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528. JUDGING-demands a grave, steady look, Anecdote. In the early period of the with deep attention, ihe countenance altogether French revolution, when the throne and the clear from any appearance, either of disgust, or stvor: the pronunciation slow, distinct, and em

altar had been overturned, a Benedictine phatical, accompanied with lúe action, and that monasterywasentered, by a devastating band, Very grave.

its inmates treated with wanton and unpro

voked cruelty, and the work of demolition I you refuse--10 wed Demetrius

and plunder going on,-when a large body Lither must you die the death, or abjure,

of the inhabitants rallied, drove the spoilers Foraer, the society of men.

away, Therefore, fair lemia, question your desires,

but secured the ringleaders, whom they

would have severely punished, had not the know of your youth, examine well your blood, Whether, not yielding in your father's choice,

abbot, who had received the worst indignities You can endure the livery of a nun;

from these very leaders, rushed forward to For aye--to be in a shady cloister mew'd; protect them. “I thank you, my children," Chaunting laini hymns to the cold fruitless moon. said he, “ for your seasonable interference; Take t'me to pause, and, by the next new moon, let us, however, show the superiority of reli(The sealing day betwixt my love and me, gion, by displaying our clemency, and sufler. For everlasting bond of fellowship,)

ing them to depart.” The ruflians were overUpon that day, either prepare to die,

powered by the abbot's humanity, fell at his For disobedience to your father's will,

feet, entreated his benediction and forgiveness. Or else—10 wed Demetrius, as he would, Or on Diana's aliar to protest

But yonder-comes the powerful king of day, For age--austerity--and single life.

Rejoicing in the cast. The less'ning cloud,

The kindling ature, and the mountain's brow, Miscellaneous. 1. In opening a cause, Mund withi fluid goll, his near approach give a general view or the grounds on which Beroken glad. Lo, now, apparent all the charge is made, and of the extent, magni- Aslane the dew-bright carth, and color'd air, tudde, tendency, and efiect of the crime al- He looks-in boundless majesty abroad; ledged. 2. There is some consolation for dull And sheds the shining day, that, burnislıd, plays authors, that the confectioner may put good on rocks, and hilis, and tow'rs, and wand'ring into their books, if they fail to do it themselres. High gleaming froin afar.

(streams, 3. Uncle Toby's oath: “ The accusing spirit,

Varieties. 1. Should we be governed by which flew up to heaven's chancery, with the our feelings, or by our judgment? 2. Earths, oath, blushed--as he gave it in; and the re: waters, and atmospheres—are the three gecording angel-dropped a tear upon it, and I neral elements, of which all natural things blotted it out forever. 4. Would not mumy are made. 3. The human body is compo:ed persons he very much surprised, if their išleas of all the essential things which are in the of heavenly joys, should be exhibited here- world of nature. 4. The three periods of our aiter, to show them their fulsity ? 5. Beauty development are--infancy, including the first is given, to remind us, that the soul should be

seven years; childhoud--the second seven, kept as fair and perfect in its proportions, as and youth-the third seven; the close of the temple in which it dwells; the spirit of which is the beginning of manhood. 5. beauty tiows in, only where these proportions Adolescence is that state, when man begins are harmonious. 6. Can any one be a lover to think, and act--for himself, and not from oi' truth, and a searcher after it, and yet turn the instruction, and direction of others. 6. his back on it, when presented, and call for the cerebellum, and consequently, the vomiracles? 7. The aphorism, “Know thyself,” is soon spoken, but one is a long time but the cerebrum, and of course, the reason

luntary principle of the mind, never sleeps ; in obeying it; Gracian-was placed among ing faculty—loes. 7. Beware of the erronethe seven wise men of Greece, for having ous opinion, that you must be remarkably been the author of the maxim; but never, replied the save, was any one placed there for original; and that to speuk, and write, un

like anybody else, is a great meril. having performed it. Who painted Justice blind, did not declare Tis certain, greatness, once falien out with fortune, What magistrates should be, but what they are : Must fall out with men 100: what the declind is, Not so much, 'cause they rich and poor should weigh He shall as soon read-in the eyes of others, In their just scales alike; but, because they, As ful--in his own fall: for men. I ke butterflies, Now blind with bribes, are grown so weak of sight, Show not their mealy wings, but to the summer. They'll sooner feel a cause, than see it right.

lle stood up Justice, painted blind,

Firm in his better strength and like a free Infers, his ministers are obliged to hear

Rooted in Lebanon, his frame bent not. The cause; and truth, the judge, determine of it; His tuin, wliite hairs-had yrebled to the wind, And not sway'd or hy faror, or affection,

And left his brow uncorerent; and his face, By a false gloss, or corrected comment, alter Impressed with the stern majesty of grief, The true intent and letter of the law.

