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! The Investigation of Thought. While 482. SNEER
investigating the nature oi thought, we forget is ironical
that we are thinking : we propose to understand & pprobation;
that, which, in the very effort to do so, necessawith a voice
rily becomes the more unintelligible; for while and countenance of
we think that we appreciate the desired end, the mirth, some
power that enables us to do so, is a part of the what exagge
thing sought, which must remain inerplicable. rated, we cast
Since it is impossible to understand the nature the severest censure; it is
of thought by thinking, it is manifest, that every hypocritical
modification of thought, must be quite obscure in mirth and
its nature; and, for the same reason, in judging good humor,
of what we call ideas, we must use ideas derived end differs from the real
from the same original, while every judgment's by the sly,
only a new modification. Therefore, the only xich, satyris
true philosophy of mind, must, as to its princical tones of voice, look and gesture, that accom- ples, be revealed. Has there been such a revela. pany it; the nose is sometimes turned up, to
lion ? manifeet our contempt, disdain. Scoax-is the extreme of contempt ; that disdain, which Anecdote. Brotherly Love. A little boy, springs from a person's opinions of the meanness of an object, and a consciousness, or belief seeing two nestling birds peck at each other, of his own worth and superiority.
inquired of his elder brother, what they were Satan beheld their flight,
doing. “They are quarreling," was the And to his mates--thus, in derision call'd : reply. “No," replied the other, " that can O friends! why coine not on those victors proud? not be, for they are brothers.” Ere while, they fierce were coming, and when we,
If a better system's thine,
Impart it freely; or make use of mine. Fomewhat extravagant and wild, perhaps for
3. He, who knows the world, will not be too Joy of offer'd peace; but I suppose,
bashful; and he, who knows himself, will If our proposals once again were hrard, never be impudent. 4. To speak all that is We should compel them to a quick result. true, is the part of fools; to speak more than
483. You pretend to reason? you don't is true, is the folly of too many. 5. Does a so much as know the first elements of the art candle give as much light in the day time, as of reasoning: you don't know the difference at night? 6. I am not worthy of a friend, between a cotegory and a predicament, nor if I do not advise him when he is going between a major and a minor. Are you a astray. 7. A bad great man, is a great bad doctor, and don't know that there is a com- man; for the greatness of an evil, makes a munication between the brain and the legs? man's evil greater. 8. All public vices, are 2. STEER. He has been an author these twen- not only crimes, but rules of error; for they ty years, to his bookseller's knowledge, if to are precedents of evil. 9. Toyish airs, please no one's else. 3. Chafe not thyself about the trivial ears; they kiss the fancy, and then be rabble's censure: they blame, or praise, but tray it. 10. Oh! what bitter pills men swalas one leads the other.
low, to purchase one false good. O what a rogue and peasant slave am I!
Aside the devil turn'd, Is it not monstrous, that this player here, For envy, yet with jealous leer malign, But in a fiction, in a dream of passion,
Ey'd them askance, and to himself thus plain'd : Could force his soul so to his own conceit,
Sight hateful, sight tormenung! thus these two, That from her working, all his visage warm’d, huparadis'd in one another's arms, Tears in his eyes, distraction in his aspect, The happier Eden shall enjoy their fill A broken voice, and his whole function suiting, of bliss on bliss : while I to hell am thrust, Wih forms to his conceit! and all for nothing; Where neither joy nor love, but fierce desire, E: Hecuba!
Among our other torments. not the least, What's llecuba to him, or he to Hecuba,
Still unfulfilled, with pain of longing pines. That he should weep for her ?
Learning is an addition beyond Thou lonk'st a very statue of surprise,
Nobility of birth : honor of blood, As if a lightning blast had dried thee up,
Without the ornament of knowledge, la Ard had not left thee moisture for a tear.
A glorious ignorance. llow, lika broken instrument, beneath
Self-love never ye: could look on Truth, The skilful touch, my joyless heart lies dead! But with hear'd beams; sleck Flattery and she Nor allswers to the master's hand divine.
Are twin-born sisters, and so mix their eyes, What can ennolle sots, or sluces, or cowards ? Ag if you sever one, the other dies.
of silver, which the boy conceiving was to be 484. FEAR
chunged, went for that purpose; but, on his in a powerful
return, not finding his benefacter, he watched enjolion, excited by expectation of
several days; at length the gentleman passet some evil, or ap
that way; when the boy accosted hiin, anu prehension of in
gave him all the change, counting it with penting danger;
great exactness. The nobleman was so il expresses less apprehension
pleased with the boy's honesty, that he placesi than dread, and
him at school, with the assurance of prurit. this less thruilerror or iright: it
ing for him alterwards; which he did, and excites us to pro
that boy became an ornament to humanity. vide for our secu.
