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433. Style. The numerous examples! Maxims. 1. Punctuality begets confidence, given throughout this worli, allord the neces- and is the sure road to honor and respect. 2. A pary means for illustrating all the princples picture is a poon, without words. 3. Sensible meu of elocution: let the taste, and judgment, as slow their senise, ly saying much in few words well as the abilities of the student-be test-. He, who thinks 10 cheat another, cheats him. ed by a proper selection and application of self. 5. Pride is casily seen in others; but we them. He must not expect too much from rarely see it in ourselres. 6. Wealth is not his others, nor take it unkindly, when thrown

who gets it, but his who enjoys it. 7. A bad book upon his own resources : the best way to in-l is one of the worse or thieves. 8. Toleration crease our strength, is to have it often tested. 9. Too much prosperity makes most men fools.

should spring froin charity, not from in difference. All who become orators, must make them- | 10. le, who serves God, has the best master in sclres orators.

the world, 11. One love drives another out. 12. 434. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS. 1. If we Health is better than wealth. do well, shall we not be accepted? 2. Which

Infuence. Few are aware of the full exis more useful, fire, or water ? 3. Ought circumstantial evidence to be admitted in crim- tent of meaning contained in this word. If inal cases? 4. Can we be tvo zealous in

we can measure the kind and quantity of

influence, that every variety of heat and cold! rightly promoting a good cause? 5. Which is worse, a bat education, or no education? has on the world of matter; if we can tell 6. Are not ligotry and intolerance--as des.

the intluence, that one individual has on antructive to morality, as they are to common tion on another, both for time and eternity;

other, one society on another, and one nasense? 7. Are we not apt to be proud of that which is not our own ? 8. Qught there itual beings have on one another, and on

if we can estimate the influence, that spir not to be duties on imported goods, to en

the human race, collectively, and separately ; courage domestic manufclures? 9. Is slu

also the intluence of the Great Spirit on all very right? 10. Have stcamborit's been the

creation, then, we are able to see and realize cause of more good than eril?

the mighly meaning of this important word. 435. IGNORANCE AND Euron. It is als Contemplate and weigh the intluence, that most as difficult to make one unlearn his er- different kinds of food and drink have on the rors, as to acquire knowledge. Mil-infor-human system, by being appropriated to its mation is more hopeless than non-informa- innumerable parts; the influence on body tion; for error is always more busy than ig- and mind of keeping and rinlating the laws surance. Ignorance-is a blank sheet, on

of life, by thinking freling, and acting; the which we may urile ; but error—is a scrib- influence, which a wool or buil person lason bled one, from which we must first erase. his associatesand also their influence on othIgnorance--is contented to stand still, with ers, through all coming time, as well as in the hier back to the truth; but error-is more eternal world, and you will perceive soinepresumptuous, and proceeris in the same di- thing of the importance of ceasing to do evil, rection. Ignorance has no light, but error and learning to do well; of living and pracfollows a false one. The consequence is, ticing what is good and true, and thereby that error, when she retraces her footsteps, being saved from all that is eril and falsc. has farther to go, before she can arrive at the truth, than ignorance.

Varieties. 1. Lord Coke-wrote the folAnecdote. Virtue before Riches. The- lowing, which he religiously observed; “Six mnistocles-had a daughter, to whom two men

hours to sleep, to law's great study six, Four were wishing to make love ; one--was very spend in prayer, the rest to nature fix." 2. rich, but a simpleton, and the other--poor,

Wm. Joncs, a wiser economist of the fleeting but a very wise man: the father preferred the hours of lite, umenied the sentiment thus; latter,--saying, “I would rather have a man

Seren hours to law, to soothing slumbers without riches, than riches without a man.

