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446. OUR Field. The orator's field is the Maxims. 1. Poverty of mind is often coilOniverse of mind and maller, and his sub- cealed under the garboi splendor. 2. Vice-is in. jects, all that is known of God and man, famous, even in a prince; and rirtue, honorable, Study the principles of things, and never even in a peasant. 3. Prefer loss—to unjust gain, rest satisfied with the results and upplications. and solid sense—to wil. 4. He, that would be All distinguished speakers, whether they ever well spoken of himself, must speak well of others. paid any systematic attention to the prin-5. If every one would mend himself
, we should ad ciples of elocution or not, in their most suc- with popular applavse. 7. The best way to sue
be mended. 6. A sound mind is not to be shaken cessful efforts, conform to them; and their divine liglie, is to put out our own 8. Soine imperfections are the results of deviations blame themselves for the purpose of being praised. from these principles. Think correctly -ra- 9. Nothing needs a trick, but a trick; sincerity ther than finely ; sound conclusions are much loathes one. 10. As virtue has its own reward, so better than beautiful conceptions. Be useful, vice has its own punishment. rather than showy; and speak to the pur What is Worth: The spirit of the age pose, or not speak at all. Persons become says,-“ Worth- means wealth; and wieminent, by the force of mind-the power pon-the art of getting it.” To be rich is of thinking comprehensively, deeply, closely, considered, by most persons—a merit; to be usefully. Rest more on the thought, feeling, poor, an offence. By this false standard, it is and expression, than on the style ; for lan- not so important to be wise and good, as to guage is like the atmosphere-a medium of be rich in worldly wealth ; thus it is, every vision, intended not to be seen itself, but to thing, as well as every person, has its price, make other objects seen; the more trunspar- and may be bought or sold; and thus--do ent however, the better.
we coin our hearts into gold, and exchange Hast thou, in fererish, and unquiet sleep,
our souls—for earthly gain. Hence, it is said, Dreamt--th't some merciless Demon of the air, “a man is worth so much;"--i. e. worth just Rais'd thee aloft, -and held thee by the hair, as much as his property or money, amount Over the brow-of a down-looking steep,
to, and no more. Thus, wealth, worth, or Gåping. belowo, into a CHASM-so deep,
gain, is not applied to science, to knowledge, Th’ı, by the utmosi straining of thine eye,
virtue, or happiness; but to pecuniary auThou canst no resting place descry; Noi e'en a bush—to sare thee, shouldst thou sweep and everything else were dross. Thus the
quisition; as if nothing but gold were gain, Adown the black descent; that then, the hand Suddenly parted thee, and left thee there,
body-is Dives, clothed in purple and fine Holding-but by finger-tips, the bare
linen, and faring sumptuously every day: And jagge ridge above, that seems as sand,
while the mind—is Lazarus, lying in rags at To crumble 'neath thy touch ?-If so, I deem
the gate, and fed with the crumbs, that fall Th't thou hast had rather an ugly dream.
from the tables of Time and Sense. 447. VOCAL MUSIC. In vocal music, there
Varieties. 1. Instead of dividing man. is a union of music and language-the lan- kind into the wise and foolish, the good and kuage of affection and thought; which in- wicked, would it not be better to divide them cludes the whole man. Poetry and music into more or less wise and foolish, more or are sister arts; their relationship being one less good or wicked ? 2. It was a proof of of heaven-like intimacy. The essence of low origin, among the ancient Romans, to poetry consists in fine perceptims, and vivid make mistakes in pronouncing words ; for it expressions, of that subtle and mysterious indicated that one had not been instructed by analogy, that exists between the physical and a nursury maid: what is the inference ? moral world; and it derives its power from That those maids were well educated; parthe correspondence of natural things with ticularly, in the pronunciation of the Latin spiritual. Its effect is to elevate the thoughts language, and were treated by families as and affections toward a higher state of ex- farorites. How many nursery maids of our istence.
day enjoy such a reputation, and exert such Anecdote. A powerful Stimulous. When an influence ? Indeed, how many mothers Lord Erskine made his debut, at the bar, his occupy such a pre-eminence? Let wisdom agitation almost overcame him, and he was and offection answer, and furnish the remedy. just about to sit down. “At that moment,”
3. The purest and best of precepts and exsaid he, “I thought I felt my little children amples should be exhibited to our youth, in tugging at my gown, and the idea roused me the development of their minds, and the for to an exertion, of which I did not think my
mation of their characters. velf capable."