Etiquette of Stairs. In showing a vis rity on the approach of evil;
itor--up or down stairs, always precede him, soinetimes seitles
or her: there is a common error upon this into deep anxie
subject, which ought to be corrected. Some !y, or solicitude:
i may be either filial in the good, or slavish in persons will suffer you to precede them; even the wicked. See the engraving for its external when they hold the light. Gentlemen should appearance, and also Terror or Fright.
always precede ladies, up and down stairs. Now, all is hushd-and still, as death!
Etiquette of Riding. The gentleman How reverend is this tall piie,
should keep the lady on the right hand, that Whose ancient pillars rear their marble heads, she may the more conveniently converse with To bear aloit its archd and ponderous roof, bim, and he may the more readily assist her, By iis own weight made steadfast and immorable, in case of accident. Looking-tranquillity! it strikes an awe,
Varieties. 1. When you have bought And terror on iny aching sight.
(cold, The tmbs, and monumental caves of death, look one fine thing, you must buy ten more ; so and shoo: a chiliness to my trembling heart.
that your appearance may all be of a piece, Give me thy hand, and let ine hear thy roice;
2. Miraculous evidence, is inefficacious for Nay, quickly speak to me, and let me hear
producing any real, or permanent change in 'l hy roice-my own ar-frights me with its echoes.
one's confirmed religious sentiments; and Tis night! the season when the happy-lake
this is the reason, that no more of the Scribes Reposer, and only uilches are awake;
and Pharisees of old, embraced the christian Now,dscontented ghosts begin their rounds,
religion. 3. The great secret, by which hapo Haunt ruin'i buildings and unwholesome grounds. piness is to be realized, is to be contented First, Fear-his hand its skill to try,
with our lot, and yet strive to make it belier, Amid the chords bewilderd laid;
by abstaining from everything that is evil. 4. And back recoil'd, he knew not why,
Every one is responsible for his own acts: all Evin at the sound himself had made.
must be judged according to their deeds. 6. A sudden trembling--seized on all his limbs,
Is it not much easier to blame, than to avoill His eyes distortert grew, his visage-pale;
blame? 6. What is the dillerence between His speech iorsook him!
good and evil? 7. What makes us so di. Full fast he fies, and dares not look behind him; contented with our condition, is the false and Till, out of breath, he overtakes his fellows,
exaggerated estimate, we form of the happi. Who gather round, and wonder at the lots of ness of others. 8. It is much easier to plunge horrid apparitions.
into extravagance, than to reduce our c. Come, old sir,-here's the place-stand still ; penses ; this is pre-eminently true of nations, How fearlul 'tis to cast one's eyes so low!
as well as individuals. 9. Be decisive, oi The crous and choughs, th’ı wing the midway air, mild, according to circumstances. 10. Sui. fhow scarce so gross as beetles. Half way down, your conduct to the occasion. Jangs one that gathers samphire, dreadful trade!
As flame ascends, Methinks he seems no bigger than one's head; As bodies to their proper centre move, The fishermen th't walk upon the beach,
As the poisid ocean to the attracting moon Appear like mire, and yon tall anchoring bark, Obedient swells, and every headlong stream Seems lessen'd to a skiff ;-hier skiff a buoy, Devolves its winding waters to the main, Almost too small for sght. The murmuring surge, So all things which have life aspire to God, That on unnuinber'd idle pebbles chafes,
The sun of being, boundless, unimpair'd,
Never did bring forth a man without a man; Anecdote. A nobleman, traveling in
Nor could the first man, being but Scotland, was asked for alms, in Edinburgh,
The passive sulject, not the active mover,
Be the inaker of himselli so os necessity, by a little ragged boy. He told him he had no
There must be a sosver superior to natura, chunge; upon which the boy oflered to pro
Sy are not, nor sport tro much; he tris your caroeuriit. His lordship finally gari bim a piece! san-lui to spend, is only perd to sen
the track of its agency shall exceed human 483. RAIL
sight and calculation. EXT--miny 819
Anecdote. The duke of Orleans, on be na baterinz. a prompt.
