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879. ISTOXATIONS AND MELODY Laconirs. 1. By min ling our own business, SPEECH. By the first-is meant the move- we shall be more useful, inore benerolent, more ment of the voice though the different notes respected, and ten times happier. 2. That stu. at the scale, As-cending and De-scending, dent will live miserably, who lies down, like a with an appropriate and agreeable variety camel, under his burden. 3. Remember, whilo o' sounds; by the second, an agreeable sue- you lire, it is by looks--that men ducere. 4. A assion of sounds, either in speech or song indeed the visesi foe. 5. He, who contides in a

tuolish friend inay cause more wo, Than could A dull repetition of words or sounds, on nearly the same pitch, is very grating to the person of no honor, inay consider himself very car, and discusting to correct taste; and yet tion oi mankind is such, that we must not believe

lucky, if he is not a sufferer liy it. 6. The condiit is one of the most common faults of the bar, the senate and pulpit ; indeed, in every tion.

every smooth speech--the cover of a kind inten.

7. Wo is w se! Ile who learns from crety place where there is public speaking: which 8. Who is rich ? le, who is contented. 0. is the melancholy result of the usual course Nothing is so dumi)--as deep emotion. 10. Where of teaching children to read.

there is much mysary, there is generally much 380. EXAMPLES PARTIALLY EXPUXITED.

ignorance. 11. Catch not soon at offence. ! (5) Seest thou a man (5) diligent in his (6) bu- / Whoso losetli his spirits, loseih wil. siness? (5) lle shall stand before (4) kings,(3) Anecdote. Choice of a Husband. An he shall not stand ivefore (5) meun men. 2. (3) Atheniun, who was hesitating, whether to () swear not by the 16; nom, the (5)inconstant give his daughter in marriage to a man of (1) mom, (3) that monthly (5) changes in its worth with a small fortune, or to a rich man, arcled (3) orb. 3. Said Mr. Pill, to his ased who had no other recommendation, went in occuser, in deba!e, (4) "put (6) ?.outh, it consult Themistocles on the subject. “? seems, is not ny (ös only (3) crime, (1) I have would bestow my daughter," said Themisto been acerleed-of (5) acting (6) a (S) theatricles, “ upon a mam without money, rather cul part." 4. (5) Standing on the ascent of than upon money without a man." tie (6) past, we survey the (5) presell, and True Phllosoplay-consists in dwing all (1) extend our views into (3) futurity. 5. the good that we can, in learning all the (5) No one-will ever be the (4) huppur, for good we can, in teaching to others all the (5) talents, or (4) riches, (3) unless he makes good we can, in bearing, to the best of our a right (3) use of them. 6. (5) Truths-hive ability, the various ills of life, and in enjoy. (4) life in them; and the (6) fort of that ing, with grutilule, every homest pleasurelife is (3) unceasing expansion. 7. (6) He, that comes in our vay. who loves the (5) Lord, with all his (4) heart, Varieties. , l. Should not our intentims, and his neighbor as (4) himself, needs no (5) as well as cur actions—be gooil? 2. Tule compass, or (1) helm to steer his (3) course ; love--is of sloe growth, mutual and reciprom because (5) truth and (4) lore are his (3) cu', and founded on esteem. 3. Graces, ana wind and (2) tide. N. B. The infections, cir- accomplishments--are too often designed for cumflexes, &c., commence with the accented beaux-caching, and coquetry. 4. There is vowel, which is supposed to be on the note time for all things. 5. An intiridual--inindicated by the preceding figure.

clined to mi'gnify every gooil, and minify :35 1. Promiscuous Examples without every eril-must be a pleasing comparinn, NOTATION. The predominant characteristic or partner--for life,-whether male or fiof the frinale mind is offection: and that of male. 6. knowledge-is not wis:tum ; it is the male mind is thought: tho' both have of only the raw material, from which the beaufertim and thought; but riispuritydoes not tiful fabric of wisdom is produced; thereimply inferiority. The sexes are intended fore, let us not spend our days in gathering tor dillerent spheres of life, and are created materials, and liry, and die, without a shelo in conformity to their destination, by Jim, ter. 7. Every evil-has its limit; which, who bids the vali— brave the fury of the when puisse i, plunges the wiche ! into misa terupeal, and the Alpine flower - lean its . &. One thief in the house, is more to be chrik on the bosom of eternal snou'.

