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420. THE SLENDER CHARACTERISTIC OF Maxims. 1. Some are alert in the beginning, Voice. In all cases, endeavor to express by but negligent in the end. 2. Fear—is often conthe voice and gesture, the sense and feeling, cealed under a show of daring. 3. The remedy is that are designed to be conveyed by the often worse than the disease. 4. A faint heart nevwords; i. e, tell the whole truth. Most of er won a fuir lady. 5. No man is free, who does the following words, that Shakspeare puts not govern himself. 6. An angry man opens his into the mouth of Hotspur, descriptive of a

moul, and shuts his eyes. 7. Such as give ear to dandy, requires the use of this peculiarity of Sanderers, are as bad as slanderers ihemselves.

8. A cheerful manner denotes a gentle nature. voice, in order to exhibit their full meaning. Proud looks lose hearts, but courteous word:-win Conceive how a blunt, straight-forward, hon

them. 10. Brerity is the soul or eloquence. est soldier would make his defence, when

Anecdote. Self - interest. When Dr. unjustly accused by his finical superior, of unsoldier-like conduct; and then recite the Franklin applied to the king of Prussia to

lend his assistance to America,-_"Pray Docfollowing.

tor," says he, “what is the object you mean My liege--I did deny no prisoners.

to attain ?" Liberty, Sire," replied the phiBut I remember, when the fight was done,

losopher; “ Liberty! that freedom, which is When I was dry with rage, and extreme toil,

the birthright of all men." The king, after a Breathless, and faint, leaning upon my sword, Came there a ceriain lord ; ncat, iriiniy dress'd;

short pause, made this memorable answer: Fresh as a bridegroom; and his chin, new seap'd,

“I was born a prince, and am become a king; Showed like stubble-land--at harrest home.

and I will not use the powers I possess, to He was perfumed like a milliner ;

the ruin of my oun trude." And, 'twt his finger and his thumb, he held Of Lying. Lying-supplies those who A pouncet-tox, which, ever and anos,

are addicted to it—with a plausible apology He gave his nose. And still he smit'd, and talkd, for every crime, and with a supposed shelier And as the soldiers--bore dead bodies by,

from every punishment. It tempts them to He called them untaught knares, unmannerly, rush into dunger from the mere expectaTo bring a siorenly, unhandsome corse

tion of impunity; and, when practiced with Beiwixt the wind-and his nobility.

frequent success, it teaches them to confound With many holiday, and lady terms,

the gradations of guilt; from the effects of He questiond me; amongst the rest, demanded

which there is, in their imaginations, at My prisoners, in her majesty's behalf; I then, all smarting with my wounds, being gall d corrupts the early simplicity of youth; it

least one sure and common protection. It To be so pestered with a popinjay,

blasts the fairest blossoms of genius; and Out of my grif--and my impatience,

will most assuredly counteract every effort, Answered negligently,--1 know not whatHe should, or should not; for he made me mad,

by which we may hope to improve the tale To see him shine so brisk, and smell so sweth,

ents, and mature the virtues of those whoin And talk so like a waiting gentle woman, (mark,) it infects. Of guns, and drums, and wounds, (heaven save the

Varieties. 1. A very moderate power, And telling me the sorreign'st thing on earth, exercised by perseverance, will effect-what Was spermaeti-for an inwarú bruise:

direct force could never accomplish. 2. We And that it was great pity, (so it was,)

must not deduce an argument against the use That villanous salipette-should be digged, of a thing, from an occasional abuse of it. 3. Out of the bowels of the harmless earth,

Should we let a painful and cold attention to Which many a good, tull fellow had destroyed manner and voice, chill the warmth of our So cowardly; and, but for these vile guns, hearts, in our fervency and zeal in a good He would himself have been a soldier:

cause? 4. Youth-outen rush on, impetuThis ba!/, umjointed chat of his, my lord,

ously, in the pursuit of every gratisication, I answered indirectly, as I said;

heedless of consequences. 5. The udherenue And I beseech you, let not his report

to truth--produces much good, and its upCome current, for an accusation,

pearances - much mischief. 6. Every one, Betwixt my Lore, and your high majesty.