ing appointed regent of France, insisted on ing to the use
the power of purdoning: “I have no objecOljestang lan
tion," said he, "to have my hands tied from guar''; good liumoreel pleas
doing harm; but I will have them free to do Diry, or sight
good." satire; satirical
Truth. Truth will ever be unpalatable to merr menil. wil, irony, bur
those, who are determined not to relinquish lesque. It is
error, but can never give offence to the horse Very difficult
est and well-meaning : for the plain-dealing Indeed, to mark Die precise
remonstrances of a friend-differ as widely boundaries of
from the rancor of an enemy, as the friendly the different
probe of a surgeon—from the dagger of an passion s. 2.3
assassin. some of them are so slightly touch'd, and often melt into each Varieties. 1. Envy is blind to all good, other; but because we cannot perfectly delineate and the ruling passion of the envinnis is, to every shade of sound and passion, is no reason detract from the virtues of others. 2. A goob why we should not attempt approaches to it.
486. RAILLERY, withont animosity, puis on the person will have no desire to influence othaspect of cheerfulness; the countenance smiling, ers, any farther than they can see that his and the one of voice sprightly.
course is right. 3. Good fortune, however Let me play the fool
long continued, is no pledge of future secuWith mirth and laughter; so let the wrinkles come, rity. 4. Cases often occur, when a prudent And let my liver rather heat with wine,
and dignified confession, or acknowledgment Than my heart cool with mortifying groans. of error, gives to the person making it, a deWhy should a man, whose blood is warm within, cided advantage over his adrersary. 5. AgiSilike his grandsire cut in alabaster?
tation is to the moral and mental world, Sierp when he wakes, and creep into the jaundice, what storms are to the physical world; what By being peevish? I tell thee what, Antonio,
winds are to the ocean, what exercise is to I bre thee, and it is my love that speaks,)
the body. 6. Truth can never die; she is There are a sort of men, whose visages
immortal, like her Author. 7. There are a Do cream and mantle like a standing pond, And do a willful stillness entertain,
great many fools in the world: he who would With purpose to be drest in opinion
avoid seeing one, must lock himself up alone, Di wisdom, gravity, profound conceit,
and break his looking glass. 8. What we As, who should say, I am Sir Oracle,
do ourselres-is generally more satisfactori. And when I ope my lips, let no dog bark ! ly done, than what is done by others. 9. Such I'll tell thee more of this another time;
is the state of the world, at present, that Lut fish not with this melancholy bait,
whoever wishes to purchase any thing, must For this fool's gudgeon, this opinion.
beware. 10. The opposite of the heavenly vir. Come, good Lorenzo, fare-ye-well a while, tues and principles, are the principles of hell l'endiny exhortation after dinner.
A fool, a fool, I met a fool i'th'forest, 487. Miscellaneous. 1. It is impossi- A molley fool, a miserable rarlet; ble, to estimate, even an inconsiderable As I do live by food, I met a fool, effort to promote right education. 2. It is Who laid him down, and bask'd him in the sun, said, that a stone, thrown into the sea, agi- And rail'd on lady Fortune in good terms; tates every drop of water in that vast ex. In good set terms, and yet a motley fool; panse ; so it may be, in regard to the influ- Good morrow, sool, quoth I; No, sir, quoth he, ence we exert on the minds of the young. 3. Call me not fool; till henv'n hath sent me fortune, H'ho can tell, what may be the effect of a sin. And then he drew a dial from his poak, gle good principle, deeply fixed in the mind; And looking on it, with lack-lustre eye, a single pure and virtuous association strong- Says, very wisely, It is ten o'clock; ly riveted, or a single happy turn given to the Thus may we see, quoth he, how the word wags: ieoughts and affections of youth? It may And after one hour mote 'twill be eleven,
'Tis but an hour ago since it was nine, spread a salutary and sacred influence over
And so from hour to hour we ripe and ripe, the whole life, and thro’ the whole mass of the And then from hour to hour we rot and rot, child's character. Nay more; as the charac- And thereby hangs a tale. When I did hear ter of others, who are to come after him, may, The motley fool thus moral on the time, and probably will depend much on his, the im- My lungs began to crow like chanticleer, pulse we give cannot cease in him, who first That fools should be so deep contemplative received it, it will go down from one generation And I did laugh sans intermission to another, widening and deepening, and Au hour by his dial. O noble fool! meaching forth with various modificat ins, till A worthy fool! motley's the only wear
20R-I8 X1 X
Woman's Love. As the dove will clasp its 488, FOR
wings to its side, all corrr and conceal the arrow, cessive degree
that is preying on its ritals, 30 s the nature of wo. of tear, or a
man. 10 hide from the world the panys of wounded painful emo
affection. tion, which
Anecdote. Suearing nobly Reprovell. makes a per
Prince Henry, son of James II., had a particOn tremble: it * generally
ular aversion to the vire of swearing, and imposed of
profanation of the name of God. When at
play, he was never known to use bad words; fred or dogust; the recital oi a
and on being asked the reason, why he did blood y deed
not swear, as well as others, answered, that fills one with
he knew no game worthy of an oath. The horror; there are the horrors
same answer he gave at a hunting mate h, of war, and the
when the almost spent stug was killed by a horrors of fanine, horrible places and horrible butcher's dog, that was passing along the dreams; the ascension seems to be as follows the road; the huntsmen tried to irrilute the prince learful and dreadlul, (affecting the mind more than the body;) the irglitrul, the iremendous, terrible against the butcher, but without succeeding. and horrible: the fearful wave; the dreadful day; His highness answered coolly, “ True, the tightlul convulsions ; tremendous storms; terrific dog killed the stay, but the butcher could not giare or the eyes; a horrid murder.