Nerved to a solenn duty, now stood forth Mau's ricli widhi lille, were his juilgment true. Like a rent rock, submissive, s et sublime.

MELANCHOLY--discloses its symptoms accord ing to ihe sentiments and passions of the minds it a flecis. An ambitious man fancies himself a loril, stateskun, minister, king, emperor. (if monarch, and pleases his mind with the vain hopes of even fuiure preferent. The mind o? a covetous man secs noihing but his re or and looks at the inost valuable oljects with an eye of hope, or with the fond conceit, that they are already his own. A love-eisk bruin adorcs, in romantic strains, the lovely idol of his hesit, or sighs in real misery, at her fancied frontis. And a scholar's mind evaporates in the i'u bles

of imaginary praise and literary distinction, 529. MALICE., or Spite, is a habitual malevo. lence, long continued, and watching occasion to Anecdote. Rorts. “llow strange it is," exert itself on the haled object; this hatefuldis- said a lady, “that fashionable parties should position sets the jaws and gnashes the teeth, be called routs? Why, rout, formerly sigfenda blasting flashes from the eyes, stretches the mouth horizontally, clinches ihe isis, and nified--the defeat of an ariny; and when bends the elbows in a straining manner to the soldiers were all put to flight, or to the sword, body; the tone of voice, and expression, are they were said to be routeil!“This title much the same as in anger, but not so loud ; wlich see. These two engravings represent, the has some propricy too ;” said an observer of smaller one, revengeful hatred, and the other, men and things, “for at these meetings, abhorrence, fear, contempt, without power, or whole families are frequently routed out of courage.

house and home." Ilow like a fawning publican he looks !

Varieties. 1. Agriculture --- is the true I hate hin, for he is a christian,

foundation of all trude and industry; and But more, for that, in low simplicity,

of course, the foundation of in dividual and le ends out money gratis, and brings doron

national riches. 2. When the moon, on a The rates of usance, here with us in Venice. If I can catch him-once upon the hip,

clear, autumnal evening, is moving through I will feed fat--the ancient grudge I bear him.

the heavens in silent glory, the earth-seems He hates our sacred nation, and he rails,

like a slumbering bahe, smiling in its sleep, (Even there where merch’nts most do congregate, because it dreams of heaven. 3. The truths On my bargains, and my well-won thrift;

of science are not only useful, in themselves, Which he calls interest. Cursed be my tribe,

but their influence is exceedingly beneticial IS I forgive hiin.

in mental culture. 4. Let your amusements 330. MELANCHOLY, or Fired Grirf, is be select and temperate, and such as will fit gloomy, se lentary, and motionless. The you for the better performance of your dulower jaw falls, the lips are pale, the eyes castties; all others are positively injurious. 5. down, half shut, the eyelids swollen and red, Raise the edifice of your virtue and happie or livid tears trickling silently and unmixed, ness, on the sure foundation of true religion, withi total inattention to anything that passes. or love to God, and love to man. 6. That Words, if any, are few, and those dragged out will be well and speedily done in a fumily or rather than spoken; the accents weak and community, when each one does his part interrupted, sighs breaking into the middle fuilhfully. 7. Ewquence---is the power of of words and sentences.

seizing the attention, with irresislable force, There is a stupid weight-upon my senses ;

and never permitting it to elude the grasp, A dismal sullen stillness, that succeeds

till the hearer has received the conviction, The storin of rage and grief, like silent death, that the speaker intends. Ander the tumull, and the noise of life. [like it; That I must die, it is my only comfort ; Woxlt-it were death; as sure, 'lis wondrous Death-is the privilege of human nature, For I am sick of living. My soul is peeld: And life, without it, were not worth our taking, She kindles not anger, or rerens,

Thither-the poor, the prisoner, and the mour ner, Lote--was the informing, active fire within: Fly for relief, and lay their burthen's down. Now that is quenched, the mass forgets to move, Come then, and take me into thy cold aris, And longs to mingle--with its kindred earth. Thou meagre shade; here, let me breathe my last. The glance

Charmed, with my father's pity and forgiveness, of melancholy-is a fearful gift;

More than if angels tuned their golden viola, What is it, but the telescope of truth?