seven, Ten to the worlil allot, and all to The primal (ulies--shine aloft, like stars ;

hranen. 3. The truly beautiful and sublime

are to be found within the rexions of nature The charities, that soothe, and heal, and bless. Are scanered at the feet of man, like flowers;

and probabilily: the false sublime sets to it. Ithe generous inclination, the just rule,

seif no bound: it deals in thunders, ParikKind wishes, iind good actions, and pure thoughts. quakes, tempests, and whirlwinds. 4. Is it No mystery is here; no special boon

any pain for a bird to fly, a fish to swim, or For high, and not for low; for prout'y graced,

a hoy to play? 5. Confound not rociferation And not for meek of heart. The sinoke ascends with emphatic expression; for a whisper To heaven as lightly from the courage hearth, may be as discriminating as the loudest tones. As from the haughty palace. He, whose soul 6. Speech-is the gift of God. 7. Order--is Ponders this true equality, may walk

the same in the world, in man, and in the The fields of carth-with gratitude and hope. church; man-is an epitome of all the prin

Our wishes lengthen-as our sun declines. ciples of order.

436. STYLE, &c. To accomplish your ob Maxims. 1. Revenge, however sweet, is ject, study the true meaning and churucter : dearly bought. 2. Life is hall spene, before we of the subject, so as to express the whole, in know what it is to live. 3. The world is a work such a way as to be perfectly understood and shop, and ihe wise only know how to use its tools felt: thus, you will transport your hearers 4 A man is ralued, us he makes himself valuable. to the scene you describe, and your earnest- 5. Heaven is not to be had, merely by wishing for mpap raise them on the tiptoe of expectation, it. 6. As often as we do good, we sacrifice. 7. Be and your just arguments sweep everything careful to keep your word, even in the inosi trifiing before them like a MOUNTAIN torrent: to eixo fer. 9. Honest men are easily bound; but you can

matter. 8. Hearts may agree, tho' heads may din dte, to agitate, and delight, are among the most powerful arts of persuasion: but the school; bu fools will learn in no other.

never bind a knare. 10. Erperience keeps a dear impressions must be enforced on the mind by

Anecdote. Curious Patriotism. Some a command of all the sensibilities and sym- years ago, one of the convicts at Botany Bay, pathies of the soul. That your course may

wrote a FARCE, which was acted with much be ever upward and onward, remember, none applause in some of the theatres. Barringbut a good man can be a perfect orator; un- ton, the notorious pick-pocket, wrote the corrupted and incorruptible integrity is one

prologue; which ended with these lines: at the most powerful engines of persuasion.

Iruc patriots we; for. he it understooʻl, 437. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS. 1. Is any Welen our country--for our country's good. gorernment--as important as the principles Ignorance-Willfulness. The ignorit should protect and extend? 2. Should we ant--oppose without discrimination. Hurremain passive, when our country, or polici- vey, for asserting the circulation of the blood, cal rights are invaded? 3. Are banks bene- was styled a ragabond, a quack; and perseficial? 4. Hlave the crusaders been the cause i cuted, through life, by the medical profession. of more eril than good? 5. Was the war' In the time of Francis I., Ambrose Pare-inwaged against the Seminoles of Florida, just? troduced the ligument, to staunch the blood 6. Which is the more important acquisition, of an amputated limb, instead of boiling hot wealth, or knowledge? 7. Is there any neu- pitch, in which the bleeding stump had furtral ground between good and evil, truth and merly been dipped; and he was persecuted, falsehoot? 8. Which should we fear most, with the most relentless rancour, by the From the commission of a crime, or the fear of pun- culty, who ridiculed the idea-of risking a ishment? 9. By binding the understanding, man's life upon a threud, when boiling pitch and forcing the judgment, can we mend the had stood the test for centuries. Medicines heart? 10. When proud people meet toge- have been proscriber! as poison, and then preCier, are they not always unhapp:;? 11. Is scribed in great quantities; the proscriptions not common sense a very rare and raluable and prescriptions being both adopted with Article? 12. What is the use of a body, with equal ignorance and creilulilu. There is no 00: a soul?

