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389. DYNAMICS. This, in mechanical phi Maxims. I. The credit that is got by a lie, losophy, means the science of moving-powers; -only lisis ill the truth comes out.

2. Zeal, in elocution and singing, it relates to the mixed with lone, is harmless--as the dove. 3. force, loudness, hurshness, strength, rough- A covetous nian is, as he wlways fancies, in want. ness, softness, swell, dininish, smoothness, 4. Hypocrites--tirst cheat the world, and at last, It'rruptness, gentleness of voice: that is, its themselves. 5. The borrower is slave to the lender, qualities, which are as various as those of the and the security--to both. 6. Some are too stig human mind; of which, indeed, they are the to bend, and too old to mend. 7. Truth has alrepresentatives. Observe—that the names of ways a sure foundation. 8. He, who draws these qualities, when spoken naturally, ex. To do good, is the right way to find good.

others into evil courses—is the devil's agent. 9.

10. press, or echo, their natures. The Loud, A spur in the head-is worth two in the heel. 11. Rough, Soft, Smooth, Harsh, Forcille, Full, Better spared, than ill spent. 12. Years teach Strong, Tremulous, Slender, &c. all of which

more than books. are comprehenıled in force, pitch, time, quan

Anecdote. Love and Liberty. When an tity, and abruptness of voice. 390. Let the following examples be ren- with his princess, by Cyrus, and was asked,

Armenian prince—had been taken captire dered perfectly familiar-the feelings, tho'ts,

what he would give to be restored to his kingwords and appropriate voice: nothing, how

dom and liberty, he replied : “ As for my ever, can be done, as it should be, without having the most important examples memo. if my blood--would redeem my princess, I

kingdom and li'erty, I value them not; but rized, here and elsewhere. (Loud) when loud surges-lash the sounding shore; would cheerfully give it for her.” When (Rough) The hwarse rough voice, should like Cyrus had liberated them both, the princess the torrent roar.” (S87) Soft is the strain, was asked, what she thought of Cyrus ? To

which she replied, “I did not observe him; when Zephyr gently blows; (Smooth) And We smooth stream, in smoother numbers my whole attention was fixed upon the gene

rous man, who would have purchased my fluns." (Harsh) “On a sudden, open tly,

liberty with his life.with impetuous recoil and jarring sound, the infernal Ivors, and on their hinges grate hursh

Prejudice---may be considered as a conithunder.(Safi) “ Heaven opened wide linual false medium of viewing things; for her ever-during gates (harmonious sound) prejudiced persons-not only never speak on golden hinges turning.” (Soft)

well, but also, never think well, of those charming-is divine philosophy! (Harsh)

whom they dislike, and the whole character Not hursh, and crabbed, as dull fools sup- and conduct is considered—with an eye to pose. (Soft) But musical—as iš Apollo's that particular thing which offends them. lute.” (Harsh, Strong and Forcible.)

Varieties. 1. Every thing that is an obvind, and crack your cheeks ! rage! blow ject of taste, sculpture, painting, architecture, your cataracts, and hurricane spout, till you gardening, hustrundry, poetry, and music have drenched our steeples. You sulphuris come within the scope of the orator. 2. In a ous and thought-executing fires, vaunt couri- government, maintained by the arm of pour ers to oal-cleaving thunderbolts ; and thou, er, there is no certainty of duration; but one all shaking thunder, strike flat the thick ro- cemented by mutual kindness, all the best tundity of the world.”

feelings of the heart are enlisted in its sup(Soft and smooth.)

port. 3. Who was the greater tyrant, DionyHow sweet the moon-light sleeps upon this bank; sius or the bloody Mary? 4. Beuuty, unae Here will we sit, and let the sounds of music,

companied by virtue, is like a flower, with Creep in our ears; soft stillness, and the night, out perfume; its brilliancy may remain, but Become the touches of sweet harmony.

its sweetness is gone; all that was precious (Quick and Joyous.)

in it, has evaporated. 5. We might as well Let the merry bells ring round,

throw oil on a burning house to put out the And the jocund reheck sound,

fire, as to take ardent spirits into the stomach, To inany a youth-and many a maid, to lessen the elects of a hot sun, or severe

