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Virtue and Vice. Erciy man bas actually 477. As a
within him, the seeds of every virtue and every condemned
Price; and the proportion, in which they ihre and eriminal, or one who has
ripen, depends, in general, upon the situations i lost all hope of
which he has been, and is placed, and his life. salvation,
Anecdote. Filial Pirty. Valerius Max. bends the eye
imus relates, that a woman of distinction, brows downward, clouds
having been condemned to be strangud, was the foreheart,
carried to prison, in order to be put to death; rolls the eyes around frein
but the jailor was so struck with compuncly, eyeballs red
tion, that, resolving not to kill her, he chose and infland
to let her die with hunger; meanwhile, he aike a ralid dog : opens the
permitted her daughter to visit her in prison, mouth horizont
taking care that she brought nothing to eat. tally, bites the
Many days passing by, and the prisoner still lips, widens the
living, the jailor at length,suspecting some nostris, and gnashes the teeth; the head is pressed down upon the breast; heart 100 hard to permit thing, watched the daughter, and discovered lears to flow: arms are soinetimes bent at the el. that she nourished her mother with her own bows; the fists clenchi'd hard; the veins and mus- milk. He informed the authorities, and they strained and violently agitated; while groans of the people; when the criminal was pardonech inward torture are more frequently uitered than and the mother and daughter maintained at words. If any words are spoken, they are few, the public expense; while a temple was erecto tones of the voice often loud and furious, and ed--SACRED TO FILIAL PIETY. sometimes in the same pitch for a cons durable
Varieties. 1. The mind should shine time. This state of human nature is too terrible, through the casket, that contains it; its elotoo frightful to look, or dwell upon, and almosi improper for representation : for if death cannot quence must speak in the cheek; and so disbe counterfeited without too much shocking our tinctly should it be wrought in the whole humanity, despair, which exlibits a state ten countenance, that one might say, the body thousand times more terrible than death, ought to thinks, as well as feels; such oratory will be viewed with a kind of reverence to the great Author of Nature, who seems sometimes to permit never clny ; it is always enchanting, never the th's agony of mind, as a warning to avoid that same. 2. A gentleman, lecturing before a wickedness, which produces it: it can hardly be lyceum, remarked: a lady, when she married, over-acted.
lost her personal identity-her distinctive Bring me to my trial when you will. Ded he not in his bed? where should he die?
character--and was like a dew-troj,swallow. Can I make men lire, whether they will or no?
ed by a sunbeam. 3. Let ignorance talk, 05! torture me no more, I will confess.—
learning bath its value. 4. Where mystery Alire again? then show me where he is,
is practiced, there is generally something bad I'll give a thousand pounds to look upon him. to conceal, or something incompatible with He hath no eyes, the dust bath blinded them candor, or ingenuousness, which form the Comb down his hair; look! look! it stands upright, chief characteristic of genuine innocence. 5. Like lime-twigs, set to catch my winged soul! The worst man is often he, who thinks himGive me some drink, and bid the apothecary self the best. 6. A benefit is a good office, done Bring the strong poison that I bought of him. with intention and judgment. 7. He, who Ay, but to die, and go we know not where;
punishes an enemy, has a momentary deTo lie in cold obstruction, and 10 rot;
light; but he who forgives him, has an abido This sensible warin motion to become
ing satisfaction. A kneaded clod; and the delighted spirit
Despair shall round their souls be twin'd, To bathe in fiery floods, or to reside
And drink the vigor of their mind: In thrilling regions of thick-ribbed ice;
As round the onk rank iry cleaves, To be imprison'd in the viewless winds,
Steals its sap, and blasis its leares. And blown with restless violence about
Like yonder blasted boughs, by lightning riven, The pendant world; or to be worse than worst
Perfection, beauty, life, they never know, Of thoze, that lawless and uncertain thoughts
But frown on all, that pass, a monument of woe Imagine howling!-'tis 100 horrible ! The weariest and most loathed worldly life,
I saw, on the top of a mountain high That age, ache, penury, and imprisonment
A gem, that shone like fire by night; Can lay on nature, is a paradise
It seem'd a slar, that had left the sky, To what we fear of death.
And dropp'd to sleep on the lonely heigliz Critics are like a kind of flies, that breed
I clomb the peak, and found it soon In wild fig-trees, and, when they're grown up, feed
A lump of ice, in the clear coll moon-Upon the raw fruit of the nobler kind,
Can you its hidden sense impart? And by their nibbling on the outward rind,
'Twas a cheerful look, and a broken heart Open the pores, and make way for the sun Farors—to none, to all, she smiles extends To ripen it sooner than he would have done. On she rejects,—but never once-offends.