dreaded than ton in the street. 9. The

more haste, kenerally the worst speel. 10. Abstract Q restion. Is not that pro- The moral government, under which we live, pensity of th: human mind, which seelis for is a kingdom of usks; and whatever we puso a medium of communication, between two sess, is viven us for use; and with it, the 01 physical phenoniendi, to be traced to the fact, portunity and muer of using it. that ecry admitted truth, is derived from a

Thou art, O Goil, the life and light mner,um of knowledge; and that there is a

Of all this wondrous world we see, cunection among all intellectual phenome

Iis glove by danis smile by night, na; so much so, that we cannot conceive a

Arilen refertions-anght from thee; new idea, without a medium of compionica. Lere'er we turn, thiy g'ories shine, som ?

And all things fair and bright are thine.

382. INTONATions CONTINUED). Lister. Proverbs. 1. The remedy for injuries 19.-attentively, to a person under the influence 101 10 namember them. 2. To read, and not unles. of nature, of his own feclings and thoughts : 5220, is to pursue, rund no: orertzke. 3. Truth rehe relates stories, supports arguments, com- times, but does not obscure. 4. He wio iaches, mands those under his authorily, speaks to often learns himself. 5. Hortia-has been underpersons at a distance, utters exclamations of

ratcıl, eses since wealth-has been oretrated. 6 anger and rage, joy and rupture, pours Antiquity cannot sanction an error, por norrlig forth lamentations of sorrow and grief; injure a truth. 7. A man in u passion. rides a

horse that runs away with him. 8. A small wak breathes offection, love, &c. in different pitch will sink a great ship. 9. Never forget a good es, tones, qualities, emphasis, inficction, and

10. Lying is the vice oi a siare. 11. Self circumflexes, elevations and depressions or

conceis is the attendunt of ignorance. 12. The voice. The only possibility of success, there love of society is natural. fore, is—to get perfect control of the vocal

Anecdote. The emperor of China - inorgans, by practicing these principles, and Iquired of Sir George Siuuntur,

out the conforming the whole manner to the sense

manner in which physicians' ere paid in and objects of the composition.

Englund. When he was in ue to understand 383. IntoxATION AND Melody. These what the privlice was,',exclaimed, “Can examples are given as general guides; the any man in Englan vfford to be ili! Now, figures refer to the notes in the Diatonic I have four play:.cians, and pay all of them Scale. 1. (4) But, (5) from the (4) tomb, (5) a weekly saviny; but the moment I am sick, the (4) voice of (5) nature (6) crics, (6) And, that salar, is stopped, till I am well azain; (5) in our (4) ashes, (5) live (4) their won-(3) theres,,e, my indisposition is never of long ted (2) fies. 2. But (5) yonder comes, (4) d'ation." rejoicing in the (6) EAST,(5) The (4) powerful Woman. The prevailing manners of an (3) king of (2) day. 3. (6) AWAKE! '") age depend, more than we are aware of, or ARISE! (6) or (5) be (3) forever (2) sullen. are willing to allow, on the conduct of the 4. (3) He expired in a (5) victuali.g-house, women : this is one of the principal things (4) which I hope (5) 1 (3) shall (2) not. 7. on which the great machine of human society (5) Fair (6) angel, thy (5) de ore, which tends turns. Those, who allow the intluence which to (6) Know The works of (5) God, doth (4) female graces have in contributing to polish merit (3) praise. 8) Such (4) honors Ilion the munzurs of men, would do well to retlect, io (6) En lover paid, And (5) peaceful slept how great an influence female morals must (4) the mighty (3) Hector's (2) shade. Note. also have on their conduct. How much, Construct a scale on faint ruled paper, and then, is it to be regretted, that women--should place le uords on it as indicated; the same ever sit down, contented, to polish, when they as notes are on the musical stoff.