Dancing-in the checkered shade. exercise. 6. The understanding must be A want of occupation--is not rest,

elevated above the will, to control its desires; A mind quite vacant-is a mind distressed. but it must be enlightened by the truth, that As rolls the ocean's changing lide.

it may not err. So-human feelings--cbb--and flor : The path way--to the grave-may be the same, And who rould in a breast confide,

And the proud man--shall tread it,--and the lom.
Where stormy passions--ever glow! With his bowed head, shall bear him company.
Kemote from cities--lived a suain,

But the temper-of the invisible mind,
Unrexed--with all the cares of gain; The god-like-and undying intellect,
His head-was silvered o'er with age, These are distinctions, that will live in heaven,
And long esperience-made him sage. When time,- is a forgotten circumstane.

“How

« Blow

391. DYXAMICS CONTINUED). These con Maxims. 1. Al is soon ready in an orderly trasts produce great effects, when properly house. 2. Bacchus las drowned more than Nep. exhibited, both in elocution and music. The tune. 3. Despair-has ruined some, but presumprushing loud, indicates dread, alarm, warn- tionmultitudes. 4. Flattery-sits in the parlor, ing, &c.; the soft, their opposites : the tend while plain-dealing is kicked out of doors. 5. He ency of indistinctness is, to remove objects to is not drunk for nothing, who pays his reckoning a distance, throwing them into the vack- with his reason. 6. If the world knew what passes

7. Give ground of the picture; and of fullness, to in my mind, what would it think of me. bring them into the fore-ground, making neither counsel nor sa!l, till you are asked for 1. them very prominent; thus - the polyph

Close not a letter--without reading it, ror drink

water--without seeing it. 9. A fool, and his money, onist neceives, or imposes upon the ear, mak

are soon parted. 10. ! few words will not waxe ing his sounds correspond to those he would

you wise, many will not. represent, near by, and at a distance.

Anecdote. Cherily Sermon. Dean Svift 392. FORCIBLE. Now storming fury rose, and clamor ; such as heard in heaven, till but was cautioned about having it too long :

—was requested to preach a charity; sermon; now, was never: arms on armor, cuishing, he replied, that they should have nothing to brayed horrible discord; and the maddening fear on that score. He chose for his text wheels of brazen chariots raged. Full:high these words—" He that hath pity on the poor, on a throne-of royal state, which far out- lendeth unto the Lord; and that which he shone the wealth of Ormus, and of Inde; hath giren—will he pay him again." The or where the gorgeous Eust, with richest hand, showers on her kings barbaric, pearl bis text in a still more emphatic manner,

Dean, after looking around, and repeating and gold, Satan, EXALTEN, sat. Strong: him, the Almighty Power hurled headlong, Terms of the loan; and now, if you like the

added—“My beloved friends, you hear the flaming from the ethereal skies with hideous ruin and combustion, down to bottomless sult was, as might be expected,

security,-down with your dusl." The re

,-a very large perdition — there to dwell in adamantine

collection. chains, and penal fire,—who durst defy the

Precept and Example. Example Omnipotent to arms.

works more cures than precept; for words, SO MILLIONS-are smil-with the glare of a toy :

without practice, are but councils without ej. They grasp at a pebble-and call it--a gen,

fect. When we do as we say, it is a contirAnd linsel-is gold, (if it glitters,) to them;

mation of the rule; but when our lives and Hence, dazzled with beauty, the lover is smit,

doctrines do not agree, it looks as if the lesson The hero-with honor, the post-with wit; l'he fop-with his feather, his snuff-box and cane,

were either too hard for us, or the advice not I'he nymph with her norel, the merehant with gain: worth following. If a priest-design to edify Each linical priest, and polite pulpiteet,

by his sermons, concerning the punishment Who dazzles the fancy, and tickles the ear, of the other world, let him renounce his lust, With exquisite tropes, and musical style,

pride, ararice, and contentiousness; for who As gay as a tulip-as polished as oil,

ever would make another believe a danger, Sell truth-aithe shrine of polite eloquence, must first show that he is apprehensive of it To please the soft taste, and allure the gay sense. himself.