SORROW AND SADNESS.
Love of Justice. A sense or justice should 478. In SOR
be the foundation of all our social qualities. In RUW, w ben
our most early intercourse with the world, and moderate, the
even in our most youthful amusements, no uncountenance
fairness should be found. That sacred rule, of is dejected, the eyes are
doing ail things to others, according as we wish cast down,the
they would do into us, should be engraved on arms hang
our minds. For this end, we should impress ourTax, some
selves with a deep sense of the original and times a little raised, sud
natural equality of man. denly to fall
Anecdote. When king Agrippa was in a again; ile hands open,
private station, he was accused, by one of his the fingers
servants, of speaking ill of Tiberius, and was i prea d, the
condemned by the emperor to be exposed in voice plainlive, alid fre
chains before the palace gate. The weather quently inter
being hot, he was thirsty, and called to Carupied with sighs. But when immoderate, it ligula's servant, Thaumastus, who was passdistorts the countenance, as if in agonies of pain; ing with a pitcher of water, to give him some sometimes even to cries and shrieks; wrings drink; ussuring him, if he got out of his the bands, beats the head and brea-1, tears the captivity, he would pay him well. Tiberius hair, and throws itself on the ground; like some dying, Caligula succ ede i him, and set Agripother passions in excess, it borders on phrenzy.
pa at liberty, making him king of Judeu; in Say th it again; the skadow of my sorrow!
which situation, he remembered the glass of Ila! let's see :
water, sent for Thaumastus, and made him 'Tis very true, my grief lies all itkin;
controller of his household. And these erternal manners of lament, Are merely shadows to the unsten grief,
Varieties. 1. The following is the title of a That swells, witli silence, in my tortured soul; book, published in England, in Cromwell's There-lies the substance;
time: “Curious custards, carefully conserved And I thank thee, king,
for the chickens of the covenant, and sparFor the great bounty, that not only giv'st rows of the spirit, and the sweet swallows of Me cause to wail, bui teaches me the way, salvation." 2. Superah undant prosperity, How to lament the case. I'll beg one boon,
tends to involve the human mind in darkAnd then be gone, and trouble you no more. ness: it takes away the greatest stimulus to Pelayo--slood confused: he had not seen exertion, represses activity, renders uidle, Count Julian's dau'ter, since in Roderick's court, and inclines us to rice. 3. Venture not on Glittering in beauty and in innocence,
the precipice of temptation; the ground may A radiant vision, in her joy, she moved: be firm as a rock under your fiet, but a false More like a poet's dream, in forın divine, step, or a sudden blast, may be your destrucHeaven's prototype of per ect womanhood, tinn. 4. Discretion has been termed the betSo lovely was ih presence,-than a thing
ter part of vaur ; and diffidence, the better of earth and peristighie elements.
part of knowledge. 5. To combine profun. Now, had he seen her in her winding-sheet,
vity with perspicuity, wit with judgment, Less painfui would inai spectacle have proved;
sobriety with rivucily, truth with novelty, For peace is with the dead, and piety
and all of them with liberality, are six very Bringeth a patient hope in those, who mourn
difficult things. 6. Disguise it as we will, lyrO'cr the departed; but this alter's face, Bearing its deadly sorroir character'd,
anny is a bitter thing. 7. What cident Came like a ghost, which in the grave,
yains, accident may take auay. Could find no rest. He, taking her cold hand,
Seems, madam! nay, it is: I know not seeme Rais'd her, and would have spok'n; but his tung,
'Tis not alone my inky cloak, good mother, Fou'd in its office ; and could only speak
Nor customary suits of solemn black,
The voice of pity—8noth'd, and melted her, No, nor the fruitful river in the eye,
For they are actions that a mait might play; Like moonlicht--on a marble statue.
Bolt I have th:1-within, which passeth show, For forms of rennirnt, le vols contest;
These-but the trappings and the suits of wo.
Sorrow prevs ilpon
118 solitude, and nothing morr diveris it His-ui leuring, wine life-is tu right.
Froon ils sad visions of the order world,
Than calling it, at moments, back to thin.
The busy-have no ume for tears.