The seas-are quiet, when the winds are o'er;
So, calm are wx, when passions are no more;
Of flectmg things, ko certain to be lost.
Clouds of affliction--from our younger eyes,
Conceal that emptines, that age descries :
The woul's dark cottage, batterid and decay'd,
Lata in new lighıs, through danks, that tüne has made
For then, we know how vain it was to boast
448. THE HUMAN VOICE. Among all | Maxims. 1. Blinu men must not undertake me the wonderful varieties of artificial instru-juilge of colors. 2. Gamısters and suce house's neve inents, which discourse excellent music, er last long. 3. Forgiveness and smiles ure the where shall we find one that can be compared best revenge. 4. They, are not our best friencia, to the human voice? And where can we who praise us 10 our faces. 5. An honest man's find an instrument comparable to the human word is as good as his bond. 6. Never fish ior mid? upon whose stops the real musician, praise; it is not worib the bait. 7. None but a
8 Cult the poet, and the orator, sometimes lays his good man can become a perieel orator.
vale a love oi truth, and cleare to it with a'l your Lunds, and avails himself of the entire com
heart. 9. Female delicacy is the besi preservative pass of its magnificent capacities ! Oh! the of female honor. 10. idleness is the refuge of iength, the breadth, the height, and the depth weak minds, and the holiday of foots. of music and eloquence! They are high as
The Trine in Man. There are three heuren, deep as hell, and broud as thic uni-things of which human beings consist, tlig t'erse.
soul, the mind and the body; the innost is THE POWER OF IMAGINATIOX. The lunatie, the lover, and the poet,
the soul, the mediate is the mind, and the Are, of IMAGINATIOX-all compact:
ultimate the boity: the first is that which roOsta-sees more derils--than vast hell can hold; ceives life from Him, who is life itself'; the 7102-18 the MADMAX: the LOVER, all as frantie,
second, is the sphere of the actiri irs of that Sees Helen's lieauty--in a brow of Egypt: life; and the thiril, is the medium through The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling, (11EAVEN; which those activities are manifestel: but it Doth glance from HEAVEY-10 earth, from earth-io shonld be remembered, that there is, as the And, as IMAGINATION-bodies forth
apostle says, “ a natural body, and there is The iorms of things unknown, the poet's pen, a spiritual body." Forins them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing,
Varieties. 1. Nature-makes no emanA local habitation, and a name.
dations ; she labors for all: her's is not mo! 449. CICETO AND DEMOSTHENES. An saic work. 2. The more there is prosuic in ortor, addressing himself more to the pas vrators, joels and artists, the less are try xions, naturally has much passionate ardor ; nuturul; the less do they resemble the copiwhilst another, possessing an elevation of
ous streams of the fountain. 3. The more style and majestic gravity, is never coll, there is of progression, the more there is of thouch he has not the same vehemence: truth, and nature; and the more extensive, in this respect do these great orators dijer. general, durable, and noble is the elect: Demosthenes-abounds in concise sublimity; thus is formed the least plant, and the most Cicero,-in diffuseness: the former, on ac- exalted man. 4. Nature is ererywhere suncount of his rlestroying, and consuming ev- ilar to herself'; she never acts arbitraril!, erything by his violence, rupiitilii, strength, never contrary to ber uns: the same wise and rehemeno, may be compared to a hurri- dom and power produce all varieties, agreca. rume, or thunderbolt : the latter, to a wide ble to one law, one will. Either all things extended conflagration, spreading in every are subject to the law of order, or nothing is direction, with a great, constant, and irre- Home! how that blessed word--thrilis the ear' sistible flame.