are able to reform--to entertuin, when they Miscellaneous. 1. Bcauty-- is the out- might instruct. Nothing delights mcu more ward form of goodness : and this is the rea- than their strength of understanding, when non, we love it instinctively, without think- true gentleness of manners is its associate; ing why we love: but we ceuse to love, when united, they become irresistible orators, blessed we find it unaccompanied with truth and with the power of persuusion, fraught with goodness. 2. Make not your opinions, the the sweetness of instruction, making woman criterion of right and wrong: but make the highest ornament of human nature. right and wrog--the criterion of your ac

Varieties. 1. Fear -- is a bad preserver tions and principles.

of anything intended to endure; but loveFew--bring hack at eve, will generally ensure fidelity, even to the end. Immaculate, the manners of the mom ; 2. He, who knowingly defends the urung Something we thought-is blotted, we resolved side of a question, pays a very bad complia Is shaken, we renounced--returns again. ment to his hearers: as much as to say; FulseThere is no griaut punishment of vice luod, supported by my talents, is stronger Than that it have its own will;

than truth, supported by yours. 3. Before a Hence, guilly--infernal love becomes the

man should be convicted of a libel, the jury Most diadly hale.

must be satisfied, that it was his intention to The inteni, and not the deed, libel; not to state fucts, which he believed to Is in our power ; and therefore, who DARES greutly, I be true, or, reusonings, which he thon... Does greatly.

just. 4. The dillerence between de word 6. Words-are things ; a small drop of of God, and the compositions of man, is as ink, (falling like dew-) upon thought, pro- great, as betweer ruut flame and pointed duces that, which makes thousands, perhaps name. 5. !erelmulation, even the most in. Millions think. 7. Somethingis at all norrllo, 18 ever productive of embarrassments; times-.flowing into us.

whether the design is evil, or not, urlifice is Too much the beautiful-we prize, always dangerous, and alınost inevitably dus. Tbc useful-outen we depuise.

grucrful.

384. REVISIONS. Let all the preceding Laconics. 1. The great battle and conuest principles be reviewed, with an illustration of among poliucians is—not how the governmeni each, and endeavor to fix them, permanently, shall be adminisiered, but who shall adı neler it. in the mind, by seeing their truth, and feeling 2. They who go to church out of ranity, or curi. their power in practice; so that you can write osity, and hot for worship and instruction, should a work yourself on the philosophy of mind nor value themselves on account of their religion ; and voice. Remember, that nothing is yours, consideration ; everything is badly executed, tisat

for it is not worth a straw. 3. Allow line for till you make it your own, by understanding is done by force or riolence. 4. Occusional mrih, it scientifically, rationally and offectuously, is not incompatible with wisdom; and the inan of and then by applying it to its proper object :

reserved habits, may sometimes be gay. 5. Happy do not forget effects, causes, ends, their suc

are they, who draw lessons of prudence from the cessive order, and simultaneous development. dangers, in which others are involved. 6. EcoEVE'S LAMEXT ON LEAVING PARADISE.

quence--can pierce the reluctant wonder of the (Plaintire, with quantity.)

world, and make even monarchs tremble on their 0, unerpectel stroke, worse than of Death!

thrones. Must I thus leare thee, Paradise ? thus leare

Anecdote. Spinola. “Pray, of what did Thee, native soil, these happy walks and shades,

your brother die ?” said the Marquis Spinola Pit llaunt of gods? where I had hoped to spend,

one day to Sir Horace Vere. “He died, sir," (Quiet, tho'sad.) the respite of that day, Tbat must be mortal 10 ns Loth;

replied he,“ of having nothing to do."' "Alas! O fouets, (that never will in other climate grow,) sir,” said Spinola,that is enough to kill any My early visitation, and my last

general of us all.Mostesquieu says, “We, Alev'n, which I bred up, with tender hand,

in general, place idleness among the beatiFrom the first opening bud, and gave ye names;

tudes of heaven; it should rather, I think, be Who, now, shall rear you to the sun, and rank put amid the tortures of hell. Austin calls it Your tribes, and water from the ambrosial fount? |--the burying a man alive." Thee. (lastly,) nuptial bower, by me adorned Female Education. How greally is it With w!iat to sight, or smell, was sweet, from THEE to be regretted, that for the benefit of both How shall I part, and whither wander-down sexes, women are not generally so educated, Into a lower toru, to this--Obscure

that their conversations might be still much And wild? How shall we breathe in other air,

more useful to us, as well as beneficial to Less pure, accustomed to immortal fruits !