who does not grow beller, as he grows oliler, Number, Unilyis an abstract concep- is a spendthrift of that time, which is more tion, resemblins primary, or incorporeal precious than gold. 7. Overlience to the motler, in its general aggregate; one-ap-truths of the Word, is the life of all; for pertains to things, capable of being num- truths are the laws of the heavens, and of the bered, and may be compared to matter, church; obedience-implies the receptum of rendered visible under a particular form. them; so far as we receive, so far we are Number is not infinite, any more than mal-alive, by the coming of the kingdom wilhin Ter is; but it is the source of that indefinite divisibility, into equal parts, which is the

Whoe'er, amidst the song property of all bodies. Thus, unity and one Of teason, ralor, liberty, and ritue, are to be distinguished from each other.

Displays distinguished merit, is a noble Plenty--makos dainty.

Of Nature's own making.


421. TREMOR of Voice-resembles the Proverbs. 1. Proud persons have few real trill in singing, and may be indicated in this friends. 2. Miliness-governs better than anger, manner,

; the voice ranging 3. No hope should iniuence is to do crit. 4. Fire from a quarter of a tone, to several tones. things are impossible to shell and industry. 5. It is made deep in the throat, with a drop- Diligence—is the mistress of sucress. 6. Conscience ping of the jaw; and when pro erly used,

is never dilatory . her warnings. 7 A rain it is very effective and heart-stirring : espe

hope flattereth the heart of a fool. S. Moderate cially, in the higher kinds of oratory. It speed is a sure help to all proceedings. 9. Liber. heightens jou, mirth, rupture, and exulta- If you endeavor to be honest, you struggle witka

ally of knowledge makes no one the poorer. 10. tim ; adds pungency to scorn, contempt, and

yourself. sarcasin : dcepens the notes of sorrow, and Names. A man, that should calierery thing enhances those of distress: often witnessed by its right name, would hardly pass through in children, when manifesting their delights. the streets, without being hiwcked down as a There are several degrees, from the gross to common enemy. the most refineil.

Varieties, 1. In 1840, there were in the 422. 1. Said Falstat', of his rarged regio United States, five hundred and eighty-four mient, “I'll not march through Corentry thousand whites, who could not read or with them, that's flat; no eye hath seen such write; five thousand, seven hundred and scarcerous.” Almost every word requires a seventy-three deaf and dumb; five thouskind of chuckle, especially the italic ones; and and twenty-four blind ; fourteen thous and by making a motion with the chin, up and five hundred and eight insine, or idiots, and down, the sale of the voice will corres- and two millions four hundred and eightypond to the siun,

C. 2. In seven thousand slaves. 2. As our populathis example we have an instance of a refination increases thirty-four per cent in ten ed tremor of voice; but the riuht feeling is ne- years, at this rate, in 1850, our seventeen cessary to produce it naturally. Queen Cuth- millions will be twenty-two millions : in arine said, in commending her daughter to 1860, thirty millions; and in 1900, ninetyHenry," and a little to love her, for her moth-five millions. 3. The regular increase of the er's sake: who loreil him-hearen knou: N. E. states is fourteen per cent; of the millo how dearly.” The coloring matter of the alle states twenty-five per cent.; of the southvoice is freling-passion, which gives rise to crn twenty-two per cent.; and of the westthe qualitirs of voice; thus, we employer-sixty-cight per cent. 4. Many persons harsh tones in speaking of what we disap- are more anxious to know who Melchisedec growe, and crephoneous ones in describing the was, or what was Paul's thorn in the flesha olje its of love, complacency, admiration, dc. than to know what they shall do to be savedlo

423. In cxtemporancou8 speaking, or 5. To cure omger, sip of a glass of water, till speaking from manuscript, (i. e. making it the fit goes ofl. 6. An infallible remedy for tulki,) when the speaker is under the influ- anxiety-"cast thy burden upon the Lord, ence of strong passion, the voice is apt to be and he shall sustain ther." carried to the higher pitches: how shall he regain his medium pitch? by changing the 'Tis a lesson--you should hed, passion to one requiring low notes; thus,