hope for man, but a thorough and correct 438. MANTER AND MATTER. The secret education in the school of Truth and gooriness of success in Music, as well as in Elocution, Varieties. 1. Does the nature of things is, to adapt the manner perfectly to the mat- depend on the matter, of which they am tor: if the subject be simple, such must be formed; or on the laws of constitution, by the manner: if it be gay and lirely, or solenin which matter is arranged? 2. Is not regate ond dignifel, such, or such must be the able matter formed from oxygen and hydro manne in addition to which, the performer i gen; and animal matter from these two and must forget himself, or rather lose himself in carton ? But what are their constituent the subject, body and soul, and show his re- parts? Were their essences created, or are card to his audience, by devoting himself to iney eternal ? 3. What large portions of the the subject: and hence he must never try to world there are of which we know compara. show himself off: but hide behind the thought tively nothing! and although we are familiar and freling, and depend upon them to pro- with our bodies, externally, yet how little of duce the effect: if there is any affectation, their internals do even the best physiologists tive hold on the heart is in that proportion know? 4. How much is really known of relinquished. Oh, when shall we take our the nature of mind? and yet there is preappropriate place and regard use as the grand sumption enough in some, to decide at once, object!

upon all the phenomena of the mind, and But sure-to forrin elimies--we need mot range,

prescribe its limits. 5. Thus, man clothes Nor march the ancient records of our rart,

himself with his fanciful knowledge, and To learn-lhe dire efi ct of time and change, Wich, in (herseloes, alas! we daily trace;

plays such insane tricks before the world, as Yes, at the darkened we, the withered jack,

make the angels werp. Or hoary hair-I never will repine;

The fisher-is out on the sunny sea, But mare, Tine! whate'er of mental grace,

And the reindeer-bounds n'er the pasture free; of ca dor, lour, or sympat y divine;

And the pine-has a fringe of a sfter arren, batr'er of raun's ray, or intendship's fame la mine.

And the moss-louks lright, where my jou hath been BRONSON.


“I am

439. EPFECTIVE STYLE. The more your Marims. 1. Happiness is the shadow of reading and speaking partake of the freedom contentment, and rests, or moves forever with its and ease of common discourse, (provided originai 2. I drop of wisilom is worth a lun of you sustain the o!rject and life of the compo- riches. 3. Whatever does not stand with credin sition) the more just, natural, and effective will not stand long. 4. Business must be attenda will be your style of delivery: hence the need to, at the expense of every thing else of less im cessity of studying nature, of avoiding all portance. 5. Our states of mind ditler as much offectution, and of never allempting that in

as our spirits and temper. 6. Death-cannot kill public, which is beyond your a'rlily. Some what never dies,-mutital love. 7. If you will mar, or spoil what they are going to say, by les. 8. Open rebuke is better than secret love. 9.

not hear reason, she will rap you over your knurlee making so much ado over it, thinking they civod counse is thrown away on the arrogans must do some great thing; when it isal most and self-conceited. 10. Ile, who resolves to amend, is simple as--wash and be clem: whatever has God, and all good beings on his side. is not natural is not agreeable or persuasire.

Anecdote. Vanity Reproved. 440. IMPORTANT QUESTIONs. 1. Were very thankful, that my mouth has been open any beings ever created angels? 2. Is ited to preach without any learning,"said right ever to do wrong? 3. Why was a rev- an illiterate preacher, in speaking against elation necessary ? 4. May we not protect educating ministers, to preach the gospel. our person and charucter fr assault? 5. A gentleman present replied, “Sir, a similur Does cirilization increase happiness? 6. event took place in Bualumi's time." Which excites more curiosity, the works of

Education should give us command of nature, or the works of art.? 7. Ought a witness to be questioned with regard to his every faculty of boly, and mini-call out al religious opinions, or belief? 8. Was the chance the creatures of impetse, prejudice

our powers of obserrution and reicction, general bankrupt law a benefit to the coun- and passim, to thinking, reasoning, and lortry? 9. Why are we disposed to laugh, even ing beings; lead to objects of pursuits, and when our best friend falls down! 10. Which habits of conduct, favorable to the happiness is the greatest, faith, hope, or charity? 11. of every individual, and to the whole worloh

, Shсuld controversy interrupt our friendship and multiply all the means of enjoymeni, and esteem for each other? 12. Have chris- and liminish every temptation to tice and sen. tians any right to persecute each other for

sualily; and true education will do all this, their opinions ? 441. It is much to be regretted, that our The greatest danger to public liberty, is jroru

Varieties. 1. What is moral virtuc? 2. t'achers are so illy qualified to instruct their rice and illeness. 3. He, that showeth merpupils even in the first rudiments of reading : and they are all so much inclined to fall into cy, shall receive mercy. 4. Never attem!

anything more,

than there is a prospect of basl habits, and the imitation of faulty speak

accomplishing. 5. Should not bevelse-8 ers, tiiat it requies constant watchfulness to keep clear of the intluences of a wrong bias, well as men, be treated with hindness? 0.