themselves. If, instead of filling their heads 385. How mean,-how timid,-how ab- with trifles, or worse than trifles, they were ject, must that spirit be, which can sit down, early taught what might be really useful, --contented with mediocrity. As for myself they would not then be so continually in -all that is within me is on fire. I had ra- pursuit of silly, ridiculous, expensive, and ther be torn into a thousand pieces, than relax

many times criminal amusement; neither my resolutim, of reaching the sublimest would their conversation be so insipid and heights of virtue-and knowledge, of goorl- impertinent, as it too often is. On the runncss — and truth, of love — and wisdom. tracy, were their minds properly improved Nothing is so arduous,-nothing so ADMIR- with knowledge, which it is certain they are · ABIE, in human affairs, but may be attained exceedingly capable of, how much more by the industry of man. We are descended agreeable would they be to themselves, and from heaven ; thither let us go, whence we how much more improving and delightful to derive our origin. Let nothing satisfy us,

us? How truly charming does beauty aplower than the summit of all excellence.

pear, when adorned by good nature, good Nominalists and Realists. The Non-sense, and knowledge? And when beauty inalists -- were a sect, the followers of Ros-fades, as soon it must, there will then be celinus and Abelard: according to these those qualities and accomplishments renainphilosophers, there are no existences in na-ing, which cannot fail to command great reinre corresponding to general terms, and the gurd, esteem, and offectim. objects of our attention in all our general speculations, are not ideas, but words. The

But-shall we wear these glories for a day, Realists--were their opponents, and adhered Or shall they last, and we rejoice in them? to the principles of Aristotle.

While there is hope, do not distrust the gols, 0-may the spirits of the dead-descend But wait, at least, till Cesar's near approach, To watch--the silent slumbers of a friend ; Force us 10 yield. Twill neer be too lateTo lover---round his evening walk-unseen, To sue for chains, and own aronpetor. And hold sweet conrerse-on the dusky green;

In faith, and hope, the world will disngrce, To hail the spot-where first their friendship grew, But all mankind's concem-is charity. And hearen-and nature-opened to their view. Tis education--forms the common mind, Oft, when he trims his cheerful hearth, and sees Just as ! « tuig is bent, the tree's inclined. A smiling circle--emulous to please,

The inind, that would be happy, musi be great, Theremiay these gentle guesis--delight to dwell, Great in its wishes, great in its surveys; And bless the scene-they loved in life so well. Ectended vinos, a :arrow mind extend.

VARIETIES.

THE EIGHT XOTES OF THE SCALE.

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396. As so much depends upon the proper

Laconics. 1. The antidote, to the ban cul in morement of the voice, tirough the diferent fluence of flattery is, for every one to vzamine notes of the scale, and as our primary in-hinseli

, and truly estimate his own qualities, and struction in reading is often diametrically on what is certainly tree, and we shall be able to

character. 2. Let us make ourselves steadfast in posed to what is natural, it is deemed neces. sary to be more explicit in directions, as well ansu'er objections or rejert them as unworthy of an as in eramples. Imitate, with the coice, ac

answer. 3. Argument-cannot dieprove fact; 110 companied by corresponding motions of the

two opposing facts can be produced; all olijec. hunil, the gentle undulations of the waters, lucution-includes all the influences, that serve 10

tions 10 a fact must there ore le negative. 4. Edwhen the waves run moderately high; let- unol the jacuties--and determine the cher eing the movement of your roice resemble acuer; thus involving the mental, and physical. 5. that of a small boat. Observe the various To render good for eril, is Goul-like; 10 render movements of dillerent kinds of birds through goo 1 for good, is man-like; to render crit for eril.is the air, some bobbing up and down, others beast-like; to remer erit for good-is derul-like. moving more gracefully; some slapping their wings, others sailing, soaring : but the more furnished us with desires, which have no cor

