Page images

399, STRENGTH OF VOICE. The voice Proverb. 1. To subdue a trifling error, de is wuk, or strong, in proportion to the less, not incur a greater. 2. Anger and huske-hinder ce greater, number of organs and muscles. good counsd. 3. All comp all or want oi' memory, that are brought into action. If one uses but none or want of judgment. 4. Good mr are only the upper part of the chest, bis voice a public good, and bad meua pule calamity. will be weak: if he uses ilie whole body: 15. Human laws reach not our thoughts. 6. Riv as ne should do, (not in the most powerful lers--llave no power over souls. 7. No one ever inanner, of course, on common occasions,) suffered-by 1101 speaking i!l of others. 8. Silly nis voice will be strong. Hence, to strengther people are generally pleased with siliy things. 9. en a weak voice, the student must practice Zeal, without knowledge, is religious wildfire. 10. expelling the vowel sounds, using all the The example of a good man--is visible phinsabilominal and dorsal nerves and muscles: ophy. in addition to whichi, he should read and re Anecdote, Clients' Bones. A certain cite when standing or sitting, and walking mechanic, having occasion to boil some caton a level plain, and up hill: success will tle's feet, emptied the bones near the court be the result oi faithful practice.

house. A lawyer, oliserving them, inquired So soft, so elegant, so fair,

of a bystander, what they were. “I believe Sire, something more than human 's there. they are clients' bones," replied the wit, Upon my lucie-here is one string

they appear to be well picked." Broken; the chords--were drawn too fast:

The Deceiver. A Base Character. Must

not that man be abandoned, even to all man. My heart—is like that string; it tried

ner of humanity, who can deceive a womuin Too much, and suapt in twain at last.

with appearances of affection and kindness, She will, and she will not, she grants and she de- for no other end, but to torment her with Consents, retracts, adrances, and then flies. (nies;

more case and authority? Is anything more Menul fragrance-still will last,

unlike a gentleman, ihan, when his honor is When our youthful charms are past. engaged for the performing his promises, Imlule labor, little are our gains ;

because nothing but that can oblige him iu Man's fortunes-are according to his pains.

it, to become afterwards false to his word,

and be alone, the occasion of misery to one. Deightful task-10 rear the tender thought,

whose happiness he bui lately pretended was To teach the young idea-how to shoot,

dearer to him than his oun? Ought such a To pour the fresh instruction o'er te mind, one to be trusted in his common ajairs ? or To breathe th enliv'ning spirit, and in tix treated, but as one whose honesty-consisted The generous purpose in the glowing breast.

only in his capacity of being otherwise. 400. Demosthenes-had three particular Varieties. 1. Is it strange. that beauti. detects; first, weakness of the voice; which ful flowers should wither and die? 2. Trust he strengthened by declaiming on the sea thyself; every heart vibrates to that iron shore, amid the roar of waters; which etort string. 3. Oir American character is markwould tcnd direcily to bring into use the cd by a more than average delight-in aelower parts of the body; second, shortness curate perception, which is shown by the of breath ; which he remedied by repeating currency of ihe by.word— no mistake." 4. his orations as he walked up hiil; which act In sickness, and languor, give us a strain serves to bring into use the appropriate or of poetry, or a profound senteure, and we are gans, and fully inflate the lungs: and third, refreshed; when the great Ileriler was dynihick, mumbling way of speaking; which ing, he said zo his friends, who were veephe overcame by reading and reciting with ing around him: “Give me some great pebbles in his mouth; which required him thought.". Blissoil are they, ulo minister 10 iu make a greater effort from below, and the cry of the soul. 5. The christian sees, open his mouth widur. Exainine yourself in all that tefalls the human race, whether and act accordingly.