And sung a requiem--to my parting soul. Which strips the distance of its phantasies,

On the sands of life And brings life near-in utter nakedness,

Sorrow treads heavily, and leaves a print, Making the cold reality-100 real!

Time cannot wash away; while Joy trips by Moody and dull melancholy,

With steps so light and soft, that the next wave Kinsman to grief and comfortless despair. Wears his faint foot-falls out. Worth makes the man, and want of it the fellow. I and coming events-cast their shadows before.


531. PARDONING -- differs from acouilting, in Admiration and Love. There is a wide this--the laller--nans caring a person, after ditterence between admiration and love. The trial, of guli; wherus. the former--supposes guilt, and signes m'sily delivering the guilty person sublime, which is the cause of the former, at from punishment; jarduring requires some de- ways dwells on great objekts, and terrible : gree of severity of aspect, and one of voice. be the latter on small ones, and p'easing; we canse the pardoned one is not an oject of active, unm xed approlat on; otherwise, iis expression submit to what we admire, but we love what is much the same as granting; which see. submits to us; in one case we are forced, in

the other we are tlattered, into compliance. We pardon thee; live on, the state hath need of Laconics. 1. Every one, who would be au Hunility and gratitude for this our gisi, [men. orator, should study Longinus on the sublime. 2. May make a man of thce.

Many of our books, containing pieces for decle Great souls-forgive not injuries, till time

mation, renuind one of a physician's leaving inelo llas put their enemies within their power,

cine with a patient, without directions how to take That they may show-forgiveness—is their own.

it. 3. Would it not be well for some compelma Thill thou mayrı see the diference of our spirits,

person 10 compile a work, to be called “Songs of

the People,” for all trades and arocations? 4. Le I pardon thee thy life, before thou ask it:

letz and words are like the potes of a tune, rep For half thy wealth, it is Antonio's ;

resentative of sounds and ideas. 5. Descriptive The other half-conies to the general state;

speech and writing, are like landscape painting. Which humbleness-may drive into a fine,

6. The natural word is an allegory, the meaning 532. PERPLEXITY, IRRESOLUTION, ANXIETY, of which we may find in ourseires. 7. Were a are always aliended with som: degree or lear; it spectator to come from the other worla, into many collects the body together, as if for gathering up of our congregations, he would regard the singa the arms upon the breast, rubs the foreliead, the eyebrow's contracted, the head hanging on the ing, and perhaps the worship, as any thirg bul breast, the eyes cast downward, the mouth shui, devotional. the lips cumpressed; suddenly, the whole body is Varicties. 1. He, who will peep into a agitated, alters its aspect, as liaving discovered something; then, falls into contemplation as be- drawer, will likely be tempted to take some fore; the motions of the bodly are restless and we thing out of it; and he, who steals a cent in qual; sometimes moving quick, and sometimes his youth, will be very apt to steal a dollar in slow; the pauses, in speaking to another, long, the manhood. 2. A great change in lite, is like a tone of voice uneven, the sentences broken and unfinished; sometimes talks to himself. or makes cold bath in winter; we all hesitate to make grimaces, and keeping half of what arises in the the first plunge. 3. The farther you askunce mind.

in any art, or science, the more will you be Yes;—is Emilia:-by and by-she's dead.

delighted with simplicity of manner, and less 'Tis like she coines to speak of Cassio's death;

attracted by superficial ornament. 4. One of The noise was high-ha! no more moving?

the grand objects of education is--to collect Still as the grace Shall slie come in? wer't good ? I think she stirs again. No. What's the best?

principles and apply them to practice; and If she come in, she'll speak to my wife.