Miscellaneous. 1. Fair sir, you spit on Varieties. 1. The first book read, and me-on Wednesday last; you spurned me- the last one laid aside, in the child's library, such a day; another time --- you called me is the mother: every looli, word, tone, and dog; and for these courtesies, I'll lend thee gesture, nay, even dress ilself - makes an this much moneys. 2. I stand--in the precverlasting impression. 2. One who is congence-of Almighty God, and of the worldl; scious of qualities, deserving of respect, and and I declare to you, that if you lose this attention, is seldom solicitous about them; charter, nerer, no NEVER-will you get an- but a contemptible spirit-wishes to hide it. other. We are now, perhaps, arrived at the self from its own view, and that of others, by oarting point. Here, even JERE, we stand-show, bluster and arrogant pretensions. 3. on the brink of fate! Pause! for HEAVEN'S The blood of a coword, would stain the char. sake, pause. 3. Can you raise the dead?acter of an honorable man; hence, when we Pursue and overtake the wings of time? And chastise such wretches, we should do it with can you bring about again, the hours, the the utmost calmness of temper. 4. Cultivate Dars, the YEARS, that made me happy? thc habil--of directing the mind, intently, to 4. Eut grant--- that others can, with equal whatever is presented to it; this-is the founglory, look down on pleasure, and the bait of dation of a sound intellectual character. 5. sense, where--shall we find a man, that bears We are too apt, when a jest is turned upon Offlictions, great and majestic in his ills, like ourselves, to think that insufferalle, in anCato?

other, which we looked upon as very pretty Oh then, how blind-10 all that truth requires, and facctious, when the humor was our own. Who think it freedom, where a part-aspire.

Never purchas: friendship by gifts.

393. Words-are paints, the voice -- the imitation! Anxiely about the opinions of Brush, the mind--the pointer ; but science, 1 others---fitters the freedom of nature, and pructice, genius, tuite, juigment and emo- tends to awkwurdness; all would appear fion--are necessary--in order to paint well: well, if they never tried to assume-what and there is as much diference between a they do not pussess. Erere; one is respectuble good and bud reader, as there is between a and pleasing, so long as he or slie, is perfectly good painter and a mere dauber. What I natural and truthful, and perks and acts pives expression to painting ? EMPHASIS. from the impulses of an honest and utjectionWe look upon some pictures and remark, ale heart, without any anxiety as to what " that is a strong outline;” “a very express others think. ive countenance :" this is emphasis : again, Laconics. 1. Modesty--in your discourse, we look upon others, and there is a sofinese, will give a lustre-to truth.--. ercuse--10 your de icacy, and lenderness, that melts thic soul, errors. 2. Some-are silent, for want of matter, or as slie contemplates them; this is emotion. assurance; others -- are talhalire, for want of 394. Throw the following lines on the sense. 3. To judge oi menl--by their actions, one

would suprose

that a great proportion was murid canvas of your imagination; i. e. picture

and that the world-was one immense mal-louse. them out there.

4. Prodigals--are rich, for a mornent-tronomists, BEAUTY, WIT AND GOLD.

forerer. 5. To do into others, as we would they In her borrer--a ucidow dwelt;

shoukl do to us, is a goiden maim, that camo be Al her feet-three suitors knelt:

too deeply impressed on our minds. 0. Continue Eachudored the widow much,

to add a line-to what was priginaly a liule, and Eachtssayed her heart to touch;

you will make it a great deal. ū. The ralue-of One-had uit, and one had goud,

sound, correct principles; early implanted in the And one-was cast in beauty's mould;

human mind, is incaleulable. Guess—which was it--won the prize,

Those who are taleniless, themselves, are Purse, or tongue, or handsome eyes ?

the first to talk about the conceit of others; First, appeared the handsome man,

for mediocrity - bears but one flowerProuilly peeping o'er lier fan;

ENVY. Relhuis lips, and echite his skin;

Anecdote. Too Hard, About one hun('ould such beauty-fallo icin ? Then---stepped torti-The man of gold,

dred years ago, Mahogany--was introduced C'ash he comted, coin he told,

in England as hallout for a ship, that sailed Wealth--the burden of his tale;

from the West Indies; and one Dr. Gibbons Could such golden projects tail?