Rational liberty-is diametrically oppose: 1 and fulse, and merely arbitrary rules. We

to the wildness of anarchi'. 7. We should never can succeed in this important art, until

never ascribe bad motives, when we can sut we take elementary instruction out of the

8. Nothing is more prejure hands of ignoramuses, and insist upon hav- pose good ones.

dicial--to the great interests of a nation, ing persons fully competent to take charge than uncertain and variilig policy. 9. Is of the cause. Away then with the idea, that

it lawful to contend with others, on any ore any one can teach reading and speaking, casion? 10. Prefer the evident interests of merely because he can call the leiters, and the community, to the suggestions of the speak the words so as to be understool.

pride of cursistencij. 10. Cianliness -- 19 Operating Circumstances. We are 100

next to gouliness. apt, in estimating n law. passed at a remote peri

Why have those banished and forbi!!enle od, to combine in our consideration, all the subise

Dared once to touch a dust of England's gonnd quent events, which have had an influence upon But more than a by-Why have they daret to mareb it; instead of conforming ourselves, as we ought, So many miles upon her peaceful brem;

Frightening her ale-faced villagers with war, to the circumstances, existing at the time of its

And ostentation of despised arnis ? passage.

Coniest thou because the anointed king is hence ? So live, that, when thy suminons comes-o join

Why, foolish boy, the king is left behind, The intunerable cooran, that moves

And in my loyal Locom lies his power, To the pale realo.s of shade, where each shall take

Were I but now the lord of such hint youth His chamler-in the silent Lalls of death,

As when brare Gaunt, thy father, and myselt, Thou go not, like the quarty-slase, at night,

Resc:ed the Black Prince, that yourg Mars of men Scrurzed to his dungeon; but, sustained and soothed

From forth the ranks of many th rusatul French; By an unfaltting trust, approach thy grave,

Oh, then, how quickly should this arm of mine, Like one, who wnps the drapery of his arch

Now prisoner to the palsy, chastise thee, About hira, ao lies dow-o pk asarut drunu,

A muister corrective to thy fault!

442. ELOQUENCE. What were all the Maxims. 1. Old age and faded flowers, no attribu es of nan, his personal accomplish- remedies can revive. 2. Something should be merits, and his boasted reason, without the learned every time a look is opened. 3. A tru'y taculty of SFLECH? To excel in its use is great man never puts away the s.mplie:1y of ile the highest of human aris. It enables manchill 4. The gem camot be polisheit withoil to govern whole nations, and to enchant, friction, nor man-perfected, without atersity. 5 while he governs. The aristocracy of Elo- The ju!! siomach camot realize the evils of hunquence is supreme, and, in a free country, ser. 6. When thoughe is agitated, truth rises. 7. can never be subdued. It is the pride of A child requires books, as much as the merchani peace, and the glory of wur: it rides upon coes goods. 8. Learn by the vices of others, how ihe zephyr's wings, or thunders in the storm. detestable your own are. 9. Judge not oi mon o! Lut there is in eloquence, in painting, the things, at first sight. 10. Reprove ihy friend prilife of the canvas, which breathes, moves, vately, and commend him publicly. speaks, and is full of action: so is there in the dance, the poetry and music of motion, attorneys overtaking a wagoner, with two