In it--what recollections blend! Anecdote. Enry and Jealousy. Colonel
It tells of childhood's scenes so dear, Thornton, of the British army, could not bear
And speaks-oi' many a cherished friend. to hear the Americans praised. When he or through the world, where'er we roam, was at Charleston, S. C., some ladics were
Though souls be pure-and lips be kind, oulogising IVashington ; to which he replied, "The heart-wili fondness--turns 10 home, with a scurnful air, “I should be very glad to Still turns to those--it left behind. geta sight of your Col. Washington ; I have The bird, that soars to yonder skies, heard much talk about him, but have never
Though ugh to hearen, still seems unblessed ; enn him."
“Had you looked behind you, at Il leares them, and with rapture flies the battle of Cowpens," rejoined one of the Downward-lo its own much-loved nest. laddes, “ you might easily have enjoyed that Though beauteous scenes-may meet ils view pleasure."
And breezes blow-roin lalmy grores, With illustration simple, yet profound, and with anfaltering zoal
With wing untirel-und bosom true, !!e spake from a warın heart, and made even cold hearts feel; 28-is eloquence- 'tis the latense,
It turns--10 that dear spot it lores. In 1resiune ) fure-of a mint, deep fraught
When hearen---siall bid this roul depart, With patise energy, when soul, and sense
This form---return to kin:red eurth, Burst firth, embodied in the burning thought;
May the last throb, which swells my heart
Heare, where it started into birth.
And should affection--shed one lear; bat from the gifted surel, and the deep Iveling locast.
Should friendship--- Inger round my tomt;
When given by those of "home, sweet home,
450. POETRY-may be written in rhyme, Maxims. 1. It is better to do and not promor blank verse. Rhynie is the correspond ise, than to promise and not perform. 2. A benrfis ence of sounds, in the ending of iwo (or is a common tie between the girer and receiver. more) successive or alternate words or sylla. 3. The consciousness of well doing is an ample rebles of two or more lines, forming a couplet ward. 4. As benevolence is the most sociable of or triplet: see the various examples given. all virtues, so it is the most ertensire. 5. Do not Hythinus, in the poetic art, means the rela- postpone until 10 morrow, what ought to be done uve duration of ihe time occupied in pro. 10-ray. 6. Without a friend, the world is bui a nouncing the syllables ; in the art of music wilderness. 7. The more we know our hearts, the i signifies the relative duration of the sound, (less shall we be disposed to trust il. ourselves. & that enters into the musical composition: Obedience is better than sacrifice, and is ins perila sce measures of speech and song.
bly wedded to happiness. 9. We should not run Lo! the poor Indian, -whose untutored mind, ou: of the path of duty, lest we run into the path S-es God in clouds, or hears him in the wind: of danger. 10. lie doeth much, that doeth a thing His soul proud SCIENCE-never taught lo siray well. Far as the solar walk, or milky way;
Anecdote. Noro, duke of Milan, having Yil, simple rulure to his hope has given, displayed before the foreign embassadors his Behind tie cloud-lopp'd hill, an humble hearen ;- magnificence and his riches, which excelled Sume super world-in depth of wood embraced, Those of every other prince, said to them : Some kappier island--in the watery waste; “ Has a man, possessed of so much wealth Where slaves, once more, their native land behold, and prosperity, unything to desire in this NO FIEADS torment-10 CHRISTIANS thurst for gold. world ?" One thing only," said one of 151. SKIPS AND SLIDES. By closely ob. them, “a nail to fix the whe: l of fortune."
of all the crimes, that ever serving the movements of the voice, when under ihe perfect command of the mind, you the least palliation. No possible beneris can
disgraced society, that of swearing admits of will see that it changes its pitch, by leaps of
be derived from it; and nothing but one or more nores, in passing from word to
perurse word, and sometimes from syllable to sylla. ever have suggested it; yet such is its pré
ness and depravily of buman nature, would wie, and also slides upwards and downwards; valence, that by many, it is mistaken for a which skips and slides are almost intinitely fashionable acquirtinent, and considered, bý diversified, expressing all the shades of tho't and feeling, and playing upon the minds of unreflecting persons, as indicative of energy the listeners, with a kind of supernatural
and decision of character. power, the whole range of tunes from grare those who are in the bove, and under the in
Varieties. 1. Duiy sounds swectly, to to gay, from gentle to severe. of mind and matter are full of music and fluence of truth and goodness: its path does
not lead thro' thorny places, nnd over cheeroratory.