when this is generally done, mankind will

be brought nearer to equality. 5. It is as imAnecdote. Peter the Great made a law, in 1722, that if any nobleman beat, or ille having the image of it on the retina of the

possible for us to understand a thing, without treated his slaves, he should be looked upon mind's eye, as it is to see any thing, without as insane, and a guardian be appointed, to having its image on the retina of the bolily take care of his person and estate. The great monarch once struck his gardener, who, be-Leye. 6. Is not the education of children, for

Time and eternity, the highest social, civil, ing a man of great sensibility, took to his beil, and died in a few days. Peter, on hearing of moral and religious duty, we are called up

on to perform? this, exclaimed, with tears in his eyes: I have

PLEASURE OF PIETY. civilized my subjects ; I have conquered other A Deity-believ'd, is joy begun; nations ; yet I have not been able to civilize A Deily ador'd, is joy adrancd; and conquer myself.

A Deity belov'd, is joy maturd. There is no remedy for time misspent,

Euch branch of piely delight inspires: No healing-for the waste of idleness,

Faith-builds a bridge from this world 10 the neza Whose very languor—is a punishment

O'er death's dark gull, and all its horror hides; Ileavier than active souls-can feel or guess.

Praise, the sweet exhalation of our joy, O hours of indolence-and discontent,

That joy exalts, and makes it sweeter still; Noi nowo-10 be redeemed! ye sung not less Pray'r ardent opens hear'n, les down a stream Because I know this span of life was lent Oi glory, on the consecrated hour For loty duties, not for selfishness;

Of man-in audience with the Deity. liot to be whiled away in aimless dreams, Some-ne'er advance a judgment of their own

But to improve ourselves and serve mankind, Bul catch the spreading notions of the town,

Lift-ardiis choicest faculties were given. They reason and conclude-from precedent, Man should be ever bellet—than he seems : And own stale notioris, which they ne'er ivarend

And shape his acts, and discipline lis mind, Some judge of authors' names, hot roorks; and then To walk adorning earth, with hope of heaten! Nor praise, nor blame the writings, but the mm.

533. MODESTY --is a diffidence of ourselves, Punishments. There are dreadful punaccompanied with delicacy in our sense of whal-ishments enacted against thieves ; but it were ever is mean, indirect, or dishonorable, or a fear much better to make such good provisions, by of doing these things, or of having them imputed to us. Submission 's an humble sense of our

which cvery man might be put in a method how inferiority, and a quiet surrender of our power to live, and so be preserved from the fatal necesto a superior. Modsty bends the body forward; sity of stealing, and of being imprisoned, or dying has a placid, downcast countenance, bends the

for it. eyes to the breasl, if not to the feet, of the superior chara ier: ine voice is low, the sone siib. Varieties. 1. Some politicians consider mussive, and the words few. Subinission adds honesty excellent in theory,--and policy sa te 20 them a lower bending or the head, and a in practice; thus admitting the alısurd theory, spreading out of the arms and bands, down. that principles entirely false, and corrupt in wards towards the person submitted lo. the abstract, are more salutary in their pracNow, good my lord,

tical manifestation, than principles essentially Let there be some more test of my metal,

good and true. 2. In public and private lite, Before so noble, and so great a figure,

in the learned and unlearned professions, is

scenes of business, and in the domestic circle, Le stamped upon it.

the masterpiece of man is decision of character. O noble sir!

3. The inoral sense of the people, is the sheetYour erer kindnesss doth wring tears from me ;

anchor, which alone can hold the vessel o. I do embrace your offer, and dispose,

state, amidst the storms that agitate the world. From henceforth, of poor Claudia.

4 True religion has nothing to fear, but much

to hope, from the progress of scientific truths. As lampe burn silent with unconscious light, 5. A writer or speaker should aim so to So modest ease in beauty shines more bright; please, as to do his hearers and readers the Unaiming charms, with edge resistless fall, greatest amount of good. 6. It is not the And she who means no mischief, does it all.

part of a lover of truth, either to cavil or re5:31. Pride. When our esteem of ourselves, ject, without due examination. 7. Il man

ners are evidence of low breeding. or opinion of our own rank or merit is so high, as to lessen the regard due to the rank and

As turns a finck of geese, and, on the green, merit of owers, it is called pride : when it sup- Poke out their foolish necks in awkward spleen, poses others below our regard, it is contempt, (Ridiculous in rage!) to hiss, not bile, scorn, or disdain. Pride assimes a loty look: So war their quills, when sons of Dullness write. bordering on the look and aspect of anger. The eves full and open, but with the eye-brow con Clear as the glass, his spoilesa fame, siderably drawn down, the mouth pouring out.