Try, try again; the surface of his flow of voice, will present If at first-you don't succeed, the appearance of a country with mountains,

Try, try again; hills, and dales. Elocution-relates more to

Then your courage should appear, the words and thoughts of others; oratory

For, if will

you perserere. tu nuruun. To become a good reader and

You will conquer, never fear; fpealer, one must be perfect in elocutio,

Try, try again. which relates to corla: in logic, which re

Once, or twice, though you should fail, lates to thoghls; and in rhetoric, which ap

Try. try again ;

you would, ai lasi, prevail, pertins to the affections : thus involving

Try, try again; en le, causes, and effects.

If we strire, 'us no disgrace, Anecdote. Age Gallantry. A gallant

Though we may not win the rare; olul gentleman, by the name of Puge, who

What should you do in the case ? was something of a rhymester, finding a la

Try, try again. dy's glove at a watering-place, presented it


task is hard, to her, with the following lines:

Try, try again; "If from your glore--you take the letter g,

Time will bring you your reward, Your glore---is love-which I devote 10--thee."

Try, try again; To which the lady returned the following All that other folks can do, ansiter :

Why, with patience, should not you ! "Ifrom your Prige, you take the letier p.

Only keep this rule in rieve, Your page-is age, - that wou'l do for me."




424. Before entering on a consideration Proverb". 1. Beauty is io longer amichle, and illustration of the Passions, ilie pupil is than while ririue adorns it. 2. Past ser.C18 urged to revise the preceding lessons and should never be forgotten. 3. A koren enimy is exercises; but do noi be deceived with the better than a treacherous frien l. 4. Don'i engage idea, that thinking about them is enough, in any undertaking, if your conscience says no or reading them over silently; join practice to it. 5. Benefits and injuries receive their value with thought, and the effects are yours. One from the intention. 6. We should g ve by choice, of the great difficulties in thinking about and not by hazard. 7. He, that does good to anany art or science, and witnessing the efforts other, from proper mouves, does gooi ws0 to him. of oth-rs in their presentation, is—that one's self. 8. lie that is false to Goit can never be true taste is so far in advance of his own practice, I to man. 9. A good prinripie is sure to produce a that he becomes disgusted with it, and des good practice. 10. None ure truly wise, but those pairs of his success.

Let us remember that what are pure in hrart. nothing is truly our own, that we do not

Anecdoie. Contrary. A roman, having understand, love and practice.

fallen into a river, her husband want to look ILAMLET'S INSTRUCTIONS ON DELIVERY.

for her, proceeding up stream from where Speak the speech, I pray you, as I pronounced she fell in. The bystanders asked him if it to you; trippingly on the tongue. But if you he was mad? she could not have gone mouth it, as many of our players do, I had as ler against the stream. The man answered: we town-crier had spoke my lines. And do not She was obstinate and contrary in her life saw the air too much with your hand; but use all lime, and I suppose for certain she is so it gintly; ior in the very torrent, tempesi, and, as I her death." may say, WHIRLWIND of your passion, you must Intuition. We cannot have an idea of acquire and begei a limperance, that may give it one, without the idea of another to which it smoothness, Oh! it offends me to the soul, io lear is related. We then get the idea of tuo, a robustious, periwig-pated fellow tear a passion by contemplating them both; referring, abto tatters, to very rags, to split the cars of the siractly, to one of them. We say one and groundlings; who, (for the mose pari,) are capa-one are equal to two; one one, is less than ble of nothing, but inexplicable dumb-show and tro ones; therefore, one does not equal tuo. noise. I would have such a fellow whipp'd for One and one, are the parts of two, and the o'erdoing termagant, it out-Ilerod's Herod. Pra; i parts of a thing are equal to the whole of il. you, aroid it. Be not too tame, neither; but let Thus, we come to the knowledge of what your own discretion be yöur tutor. Suit the ac- has been called intuitive proposition, only tion—10 the word, the worl—to the action; with by reasoning. When such a principle is tiis special observance, that you o'erstep not the clearly admitted, we cannot deny its truth, modesty of nature: for anything. so orerdone, is for a moment: but it is far from teing, from the purpose of playing: whose en l, Loili at

strictly speaking, an intulive truth. the first, and now, was, anci is--to hold, as 'twerc. Varieties. 1. The rities of the country the mirror up to nature; 10 show virtue her orrn are with our women, and the only remaining feature, scorn-her own image--and the very age hope of the resurrection of the genius and and boily of the time, b's form and pressure. Now, character of the nation, rests with them. 2. this overdone, or come urdy off, though it may The present is the parent of the fuiuere. 3. make the unshilful laugh, cannot but make the The last words of ihe Indian chief, who

