a perfect illustration We too often judge of men--by the splendor, by rational and natural things: to follow and not the merit of their actions. Alecan- Gol, and to follow right-and pure reuson, der--demanded of the Pirate, whom he had is all one ; and we never give offence to Ilim, taken, by what right-he infested the seas? | if we do that, which such a reason requires "By the same right,” replied he boldly,

TUE PROGRESS OF LIFE. " that you enslave the world. I-am called a I dreamed-Iaw a little rosy child

With Maxen ringlets--in a garden playing: robber, because I have only one small vessel ;

Now stopping here, and then afar of straying, but you are called a conqueror, because you

As flower, or butterfly_his feet beguiled. command great fleets and navies."

'Twas changed. One summer's day I stept aride, The best contrived deceit

To let him pass; his face--and manhood seeming,

And that full eye of Dhue--was fondly beaming
Will hurt its own contrider ;

On a fair maiden, whom he calls his Eride
And perfidy-doth often cheat-

Once more ; 'twis autunn, ani the cheerful fire
Jis author's purse--of every stider,

I saw a group if youthful forms surroun'ing,

The room-with harmless pleasantry rounding, The man, that's resolute, and just,

And, in the midst, I parked the smiling Sure. Firm to his principles--and trust,

The hatrons were clouded! art I heard the tone, Noi lopes, nor fears, can bind.

Of a slow-moving dell--the white haired man was fora

315. As Emphasis is the same thing as

Proverbs. 1. Nothing overcomes passionAccent, only more of it; so, it is inseparably sooner than silence. 2. Precepts--may lead, but connected with the Pauses; indeed, what-eramples-draw. 3. Rebel not against the dictates ever distinguishes one word from the others, of reason and conscience. 4. Sincerity-is the pamay be called Emphasis; which is some

rent of truth. 5. The loquncity of jools-is a lec. times only another name for Expression : it bute to the wise. 6. Unruly passions---destroy the is, at least, one of the mediums of expression. peace of the soul. 7. Valor-can do but little.

without discretion. 8. Modesty--is one of the child Hence, Enphasis is often exhibited in connection with a Rhetorical Pause, placed be- porerly-entitles one to our pity. 10. Our reput

omaments of yourh. 9. Never insult the poor , fore, or ofler, emphatic words, which may rion, virtue, and happiness-greatly depend 011 A be elevate i, or depresse 1, with force and quan-choice of our companions. 11. Wisdom---is tine lity, according to sentiment. When this

greatest Health. 12. Pride-is a greal thiof. pause is made ofter the important word, or

Laconics. No more certain is it, that the words, it causes the mind to rerert to what siower was made to wait perfume,

than that was last said; and when it is made before woman's destiny—is a ministry of love, a lite such word, the mind is led to anticipate of the affections. something worthy of particular attention.

Varieties. 1. Those authors, (says Di. The book is full of illustrations.

Johnson,) are to be read at school, that supply 316. Ex. 1. BENEVOLENCE-is one of the most axioms of prudence, and most principles brighiest gems-in the crown of christian per- of moral truth. 2. The little and short sayfection. 2. Melodi:-—is an agreeable succes ings of wise and excellent men, (saith Bislop sim of sounds; Harmony - an agreeable Tillotson,) are of great value; like the dust concordance of sounds. 3. Homer-was the of gold, or, the least sparks of diamonds. 3. greater genius; Virgil--the better artist : The idle, who are wise rather for this world in one, we most admire the man; in the other than the next, are fools at large. 4. Let ali -the work; Homer--hurries us with com- your precepts be succint, and clear, that manding impetuosily; Virgil-leads us with really wits may comprehend thein. 5. None an attractive mojesty. Homer-scatters with better guard against a cheat, than he, who a generous profusion ; Virgil--bestows, with is a knuve complete. 6. Scarcely an ill-10 a careful magnificence. 4. What man could human life--belongs; but what our follies do, is done already ; (8) HEAVEN and (5) cause, or mutual wrongs. 7. What our Lord earth-will witness,--if--R-0-m-e-m-u-s-t said to all, is applicable to all, at all times; f-a-ll,--that we are innocent.

namely, “uutch,—and it appears to relate Note. Prolong the words with the hyphens between the

to the admission of every thought and desire,

into the mind. 317. POLITICAL Ecovoy-teaches us to investigate the nature, sources, and proper