less wastes; but winds pleasantly, amid Even age itself-is cheered with music;
green meadows and shady groves. 2. A new J: wakes a glad remembrance of cur youth, truth is, io soine, as impossible of discovery, Calls back past joys, und warins us into transports. as the new world was to the taithless coiemNature is the glass--reflecting God,
poraries of Columbus; they do not believe in As, by the sea--reflected is the sun.
such a thing; and more than this, they will 'Too gorious to be gazed on-in his sphere, not believe in it: yet they will sit in judy. The night
ment on those who do believe in such a con. Hlaih been to me---a more familiar face
traband article, and condemn them without Than that of man; and, in her starry shade
mercy. of dinn, and solitary loveliness,
The thoughts are strange that crowd into my brain, I learned the language--of another world.
While I look upward to thee. It would seem Parting--they seemed to tread upon the air,
As if God-pourt ihre froin his " hollow hand," Trin roses, by the zephyr blown apart,
And hung his bow upon thine awful front; Only to mett agail--more close, and share
And spoke, in thai loud voice, which seemd to hira Treinword fragrance-of each other's heart.
Who dwelt in Patmos—for his Saviour's sake, Nothing -- is made out of Nothing. The sound of many waurs," and had bade Good, in his " Book of Nature," contends, that Thy flood-10 chronicle the ages back, Acre is no alsurilicy, in the supposition, of God and notch His centuries--initive eienal roche. er ting something-out of nothing; and lie main Deep-calleth unto deep. And what are we, ta'ns, ihat the proposition, conveying this idea, is 'That hear the question-cofthat roire sublime? only relatively absurd, and not absolutely. But it O: whai are all the notes, that ever rung 16 g'isolutely absurd. When God said, “Let there | Froin war's vain trumpet, by thy thundering s.de! he light, and there was light,” light cannot be sa'd Vea, what is all the rior--man can make to have been created out of nothing, but from God In his short lite, to thy unceasing roor! himself; not out of God, but by his Divine Will, And yet, bold babbler, what art thou--10 Him through his Divine Truth. So, we may conceive, Who drowni'd a world, and heaped the waters far that God, by his Will, masle atmospheric matter, Alove its loftiest mountains ?-a light ware, id then created it in form.
That breaks, and whispers-ofils Maher's mighi. Enough to live in tempest; die in port. Say, what can Chloe wani? she wants a heart.
TIIE TALIS OF NIAGARA.
452. OBSERVATIOXS. No one can ever Marims. 1. A people's eilucation--is a na become a good reader, or speaker, by reading Lion's best defence. 2. Let not the sun go down in a book; because what is thus acquired upon your wrath. 3. Who aims at eicelienee, is more from thought than from fecling; will be above mediocrity; and who aims at moand of course, lias less of freedom in it; diocrity, will fall short of it. 4. Forbearance in and we are, from the necessity of the case,
a domestic jerel. 5. The affertion of parents is more or less constrained and mechanical. best shown to their children, by teaching them What we hear, enters more directly into the what is good and true. 6. Feeble are the efforts
in which the heart has no share. 7. By taking afectuous part of the mind, than what we sce, and becomes more readily a part of ourselves, revenge, a man is but even with his enemy; but i, e. becomes conjoined instead of being ad-needs not the aid of ornament; but is, when vn
in passing it over-he is superior. 8. Loveliness joinel: relatively, as the food which we eat, adorned, adorned the most. 9. No one ever did, digests and is appropriated, and a plaster nor ever can, do any one an injury, without dnthat is merely stuck on the body. Thus, we ing a greater injury to himself. 10. It is beiter can see a philosophic reason why fuith is not to inow the truth, than to know il, and not said to come by heuring, and that we walk do it. by failh, and not by sighi : i. e. from love, Pursuit of Knowledge. He, that enthat casts out the fear that hath torment; that larges his curiosity after the works of nuture, fear which enstures body and mind, instead demonstrably multiplies the inlets to huppiof making both free.