When judicirus-griere: the censure of one of which died at Washington, in 1924, were, must, in your allowance, o'erwe gh : whole thea-|I am gone, let the big guns be fired over

me. 4. Beware of turniny away from do. tre of others. 05! there be players that I have scen play. and heard others praise, and that high ing good, by thinking how much good you

roulil do, if you only had the means. 5. ly, thai, neither having the accent of cliristian, nor the gait of christian, pagan, nor man, have so

The pleasure of thinking on important sub

jects, with a view to communicale our tho'lg studod and tellorrel, that I have thought some

to the unfolding minds around us, is a most of nature's journeumen had made men, and not made them weil; they imitated humanity so abom-lice must go hand in hand, io make the

erquisite pleasure. 6. Principle and pracinah.

7. The time is fast ap4:25. Texnencies of our LANGUAGE.. proaching, when the mind will strike our As our language abounds in monosyllables, new fields, and view itself. its Creator, and it afford good means to deliver our thoughts the Universe from new positions. in few soun'ls, and hereby favors despatch. which is one of our characteristics; and when we use words of more than one sylla. Why do those cliffs of shailowy i'nt appear, ble, we readily contract them some, by our

More sweet than all the landscapes shining near! rapid pronunciation, or by the omission of Tis distance lends enchantent to the view, gome rourel; as, drown'd, walkid, dips; in. And robes the mounta'ni in its azure bue! stead of drown-ed, walk-ed, dip-peth, &c.; Thus with delight we linger 10 survey and even proper names of several syllables, The prom's'd joys or life's unmeasur'd way; when fainilinirized, often dwindle down into Thus from afar, each dim discover'd scene, monosyllables; whereas, in other languages, More plensing seems than all the past hath been, they receive a sotter turn, by the addition Anievery for that iancy can repair, of a new syllable.

From dark oblivion, glows divinely there.

Min, Or U'Oman.



426. A just delivery consists in a distinct | Proverbs. 1. To fail, or not-to fail; that articulation of words, pronounced in proper is the question. 2. He, that loveth pleasure, shall tones, suitably varied to the sense, and the be a poor man. 3. Flottery is a dazzling me'eur einotions of the mind; with due observation that casts a delusive glare before the mentaleje of accent, the several gradations of emphasis; seduces the imagination, perverts the judymeni, pauses or rests in proper places, and well and silences the d.crates of reason. 4. Mankind measured degrees of time; and the whole ac

are governed more by feeling and impulse, than companied with expressive looks, and signi- by reason and reflection. 5. Our duty and inue ficant gestures. To conceive, and to execute,

interesi, always unite. 6. All occasional heany are two different things: the first may arise be great, who is not virtuous. 8. We make more

laugh, often an act of wisdom. 7. No one can trom stredy and observation; the second is than half the erils we feel. 9. No one can est). the effect of practice.