Varieties. Has a wise and good Gol-Inents of the voice are infinitely more various than all other external motions; for it in our breasts, with no other view but to lis

respondent v'jecís, and raised expectations contains them all.

appoint them? Are we to be forever in search of happiness, without arriring at it,

either in this world or in the neri? Are we cres, 21

forned with a passionate longing for inn:uren lire

tality, and yet destined to perish, after this

short period of existence? Are we prompifres ed to the noblest actions, and supported

through life, under the severest hurd hips Blessed-We sometnes are! and I am now

and most delicate temptations, by the hopes Hargy in quel ferlings; for the lones-

of a reward, which is risionary and chimiri0;' a pleasant company of friendsWere in my ear, just how, and gentler thoughts

cal,--by the expectation of pruises, of which From purits, whose high character I know; it is utterly impossible for us, ever to have And I retain their infiuenre, us the air

we least hinwledge or enjoyment? Netains the softness-oi departed day.

Effects of Knowledge.

The more There is a spell-in every flower,

widely knowledge is spread, the more will A surelness--in each spray,

They be prized, whose happy lot it is--to ex® And every simple bird-las power

tend its bounds, by discovering new truths, To please us--with its lay.

to multiply its is.psby inventing new mortes And there is music-on the breeze,

of applying it in practice. Reul knowledge That sports along the glade,

--never prompted either turbulence, or unAnd crystal dex-itrops--on the trees, The gens-ly fancy made.

belief; but its progress is the forerunner of 0. there is joy-and happiness,

liberulity and enlightened tolerutin. Who

so drcars these, let him tremble; for he may In everything I see,

be well assured, that their day is at length Wich bids my soul rise up and bless The God, that blesses me

come, and must put to sudden flight the evil Method. In speaking extempore, or in spirits of tyranny and persecutim, which writing, METION, or the proper arrangement haunted the long nighí, now gone down the of the Tho!l2his, is of the first importance ;

sky. to altcin whichi, you must fix, in your mind,

Soft peace slie brings wherever she arrives; the precise o'ject you have in view, and

She builds our quitt, us plit torns our lives, never lose sight of it; then, determine the

Luys the rough path of peevisia nature even, frand irisins; which should be nuurui,

And opens, in each breast, a little kearen and distinct; not an unnecessary thought,

Alan-is the rugged losty pine, or illustration should be admitted: and

That frowns o'er many a wave-bear shore : even in the amplificulion of the subject, eve

Ilumin's the slender-graceful rine, ry part should have its proper pluve, and all Vhose curling tendrils-round in wine, present a who'p.

And deck is rougi bark-sweeily o'er. Anecdote. Mr. Summerfield. It is said, Teachine to soothe the helpless orphan's gries, of the late Mr. Suinierfield, that being asked With lively au-thie w dow's worsarsuage; by a bishop, where he was born, he replied, To mis ry's inoving cries-lo yield relief, “I was born in England, and born aginin in And be the sure resource oi drooping age. Ireland." “What do you mean?" inquired

Our doubts-are trinitors, the bishop. “ Art thou a master in Israel, and And make us lose the good-we ort might icim lorowest not these things !” was the reply. By fearing to allempi.

VARIETIES.

387. Cadence-means a descent, or fall Laconics. 1. No change in external appear of the voice: here, it means the proper nian. anee, can alter that. wlich is raulically wrong. 2. ner of closing a sentence. In the preceding Seize an opportunity, when it presents itself; if examples, the pupil sees how it is made, once lost. it may never be reginei. 3. Vicious The best cadence, that which rests most men, endeavor to impose on the world, by assum. pleasantly on the ear, is the fall of a Iriaa

my a semblance of virtue, to conceal ther bad 1. e. a regular gradation of three notes from habits, and evil propensities. 4. Beware of self. the prevalent pitch of voice; which is gen- love, for it hardens the heart, and shuts the mind to erally the fourih or fifth: tho'different voices all that is good and true. 5. The excessive pleas. are keyed on different pitches: hence, each ure one ieeis--in talking of himself. ought to ir ake must be governed by his own peculiarities bin apprehensive, that he aflorals lule to his aiva in this respect. Beware of contounding ca ditor. 6. In our mercourse with the world, we derue with inflictions, and never end a sen should often ask ourselves this questior-Ilow tence with a feeble and depressed utterance. would I like to be treated thus ? 7. In all agig Tho'sature--weigh our talents, and dispense, and countries, unprincipled men may be found, to every inan, his modicum of sense,

who will slander the most upright character, and Yet-much-depends, as in the liller's toil, find others as base as themselves, to join in the proOn culture, and the sowing of the soil.