it be good or evil, only the manifestations Inconsistency. Montaigue-condemus lof Divine Love, as exercised Training and cruelty, as the most odious of all vices; yet preparing souls. for the approach of the he confesses, that hunting-was his favorite perfection, which they are one day destined diversion. He acknowledges the inconsist. to realize. 6. For every friend, that we *ency of man's conduct, but he does not ag. lose tor truth, God gives us a buter one. cribe it to the right cause; which is the pre- The love of praise, howe'er concealed by art, dominince, at the time, of those associations Rigns, more or less, and glows in every heart: it awkens, conducing to pleasure. If he The proud-10 gain it-o is on toils endure, 11t been accustomed to it, the associa. The modestshun it, but 10 make it sure; lions of hunting, would have been painful, O'er globes and sceptres, now on thrones it swells, und his aversion 10 cruelty in the abstract. Now irims the midnight lamp-in college cells. would have been realized in the concrtte and Tis wory, whig; it plots, prays, preaches, pluds, particulars.

Harangoes in sonates, speaks in masquera'lus.
Then, pilgrim turn, thy cares foregs; It aids the dancer's heel, the seriter's heart,
All earth-lor cares--are utang;

And heaps the plain-with mountains oi the dead;
Man-wants but little here below, Nor ends wih life; but nods in sale plumes,
Nor wnuts that lide--long,

Adorns our hearse, and flatters--on our tombs. BRON.ON. 10

401. TRANSITION-means, in speech, the Proverbs. 1. Be just to others, that you may changes of pitch, from one note to another; be just to yourself. 2. The mind of the idleras from the eighth to the third: or from the never knows what it wishes for. 3. Every rosa sixth to the first; and vice versa; to corres- has its thorn. 4. There is nothing good, that pond in variety and character, to the senti- may not be converted to evil purposes. 5. Few ment and emotion. In singing, it means persons are aware--of the importance of rigid changing the place of the key-note, so as to economy. 6. Do not suffer yourself to be deceired keep the tune within the scale of twenty-two -by outward appearances. 7. Never take ad

i rentage of another man's ignorance. 8. The degrees. In transition--the pitches of voice are not only changerl, but its qualities, agreea. 9. A bird in the hand, is worth two in the bush.

word, that has gone forth-can never be recalled. bly to the nature thd object of the composi- 10. That load appears light, which is borne with tion; however, there must never be any sac-cheerfulness. 11. Virtue is the forerunner o. rifice of other principlesall the proportions happiness. 12. Foresighl--is the eye of prudence. must be preserved. Example:

Anecdote. Obey Orders. A brave vete An hour passed on ; the Turk awoke,

ran officer, reconnoitering a battery, which That (6) bright dream--(3) was his last.

was considered impregnable, and which it He (5) roke-lo hear his sentry's shriek, [Greek!" was necessary to storm, laconically answered (8) “TO ARMS! They(G)come! the (8) Greek! the (10) the engineers, who were endeavoring to disHe roke-to die--midst (i) flame, and (5) smoke, suade him from the attempt;—“Gentlemen, And (6) shoul, and (3) groun, and sabre stroke, you may think and say what you please : And death-shots falling thick and fast

all I know, is,—that the American flagAs lightnings-from the mountain-cloud ;

must be hoisted on the ramparts to-morrow And beard with voice as trumpet loud,

morning; fir I have the oriler in my pocket." Borzarris-cheer his band.

Effects of Perseverance. All the per(8) Strike! till the last armed foe expires; (9) Strike! for your (6) altars and your (8) fires, formances of human art, at which we look (10) Strike! for the green graves of your sires,

with praise or wonder, are instances of the

resistless force of perseverance; it is by this (8) God--and your native land. 402. To succeed in these higher parts of distant countries are united with canals and

that the quarry becomes a pyramid, and that oratory, one must throw himsell into the con rail-roads. If a man was to compare the efdition, and shape, he wishes to fill, or be, and rect of a single stroke of a pickaxe, or of one bring the body into perfect subjection : by as

impression of the spade, with the general desuining the appropriate language of action

sign and last result, he would be overwhelmand earnestness, he may work himself into

el by the sense of their disproportion; yet any frame of mind, that the subject demands. those petty operations, incessantly continued, He must be sure to keep up the life, spirit, in time, surmount the greatest dilliculties, and and energy of the composition; and let there

mountains are levelled, and oceans bounded be a light and low in his style. He must by the slender force of human beings. al:o cultivate a bold and determined manner;