wished some furniture made of it: but the Then, the nian oi reil, and sense,

workmen, finding it too hard for their fonks, Moved her--with his eloquence;

laid it aside. Another efort was made; but Now, she heard him--with a sign;

the cabinet-maker said it was too hard for his Now he blushel, she knew 1101 10hy: tools. The Doctor told him, he must gct Then, she smilel--10 hear him speak,

stronger tools then: he did so, and his effort Then, the tear--was on her cheek:

was crowned with success. Remember this, Beauty, tanish! goll, depar!!

ye who think the subject of elocutim, as here IV T, has won the roilore's heart.

treated, too difficult: and if you cannot find IN POLITENESS, 35 in everything else, con- a way, make one. Press on! nected with the formtion of character, we

Varieties. 1. A good reciler may become are too apt to bezin on the outside, instead of

a good speaker, singer, painter and sculptor. the inside: instead of beginning with the for there is nothing in any of these arts, that heart, and trusting to that to form the man

may not be seen in true delivery. 2. Old ners, many bezin with the manners, and Parr, who died at the advanced are of 152, leave the heart to chance and influences. save this advice to his friends; “ Keep your The golden rule-contains the very life and head cool by temperance, your feet wurm by sout of politeness: “ Do unto others--as you erercise: rise early, and go carly to bel; would they should do unto you." Unless

and if you are inclined to grow fut, keer children and youth are taught-by precept and example, to abhor what is selfish, and your eyes open, and your mouth shilli" Are

not these excellent life-pills.? 3. As the lurk prefer another's pleasure and comfort to their sings at the dawn of lay, and the nighlinown, their politeness will be entirely artifi- gale at eren, so, should we show forth the cill, and used only when interest and policy loring kindness of the Lord-every mornidictate. True politeness-is perfect freedom ing, and his fuithjulness--every night. 4. and ease, treating others—just as you love to is not the science of salvulion-the greatest be treated. Nature is always graceful: of- of all the sciences? fecution, with all her art, can never produce without a star, or angel-for their cuide, anything half'so pleasing. The very perfec. Who worship God, shall find him: humile Lora tuin of clegance-is to imitate nuture; how (And not proud Reason,) keeps the door of heaven: much better-- have the reality, than the Lore--finds admission, where Science-fails.

395. MODULATION-signifies the accon- Naxim. 1. The foll’es of your care icon fue modation of the voice, (in its diversitications reprenlanci-- 11 old age. 2. Trul--- !noy lamin!! of all these principles,) io every rariety and but it can yover die. 3. When a roin inan ) -593 shade of thoright and fueling. The upper another pra sed, he thithshimse's injurash. 4. /! pitches of voice, we hnow, are uscu in calling lipuit--5 101 alti!!'s a mark of civih persons at a listance, for inpassioned em

ir al is not jois--

Here atection is jolitego phosis of certain kinds, and for very carvest Business--is the salt or life. 7. Dependencena arguments; the milelle pitches--tor general poor tradle. 8. 10, wlio lives upon hups, hos!? conversatim, and easy familiar speaking, of iub, and ever putting in, coor comes to the besh

a slender diet. 9. Always taking one of the 112and a descriptive and didactic character; and the

tom. 10. lie, wlio thanks to deceive Gol, diceva Lower ones, for cadences, and the exhibition

himself of emphasis in grare and solemn reading and

Anecdote. An i!l !ling. Xenophonie, Speaking.

an oli sage, was far from letting a fulse ri. 396. Who-can describe, who delineate- desty lead him into crime and indiscret wily the cheering, the enlivening ray? who--the when he was upbraided, and called timorire, looks of ix? who—the soft benignant vi- because le would nut venture his money ai brations of the benevolent eye? who--the any ot' the games. "I confess," said he, twilight, the day of hope.? wlio-the internal " that I am currelingly íimoroue, for I dure cfforts of the mind, u rapt in gentleness and not do an ill thing.' humility, to effect good, to diminish evil, and