mate the value of a pivus, discreet, and faithful 4:27. RULES FOR THE'. When ques- mother. 10. The boy--is the father of the man. tions are not answered by yes or no; as, Who Anecdote. Tullow) and Talent. Fletcher, is that lady? In AFFIRMATIVE sentences; bishop of Nesmes, was the son of a fallouAs——I am prepared to gò: language of au- chandler. A great duke once endeavored to THORITY; as-Back to thy punishment, mortify the prelate, by saying to him, at the false fùgitive: TERROR; - The light king's levee, that he smelt of tailow. To burns blue : SURPRISE; as-Sir, I perceive which the bishop replied, "My lord, I am that thou art a prophet: REPREHENSIOX; the son of a chandler, it is true, and if your as--You are very much to blame for suffers lordship had been the same, you would have ing him to pass : INDIGNATION: Go-false remained a chandler all the days of your life. fellow, and let me never see your face Disinterestedness-is the very power of agrin: contemPr; as-- To live in awe of all the virtues, a manifestation-in the heart sich a thing as I myself: EXCLAMATION : of one who feels and acts from it, of heaven O nàlure! how honorable is thy empire ! on earth,-the very reflection of the sun of RIETORICAL DIALOGUE, when one or more Parudise. If mankind more generally, knew persons are represented; as--James said, how beautiful it is to serve others, from the Charles, go and do as you were bidden; and love of doing them good, there would not be John said, he need not go at prèst nt, for I so much cold and narrow selfi hnces in the have something for him to do: and the world. When we have contributed most to FINAL PAUSE; as-All general rules have the happiness of others, we are receptive out. some exceptions.

selves of the most happiness. 428. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS. 1. Is there

Varieties. 1. Never repay kindness with more than one God? 2. Was the world crea- unkindness. 2. Is pride-commendable? 3. ted out of nothing? 3. What is the mean. No guarantee for the conduct of nations, or ing of the expression, “ let us make man in individuals, ought to be stronger than that our image, after our likeness ?” 4. By what which honor imposes. 4. True patriotism means can we become happy? 5. Can we labors for civil and religious liberiy all over be a friend, and an enemy, at the same time the world—for universal freedom ; the liber6. Are miracles the most convincing eviden- ty and happiness of the human race. 5. ces of truth? 7. Will dising for principles; When persons are reduced to vimt, by their

What is charily, and what are its fruits ? 6. prove any thing more than the sincerity of the martyr! 8. Is it possible for a created own laziness, or vices, is it a duty to relieve being to merit salvation by good works 9. them? 7. To read Milton's Paradise Lost, Have we life of our own; or are we dependent

is the pleasure of but few. 8. Tie arguon God for it every moment? 10. What is ment of the Essay on Man, is said to have the difference between good and evil? 11. been written by Bolingbroke, and versified Is any law independent of its maker? 12. by Pope. 9. Painting, Sculpture and ArchiAre miracles-violations of nature's laws ?

tecture-are three subjects, on which nearly 4:29. Some think matter is all, and man- to conceal ignorance, if they cannot display

all persons, of polile education, are compelled ner little or nothing ; but it one were to knowledge. 10. Is labor-a blessing, or a speak the sense of an angel in bad words, and

a curse? with a disagreeable ullerance, few would listen to him with much pleasure or profit.

Music !--Oh! how faint, how wenk !

LANGUAGE-fades lefore thy spell; The ligure of Alonis, with an awkward uir,

Why should feeling-ever &peak, and ungraceful motion, would be disgusting

When thou canst breathe her soul-so well. instead of pleasing.

Ah! why will kings--forgot--that they are men, Reader, achosoe'er thou art,

And men, that they are brethren ? It're ties What thy God has given, impart; Why delight-in human sacrifice! Why burst Ilide it not within the ground;

Of NATURE, that should knit their souls together send the cup of blessing round.

In one soft band--of amity and love ?

430. STILE. The character of a person's Marims. 1. It does not become a law-maker, style of reading and speaking depends upon to become a law-breaher. 2. Frienuship is strong i his moral perceptions of the ende, causes, and thankindred. 3. Idleness is the sepulchre of a live effects of the composition: thus, stile may

man. 4. An 07/tor, without judgment, is lhe a be considered the man himself, and, as every

horse without a bridle. 5. Be that knows wh:10 one sees and feels, with regard to everything, speak, knows when to be si'ent. 6. The truest era according to the state or conditim of his ot la:--ię to know the lie that never ends. 7.

Wine has drowried more than the sea. 8. Impose mind, and as there are and can be no tuo

pot on others a burthen wlich you cannot bear persons alike; each individual will have a manner and style peculiar to himself; tho yourself. 9. He overcomes a sout enemy, tha:

overcomes his own anger. 10. Study mankiniai in the main, that of two persons of equal as well as books. education and intelligence, may be in a great

Anecdote. Note of Interrogalion (?). degree siinilar.

