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22. This engraving represents the larynx, or 24. Here is a front view of the Vocal Organs : vocal box, at 1, near the top of the wind-pipe, 2; 1e is the top of the wind-pipe, and within and a the bronchial
little above d is the larynx, or vocal box, where tubes, or
all voice sounds are branches of
made: the iwo the trachea,
horns at the tor rep3, 4, going 10 each lung;
resent the upper ex zhe left lung is
tremities of the thy 2 whole;
roid cartilage: the substance of
tubes up and dovn, the right one
and transverse, ars e removed, 10
blood-vessels: beshow the ra->
of having mifications of
anythingiight the bronchial
around the neck, twigs, termi
also of ben:ling the nating in the
neck mach, impeding the free circulation of the air-cells, 2, 7,
blood, and determining it to the head. 8. like leaves on the trees.
ORATORICAL AND POETICAL ACTION. The bronchi
POSITIONS OF FEET AND HANDS. al tubes are the three branches of the
windpipe, and enter the lungs about one third of the distance from the upper end: hence, how foolish for persons having a sore throat, or larynx, to suppose they have the bronchitis; which consists in a diseased state of the bronchia; generally brought on by an improper mode of breathing, or speaking, &c., with exposure. The remedy may be found in the practice here recomiended, with a free use of cold soft water over the whole body, and bandages wet with the same, placed about the chest and neck, to be removed every few hours, as they become dry.
23. Here is a horizontal view of the Gloutis: N, F, are the arytenoid cartilages, connected with the chordæ vocales, (vocal cords, or ligamenis,) T, V, stretching across from the top of the arytenoid to the point of the thyroid cartilage: these cords can be elongated, and enlarged to produce lower sounds, and contracted and diminished for higher ones: and, at the same time, separated from each other, and allowing more condenBed air to pass for the foriner purposes; or brought nearer together, to savor the latter: there are a great many muscles attached to the larynx, to give variety to the modifications of voice in speech and song
1. THUS SYSTEM unfolds the true Philoso-, in, where-on, where-rith, &c.: also, in the conphy of Minn and Voice, in accordance with traction of ever and never,--as where-e'er I go, we nature of Mun, and the structure of Lan-where-e'er I am, I ne'er shall see ibee inoro. giuge. The Elements are firsi presented; “Ilow blest is be, who ne'er consents, By ill adthen, the common combinations, followed by vice to walk." the more difficult ones; all of which are to be Anecdote. Plalo- defines man—"An practiced in concert, and indivi-luully, after animal, having two legs, and no feathers.** the Toucher. These exercises essentially aid This very imperfect description attracted the in cultivating the Voice and Eur, for all the ridicule of Di-og-e-nes; who, witlily, and in objects of Speech and Song: while the Prin- lerision, introduced to his school-a fowl, ciples and Practice tend to develop and per- stripped of its feathers, and contemptuously rect both mind and body, agreeably to the asked.--" Is This Pluto's man ?”
Notes. 1. Don't cancature this sound of a and e bu lora Laws, that should govern them. The Vowels
r, by giving it unlue stress and quantity, in such words 23--air, must first be mastered, then the Consonants ; (25-up, pa-rent, (pre-rent,) dare, day-ur,) chair, there, where, &c, and the exercises interspersed with rcuiling, nor give it a flat sound, as some do to e in blat, prudeuncing it and rigid criticism on the Articulation and Laat. To give this sound properly, separate the teeth an incha
project the lips, and bring forward the corners of the mouth, like Pronunciation,
a funnel. 2. I: would be just as proper in prose, to say, where N. B. The words printed in italics an: CAPITALS, ve more or cever I go, where-cever I ar I neever shall see thee more; as to os amplctic; thugh other words may be made s, accanthus to
say in poetry, whaterar I am, I noa shall see thee more. to desire offict: the dark (-) indicates a pause for inhalation: weigti, why, (i, y.gh are silent,) and a in are, wi.al, &c., 170 Annecting words are sometimes excepte !.