help it.” They replied, that if his father had Hark!-- he death-denouncing trumpet--sounds
been served so, he would have sworn so, as The faial charge, and shouls proclain the onset.
no one could have endured it. “Away," said Destruction-rushes dreadful to the field, And lathes itself in blood. Havoc let loose,
the prince, "all the pleasure in the world is Now un listinguished-rages all around;
not worth an oath." While RUIN, Deated on her dreary throne,
Varieties. 1. A selfish person is never Sces the plain sirew'd with subjects, truly hers,
contented, unless he liave erery thing his own Breathless and cold!
way, and have the best place, and be put first 489. PLOTTING CRUELTY AND HORROR! Mac- in every thing; of course, he is generally un. beth's soliloquy before murdering Duncan. (Start- happy. 2. The mind of man is, of itself, ing.) “Is this a dagger, which I see before me?" opaque; the Dirine mind alone, is luminous. (Courage.) “ The handle toward my hand? Come, He is the light of both worlds, the natural and let me clutch thee:"" (Wonder.) “I have thee not; spiritual. 3. Is it not better to remain in a and yet I see thee still." (Horror.) "Art thou noi, state of error, than to understand something laial vision, sensible to feeling-as to sight? or art of a truth, and then reject it, because we do thou but a dagger of the mind? a false creation, not understand it fully? 4. Guilt was never proceeding from the heal-oppress'd brain ?" (Eyes a ratimal thing; it disturbs and perrerts the saring, and fi red 20 one point.) “I see thee yet, faculties of the mind, and leaves one no long. in forin ns palpable as that which now I draw.” ( Here draws his own, and compares them.) “ Thou very nature, are contagious, like the plague;
er the use of his reason. 5. All evils, in their marshallse me the way that I was going; and because of the propensity to evil, into which such an instrument I was to use. Mine eyes are mrde the fools of the other senses, or else worth all every one is burn; therefore, keep out of the the rest: 1 see thee still; and on thy blade and dual-infected sphere as much as possible. 6. Is geon. gouts of blood, which was not so before." the eye tired with beautiful o'jects, or the ear (Doubting.) “There's no such thing." (Horror.) with melodious sounils ? Love duty, then,
It is the bloody business, which informs thus to and performance will be delightful. 7. Seek m'ne eyes. Now, o'er one-half the world, nature only good; thus, pleasure comes unsought. seems dead, and wicked dreams abuse the cur When iwiliglat dews are falling fast, 18m'd sleep; now ritcheraft-celebrates pale He Upon the rosy sca; cate's oliising; and withered murder, alarmed by
I watch that star whose beam so oft tus sentinel, the wolf, whose houl's his watch, thus Has lighted me to thee; with his stealthy pace, towards his design-moves
And thou, too, on that orb so dear, like a ghost. Thou sound and firm-sel earth, hear Ah! dost thou gaze al ev'n, not my steps, which way they walk, for fear the And think, tho lost forever here, very stones prate of my whereabout, and take the Thou'lt yet be inine in heav'n! present liorror from the time, which now su is There's not a garden walk I tread, with it. While I threat, he lives-I go, and it is There's not a flower I see; Jone; the bell invites me. (A bell rings.) Hear it But brings to mind some hope that's alcd, nol Duncan; for it is a knell, that summons thee Some joy I've lost with thee; hearen, or to hell.
And sull I wish that hour was near, Music! oh! how faint, how weak!