Wiate'er is saiministered is lipst:
ATTENTION, LISTENING, &c,
Maxims. 1. We shall never be free from 497. AT
debt, till we learn not to be ashamed of industry TEXTION-10
and economy. 2. All should be taught how to an esteemed
eam, save and enjoy money. 3. Teach children to or superior
sare everything; not for their own use exclusively, character, las neurly nie
for this would make them selfish; teach them to same aspect
share everything with their associates, and never as INQUIRY
to destroy anything. 4. True economy can be as and regu res
comfortable with a little, as ertraragance can with silence: Wie
much. 5. Never lessen good actons, nor aggraeyes are onen cast upon the
rate eril ones. 6. Good works are a rock; ill o les ground, some
a sandy foundation. 7. Some recrire praise, who limes fixed upon the speak
do not deserve it. 8. It is safer to learn, than to er; but not 100
teach. 9. He, who conceals his opinion, has nothing pertly, or lam
to answer for. 10. Reason, like the sun, is comI arly; when
mon to all. boking at objects at a distance, and listening to sounds, its
Anecdote. The late king of England, manifestations are different. INQUIRY into some being very fond of Mr. Whiston, celebrated ditcult suliject fixes the body in nearly one posi- for his various strictures on religion, happencon, the head somewhat stooping, the eyes poring, ed to be walking with hini one day, in Hampand the eye-brows contracted. Pray you, once more
ton Court gardens, during the heat of his per1s not your father grown incapable
secution. As they were talking upon this Ci reas'nable affairs? is he not stupid [hear, subject, his majesty observed," That however With age, and alternig rheums ? Can he speak, right he might be in his opinions, it would be Know man from man. dispute his own eslate ? better, if he kept them to himself." “Is your Lies he not bed-rid, and again does nothing, majesty really serimus in your advice?" anBut what he did being childish.
swered the old man. " I really ani," replied the
Angelo king. “Why, then," says Whiston,“ had MurThere is a kind of character in thy lite
tin Luther been of this way of thinking, where Thai, to the observer, doth thy history,
would your majesty have been at this time.?" Fully untold: thyself and thy belongings,
Varieties. 1. What are the three learned Are not thme oin so proper as to waste
professions! 2. Great minds can attend to T'h usef upon thyrirtue. then on thee.
little things; but little minds cannot attend leairn dot with us as we with torches do,
to great things. 3. To marry a ruke, in Noi light them for themselres · for if our virtues
hopes of reforming him, and to hire a highLitl not go forth of us. 'Iwere all as if We had them noi: spirits are not hnely rouchd-wayman, in hopes of reclaiming him, are But to file issues; nature never lends
two very dangerous experiments. 4. A clear The smallest sri uple of her excellence;
idea, produces a stronger effect on the mind, Burlike a thrilly goddess, she determines
than one that is obscure and indistinct. 5. Herself the glory of a creditor,
Those that are teaching the people to read, Both thanks and praise.
are doing all they can to increase the power, While Chaos. Iusli’l, stands listening to the noise, and extend the influence of those that write: dni rronters al confusion not his own.
for the child—will read to please his teachers, I look'd, I listen'd, dreadful sounds I hear,
but the man—to please himself. 6. A faith. And the dire form of hostile gods appear.
ful friend, that reproveth of errors, is preferYet hear what an unskillful friend may say:
able to a deceitful parasite. 7. He that follows As if a blind man should direct your way:
nature, is never out of the way. S. Time, So I myself. tho wanting to be tauglil,
patience, and industry, are the three grand May yet impari a hinl. that's worth your thought. masters of the world. What can the fondest mother wish for more,
li music be the food of love, play on; Ev'n for her darling sone, than solid sense,
Give me excess of it; thul, surfeiling, Perceptions clear, and Bowing eloquence ?
The appetite may sicken, and so die.
That strain again;-it had a dying fall; Monrners. Men are often ingenious, in
O, it came o'er my ear, like the sweet south, making themselves miserable, by oggravat
Tha breathes upon a bank of riolets, ing, beyond bounds, the erils, which they are
Sualing and giving odor. Enough. no more; compelled to enlure. “I will restore thy
'Tis not so swert now as it was before. daughter again to life," said an eastern sage O spirit of lore, how quick and fresh art thou! to a prince, who grieved immoderately for the That notwithstanding ihy capacity loss of a heloved chill; “provided, thou art Receiveih as the sen. nought eness there, able to engrave on her fomh, the names of Of wlis raliility and pitch sorver, Ihree persons, who have never morrned." But falls into abatement and low prire, The prince made inquiry after such persons; Even in a minute! en full of shapes is fancy, but fund the inquiry rain, and was silent. That it alone is high fantasticol.