just alike in sound; ani as this sound of e does not occur amor. €. A has four regular sounds : First, its natural, or rekular stunts, as clawed by our orthoepisis, it s
called irregular;" i. e. it Lorrow's this name sound of a; or is Name sound, or long: ALE;
munded like it. 4. Some try to nuke a distinction between die ate, a-zure; rare a-pri-cots;
fałe, and a in far, calling it a modial sound: which error is ow. marce pre-tri-ots; fair bracc
ing tot being an clrai element, anlr, a prolonged one: bu! ke !ets for la-tent mus-ta-ches;
one can make and sund of il, either in spxech or song, when
thus situated, by giving it a sound unlike the name sunt of a; le sui-ry mu-gi and sc-pi-ent lit
ware of unjust prejudices and prepasessions. I say na-shunthy er-'l-ti for pu-trons; nua-tion-al
ra-shun-al, &c., for the ame reason that I sty notional and de su
(A : ALE.) *2-ter-er for rai-di-a-ted sta
tional; because of analogy and effect. mens, and sa-li-ent pils-try with the ha-lo
Proverbs. 1. Accusing-is proving, wler gru-tis; the ra-tion-al plain-tilf tears the cam
malice and porer sit as judges. 2. Adversity
3. ldle fliko bric, and dares the stairs for the sa-vor of may make one wise, but not rich. rai-sins; they drain the canc-brakes and take of his own fortune. 5. Fine feathers make fine
--take the most pains. 4. Every one is architect ihe bears by the nape of the neck; the may-or's birds. 6. Go into the country to hear the news prayer to Mayn-ton Sayre is—to be-ware of of the town. 7. He is a good orator-who conhe snares pre-per'd for the matron's shares: vinces himself. 8. If you cannot bite, never show men has both syllabics accented; but it your tecth. 9. Lawyers' houses-arc built on the should never be pronounced ah-men (2d a,) heads of fools. 10. Little, and often, fill the purse. for AW-men.
11. Auch, would have more, and lost all. 12. 3. Position. Sit, or stand erect, with the Practice-pakes perfect. shoulders thrown back, so as to expand the
The Bible-requires, in its proper clelia chost, prevent the body from bending, and cry, the most estensive pruclinl knowleilge facilitate full and deep breuthing. Open the of the principles of elocution, and of all the month wide enough to admit tivo lingers, compositions in the worldl; a better impresale-wise, between the teetli, and keep the sion may be made, from its correct rouiling, lips free and Timber, that the sounds
than froin the most lumineus commentary.
may Low with clearness and precision ; nor let
Varieties. 1. Lore what you ought to do, tikre be too much, nor too little misture in and you can easily do it;-oiled whecis run the mouth. A piece of hard wood, or ivory, | freely. 2. Cicero says, that Roscius, a Roan inch, or an inch and a half long, of the man orator, could express a sentence in 19 size of a pipe-stein, with a notch in each end, many different ways by his gestures, as t'u il placed between the tecil, perpendicularly, himself could by his worils. 3. Why is the w.iile practicing, will be found very useful in
letter A, like a honey-suckle? Because a B squiring the habit of opening wide the mouth. follows it. 4. Never speak unless you have 4. E is this sound in certain words; among have done. 5. The most essential rule in die
something to say, and always stop when you which are the following: ere, ere-long; feint livery isBe natural and in earnest 6. Our beins; the hei-nous Dey purveis a bo-quet : education should be adapted to the full de (00-ha ;) they rein their prey in its ey-ry, and piviteir freight by weight; dey-dey: obey the velopment of body and mind. 7. Truth can myre, and do o-bea-sance to the Dey; they sit
never contradict itself; but is eternal and imHele-1-tase (talall-laten) at irey: also, there mutable--the same in all ages: the states of 360 inhere, in all their compounds,-there-at, men’s reception of it-are as various as the 11 se-5, there-fore, ilere-in, there-on, there principles and subjects of natural creation, rita; where.at, where dy, a kere-fore, where. As good have no time, as make bad use of it. LONSO
5. Eloculinn-is an Art, that teaches me how within-out; not from wilhout--. The to manifest my feelings and thoughts to beautiful rose-does not grow by accretion, others, in such a way as to give them a true like the rocks ; its life flows into it through idea, and expression of how, and what, I feel the nutriment, imbibed from the earih, the and think ; and, in so doing, to make them uir, and the water, which are incorporated feel and think, as I do. Its object is, to enable with the very life-blood of the plant as a meme to communicate to the hearers, the whole dium: it is a manifestation of the Lif; that truth, just as it is; in other words, to give me fills all things, and flows into all things, ac. the ability, to do perfect justice to the sulject, cording to their various forms. The analogy to them, and to myself : thus, involving the holds good as it respects the human mind; philosophy of end, cause, and effect,-the cor- tho' vegetables are matter, and minimis respondence of affection, thoughts and words. spirit; the former is of course much more 6. The second sound of A is grave,
confined than the latter. The powers of the or Italian. Au; alms, far; pa
mind-must be developed by a power from pa calms ma-ma, and com
within, and above itself; and that is the best man ls Charles to craunch the
education, which will accomplish this most al-monds in the haun-led paths;
rapılly, and effectually, in accordance with his mu- ster de-man-ded a
the laws of God, which always have refer haunch or par-tridge of fa
ence to the greatest good and the most truth ther; aunt taun-ted the laun. (A in FAR.]