When, friends and foes forgiven, LANGUAGE-fades before thy spell;
The pains, the ills we've wept thro' here, Vhy should feeling--ever speak,
May turn to smiles in heaven! When thou onnst brenthe ber soul-80 well. He help'd to bury, whom he help'd to store.
Historians. We find hut fer historians of 490. WEEP
all ages. who have been dilgent enough in their ING- is the ex
search for truth; it is their common method, to pression, or mani
take on trust, what they distribnte to i be public; festation, of sos
by which means, a falsehood, once received froin row, grief, anguish
a famed writer, becomes traditional 10 posterity. joy, by out-cry, or by
Anecdote. Washington and his mother. shedding lears;
Young George was about to go to sea, as a a lamentation, le.
miilshipman ; every thing was arranged, the wailing, bemoaning: we may weep
vessel lay out opposite his father's house, the each other's woe,
little boat had come on shore to take him off, or weep tears of
and his whole heart was bent on going. Af joy; so may the rich groves weep
ter bis trunk had been carried down to the odorous gum and
boat, he went to bid his mother farewell, and balm; there is
he saw the tear bursting from her eye. How. weeping amber, and weeping grounds: crying-is an audible ex- ever, she said nothing to him; but he saw that pression, accompanied, or not, with tears: but his mother would be distressed if he went, weeping always indicates the shedding of tears; and perhaps never be happy iyain He just ond, when called forth by the sorrow's of others, turned round to the servant and said, “ Go especially, it is an infirmity of which no man and tell them to fetch my trunk buck; I will would be destitute.
491. Whither shall I return? Wretch not go away, to break my mother's heart.” that I am! to what place shall I betake my. His mother was struck with his decision, and self? Shall I go to the capital? Alas! it is she said to him, “George, God has promised overflow'd with my brother's blod! or, shall to bless the children, that honor their parents, I return to iny hwuse? yet there, I behold my and I believe he will bless you. mother--plunged in misery, weeping and de
Varieties. 1. Timotheus - an ancient spairing. 2. I am robbed! I am ruined ! teacher of oratory, always demanded a double O my numey! my guineas ! my support: fee from those pupils, who had been taught my all is gone! Oh! who has robbel me? by others; for, in this case, he had not only whu has got my money? where is the thirf? to plant, but to root out. 2. He, that shoriA thousand guineas of goll! hoo, hoo, hoo,
ens the road to knowledge, lengthens life. 3. hoo! 3. I cannut speak—and I could wish Never buy, or read bad books ; for they are you would not oblige me--it is the only ser
the worst of thieves; because they rob you vice I ever refused you: and tho' I cannot of your nuoney, your time, and your princigive a reason why I could not speak, yet i ples. 4. Theocracy—is a government by God hope you will excuse me willwut reason.
himself; as, the government of the Jews; Had it pleased heaven
democracy—is a government of the people. To try me with atl'iction; had it rained
5. Without the intenseness and passion of All kinds of sores and shames on my bare head; study, nothing great ever was, or ever will steeped me in poverty to the very lips;
be accomplished. 6. Who can tell where Given to cap ivity, me and my utmost hopes ;
each of the natural families begins, or where I should have found in some part of my soul it ends? 7. To overcome a bad habit, one A drop of patience: but, alas! 10 make me must be conscious of it; as well as know how A fixed figure, for the hand of scorn
to accomplish the object. 8. The best defenTo point his slow unmoving finger at
ders of liberty do not generally vociferate Oh
loudly in its praise. 9. Domestic feuds can I am not prone to weeping, as our sex
be appeased only by mutual kindness and Commonly are: the want of which vain dew, forbearance. 10. Volumes of argumer.is Perchance shall dry your pities; but I have
avail nothing against resolute delermination That honorable grief lodged here, which burns for convince a man against his will, and he is Worse than tears drown.
of the same'opinion still. Why tell you me of moderation ? The grief is fine, full, perfect, that I taste,
When William wrote his lady, to declare,
That he was wedded to a fairer fair. And violenteth in a sense as strong
Poor Lucy shrieked, to life, to all adieu ;" As that whiclı causeth it. How can I moderate
She tore the letter,-and her raven hair, If I could temporize with my affection,
She heat her bosom, and the post-boy too; Or brew it to a weak and colder palate,
Then wildly-to the windor few,
And threr herself-into a chair.
All is silent-'was my fancy:
Suill as the breathless interval between The glory of one fair and virtuous action
The flash and thunder. Is above all the scutcheons on our tomb,
Who never fasts, no banquet e'er enjoys. Dr silken banners over us.
Who never toils or watches, hever siceps.