SURPRISE, WONDER. AMAZCJENT. destructum, of suffering and resisting, of 480. An un
sensibi'ity and insensibility! cominion object
Importance of Early Principles. Ir produces won der; if it appears
men's actions are an efect of their principles, that suddenly, it be
is, of their notions, their belief, their persuasions, it gels surprise,
must be admitted, that principles-early sown in the which cont nued,
mind, are the seeds, which produce fruit and harlest produces amaze
in the ripe state of manhood. How lightly soever mell, and if the olject of wonder
some men may speak of notions, yet, so long as comes gently to
the soul governs the body, men's notions must ir the mind, and a
fluence their actions, more or less, as they are 19:s the attention by its beauty
stronger or weaker : and to good or evil, as they
are beller or worse. and grandeur, it excites admira
Anecdote. Cyrus, the great king of Pertion, which is
sia, when a boy, being at the court of his & mixture of appronation and
grandfather As-ty-a-ges, engaged to perform pondet; no sure is the observation of the poet; the office of cup-bearer at table. The duty Laie i'me shall wonder, that my joys shall raise; of this oflice required him to taste the liquor, For wonder is involuntary praise.
hefore presenting it to the king; but withWoxdER OR AMAZEMENT-opens the eyes and makes the appear very promment: sometimes out performing this duty, Cyrus delivered it raises them to the skies; but more frequently the cup to his grandfather; who observed the fixis illam upon the object, if it be present, with omission, which he imputed to forgetfulness. a barrutiouk : the mouth is open and the hands “ No," said Cyrus, “ I purposely avoided it: bele un arly in the atitude oi fear; and if they cold anything they drop it immediately, and un- because I feared it contained poison : for consciously the voice is at first low, but so ein- lately, at an entertainment, I observed that and with cherry. Inough the first access of this the lords of your court, after drinking it, bepassion one sops all utterance; when, by the came noisy, quarrelsome and frantic." discovry of soinething excellent in the object of
Variettes. 1. In every departure from won't. the emot on inay be called admiration, the 's are ra sed, the hands are lifted up, and truth, it is the deceit and hypocricy we exert, clapp'd together, and the vo.ce elevated with ex- to compass our purpose, that does the eril, pressions of rapture.
more than the base falsehood, of which we 'Thou art, O Gol! the life and light
are guilty. 2. It is a strong proof of the Of ail this wondrous world we see ;
want of proper attention to our duty, and of Sis glow by day, its smile by night,
a deficiency of energy and good sense, to let Are but rett ctions caught from thee.
an opportunity pass, of doing or getting Where we turn, thy glories shine,
good, without improving it. 3. Of all the And all th ngs fair and bright are Thine!
passions, jealousy is that which exacts the When Day, with farewell beam, delays
hardest service, and pays the bitterest wages ; Among the opening clouds of even,
its service is to watch the success of a rival; And we can almost think we gaze
its wages-to be sure of it. 4. Base envy Through golden vistas into Heaven, Those hues, that make the sun's decline
withers at another's joy, and hates that excel
lence it cannot reach. 5. How does the men. So soft, so rad ani, Lord! are Thine.
tal and bodily statures of the ancients, comWhen Night, with wings of starry gloom, O'ershadows all the earth and skies,
pare with those of the moderns ? 6. It Like some dark, beauteous bird, whose plume
seems like a law of order, that no one shall Is sparkling with unnumber'd eyes,
be long remembered with affection, by a race That sacred gloom, those fires divine,
whom he has never benefitted. 7. The charSo grand, so countless, Lord! are Thine. ity, that relieves distressed minds, is far suWhen youthful Spring around us breathes,
perior to that, which relieves distressed bodies. Thy spirit warms her fragrant sigh ;
8. Think'st thou—it is honorable--for a no And every flower the Summer wreathes,
ble man still to remember wrong? 9. This Is born beneath that kindling eye.
is the monstrosity of love, that the wil-is Where'er we turn, thy glories shine,
infinite, and the execution-confined, that And all things fair and bright are Thine! the desire—is boundless, and the act--a slave
How inexpressibly various are the charac- to limit. teristics impressed by the Creator on all hu- What's in a name ; that which we call a rose, man beings! How has he stamped on each By any other name--would smell as sweet. its legible and peculiar properties ! How Glory—is like a circle in the water, especially visible in this the lowest class of an- Which never ceaseth to enlarge itsell, imal life! The world of insects, is a world Till, by broad spreading, it disperses to nought. of itself: how great the distance between it God's henison go with you ; and with those, and man! Through all their forms, and That would make good or bad, and friends--of foes gradutione, how visible are their powers of the things we must believe-are ferr, und plain.