"In the year 1921, a Mrs. Blake perished in a snow-staru is the uses of national wealth; it seems to bear the night-tiine, while traveling over a spur of tha Green Housine

in Vermont. She has an infant with her, which was four dive same relation to the whole country, that Do and well in the morning, being carefully wrapped in the Bothapa mestic Economy does to an individual fumi- clothing." ly: for, tho' it generally relates to the wealth The cold winds--swept the mountin's heighi, ot' nations, it leads us to examine many points

And pathless-was the dreary will, of comfort and well-being, that are closely And, 'mid the cheerless hours oi night,

A mother wander'd with her child: connected with the acquisition, and expendi- As through the driting snow she presad, ture of property. Its connection with legis. The babe-was siceping-on her breush lation and government are self-erisient; yet and colder still the winds did blow, every one may derive important lessons, from

And darker hours of nighi caine on, a knowledge of its fucts and principles.

And deeper grew the drifting snow : Anecdote. A!I have their Cure. Two Her limbs-were chilld, her strength-was gons merchants, conversing together about the On, God!" she cried, in accents wild, hardness of the times, and observing a flock - If I musi perish, save my child!" of pigeons, one said to the other, -"How She stripp'd her mantle from her brease, happy those pigeons are! they have no bills And bared her bosom to the storm, and acceptances to provide for.” “Indeed," And round the child-she wrapp'd the vest, said the other," you are much mistaken; for Au smiled to think her babe was waru they have their bills to provide for as well as With one cold hiss--one kar she shed,

And sunh--upon her snowy bed. When adverse winds--and wares arise, At dairn--a traveler passed by, And in my heart--despondence sighs;

And saw her--neath a snowy rail; When life--ber throng of cares reveals, The frost of denth-was in her eye, And weakness--o'er my spirit steals,

Her cheek was cold, and hard, and pale; Grateful--I hear the kind decree,

le moved the role from of the child, " Thai, as my day, my strength-shall be." The babe look'd up-:nd yweelly smilet'





318. EMPHASIS, in connection with the Proverbs. 1. Every thing--tends to educate Rhetorical Pause. 1. A frien cannot be us. 2. Always have a good object in view. 3. Acknown-in prosperity; and an enemy can- tions-should be led by knowledge ; ant knowledge not be hidden--in adiersily.

followed by actions. 4. It is better to be saved witir Passions-are winds—to urge us o'er the trave, out a precedent, than damnet by example. 5. There Reasoy--the rudder--to direct-or sace.

is no security among eril companions. 6. Never be He-raised a mortal-to the skies,

uuwilling to teach, if you know ; nor ashamed to Sue-rew an ange-down.

learn, if you can. 7. Litter yourself when young; 4. Churity--suflereth long, and is (3) hind:(4) yourself inclined to be angry, speak in a low tone

you will want rest in old age. 8. When you find charilyenrieth not; (5) charity-vauuntelhof voice. 9. Dear-and forbear--is excellent phinot itself; (3) is not puffed up; (4) doth not losophy. 10. Seek--and practue-the Truth, and behave itself (5) unseemly; (6) seeketh not you are made-forever. 11. Lookers on see, more her own; (5) is not easily (4) provoked ; (3) than players. 12. Wake noi a sleeping lion. thinketh no evil; (5) rejoiceth-not in (4) iniquity, but (5) rejoiceth in the truth ; (4) ning-knife of friendship, and not the mon

Laconies. Sincerity---should be the prubeareth all things; (5) believeth all things, (6) ster scythe-roi'an unfeeling rudeness, which, hopelh all things; (7) endureth all things; for one weed that it eradicales, mows down a (6) CHANTY-(8) NEVER faileth.

dozen of those lender flowers, which bloom319. THE THREE DEGREES OF SPEECH. only on our affections. There are three different modes in which one may read and speak; only two of which, un