Education. It is the duty of the instruc increase present and eternal happiness? who tors of youth to be patient with the dull, and ---all the secret impulses and powers, collect: steaily with the frovar!,—to encourage the ed in the a-pect of the definiter, or energy oi timid, and repress the incolent,--Tully to contruth? of the boid friend, or subtle fue--of ploy the minds of their pupils, without oros. wisdom? wlo-- the poet's eye, in a fine burilening them, -- to awaken their fout, phrenzy rollinz, glancing from uven--to without exciting their dislike,--to communi carth, from thith--to hearch, while imagina-cate the stores of knowledgy, according to the tion -- budies forth the form of things un capacity of the let raar, and to enforce mbeddiknown.

ence lng the strictress of discipline. Above Notes. The pitch of the voice is exceedingly important in all, it is their bounin dilly, to be ever on tie mxry tranch of cur silujtct, u2! utically, in the Nighar pasta; waich, and to check the first beginnings of and 16-amar thor!. You must not run ra nyar inice to

lice. For, valuable as knowledge may IX, the enth rue : forum !1 14 tahun lasint to the rar, and VETY A tolikor try it to th: first loe ; for then yrur ar.

rirtuc is infinitely more valuable; and worse bediion will lerithy, and it is one, and you can import than useless are three mento! accompliaire any tile w' spiry' to

murer and ma’er; as thiere is little or ments, which are accompanied by depravily Don's tow the lich: win the extremits must be carefull altipl.

of heart. Patrick Ilenry's Treason. When this Varietles. 1. Can chorroel-saint fime : worthy patriot, (who gave the first impulse to chalk-light, or colors--lire and locuit? the ball of the rerolution,) introduced his cc

2. Tatlla are among the most ':; cú'le Iebrated resolution on the stanıp act, in the of bad things; yet even ther;-have their tie: Virginia House of Burgesses, in 1765, as he for they serve to check the licentiounsdescanted on the tyranny of that obnoxious of the tongues of Those, who, without the 1.137 act, exclaimed -" Cesar--had his Brutus ; of being called to account, tirouzhte instruCharles the First, his Cromwell; and George mentality of these bubbling hnaves, world the Third"--" Treason.""' cried the speuker; run riul in buck'iling and sunder. * freason; fron150m; TREASOX;" re-echoed

Tis the mind, that makes the Lord rich: from every part of the bonce. It was one of

And, as the su-- ranhs die darkest piorai, those Irink moments, which are decisive of

So, honor--peareth-in the mtanesi hali. churacter; but lienry fallmeil pop for an in

No: lei the eagle-change his plume. stant ; and rising to a inflier attitude, and

The lofmits hue, the four's-18 blocm;

Lotte Dround the heart were spill, fixing on the speaker--an eye, flashing with

'l hat could not, would not be undone. fire, continued --"may PROFIT--hy these escumples: if this be treasun, make the most Oh, rhothe exquisite de'ighes can tell, of it."

The oy, which matual confidence impr**?

Or rrho-can paint the charm imepenkalile
The hills,

Which links in tender lands.tuo faithful hearts:
Fock-ribbd-and ancient as the sun; the ralis--
Streiching in pensive quietness-beruren;

6. Many things — are easier Jill, than tolda The veneralle rroods ; rirers, that move

7. It is no proof of a man's understanding, In majesti), and the complain ng brooks, (all.

to be able to othirm-wlatever be plaaspx; That make the mendous green; 2011, pour'd round but, to be able to discogon, that what is true, Old ocean's gray and melancholy wraste;

is true, and that what is fitspois fulie-isilne Are but the sole mu derotations all

mark and character of'inteiligence. Di the great tomb of man.

Nature-sells ervrything for labor.

397. MODULATION CONTINUED. The Maxims. 1. A broad hat-does not always situation of the public reader and speaker, cover a wise head. 2. Burn not your house--to calls for the employment of the most refined frighten away the mice. 3. Drinking water, nes art in the management of his voice: he ther makes a man sick, nor his wife a widow. 4 should address a whole assembly with as He bas riches cough, who need neither borrow much apparent ease and pleasure to himsell or flatter. 5. True wisdom-is to know what is and audience, as tho' there were but a single bess worth knowing, and 10 do what is best worth person present. In addressing an auditory, igo good 10 phrow away. 7. Keep a thing seven

dong. 6. Many things appear too bad to keep, and which meets for information, or amuse

years, inent, or both, the judicious speaker-will pluck thorns from another's bosom, without pla

and sou will find use for it. 8. We cannot adopt his ordinary and most familiar voice;cing roses in our own. 9. Better a half loaf than to show that he rises without bias, or preju- no bread. 10. Draw not thy bow before the arrow dire, that be wishes reason, not passion, should be fixed. guide them all. He will endeavor to be Experience. By what strange fatality lieard by the most distant hearers, without is it, that having examples before our eyes, wo otlending the ear of the nearest one, by mak- do not profit by them? Why is our experi. ing all his tones audible, distinct and na-ence, with regard to the misfortunes of others, tural.