Varieties. 1.Can Omnipotence do things for if he takes no special interest in what he incompatible and contradictory? 2. St. Ausis reading or speaking, he may rest assured gustine described the nature of Gord, as a cirothers will not.

cle, whose centre was everywhere, and his 5,0! from the regions of the north,

circumference nowhere. 3. The walls of rude The reddening storm of battle pours,

minds are scrawled all over with facts and (5) Rolls along the trembling earth,

with thoughls; then shall one bring a lan(6) Fastens on the Olynthian towers ; [brave? tern, and read the inscriptions ? 4. “My chil. (8) Where rests the sword ? Where sleep the

dren,” said an old man to his boys, scared hy (9) Arake! (8) Cecropia's ally save (6) From the fury of the blast;

a figure in the dark entry, "you will never (8) Burst the storm--on Phoci's walls ;

see anything worse than yourselves.” 5. (10) Kise, or Greece (8) forever falls :

Some one says, “ There are no prodigies, but (12) Up) or (10) freedom-breathes her (6) last.

the first death, and the first night, that deserve (4) The jarring states-obsequious now,

astonishment and sadness !6. When we (6) View the patriot's hand on high;

have broken our god of Tradition, and ceas(2) Thunder-gathering on his brow,

ed from our god of Persuasion, then, Got 16) Lightning-flashing from his eye :-- may fire our hearts, with his own presenet"; (8) Grasp the shield-and draw the (6) sword : but not before. 7. No love can be bound by (9) Lead ug to (8) Philippi's lord;

oalh, or covenant, to secure it against a higui (6) Let is (10) conquer him,-(5) or (2) die.


God-scatters lone-on every side, Behold the Book, whose leaves display

Freely--among his children all; Jesus, the life, the truth, the way;

And always-hearts are open ride, Read it with diligence and prayer,

Wherein some grains may fall. Searck it, and you shall find him there.

To know and lo. e God, is eterything.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

403. MALE AND FEMALE VOICES. The Maxims. 1. Bad counsel consounds the advoices of men--are generally an octave lower riser. 2. No one can do wrong, without suffering than those of women; or, comparatively, wrong. 3. He is greatest, who is most useful. 4. men's voices are like the buss riol, and w:o- Love-and you shall be loved. 5 A great manmen's voices like the violin. The voice is is willing to be little. 6. Blame is snfer than made grure, that is, to run on lower pitches, praise. 7. All the devils respect virtue. 8. A by elongating, and enlarging the vocal sincere word was never losi. 9. Curses-always chords; and it is made acute, that is, to run

recoil upon the head of him, who impiccates them. on higher pitches, by shortening and dimin-10. Goil-will not make himself manifest 10 cowishing them; in connection, however, with ards. 11. The love of society is natural. the size of the chest, which always has its

Anecdote. An old allerman, after having inquence, few are aware of the extent to lived for fifty years on the fat of the land, and which the voice is capable of being cultivat- losing his great toe with a mortification, inerl; and hence, we should beware of setting sisted, to his dying day, that he owed it to two limits to it.

grapes, which he ate one day, after dinner; If every one's internal care

he said, he felt them lie cold at his stomach Were written on liis browo,

the moment they were eaten. llow many would our pily share

Education. The time, which we usually Who raise our enry now!

bestow on the instruction of our children--in The fatal secret. when revealed,

principles, the reasons of which they do not Oi every aching breast,

understand, is worse than lost; it is teaching Would fully prove, that while concealed, Their lot appears the best.

them to resign their faculties to authority; it How calm, how beautiful, comes on

is improving their memories, instead of their The stiliy hours, when storms are gone;

understandings; it is giving them credulity When warring winds have died away,

instead of knowledge, and it is preparing And clouds, beneath the glancing ray,

them for any kind of slavery which can be Melt off, and leave the land and sea,

imposert on them. Whereas, if we assisted Sleeping-in bright tranquillity.