And lasting diamond writes his name. but mostly phut, and the lines contracted: The words walk out and strut, and are intered with

All jealousy a slow, stil, bombastic affectation of importance; Must still be strangled in its birih: or time the hands sometimes rest on the hips, with the will soon conspire to make it strong enough elbows brought forward in the position called

To overcome the truth. n-kimbo; the feet at a distance from each other, and the steps long and stately. Obstinacy- When satire flies abroad on falsehood's wing, adds to the aspect of pride.

Short is her life, and impotent her stinz; Worcester! get thee gone ; for I do see

But, when to iruth allied, the wound she gives Danger and lisohedience in thine eye:

Sinks deep, and to remotest ages lives. Osir, your presence is too bold and peremptory,

Every man in this age has not a soul And majestu-might never yet endure

Of crystal for all men to read their actions [der, The moody frontier, of a servant's brow;

Thro': men's hearts and faces are so far asunYou have good leave to lenre us; when we need

That they hold no intelligence. Your use and counsel, we shall send for you. Did'st thou not think, such vengeance must await Too dull for wakefulness, 100 quick for slumber,

8c mething heavy on my spirit, The wretch that with his crimes all fresh about Rushes, irreverent, unprepared, uncalled, (liim, which will not let the subeams through, nor yet

Sits on me as a cloud along the sky, Into his Moker's presence, throwing back,

Descend in rain and end, but spreads itself With insolent disdain, his choicest gifts ?

"Twixt earth and heaven, like envy between Anecdote. One of the emperors of China met a procession, conducting some malefic

And man, an everlasting mist.


SONNET tons to punishment. On being informed of the fucts, he burst into tears; when one of

Like an enfranchise bird, that wildly springs, his courriers endeavored to comfort him, say

With a keen sparkle in his glancing eye, iny, “In a commonwealth, there must be

'Anda smong effort in his quivering wings,

Up to the blue vault of the happy sky, punishment; it cannot be avoided, as man

So my enamor!! beart, so long thine own, kind now are." His majesty replied, “I werp

At length from Love's imprisonment set free not, to see those men prisoners, nor to see

Gres forth into the open worll alone, them chiliepil; I know the goo! must be

Glat and exulting in its liberty: protected from the bat; but I weep, because

But like that helplestin (confind lone, iny time is not so happy as that of olil was,

His wiary wings have lost all power to soar,) when the virtues of the princes were such. Who sin for us to trill his jous song, that they served as a brill, to the people, and And feel ls fluttering, sinks to earth once more thair erimnip'e wis sufficient to restrain a So, from its former inois releasel in vain, whole kingilom."

My heart still fee is the weight of that remember'd charm To sacount Almighty prorls,

Whole years of joy g de unperceiv-d away, What words, or tongue, of seraph-can suffice ? While sorrow counis the minutes as they pass,

535. Teixising is expressed by benevolent Laconies. 1. We must be instructed by all voks, a soft but earnest voice, and sometimes by things of one thing, if we would know that one irclining the hend, or nod of consent; the hands thing thoroughly. 2. The evolution of the natural open with palm upward, tolvard the person 10 whom the promise is inade: sincerity in promising

sciences, amounts to the creation of a new sphere, is express'u by laying the hand gently on the in the human mind. 3. All truths, scientific, philoheart.

sophical and theological, are in perfect hormony I'll deliver all,

with each other. 4. The use, or effect, which proAnd promise you calı seas, auspicious gales, duces the end, must be the first poul of analytic And sail, so erpeditious, it shall caich

inquiry; i. e. first the fact, or result, and then, the Your royal fleet far off.

Teasoning upon it. 5. When it is impossible, 10 I will be true to thee, preserre thee ever,

trace effects to risible causes, the mentai sighting The sad companion of this faithiul breast; take up, and complete the operation. 6. There is While life, and thought remain.

a universal analogy between all the spheres of Where'er I go. my soul shall stay with thee;

creation, natural, mental and spiritual, and beTis but my shadow, that I take away.

tween nature, and all things in human socidy. 7.