Anecdote. Pulpit Flattery. One of the 481. Ve
first acts, performed by the young monarch, NERATION
George the Third, after his accession to the to parents, teachers,
throne of England, was, to issue an order, super ors or
prohibiting any of the clergy, who should be persons of
called before him, from paying him any comiteminent vir tue and al
pliments in their discourse. His majesty was tainment
led to this, from the fulsome adulation which is an humble
Dr. Thomas Wilson, prebendary of Il’esimin. and respecto
ster, thought proper to deliver, in the royal tui acknowledgment
chapel; and for which, instead of thanks, ho of their ex
received a pointed reprimand; his inajesty cellence, and our own
observing, " that he came to hear the praise interiority:
of God, and not his own." the head and
Love. The brightest part of love is its confibody are inclined a little forward, and the hand, with the
dence. It is that perfect, that unhesitating relipalın downwards, just raised to meet the inclina- ance, that interchange of every idea and every ion of the body, and then let fall again with ap- feeling, that perfect community of the heart's separent tinidity and diffidence; the eye is some crets and the mind's thoughts, which binds two imes lifted up, and then immediately cast downward, as if unworthy to behold the object before beings together more closely, more dearly than il; the eyebrows drawn down in the most respect the dearest of human ties; more than the vow of ful manner; the features, and the whole tody and passion, or the oath of the altar. It is that confilumbs, all composed to the most profound gravity; dence which, did we not deny its sway, would one port on continuing without much change. When van-ration rss 10 adoration of the Al: give to earthly love a permanence thai we find mighty Creator and Redeemer, it is too sacred 10 but very seldom in this world. be amitated, and seems to demand that humble Varieties. 1. Some misfortunes seem to annulation of ourselves, which must ever be the be inevitable ; but they generally proceel from consequence of a just sense of the Divine Majesty, and our own unworthiness. This feeling is al- | our want of judgment, and prudence. 2. Ig. ways accompanied with more or less of awe, ac norance of the facts, upon which a science is eorú ng to the object, place, &c. Respect-is but based, precludes much proficiency in that a less degrees oi veneration, and is nearly allied science. 3. Trade, like a restive horse, is not wo modesty. Aim gnty God ! 'uis righi, 'tis just,
easily managed ;, where one is carried to the That earthy frames-should turn to dust;
end of a successful journey, many are thrown But O, the sweet, transporting truth,
off by the way. 4. No accident can do harn, The soul-shall bloom in endless youth. to virtue; it helps to make it manifest. 0. In its susl me research, philosophy
True faith is a practical principle; it is doing May measure out the ocean-deep--may count
what we understand to be true. 6. It is very Tie sands. or the sun's rays--but, God! for thee difficult to talk and act like a marlman, bu There is no weight nor measure: none can mount not like a fool. 7. Rely not on the companUp to thy mysteries; Reason's brightest spark, ions of your pleasure ; trust not the associThough kindled by thy light, in vain would try ates of your health and prosperity ; it is only To trace thy counsels, infinite and dark :
in the hour of adversity, that we learn the And thought is losi, ere thought can soar so high, sincerity of our friends. S. The genuine feclEven like past moments-in eternity.
ings of human nature, are always the same; This world—is all a fleeting show,
and the language of passion every where unFor man's illusion given;
derstood. 9. Demosthenes said, that action, The smiles of joy,—the tears of woe, Deceitful shine, deceitful flow
or delivery, constitutes the beginning, mildle There's nothing true-but Heaven!
and end of oratory. 10. In proportion as a
truth is great, and transcending the caparily And false the light-on glory's plume,
of the age, it is either rejected, or forgolt-n. As fading hues of ecen ; And love, and hope, and beauty's bloom,
Let me not to the marriage of true minds Are blossoms--gather'd for the tomb, —
Admit impediments. Love is not love,
Or bends with the remover to remove :
O no! it is an ever-fixed mark,
That looks on tempests, and is never shaken;
[ken. Serve but to light-the troubled way
It is the star to every wandering bark,
Whose worth's unknown, altho' his height be tak
Love's not Time's fool, tho'rosy lips and cheeka Ile was too goodWhere ill wen were: and was best of all
Within its bending sickle's compass come;
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, Among the rarest of good ones.
But bears it out e'en to the edge of doom.