them in making experiments on themselves, 404. To acquire the ability to change, at induced them to attend to the consequence of will, your pitch of voice, so as to be able every action, to adjust their little deviations, .0 adapt the manner to the matter, prac- and fuirly and freely to exercise their powers, sice throwing the voice on different pitches, they would collect facts which nothing could varying from one to five, five to righi, controvert. These facts they would deposit eight to one, and in other ways; also, recite in their memories, as secure and eternal ireasuch pieces as have a number and variety of sures; they would be materials for reflection, speakers, as found in dialogues; and imitate and, in time, be formed into principles of conthe voice and manner of each, as far as pos

duct, which no circumstances or temptations sible. But remember, no one can accomplish could remove. This would be a method of much, without committing the examples to forming a man, who would answer the end memory; thus, after long practice in this of his being, and make himself and others way, you may make the book talk and speak. happy. All developments are from within-out, not Varieties. 1. Did not the Greek philosno from without-in.

phai--corrupt the simplicity of the christian Miscellaneous. 1. Two things are in- religion? 2. There are two sorts of popular cumbent on the historian; to avoid stating corruption; one, when the people do not obwhat is fulse, and fully and fairly to place le- serve the laws; the other, when they are fore us the truth. 2. One of the greatest blun- corrupted by the laws. 3. Cesar--added the ders an orator can commit is, to deviate into punishment of confiscation, for this reason abstruse expressions, and out of the beaten lest the rich. by preserving their estates, should track. 3. Man-was created for a state of become bolder in the perpetration of crime. order, and he was in order, till he fell, or be- 4. No localities can bound the dominim, os came depraved; or, what is the same thing, the superiority of man. 5. What constitutes disordered-. e. the reverse of order. 4. Man a church? Divine goodness and truth, conis in order, when he acts from supreme love joined by love, and exemplified in the life. to the Loril, and churity towards his neigh-6. Madame de Stael's idea, that architecture bor, in obedience to the Divine Will; but he —is like frozen music, must have been suge is depraved, and disordered, in the degree he gested on a cold day. 7. We are oflen made acts from the love of self, and the love of the to feel, that there is unother youth and age, uvorlil. 5. No man is compelled to evil; his than that which is measured from the year of consent only makes it his.

our natural birth; some thoughts always A dia nond,

find us young, and keep us so; such a Thoset ia horn, is still a diamonu, thought is the love of the Universal and ElerAnd sparklesmas in purest gold.

nal Beauty.

[ocr errors]

405. STYLE--compreliends oll the princi-| Proverbs. 1. A good word for a bad onc-js ples of clocution, and denotes the manner in worth much, and costs tille. 2. Je, who knuws which different kinds of composition should not wlien to be silent, know's not when 10 speak. be read, or spoken: of course, there are as 3. Oppression-causes rebellion, 4. Where conmany hinils of style, as there are of compo- tent is. there is a feast. 5. The drunkard continue sition; and unless a person has command of ally assaults his own life. 6. Show me a lior, body and mind, he cannot harmonize his and I will show you a thief. 7. That which helps manner and matter. If in writing, style-tion is the foundation of happines. 9. Most folliee

one man, may hinder another. 8. A good educameans proper words, in proper places ; in owe their origin to self-lore. 10. No tree--takes 80 speaking, it must signify, proper sounds in deep a root as prejudice. 11. Inform yourself, and proper places. Ex.

instruct others. 12. Truth-is the only bond of What is wil? a meteor, bright and rare,

friendship. Th't comes and goes, we know not whence, or where;

Learning. We have been oflen told, that A brilliant nothing-out of something wrought,

"a little learning is a dangerous thing, and A mental vacuum--by condensing thought.

we may be just as well assured, that a little O the eye's doquence,

bread is not the sufest of all things; it would (Txin-born with thought,) ou lstrips the tardy roice; be far better to have plenty of both : but the Far suifter-than the nimble lightning's flash,

sophism-of those who ile this argument, is, The sluggish thunder-peal, that follow's it.

that they represent the choice between lillle True courage-but from opposition grows,

and much; whereas our election must be And what are fifty--what--a thousand slaves,

made between lillle-and notle at all; if the Matched to the sinew-of a single arm, That strikes for LIBERTY?