Anecdote. Sharp Reply. Two country the eloquence of action; whose power con- span of hoists, and thinking to be witty at sists in the wondertul adaptation of the gra: his cxpense. asked him, “ llow it happened, ces of the body to the harmonies of mind. that his forward horscs were so fut, and the There is eloquence in every object of taste,

rear ones so lean?" The wagoner, knowboth in art and nature; in sculpture, gar; ing the answered, “That his fore span dening, architecture, poetry and music; all of which come within the scope and plan of

were lawyers, and the other clients." Die orator, that he may comprehend that

Selfishness-seems to be the complex of

all vices. intellectual relation, that secrei clause in the

The love of sell, when predoni. liberul professions, which, connecting one inant, excludes all good ne88, and perverts all with another, combines the influence of all. truth. It is the great enemy of individuals,

societies, and communities. It is the cause Virtue, alone, ennolles human kind,

of all irritation, the source of all evil. Peo. And power--should on her glorious footsteps wait. ple, who are always thinking of themselvex,

Wisdom-finds tongues--in trees; books-in run- I have no time to be concerned about others; ang streams; sermons-in stones, and Good-in their own pleasure or protit, is the pivot, on Nerytung.

which ererything turns. They cannot even You pride you-on your golden hue; [too.

conceire of disinterestedness, and will laugh hnou—the poor giow-worm-aih'its brighiness to scorn all, who appear to love others, as

well as themselves. Seitishness-is the very When men of judgment--feel and creep their way, essence of the first original sin, and it must The positirempronounce-without delay.

be corrected, or we are lost. T'is good, and lovely, to be kind ;

Varieties. l. The wind, the falling of But charity-should not be blind. water, humming of bees, a sweet voice readA little learning-is a dangerous thing;

ing monotonously, tend to produce sleep: Drink deep-or laste not the Pierian sprins:

this is not so much the case with musical There, shallow draughts-intoricate the brain,

2. The trilling and quivering of

the voice, which pleuse so much, correspond But, drinking largely, sobers us again.

10 the glittering of light: as the moonbeums An me! the Inureled ureath, that murder wears,

playing on the waves. 3. T'alling from a dis. Bloord-nursed and catered with the widow' s tears, cord to a concord, which produces so niet Seems not so foul,

,—so luinted,--and so dead, sweetness in music, correspond to the affor. As waves the nighl-shade round the sceptic's bed. tions, when brought out of a state of dislike;

413. Music--is the oral language of the and also with the taste; which is soon cloy. affections; as words are the natural language ed with what is sweet alone. 4. Music bus of the thoughts. The notes of a we are great effect on mind and body, making us analogous to letters, the measures-lo words; varlike or the reverse, soft and effeminate, the strains--10 sentences; and the tune, or grave and light, gentle, kind and pitiful, musical piece, to a discourse, oration, or po. &c., according to its nature, and perform

As there is a great variety of affections, ance; the rtason is, because hearing is more and states of affection in the human mind, closely associated with feeling or spirits, so there is a great variety of tunes, through than the other senses. Observe the effect of the medium of which these affections, and Yankee Doodle. God save the King, Mar. states of ailection are manifested. There seilles Hymn, &c. 5. When music speaks are three grand divisions of music, which, to the aficion, affection obeys; as when nu. for the sake of distinction, may be denomin. lure spcaks, nature replies. aied the upper, or that which relates to the

Let gratitude-in acts of goolness flow; Supreme Being; the middle, or that relating

Our love to God, in love to man below. 10 created, rulional beings, or social music; Be this our joy-10 cuir the troublei breast, and the lower, or what appertains to that part of creation below man--called descrip.

Support the weak, and succor the distress'd.

Direct the rand'rer, dry the widow's tear; live music.

The orphan guard, the sinking spiris cheer. Ambition-is like lore, impatient

Tho'small our power to act, tho: mall our shith Both of delays, and rirals.

God-sees the heart; he judges by the will.