Varieties. 1. Our Oralors, (says Cicero,) der any circumstances, can be right. The are, as it were, the ACTORS ve truth itself; first is-reading and speaking by word, and the players are the VITA'Tons of truth. without having any regard to the sentiment; 2. Whence this disdain of life, in every the second is—reading or speaking only by breast, but from a notion-on their minds word and thought; and the third is-read- impressid, that all, who, for their country die, ing and speaking by word, thuught and feet are bless'd. 3. You'll find the friendship of bing-all combined, and appropriately man- the world--is show; all-OUTWARD show. ifested. In the Greek language, we find these 4. Errors, like straws upon the su fuce flow: three modes detinitly marked by specific He, who would search for pearls-must dive words, such as lalleo, Ej po and EIRO. Chil-below. 5. What you keep by you, you may dren are usually taught the first, instead of change and mend; but words, once spoke, the third, and then the second and third- can never be recalled. 6. Let thy discourse rombined: hence, very few of them ever be such, that thou mayest gire profit to othhave any conception of the meaning of the ers, or, from them receire. 7. Beware of ever words they use, or of the subject matter about exceeding the boundaries of truth, in any which they are reading: they seein to regard form; for the mind loses strength, wheneviliesc as something foreign to the object. erit puts its foot beyond the circlt, or passes flere we again see the natural truth of an

the boundaries. other scripture declaration: “ The leller kilirih: the spirit giveth life.”

All hail! thou lovely queen of night, And from the prayer of want, the plaint of woe;

Bright einpress of the stary sky!

The meckness-of thy silvery light
On! nerer, NEVER-urn away thine ear :

Bcams gadness-on the gater's eye,
Forlorn, in this bleak wilderness below, [hear.
Ah! what were man, should HEAVEN--refuse to

While, from thy peerless the one on high

'Thou shinest bright--as cloudless noon, To others do--(the law is not serere;) What--1o thyself--thou wishest to be done;

And biddist the shades of darkness fly Forgire thy foes, and lore thy parents dear,

Before thy glory-Harrest moon! And friends and native land; nor those alone, [cun.

In the deep stillness of the nighi, 11 human weal, or woe, learn thou to make thing

When weary labor is at test, Anecdote. Mahomet-nade his people

How lorely is the scene!-- low bright

The wood--the laun-the mountain's breast Helieve, that he would call a hill to him; and,

When thou, fair moon of Harrest, hast from the top of it, oller up his prayers for the

'Thy radiant glory all unfurled, observers of his law. The people ussembled;

And sweetly smilest in the west, Viahomet uwled the hill again and again to

Far doun--upon the silent world. come to him; and the hill not moving, he

Shine on. fair orb or light! and smile was not at all abashed at it; but put it oil

Till autum months--have passed away, with a jest; saying—“If the hill will not

And labor-hath forgot the toil come to Mahomet, he-will go to the hill."

He bore--in summer's sultry ray;
When people-once are in the wrong,

And when the reapers-end the day.
Each line they add--is much 100 long;

Tired with the burning heat of noon,
Who fastest walks, but walks astray,

They'll come-with spirits light and gay,
Is only furthest--froin his way.

And bless thee-lovely Harrest Moon!



320. CAPRASIS-by a pause just before, their sensible and passing forms; the world, or utiér, the important word. The pause lloj wearing the mark of its kuier, whose stamp fr--awahesis turi sity, and excites experis pierywhere vis.bie', au who e character taion; ofer--carries back the mind to what is legible to al', who are wiling to under was latu. How would a meni, aferoni, and would become happy. hamis all with a rou or iro, ad shown Proverbs, 1. Ani oak tree-is not felled with cum-tan lo nede', spiesoflis own duth, ?buie 2. Beware of him, who is obliged to ili au mn to the setting fu, in a tropical sund li's reputation. 3. Conera ing fauils - is cla; where the sun is severely hot as long belolding to thein. 4. Detile nor your mouth wich as it?.???, and when it sets, it is very soon

mihre vonds. 5. Eiry--p14). Un itself i jiatueny derh?

6. G:utny

nauseous---!o the truly wbt. 1. '5; “And now--my race-offer

kills nose than the suord. 7 llastu risentot por--TU!!, :C Viru-be the ert--of tropic (6) 817; No rule (6) gratuitions--quench his selcior spitud toe!!. . Inconstanrı -- is the attende

ant of a w ak mind. 9. Keep gooil company, rul; (5, Sotwilight (7) dews--his wrath al

and be one on the numer. 10. The one is base, lay: (4) Both (5) dick, (like battie tar ct)-

none can le entirely iree and noile. 11. Sin-8. ril, ifj; He rushe sa-t' his burning Ltd., (5) ineparti oi discrišt. 12. 0.1-1147 ask, thun duide Dyey the wide wave--with bloody (6) light; 40-51.0ns. 13. Avo d all superfruities. Then sinks-at once-- () unit uil is (1)