choice is to be-between a small portion or 406. What causeth the earth to bring forth information, or of fool, and absolute igno. and yield her increase? Is it not the light decision in the homely proverb~"hulf a loai

rance, or starration, common sense gives it: and heat of the sun, that unlocks her native

is better than no bread.” energies and gives them their power? Inan unulogous manner should the light of the

Varieties. 1. The best and surest course thought, and the heat of its accompanying is--never to have recourse to dwuption, bu: affection, act upon the mind, which will com- prore ourselves, in every circumstance of life municate the iniluence received to the whole equally upright and sincere. 2. The most bordy, and the body to the roice and actions. consummate hypocrite-cannot, at ai! times This is what is meant by imbibing the au- conceal the workings of his mind. 3. When thur's feelings, and bringing before you all we employ money--to good purposes, it is a te circumstances, and plungin, amid the great blessing; but when we use it for cima living scenes, and feelinx thut whatever you

and uirleil ends, or become so deroted to it Duscribe, is actually present, and passing be- as to endeavor to acquire it ?y dishones ivre your mind.

means, it is a great cursr. 4. None are so

fond of secrcle, as those who do not mean to 407. Lyceums and Debating societies, are

keep then: such persons curet them, as admirable associations for the improvement of mind, and cultivation of luent, for pubsculation. 5. Burhi--called the French rey»

spend hrifis do mony, for the purpose of cirlic or prirate speaking. Franlilin and Ro.

olutionists, "the ablest architects of ruin, yer Shermum, (the one a printer, and the oth

that the world ever saw." 6. Trifiez--always er a shoe-maker.) rose from obscurity to great require exuberance of ornament; the buil i. eminence, and usefulness, by their own ef-ing that has no strength, can be valued only forts: so may u'e, by using the proper for the grace of its decorations. 7. We can17!eans. It was in a debating society, that Lord Brougham first displayed his superior

not part with our heurl.friends: we cannot

let our angels go. tulents and unrivaled eloquence; and there, also, ILEXRY CLAY, the greatest American Nor same I slight, nor for her fa:ors call: orator, commenced his brilliant career. A She comes unlook'd for, if she comes at all. word to those who would be wise is enough. But, if the purchase cosi so dear a price, Anecdote. An appropriate Sign. A man

As soothing foliy, or exalth. ture;

And if the muse-must flater lawless stay, who had established a tippling-house, being about to erect his sign, requested his neigh-Or, if no basis-bear my rising name,

And follow stil! where furtune leads the way; hor's alrice-what inscription to put upon But the fall’n ruins of another's fane; it. His friend replied, “I advise you to write Then, teach me, heaven, to scorn the guilty !nys; on it--- Drunkurils and Beggars made here." Drive from my breast that wretched lust of praise. Honor's-a sacred tie, the law of kings,

Unblemished let me lire, or lie-unknown: The nulle m nsmistinguishing perfection, (), grant me honest fame, or grunt me none. Tharauds and strengthens virtue, when it meets her,

Tis surt-lo hear And im tato s her actions, where she is not: The song and oar--of Adria's gondolier, 1: ourit 101 to be sportet with.

(Ly distance mellowed,) o'er the waters sweep.

408. Public speakers ought to live longer, the point you are to aim at, is, the greatest and enjoy better health, than other persons; possible de ree of ustfulness. 7. Jle who and if they conformn to the principles here only aims at little, will accomplish but Litle. taught, and the laws of life and health gener. Anecdote. A sily, but very pretty woally, this will be the result. Pulmonary dis- man, complained to the celebrated and beaneases may be thrown off by these exercises; tiful Sophia Arnold, of the number of her the author being a living witness, havin; been jailmirers, and wished to huow how she given over at three diferent times with con- should get ril of them. “Oh, my dear,'' sumption. The celebrateil Curier and Dr. | (was the satiric reply,) “it is very easy for Brown, the metaphysician, and many others you to do it: you have only to speak." that might be mentioneri, are also witnesses Proverbs, 1. Those, who possess any rear of this truth. One reason is, that natural excellence, think and say, the least about it. 2 speaking induces one to use a very large The active only, have the true relish of lite. 3. quantity of air, whereby the capacity of the Many there are, who are ererything by turns, and Jungs is much enlarved, the quantity of air lotining-long. 4. To vreut trifles—as maiters oi increased, and the blood more perfectly puri-importance, is to show our own un mporanee. :5. fied; the use of the whole body insures a free Gries, cherished unseen, is genuine; while thai. circulation, and, of course, contributes to does not so often arise from our ignorance of the

which has teilnesses. may be affected. 6. Error--universal health.