Mr. Pope, the poet, who was small and de431. RULES FOR Tue'When ques-firmed, sneering at the ignorance of a young tions are answered by yes or no, they gen- man, who was very inquisitive, and asked a erally require the '. Exs. Are you well ?

good many impertinent questions, inquired Is he gúne? Have you got your huit? Do of him if he knew what an interrogation you say yés ? Can he accómmodate me?

point was? “ Yes sir," said he, “it is a little Will you call and see me? But when the crooked thing, like yourself, that asks quesquestions are emphatic, or amount to an affir- tiems." mative, the 'is used. Are you well? As much

Ideas, acquired by taste are compound as to say: tell me whether you are well. I and relative. If a man had never experihe gone? Have you done it? All given enced any change, in the sensation produced in an authoritative manner. Hath he suid by external things, on the organs of taste, it, and shall he not do it? He that planted that which he now calls sweet, (if it had been the ear, shall he not hiar? Is he a man, the quality, subjected to the sense,) would that he should repent ?

have conveyed to the mind no possible idea; 432. IMPORTANT QUESTIONs. 1. Is the but, ulternating with the quality we call litcusket more valuable than the jouel? 2. ter, contrarietij-produces the first imineWill not the safety of the cominunity be en-sion, and he learns to distinguish the qualitics dangered, by permitting the murderer to live? by names. The sensation -- awakened by 3. Are theatres-beneficial to mankind? 4. Madeira wine, must be very acute, to enable Did Napolean do more hurt than gooil to the a man to discriminate, accurately, without a world? 6. Were the Texans right-in re- very careful comparison. Let a particular belling against Mexico? 6. Ought thic license kind of Madeira wine remain a few years on system to be abolished? 7. Is animal mas- the lees of many other kinds, and who wou! netism true? 8. Who was the greatest mon- detect the compound flavor, but the contrirer? ster-Nero, or Catiline ? 9. Should we act

Varieties. 1. Inspire a child with right from policy, or from principle ?. 10. Is not feelings, and they will govern his actions : the improvement of the mind, of the first im- hence, the truth of the old adaze, Erample portance ?

is better than precept. 2. The great dittculiy Nature. Man is radiant with, that we give rules, instead of inspiring Every feature, limb, muscle and vein, may sentiments ; it is in ruin to lead the uniltis tell something of the enerry within. The staniling with rules, if the offections are not brow, smooth or contracted,—the eye, placid, right. 3. Benjamin West states, that his modilated, tearful, flashing, the lip, calm, quiv-ther lissed him, eagerly, when he showed lies ering, smiling, curled, -- the whole counten- the likeness he had sketched of his baby sin ance, serene, distorted, pale, flushed, -- the ter; and, he adds, - that kiss made me a hand, with its thousand motions,-the chest, pointer. 4. Lay by all scraps of material still or heaving,—the attitude, relaxed or firm, things, as well as of knowledge, and they cowering or lofty,--in short, the visible char- will certainly come in use within seven years. acteristics of the whole external man-are 5. Gain all the information you can, learn all NATURE'S HAND-WRITIx;; and the tones and that comes in your way, without being iniriqualities of the voice, soft, low, quiet, broken, sive, and provided it does not interfere with agitat 2d, shrill, grave, boisterous, — are her the faithful discharge of other duties. 6. It ORAL LANGUAGE: let the student copy and was a maxim of the great William Jones, learn. Nature is the god less, and art and never to lose an opportunity of leurniig science her ministers.

Sinee trifles-make the sum of human thines,

A wise man poor,
And hall our misery-from cur foiles springs;

Is like a sacred book, that's never read;
Since life's best joys-consis: ia peace and ease,
And fem-can save or serve, but all-can plase;

To himself he lives, and to all else seeins dead:
Olet the ungentle spirit-loan from hena,-

This age-thinks better of a gilded fool,
A small unkindness-b a great offence.

Than of a threadbare saint-in wisdoon's school

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