Ane adote. liity Reply. A gentleman nigh!." "Te last clause, pronounced in a lately complimented a ludi, on fier improved deep inonotone, and a pause before it, adus

appearance. ** You are guity of fhillery," much to its ficauty and grandeur. 2. “Will said the lady. " \ot so," replied hie; - for all srit Neptune's ocean-Wush--this bloot --- !--.cin my hands?

you are aj p!!!111p as a partridg." “At

Nothese, my first," said she, -"I thou., ht you gulty of 3ns, will rüther the muit'tudinous 809--iricurrutire: making the green--(1) one reli' fiattery on y; but I ww tind jou actualiy

inahe gume ot' ine.'' Dlacläth's liends are so deeply stained, that, to wash thein in the ocean, would make it red

Dlark to liit. Never forget, that by your with blot

adruicument, you have become an olject of

f1rp-to those whom you have outi tripped SATAX, LAMISTING THE LOSS OF HEAVEN, AND

-in the race of life, and a tacit reproach--to "Is this the region, Thus the soil, the clime, "--- their want of energy or caprit, which they Said then the list archangel, " this the study never forgive. You must, therefore, lay you That we must change-or heaven?

account to be made a muur's for “ 01723, hue This the mour; u g'oorn --

trpil, and mulice, and all unchurilu'!oness." For that CELESTIAL LIGHT? Farecell, happy fiells,

Varieties. 1. We have three oriers, or Wine iny--forerer dwells. llail horrors, -hail

degrees of ficulties; the religinis, gril and Internal nord! And thou-srooundest hell,

scientific ; tlie firól, regards the Dill; the Receivery neur-possessor.!"

coal, lumanity; and the ihirl, Nature ;

i. e. the l'orkman and his works. 2. It is * Tani me the borr!-ye jocund band,"

the object of the Birli-to teach religimis, raL'exil. "will rouse my mirth;" Put consrience-seized his tremiling hand,

ther than scientific truths. 3. Camot our And the cuj-!0 earth.

min:hi-be imbued with t'ie spirit of her ;

or tainted with the breath of JL !? 4. In leokeilround, he blush'd, he laughd,

mari, we see blended the gro!ogical, the regia Hespect the parkling ware;

ta'le, and animail: to which is supera-ldod, In it, but pical, -wlo drinks this draught,

llie huntin; all hurmonising, and yet each Shall fil-a murderer's grave."

necesire series predominatrs over the pre Ile graspeil the lowl,—to seek relief;

ceding one; till at length, the human rises Nomure-hi's conscience said;

above erery thing; earth-passes away, and Ils bosom-it end- was sunk in grief,

heuren-is oli in all. 5. Let your trust be so Thus ciaren-berged for breal.

impicilin the Dirine Prorilence, that all TI:10' haun's of horror-and of strife,

thinus will be dispo-ed for tlie hest, alter you lie pasend downl-life's dark vide;

have done the part assignel, that your only Tir cuses bourgared bates--and wife; care shall be, how you may perform the He cursis God.--and dirl!

reatest amount of good, of which your being 321. CHEATION, Ii' we studied creation is depuble. more, our minds would much sooner becoine

This world's a hire, you know, 'tis said, deurloped; then, the hearens, the curth, the

Who4 bus-re men, ('us true as funny) water, with their respective, various, and nu And some--fill ceils--with bitter breaid, werous inhabitants, the prolutime, nelures, While others gather sweetest honey; $!!!pt him, antipalhire; their user, benefits Yet each, a ke, listoty does, en pleasuits, would be better understvorl by Each-Irings what's nevilful for the other : us: and ettirial uistom, power, vaje:ty and Though it vers ut aute--they hun and Luz podness, would be very conspicuous, thro' Yet all obey the common mother.