ness; therefore, we should cherish arlur Ever distinguish substances-from sound; in the pursuit of useful knowledze, and reThere is, in liberty, what gods approve ;
member, that a blighted spring makes a barAnd only men, like gods, have taste to share; ren year, and that the vernal flowers, howThere is, in liberty, what pride perverts, ever beautiful and gay, are only intended by To serve sedition, and perplex command. nature as preparatives to autumnal fruits. True liberty-leaves all things free, but guilt; Varieties. 1. Business letters should alAnd fetters ererything-but art, and virtue ; ways be written with great clearness and perFalse liberty-holds nothing bound, but power, spicuity : every paragraph should be so And lets loose-every tie, that strengthens law.
plain, that the dullest fellow cannot mistake llome-is man's ark, when trouble springs ; it, nor be obliged to read it tuice, to under.
When gathering tempests-shade liis morrow ; stand it. 2. Lawyers and their clients re And no man's love-the bird, that brings
mind one of two rows of persons at a fire; Ilis peace-branch--o'er a flood of sorrow. one--passing full buckets, the other return
453. CONQUERING-LOVE. To learn al- Iing empty ones. 3. The bump of self-esteem most any art, or science, appears arduous, or is so prominent on some men's heads, that difficult, at first; but if we have a heurt for they can't keep their hats on in a windy day. any work, it soon becomes comparatively 4. A crow will fly at the rate of 20 miles an easy. To make a common watch, or a watch hour; a hawk, 40; and an eagle 80. . worn in a ring; to sail over the vast ocean, The herriest fetter, that ever weighed down &r., seems at first, almost impossible; yet the limbs of a captive, is as the robe of the they are constantly practiced. The grand gossamer, compared with the pledge of a secret of simplifying a science is analyzing man of honor. 6. An envious person, waxit; in beginning with what is easy, and pro- eth lean with the fatness of his neighbor. 7. ceeding to the combinations, difficult, most | Nature-supplies the raw materiut, and edir difficult: by this method, miracles may be cation—is the manufacturer. wrought: the hill of science must be ascend- The dumb shall sing, the lame his crutch forego, ed step by step.
And leap, evulling, like the bounding roe. Conceptions. Would it not be well for Distrusiful sense with modest caution speaks; metaphysicians - to distinguish between the It still looks home, and short excursions makes ; ronception of abstract truth, and the conception But rattling nonsense in full volleys breaks. of past perception, by calling the latter-mental Come, gentle Spring, etherial mildness, come, perception, as contradistinguished from all other? And, from the bosom of yon dropping cloud,
Anecdote. Rouge. A female, praising (While music wakes around.) vailed in a shower the beautiful color, used by the artist on her of shadowing roses, on the plains descend. miniature, was told by him, that he did not The man, that dares traduce, because he can, doubt she was a woman of good taste; for With safely lo himself, is not a man. thry both bought their rouge at the same shop. Slander--meeis no regards from noble minds ; 7'rue philosophy discerns
Only the base-believe what ihe base uicer. A ray of heavenly light--gilding all forms
ir i lose mine honor, I lose myself; Terrestrial.--in the cast, the minute,
Mine honor-is my life; both grow in one, The unambiguous footsteps of a God,
Take honor from me--and my life is done Who gives his lustre-10 an instit's wing,
He was a man, take him for all in all, And wheels his throne, upon the rolling worlds. I shall not loot vpon his like again.
454. INFLECTIONS AND INTONATIONS. Maxims, 1. The rise man thinks he knows The author is perfectly satistied, that most but tilllt; the fool thinks he knows it all. 2. He, of his predecessors have depended entirely who cannot govern himself, cannot govern others. too much upon the infections, to produce |3. He is a poor wretch, whose hopes are confined variety, instead of upon the intonations of to this world. 4. Ile, who einsloys himself well, the voice : the former, invariably makes me
can never want for something to do. 5. Umbrage chanical readers and speakers; while the should never be taken, where offence was never latter, being founded in nature, makes natu- intended. 6. Deride not the unfortunate. 7. la ral ones: the one is of the heuil, and is the and silence. 8. Lawyers' gowns are often lined
conversation, avoid the extremes of talkatirenas result of thought and calculation; and the
with the willfulness of their clients. 9. Good Sonkie other of the hurt, and is the spontaneous ef
are the only paper currency, that is better than fusion of the affections: the former spreads silver or gold. 10. No man may be both accuser, e rrit before the mind; the latter takes it and judge. 11. At erery tridio-scorn to take otience. way. Is it not so.? Choose ye. Nature Anecdote. A Ruse. A blind man, having knows a great deal more than arl; listen to a shrew for his wife, was told by one of his her teachings and her vrlict.