Anecdote. A clergyman, whose turn it dress for salve from the ba
was to preach in a certain church, happening tua-na tree; Jur-vis farms sar-sa-pa-ril-la in to get wet, was standing before the sessionA-mer-i-ca; ma-nil-la balm is a charın to room fire, to dry his clothes; and when his halve the qualis in Ra-ven-na; he a-biles in colleague came in, he asked him to preach for Chi-na, and vaunts to have saun-tered on him; as he was very wet. “No Sir, I thank the a-re-na, to guard the vil-la hearths from you;" was the prompt reply: "preach your harm-sul ef-flu-vi-a; they flaun-ted on the 80- self ; you will be dry enough in the pulpit.” fa, ar-gu-ing for Quarles' psalms, and for-mu
Proverbs, 1. A burden that one chooses, la la for jaun-dice in Mec-ca or Me-ili-na; a not felt. 2. A guilty conscience needs no acou. calf got the chol-e-ra in Cuba, and a-rose to ser. 3. After-wit is erery body's wil. 4. Enough run the gaunt-let for the ayes and noes in A. -is as good as a feast. 5. All is but lip wisdom, al-da-ma.
that wants esperience. 6. Better bend, than break. 7. In making the vowel sounds, by expel- 7. Children and fools often speak the truth. 8. ling them, great care must be taken, to con- Out of debt, out of danger. 9. Wade not in 11 tovert all the breath that is emitted, into pure known waters. 10. Do what you ought, and let sound, so as not to chafe the internal surface come what will. 11. Empty vessels make the of the throat, and produce a tickling, or greatest sound. 12. Pause, before you folioun ax hoarseness. The happier and freer froin re- erample. struin', the letter: in laughing, the lower Natural and Spiritual. Since we are muscles are used in roluntarily; hence the possessed of both body and soul, it is of the adage, luugh, and be fut.' In breathing, first importance that we make use of naturul realing, spaling, and singing, there should and spiritual means for obtaining good: i.c. be no risina of the shoulilers, or heaving of natural and spiritual truths. Cur present the bo-om; both tend to error and ill health. and eternal destinies-should ever be kept in Beware of us.ng the lungs, as it is said; let mind; and that, which is of the greatest mothem act, as they are ucted upon by the lower ment, receive the principal attention: anda muscles.
since death-is only a continuation of life, our Notes. 1. This, strictly speaking, is the only natural education should be continuous: beth statne mund in all linguages, and is the easies! Diale: it merely requires of being will be best attended to, when son the under jaw to te dmppel, and a vocal sound 10 be produced and attended to in connection. all other sowels are derived from it; or, rather, are modifications of it. 2. When a is an article, i. e, when used by itself, it always
Varieties. 1. Horses will often do more tras this sunt, tut must not be accented; as, “a dan saw a borse for a whistle, than a whip: as some amethare sul a sheep in a bado «;" except as contrasted with the; as, “best governed by a rod of love. 2. Why is a sund the wall
, mint a man." 3. When a forms an unacceuted sylbankrupt like a clock? Because he must table, it lastbis sund : *, &-wake, a-bile, a-like, a-ware, a-lone, a mil, a-way, kc. 4. It has a snilar mund at the end of words, either stop, or go on tick. 3. True reading er fer with or without an h: 24, Norah, Han-riah, Sa-rah, Ayuri is true exposition. 4. Conceive the inten
. America, i--ta, doz-mv, ke. Beware of saying, Noer, Sations of the author, and enter into the church ry, &c. 5. Il generally has 'bis sound, when followed by a siugla • Ju the same syllable: as, ar.smn, artis', &c.; also in star-ry, (full ter. 5. The sciences and mechanical arts are of stars.) and tar-ry, (besmeared with tar.)
the ministers of wisilom, not the end, 6. Do Education. The derivation of this word we love our friends more when present, or - will assist us in understanding its mean-absent? 7. All natural truths, which respect ing; it being composed of the Lalin word the works of God in creation, are not only rea! perlu.co, to lead or draw out. All develop- natural truths, but the glasses and containing ments, both of matter and spirit, are from principles of spiritual ones.