322. EMPHASIS. On every page may be Proverbs. 1. The foreknowledge of an atau four.d nearly all the principles of elocution; proaching evil, is a benefit of no small magnitudo and in aiming at a compliance with the rules 2. We may get a world of false love, for a little given, great care must be taken to avoid a honesty. 3. T'he love of mankind-may be good stiff, and formal mode of reading and speak- while it iasts; but the love of God—is everlasting. ing. We must never become enslaved to 4. Too many condemn the just, and not a feu thought alone, which rules with a rod of iron: justify the wicked. 5. Some people's threats--aro but yield to feeling, when it is to predomi- larger than their hearts. 6. Discreet stages-mako nate: in a perfect blending of feeling, thought short journeys. 7. Imitate the good, but avoid the and action, there is all the freedom and grace- evil

, by imitation. 9. Prize a good character abovo

evil. 8. Rather do gool, without a pattern, than fulness of nature; provided they are in har. mony with nature. It is better to be natural, benefactors of their race. 11. Plain dealing is u

any other good. 10. Well qualified teachers-aro than mechanically correct. Every thought jewel. 12. Perfect love-casteth out fear. and feeling has its peculiar tone of roice, by which it is to be expressed, and which is ex

Science. Science, the partisan of no counactly suited to the degree of internal feeling: try, but the beneficent patroness of all, has in the proper use of these tones, most of the liberally opened a temple, where all may life, spirit, beauty, and effect of delivery con

meet. She never inquires about the country, sists. Hence, emprasis, or erpression, is al or sect, of those who seek admission; sho most infinite in variety; yet none should be never allots a higher, or a lower place, from discouraged; because we cannot do

exaggerated national claims, or unfounded

every thing, is no reason why we should not try to national antipathies. Her influence on the do something

mind, like that of the sun on the chilled 323. MISCELLANEOUS. 1. In your con- cultivation and farther improvement. The

earth, has long been preparing it for higher versation, be cautious what you speak, to

philosopher of one country should not see an whom you speak, how you speak, when you enemy in the philosopher of another ; ho speak; and what you speak, speak wisely, should take his seat in the temple of science, and truly. 2. A fool's heart—is in his longue; and ask not who sits beside him. but a wise man's tongue-is in his heart. 3. Few things-engage the attentionand af

Varieties. 1. Is not the innocence of frctions of men-more than a handsome ad. flowers enough to make wicked personstlush dress, and a graceful conversation. 4. For -to behold it? 2. Are there not as many one-great genius, who has written a little beautiful flowers in the other world, as then book, we have a thousand-lillle geniuses, are in this? 3. Those are the best diversions, who have written great books. 5. Words-that relieve the minl, and exercise the body, are but air; and both are capable of much with the least expense of time and money. con lensation. 6. Nature-seldom inspires 4. Give us knowledge of our own, and we a strong desire for any object, without fur- will persevere. 5. Let us call tyrants-tynishing the ability--to attain it. 7. 411-is Rants: and maintain, that FREEDOM comes not gold—that glitters. 8. If I were an only, by the grace of Gol. AMERICAN-as I am an Englishman, while Truth-needs no champion; in the infinite deep a foreign troop--was landed in my country, of everlasting Soul-her strength abides:

From Nature's heart--her mighty pulses leap.-niever! (4) never! (2) never! 9. The price Through Nature's veins, her strength, undying, tide, of LIBERTY--is clernal vigilance. 10. The Peace—is more strong than war; and gentleness, true disciples of Nature, are regardless who When ,force were rain, makes conqueses ver the conduíts them, provided she be the leader; when they, who loved, are hidien—by the grava

And love lives on, and hath a power to bless (waves for Nature, like truth--is immutable. There is a tide-in the rzffairs of men,

Tis not a century--s'uce they, Which, taken at the flood, -leads on 10 FORTUNE ;

The red men, traversed here, Omilted, all the royage of their life

And o'er these pleasant hills and rales, Is hound in shallows--and in miseries :

Pursued the bounding deer; On such a full sea--are WE-110w afloat,

Here, too, thai eloquence was poured And we must take the current, when it serves,

Around the council light, Or lose our l'entures.

That made the sturdy warrior bold, Anecdote. One thing at a time. The

And ready for the fight!

And oft they came--erulting back famous pensioner of Holland, who was the

The husband, sire and son, greatest genius of his time, and a famous pol

To vauilt before their savage shrina itician, on being asked, how he could trans

The ill-their hands had done : act such a variety of business, without con

Yei, of their mortal real or woe, fusion, replied, that he never did but one

Ne tracris leti 10-day; thing at a time.

Por. like the form upon the war
Face to face the truth comes out.

The; all wave passed auov !

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