pagation of their falsehoods. The brare man-is not he, who feels no fear,

Confinement of Debiors. The prosper. For that were stupid--and irrutionul;-- ily of a people is proportionate to the num. Bathe, whose noble soul his fear subdues, [froin. ber of hands and minds usefully employed. And bravely dares the danger, which he shrinks To the community, sedition is a fever, cor11. holds no parly with uninanly fears;

ruption is a gangrene, and idliness is an Where duty bids, he confideutly steers;

atrophy. Whatever boily, and whatever soFaces a thousand dangers at her call,

ciety--wussts more than it acquiris, must And trusting in his Gud, surmounts them all.

gradually decay: and every being that con

unues to be fed, and ceases to lulor, iakes What is life?

away something from the public stock. The Tis not to stalk about, and draw in fresh air,

confinement, therefore, of any man in the From time to time, or gaze upon the sun;

sloin and darkness of a prison, is a loss 10 is to be FREE.

The nution, and no gain to the creditor. 388. WORD.PAINTING. There is noth-For, of the multitudes, who are pining in ing in any of the other fine arts, but what is those cells of misery, a very small part is involved in oralory. The letters are analo. suspected of any frauduleni act, by which gous to uncompounded painls; words-o they retain, what belongs 10 others. The paints prepared for use; and, when arranged resi are imprisoned by the wantonness of im'o appropriate and significa!t sentences, pride, the malignity of revenge, or the acri. they form pictures of the ideas on the can.mony of disappointed expectation. vas of the imagination: hence, composition, whether writien or spoken, is like a picture, exhibi'ing a great variety of features, not Whme edge-is sharper th in the sword, whose longue only with prominence, but with degrees of

Outvenoms all the wornis of Nile; whose breath prominence: to do which, the painter,

Riia on the sporting winds, and doth belie

All corners of the world: kings, queens, and states, speaker. or writer, applies shades of the

Maids and matron, the secrets of the gravisame color to fcutures of the same class, and

This viperous slander crites. mppusing colors to those of different classes. Mercy to him that shows it, is the rule,

And richterus lunaitint of its art, Government. The ordinary division of

By which huren mones, in pardoning guilty man. governments into republican, monarchical,

Anthe, that shows none, (eing ripe in yars, and despolic, appearsessentially erroneous; for there are but two kinds of governinent. Slll sakit, ar not find is, in his turl. gourd and bad : governments are national His words-re Im; his oats-are orale; and special. The essence of the former His line-sincere; his thougly--imma n'al; consists in the will of the nation consutu His leays--pure morsengers, sent from his heart:

His heart-is as far from fraud, -as huaren--from earth. tionally expressed; that of the latter, where there are other sources of power, or right, Be earnest--why shouldst thou for custom's eune, than the will of the nation.

Lay a cold hand upon lıy heart's warın puise, Anecdote. Punctual llcarer.

A wo.

And crush those trelings back, which, ullered, Iliakia mu, who always used to attend public wor Links in the chain or lore? Why thus convulse ship with great punctuality, and took care a soul, that overflows with sympathy to he always in time, was asked how it was For kindred souls, when thou art called to be -she could always come so early; she an. The Heart's Apostle, loring. pure, and true? swered very wisely, that it was part of the sinooth hypocrisies, the polished lies, her religion-not to disturb the religion of the cold dead formsand hollow mocheries others »

Current among the many, ly the fewe,
I hate to see a scholar gape,

Who know their nanlood, should be held in scorn!
And yawn upon his seat,

Speak frrely thy free thought-and other souls Orlny luis head upon his desk,

To thine shall answer-as from living coals As is almost asleep.

Together kindled, light and heat are born:

VARIETIES.

Tis slander:

And consciotts--of the outcole crunmils)

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