truth, as an unwillingness to receive it. 7. Some-Think'st thou--there are no serpents in the world.

m stake the lore-for the practice of virtue, and are But those, which si de along the grassy said. not so much good themselves, as they are the And sing the luchless foot, thai presses them? friends of goodness. 8. To lore any one, and not There ar., who, in the path or social life,

do him good, when there is ability and opportuDo bask their sported skins, in fortune's sun, nity, is a contradiction. 9. Pity-will always be And sting the soul, aye, liilits healthful frame

his portion in airersity, who acted with kindness Is changed to secret, testering, fore disenise ; in prosperiy. 10. The best mode or proving any So deadly-is its round.

science, is by exhibiting it. The brare, 'lis sure, do never shun the light; A Good Example. Mr. Clay, in a deJust are their thoughts, and open are their tempers; bate upon the Loan Bill, remarked, that, for Still are they found-in the sur face of day, twenty or thirty years, neither he nor his And hearen, and men--are judges of their actions. reife, had owed any man a dollar. Both of

409. DISEASES OF THE TIMOA'T-are con- them, many years gone by, had come to the nected, particularly, with those parts of the conclusion, that the best principle of economy body, which are involved in breathing, and was this,—" never to go in deit. To undulge relate to the understanding, or reasoning tà- your wounts when you were able to do so, and culties of the mind: thus, thinking and to repress them when you are not able to inbreathing are inseparably connected to e. dulze them." The example is not only an ther; as are fieling and urling; hence, the excellent one for itself, but comes from a high predominance of thought, in the exercise of source. To repress a want-is one of the the voice, or in any kind of actum, and zeal wisest, sofest, and most recessary principles without knowledge, tend directly to such per- of political economy. It prevents, no! only versions of mind and body, asinduce, not only the dangerous practice of living beyond our diseases of the thrvat, but even pulmonary Means, but encourages the safio precedent or diseases: if, then, we will to be free, in any re

living within them. If all who coulil, would xpect, we must return to truth and nature; for live within their means, the world would be they will guide the ubedient in the right way. much hoppir and much better than it is Miscellaneous. 1. Whatever one pos

llenry Clay and his noble hwustu'ifi-give sesses, becomes doubly valuable, by having

us an example worthy of all imitation. the happiness of diviling it with a friend.

Varieties. 1. Is priilt-a mark of talent: 2. He who loves riches more than his friend,

2. Byron says, of Jack Bunting, “ He knew does not deserve to be loved. 3. He who not what to :lo, and so lie swore:" so we may would pass the latter part of his lite with say of many a one's preposterous use of books, hemor, and ilsefulness, must, when he is

-Helenew not what to do, and so he reuth young, consider that he shall one day be obil;

Wit's a further— Pope nas said,

And ladies do not doubt it: and when he is old, remember that he has once been young. 4. The rolling plunets,

For those, wbo've last-within the head, and the glorious sun, Still keep that order,

Display the most-about it.

They sin, who tell us lore (an die; which they first begun; But wretched man,

Jis holy flame foreret un neth; alone, has gone astray, Swerved from his

From hearen it came to heaven returneth. God, and walks another way. 5. The oll-Forgiveness--to the injured does belong; live in the past, as the young do—in the fu- But they ne'er panlon, who have done the wrong ture. 6. Fix upon a high standard of char. Be thonins chuste as ice, 11• pure as snow, acter: to be thought well of-is not sufficient: | Thou shall not escape calunny.


« PreviousContinue »