8. The means to be used, thus to make to describe them to others with as much arknown my feelings and thoughts, are tones, curacy as we do any external objects, which words, looks, actions, expression, and silence : we have seen with our material eyes. whence it appears, that the body is the grand Anecdote. Wild Oats. After the first medium of communication between myself speech, made by the younger Pitt, in the House and others; for by and through the body, are of Commons, an old member sarcastically retones, words, looks, and gestures produced. marked,-“I apprehend that the young gentleThus 1 perceive, that the mind, is the active man has not yet sown all his rild vats." To agent, and the body, the passive agent; that which Mr. Pitt politely replied, in the course this is the instrument, and that the perfor- of an elaborate and eloquent rejoinder, “Aye mer: here I see the elements of mental and -has its privilge; and the gentleman himvocal philosophy.
self-affords an ample illustration, that I re. 9. The third sound of A is broad:
tain food enough for GEESE to pick.” ALL, wall, auction, aus-pice;
Proverbs. 1. A calumny, cho' known to be his vaul.ting daugh-ter hauld
such, generally leaves a stain on the reputation. the dau-phin in the sauce-pan;
2. A blow from a frying pan, tho' it does not the pal-iry sauce-box walız'd
hurt, sullies, 3. Fair and softly, go sure and far. in the tea-sat-cer; al-he-it, the
4. Keep your business and conscience well, and wwk-ish au-thor, dined on
they will be sure to keep you well. 5. A man wau-se-ous sau-sa-ges; the ar- (A in ALL.) knows no more, to any purpose, than he practices.' burn pal-frey draws lau-rel plau-dits; his 6. Bells call others to church, but enter not themnaugh-ry, dwart got the groat through the selves. 7. Revenge a wrong by forgiving it. & fau.cit; he thwar-led the fal-chion and sal. Venture not all you have at once. 9. Examine ted the shawl in false wa-ter; the law-less your accounts and your conduct every night. 10. gaw-ky gor in-stall'd in the au-tumn, and call me cousin, but don't cozen me. 11. Eaglesde frau-ded the green sward of its bal-dric fiy alone, but sheep flock together. 12. It is good awn-ing.
in begin well, but better to end well. 10. Curray, a celebrated Irish orator, pre Theology--includes all religions, both sents us with a signal instance, of what can heathen and christian; and comprehends be accomplished by assiluity and persever the study of the Divine Being, his laws ance: his enunciation was so precipitate and and revelations, and our duty towards him confiese 1. that he was called "stuttering Juck and our neighbor. It may be divided into Curran." To overcome his numerous de- four grand divisions; viz. Paganism, Mahomfects, he devoted a portion of every day to edanism, Judaism, and Christianity. The reading and reciting aloud, slowly, and dis- study of Theology is the highest and noblest tinctiy, some of the most eloquent extracts in in which we can be engaged: but a mere our language: and his success was so com- theoretical knowledge, like the sunbeam on plete, that arnung his excellencies as a speak- the mountain glacier, may only dazzle-to er, was the clearness of his articulation, and blind; for, unless the heart is warmed with an appropriate intonation, that melodized love to Gol, and love to man, the coldness every sentence.
and barrenness of eternal death will reign in Notos. 1. To make this sund, drop and project the jaw, the soul: hence, the all'of Religion relates to sad shape the mouth as in the engraving: and when you wish to produce a verv grase suund, in speech of sons, in addition to the for the sake of good.
life; and the life of Religion is—to do good store, swell the windpipx, (which will elongate and enlarge the vocal chords) and form the voice as loro as possible in the larynx; Varieties. He, who studies books alone, Bir the longer and larger these chərls are, the grader will be the will know how things ought to be; and he ndepen the tones. This sound is broader than the German a who studies men, will know how things are. L u smetrus has this out: I thought he caught the cough, 2. If you would relish your food, labor for it; s heu ne pregatit te both: he wrought, frught, and ought, but if you would enjoy your raiment, pay for it talked naugt. & Hevare ridine an , after wo, as lawr, janr, before you wear it; if you wonld sleep soundfawr, &c. 4. The itanie a olhar folkswing, is broal, All were appalled at the thral dam of Was-ter haleigh, who was al-mrat ly, take a clear conscience to bed with you. sall-ed in the cal-dron of boiling waiter,
3. The more we follow nature, and obey he: IIabits of thought. Thinking is to the us, the longer shall we live ; and the firmind what digestion is to the body. We ther we seruite from them, the sooner we may heur, read, and talk, till we are gray; shall die. 4. Always carry a few proverbs but if we do not think, and analyze our sub- with you for constant use. 5. Let compul jects, and look at them in every aspect, and sion be used when necessary; but deception see the ends, causes, and effects, they will be ever. 6. In China, physicians are always of little use to us. In thinking, however, we under pay, except when their patrons are must think clearly and without confusion, as sick ; then, their salaries are stopped till health we would exanine objects of sight, in order is restored. 7. All things speak; no!e well to get a perfect i lea of them. Thinking—is the language, and gather wisdom fronı it. spiritually seeing; and we should always Nature-is but a name for an effect, whink of things so particularly, as to be able Whose cause-is God.