Nature-is simple and easy, it is man that is diffi536. RefusiNG, — when accompanied with displeasure, is done nearly the same way as dis

cult and perplered. missing with displeasure: without it-it is done Genius. They say of poets, that they must with a visible reluctance, that occasions the bring. be born such; só must mathematicians, so ing out the words slowly, with such a shake of must great generals, and so must larvuers, the head, and shrug, as is natural on hearing and so, indeed, must men of all denominasomething that gives us a screw of the shoulders, tions, or it is not possible that they should und hesitation in the speech, as implies perplexity excel; but with whatever fuculties we are between granting anni refusing; as in the follow- born, and to whatever tuiis our genius may ing example of refusing to lend money :

direct us, sturlies they still must be. Nature They answer-in a joint-and corporate voice,

gives a bills to respective pursuits; and this That now they are at falt-want treasure-cannot

strony propensity is what we mean by genius. Do what they would; are sorry, (you are honorable) Milion did not write his Paradise Lost; nor But yet they could have wished (they know not), Homer his lind; nor Newton his Principia, Something hath been an iss-(a noble nature

without immense labor. May catch a wrench)--would all were well tis pity;

Lightgrief is proud of stute, and courts compassion; And so intes ting other serious matter, Aller distasteful looks--and other hard fractions

But there's a dignily--in cureless sorrow, With certain half caps, and carnaving touros

A sullen grandeur, which disdains complaint; They frown me into silence,

Rage is for little wrongs-despair-is dumb. Pride. The disesteem and contempt of Let coword guilt, with pallid fear, olhers is inseparable from pride. It is hardly To shelt'ring carerns fly, possible to overvalue ourselves, but by under

And justly-dread the vengeful fate, valuing our neighbors, and we commonly mod undervalue those, who are, by other men,

That thunders through the sky. thou bi to be wiser than we are; and it is a Protected by that hand, whose lalu, kind of jealousy in ourselves that they are so,

The threat'ning storms obey, which provokes our pride.

Intrepid rirtue-smiles secure, They said, her cheek of youth was beautiful,

As in the blaze of day. 11 withering sorrow blanch'd the white rose there; Varieties. 1. When you can do it, withBut grief did lay his icy finger on it,

out injury to truth and mercy, always avoid

a quarrel and a lawsuil. 2. When the founAnd child il-10 a cold and joyless statue.

dation of our hope is assailed, ought we not Anecdote. Gurrick and Hogarth, sitting to contend, earnestly, for the faith once delivtogether one day, mutually lamented the ered to the saints.? 3. When there is a right want of a picture of Fielding; “I think," said iesire, and an untiring industry, there will, Garrick, "I could make his face;" which he eventually, be the reward of light. 4. They, did accordingly. “For heaven's sake, holil," who understand most of a subject, will be vesaid Hogarth, " remain as you are a few min. ry indulgent to those, who know but little of utes;" he dil so, while the painter sketched it. 5. If we are unwilling to do anything for the outlines, which were afterwards finished ourselres, how can we expect others will do from their mutual recollection: and this draw- much for us! 6. Every deceiver, whether hy ing was the original of all the portraits we word, or deed, is a liar, and no one, that has have of the admired Tom Jones.

been once deceived by him, will fail to shun, He that holds fast the golden #nean,

if not de pise him.

Whether present, or absent, you always appear, And lives, contentally, between

A youth-most bounitchingly pleasant, The little--and the great.-

For when you are preant, you're absent-my dear; Feels not the wants--that pinch the poor,

And when you are absen-you're present. Nor plagues--that haunt the rich man's door, How charming--is divine philosophy! Imbitlering-all his state.

Not harsh and crabbed, as dull fools suppose, The tallest pines—fecl most—the power

But musical as is Apollo's Inte, Of wintry blast; the loftiese tower

And a perpetual feas - of nectar'd sweets, Comes heariest---o the ground.

Where no crude surfeit reigns. The bolts-that span the mountain side,

Seeming devotion doth but gild the knave, His cloud-capt eminence-livide;

That's neither farthfiel, honest, just nor brare; And spread the ruin round.

But where religion doth-with rirtue jos, Nature-is frugal, and her wants are few. It makes a hero-like an angel shine.

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