444. There are also three great divisions Maxims. 1. Want of punctuality is a speciem in POETRY, which is closely allied to music ; of falsehvod. 2. Pay as you go, and keep from and both of them originate in the will, or small scores. 3. He, that has his heari in his affections: and hence, the words of the learning, will soon have bis learning in his heart

5. A man psalm, hymn, poem, and the music in which 4. The empty stomach has no ears. they are sung, chanted, or played, constitute may talk like a wise man, and yet act like a fool. the forms, or mediums, through which the 6. Rather improve by the errors of others, ihan aflections and sentiments are bodied forth. Is find fauli with them. 7. The devil lurus hig tot genuine music from heaven? and does it back, when he finds the door shut against time not lead there if not pervertel? May not the with abundance. 9. The value of things, is never

8. Better be uprighi, with porerty, than depraved same be said of poetry? Woe betide the per- so strongly realized, as when we are deprived of son, that converts them into occasions of evil! them. 10. None are so deaf as those who will

How blind is pride ; what eagles are we still not hear.
In matters that belong to other men;

Reform. He, that looks back to the his What bettles—in our own.

tory of mankind, will often see, that in poli

Who fights tics, jurisprudence, religion, and all the With passions, and overcomes them, is endued great concerns of society, reform-has usu With the best virtue.

ally been the work of reason, slowly awakerr Nuture-10 each-allots his proper sphere ; ing from the lethargy of ignorance, gradu But-that forsaken, we like comets are; (broke, ally acquiring confidence in her own strength Tossed thro' the void ; by some rude shock we're and ultimately Triumphing over the dominAnd all our boasted fire-- is lost in smoke.

ion of prejudice and custom. Thick waters--show no images of things ;

Varieties. 1. What is mercy and its Friends-are each others' mirrors, and should be uses? 2. Individuals and nations, fail in ('learer than cristal, or the mountain springs,

nothing they boldly attempt, when sustained And free from clout, design, or fattery.

by virtuous purpose, and determined resoli 'Tis virtue, that they want; and wanting its tion. 3. Some persons' heads are like been Honor--no garments to their backs can fit. hives: not because they are all in a buzz, but

41.5. TE USES OF ELOQUENCE. In every that they have separate cells for every kind si!uatim, in all the pursuits of life, may be of store. 4. What nature offers, with a smil seen the usefulness and benefits of eloquence. ing fuce, fruit, herb, and grain-are just In whatever light we view this subject, it is what man's pure instinct would chrose for evident that oratory is not a mere castle in food. 5. The mnjority-ought never to the air: a fuiry palace of frost-work; desti- trample on the feelings, or violate the just tute of substance and support. It is like a rights-of the minorily; they should not magnificent temple of Parian marble, ex- triumph over the fullen, nor make any but hibiting the most exact and admirable sym- temperate and equilable use of their power metry, and combining all the orders, varieties, 6. Death is the enacted penalty of nature's and beauties of architecture.

violated laws. 7. Was it causeless, that Habits of Industry. It is highly impor-washing-was introduced, as a religious tant, that children should be taught to acquire rite, seeing that its observance is so essential babits of industry; for whatever be their habits to the preservation of health .? while young, such, for the inost part, nust they

And when the soul--is sellest, the hushed tongue, continue to be in after life. Children-are apt

Voicelessly tren.bleslike a lute unstrung. to think it a great hardship, to be obliged to de

There's beauty--in the deep; vote so much time to occupations, at present

The wave--is bluer than the sky; perhaps, disagreeable to them; but they ought

And tho' the light--shine bright on high, to be made to believe, that their tasks are not

More softly do the sea-gems glow, only intended for the informing of their minds,

That sparkle in the depths below ;

The rainboro's unts-are only made but for the bending of their wills. Good habits

When on the waters they are laid, are as easily acquired as bad ones; with the great advantage of being the only true way to

And sun and moon-most sweetly shine prosperity and happiness.

Upon the ocean's level brine:

There's beauty in the deep. Anecdote. Conciseness. Louis XIV.who loved a concise style, one day met a priest on

There's music-in the deep :

It is not in the surf's rough roar, the round, whom he ashed hastily—“Whence

Nor in the whisperiny, shelly shorecome you? where are you going? what do

They--are but earthly sounds, that tell you want?The other immediately replied,

Ilow little of the sta-nymph's shell, From Bruges, -To Paris.-A Benefice.

That sends its loud, clear note abroad, You shall have it," replied the king.

Or winds its softness through the fioud, Sercile doubt

Echoes through grores--with coral gay, Argues an impotence of mind, that says,

And dies, on spongy banks, away: We fear because we dare not meet misfortune.

There's music in the "eep!

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