of so little use? In a word, why is it, that Friendship! thou soft, propitious power, we are to learn wisdom and prudence at our Sweet regent of the social hour,

own expense ? Yet such is the fate of man! Sublime thy joys, nor understood,

Surrounded by misfortunes, we are supplied But by the virtuous, and the good.

with means to escape them; but, blinded by Ainbition is, at a distance,

caprice, prejudice and pride, we neglect tho A goodly prospect, tempting to the riew;

profered aid, and it is only by the tears we The heighi delights us, and the mountain-iop Looks beautiful, because 'tis near lo hearen;

shed, in consequence of our own errors, that But we never think how sundy's the foundation; (it.

we learn to detest them. What storms will batter, and what tempests shake

Varieties. 1. Give to all persons, whom

you respect, (with whom you walk, or whom O be a man; and let proud reason-tread In triumph, on each rebel passion's head.

you may meet,) especially laslies, the wall

side of the walk or street. 2. If we think At thirty, man suspects himself a fool;

our evil allowable, tho' we do it not, it is app Knows it at forty, and reforms his plan;

propriated to us. 3. Why does the penduAi fifty, chides his infamous delay, Pushes his prudent purpose-10 resolve,

lum of a clock-continue to move! Because In all the magnanimity of thought,

of the uniform operation of gravitation. Resolves and re-resolves--then, dies the same.

What is gravitation? 4. Humility-is the 398. Some tell us, that when commencing

child of wisdom : therefore, beware of self

conceit, and an unteachable disposition. 5. an address, the voice should be directed to those most distont ; but this is evidently Psychologyis the science, that treats of the At the beginning, the mind is natu- essence--and nature of the human soul, and

of the more--by which it flows into the acrally clear and serene, the passions unawakrned; if the speaker adopt this high pitch, tions of the bordy. 6. The true way to store how can it be elevated, afterwards, agreeably 17. The only way to shun evils, or sins, is to

the memory is—to develop the affections. to those emotions and sentiments, which require still higher pitches? To strain the fight against them. 8. Reading and obser. voice thus, destroys all solemnity, weight and indispensable to ite grouth. 9. Is it pos

vation-are the foot of the young intellect, and dignity, and gives, to what one says, a sible, that heart-friends will ever separate ? spucaking effeminacy, unbecoming a manly 10. All offects are produced by life, and naand impressive speaker; it makes the voice

ture. harsh and unmusical, and also produces Now vivid stars shine oui, in brightening files, hoorseness.

And boundless a ther glows, till the fair moon
Anecdote. Speculation. A capitalist, Shows her brond visage--in the crimsca'd east;
and shrewd observer of men and things, be- Now, stooping, seems to kiss the passing cloud,
in ashed, what he thought of the specula- Now, over the pure cerulean-rides sublime.
tions now afloat, replied—“They are like a Nature, great parent! whose directing hand
cold bath,—to derive any benefit from which, Rolls round the seasons--of the changing year,
it is necessary to be very quick in, and very | How mighty, bow majestie, are thy works!
soon out."

With what a pleasant dread--they swell the sous,
Vor to the ensanguin'd field of death alone That sees, astonishd, and astonish'd, sings!
Is ralor limited : she sils--serene

You toc, je sinds, that now begin to blow, !n the deliberate council; sagely scans

With boist'rous sweep, I raise my voice to you.
the source of action; weighs, prerents, proridos, Where are your stores, you viewless brings, say,
And scorus to count her glories, from the lents Where your aerial magazines--reserved
Oi brutal force alone,

Against the day of wmy si perilous ?

Wrong.

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