friends, that she was a rose. He replied, “ 1 There are two hearts, whose movements thrill do not doubt it; for I feel the thorns duily." In unison. so closely sweet!
Laconics. He who would become disThat, pulse to pulse, responsive still,
tinguished in manhood, and eminently useful That both must heave, or cease to beat;
to his country, and the world, must be conThere are tico souls, whose equal tlow
tented to pass his boyhood and youth in olm In genue streams--so calmly run. That when they part, (tlicy part?) ah no;
scurity, -learning that which he is to procThey cannot pari,-their souls are one.
tice, when he enters upon the stage of action.
There are two kinds of education; the liberNo martel woman should love flowers, they bear
al and the servile; the former puts us in So much of tanciful similitude To her own history; like herself, repaying,
possession of the principles and reasons of With such sweet interest, all the cherishing,
actions and things, so far as they are capable That calls their beauty, and their suretness forth; of being known or interroguteil: the latter And, like her, ico, dying-beneath neglect. stops short at technical rules and methods,
455. IGNORANCE AND Elnon. How fre- without attempting to understand the reasons quently an incorrect mode of promunciatim, or principles on which they are grounded. and of speaking, is caught from an ignorant Varieties. 1. We may apprehend the nurse, or favorite servant, which infects one works and word of God, if we cannot fully through life! so much depends on first im- comprehend them. 2. A inan puisses, for pressions and habits. Lisping, stammering, what he is worth. The world is full of judg. and smaller defects, often originate in the ment-days; and into every assembly, that a same way, and not froin any natural defect, man enters, in every action he attempts, he or impediment. If parents and teachers is guogid and stamp'd. 3. It is busc, and would consider the subject, they might see that is the one base thing in the unirerse, to the importance of their trust, and be induced receive favor, and render none. 4. How shall to fulfill their respective oflices in a conscien- we know', that Washington--was the most tious manner: to do wrong, in any way, is prudent and judicious statesman, that ever
lived? By carefully observing his actions, Association of Ideas. We may trace and comparing them with those of other mera, the power of association-in the growth and in like circumstances. 5. The union of science derelopment of some of the most important and religim, is the marriage of earth and hear principles of human conluct. Thus, under en. 6. Mankind can no more be stationary the feudal system, appeals from the buruniul than an individual. 7. The virtue of women tribunals were first granted to the royal is often the love of reputation and quiet. courte, in consequence of the delay, or refusa!
SATAN'S SUPPOSED SPEECH TO HIS LEGIONS of justice; afterwards, they were taken, on
Princes, Potentater, account of the injustice or iniquity of the Warriors, the front of Hearen ! once yours, nore lont, sentence. In the same way, a power, ap
Eternal spirits ; or have ye chosen this place, pealed to from necessily, is at length resorted
After the toil of battle, to repose to from choice; till finally, what was once a Your wearied virtue, for the ease you find privilege is, in certain cases, exacted as an ob To slumber here, as in the vales of Heaven? ligatim. This principle is full of political Or, in this abject posture-have ye swomand social wisdom, and cannot be too deeply
To alore the Conqueror! who now beholds
Cherut-and seraph-rolling in the flood, studied by those, who wish to analyze the With scatter'd arms and ennens; till anno causes and motives of human conduct.
His swift pursuiers-from Heaven's gates-discen
The olvantage, and descending, tread us doron, The purest treasure. ---mortal vies afford,
Thus drooping, or with linked thunderbolts 1s-polless reputation ; thal-away,
Transfix us to the bottom of this mus? Men are bu! gilded loam, and painted clay. Awake, ARISE, or be forever fallen
If such astonishment as this-can seize