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bis discharge. Doe's lie obey you? No. made an affecting appeal to your feelings, in
the policy he pursued, in the respect alluded
place to place-his whole frame is in action-In line. Mr. Chairman, my opinion of Cæsar his words, bis looks, bis motion, his gestures, is this: He was a very fine fighter: a very exhort bis men to remember their former budi patriot; a very seltish master; and a very valor! He draws them up, and causes the great rogue!
signal to be given-all in a moment! The R. T. Sir, if my worthy friend has pre. i contest is doubtful and dreadful! Two of his sented you with a wife and fimily, the last lesions are entirely surrounded! He seizes Apeaker is not behind hand with him, for le a buchler from one of the private men: puls bas given you a larre estate to maintain binsell it the bend of his broken troops! them; an estate so large as lo recur. TWO starts into the thick of the batile! rescues his stowards to manage it! The gentleman legions, and overthrows the enemy!
But, il yon would contemplate Cæsar in a ' by the enemy, so wonderful an exploit. He situation, where he is peculiarly himself, was joined, at that critical moment, by the observe him atiempting to cross the sea in a force that he had left to guard bis bags are: fishing-bark. A storm arises; the waves and vor was his success more the consequence of winds oppose liis course; the rowers, in bis courage. in leailing lis men into the despair, desist from their labor! Cæsar, from thickest of the fight, than of the enthusiasm the time he has entered the boat, la i sat in of his soldiers, who followed their general, silence, habited in the disguise of a slave, and whose dearest honor was, then, most unknown to the sailors or the pilot. Like a particularly, coucemed in bis safety. genius, who could command the elements, he Cirsar, an ambitious general, attempted to stands before the master of the vessel, in his cross the sea ir, a fishing-bark! A lover swair proper shape, and cries, "Go on boldly, my across the Hellespont! Cæsar's fortune's ang friend, and lear nothing! Thou carriest Cæsar lite were at stake. He had ouly a handlul ot and his fortune along with thee!"
men with bim, and Antony was loitering, as Really, sir, I cannot command my patience, he supposeid, near Brundusium. Leander had when I hear those gentlemen indulge them his n:istress at stake! I will pot, Mr. Chairs selves in invectives against a man, the man, trespass any longer on your patience. twentieth part of whose exeellence, divided I am sure you will agree with me, that sreat arron_'st the hol: of thein, would make them exploits have noble ends; and then, indeed beroes.
they make the executor great. I shall certainly vote for the affirmative of the question.
"Who wickedly is wise, or madly brave,
Is but the more a fol- the more a krave! 11. S. Sir, if my worthy friend was sick, Who noble ends, by noble means, obtaina, I hope he is now in a fair way of recovery: Or, failing, smiles, in exile or in chains; The sentlema has considered his case, and Like good Aurelius, let him righ, or bleed prescribed for him; and ne certainly could not Like Socrates--that man is great indeed!" have fallen into better lands. You must contess, Mr. Chairman, you preside sait, that the man whose rule secures the
H. H. Mr. Chairman, a gentleman has over an assembly whose members entertain a
happiness, prosperity, and glory of a nation, very respectul sense of your merits.
deserves to rule it. has made you the father of a happy family. I assert, that the man, who obtains the rule
With equal confidence, Another has bestowed on you a handsome Citate. Abow me, sir, to recommend
of his country: by violating its laws--how
much soever he may coniribute to make physician to you; one who will be a faithful it happy, prosperous, ani great--does nit Giardian of your health; who will watch, with deserve to rule it. He sets a bad example, shitul ere, the delicate complexion of your wile; and regulate, with gentle and innocent virtues seem to palliate the atrocity of his
an example, the more pernicious, as his doses, your children's babii ot body. What sir, is the blessing of a wife, of children, of usurpation. He leaves it in the power of fortune, it sickness spreads langor through our without his excellence, w quote his name,
any wretch, who may possess his aubiton, nerves, or fever through our veins? Believe and use it as an authority for the commission me, sir, the ventleman's merit does not consist of similar crime. in his diploma, only; it bas its foundation in kuowledge, in science, and experience. Nor that Cesar's conduct was sanctioned by the
No ventleman has yet presumed to say, is his ability contined to his mere professional laws of Rome; those laws, that unarded more walk; he is, as you may perceive, from the cautiously against the approaches of tyranny, specch that he has just made you, a pbi oso
than against the invasion of a forei enemy i pher, and a moralist. Unlike Mucbeth's those laws, which justifieol any private na in physician, he
putting to death the person, whom he could "CAY minister to a mind diseased;
afterwards prove to have been guilty of Pluck froin the memory a rooted sorrow; meditating usurpation.
Cæsar, then), did not Raze out the written troubles of the brain, deserve to rule his country. for he violates its And, with some sweet oblivious antidote,
laws. A good man respects the laws of his Cleanse the foul bosom of that perilous stuff, That weighs upon the heart."
country ; Corsar was not, in this view, a good
Caesar was noi, in this view, a treat I regret, however, Mr. Chairman, that, man; for goodness is an essential part of potwithstanding my eulogium, I must dissent greatness. from him, with regard to his admiration of Let us now examine how far he deserved Cuar. I cannot, I confess, behold those to rule his country; because, as it hias been incidents he has just named, in Caesar's life, said, he secured its happiness, prosperity, in the same light that he does When Cæsar and greatness. Sir, I do not believe that he was surprised by the Nervii, he had a great accomplished any such olject To dispose of cause at stake, and liis conduct was the all offices and honors, just as his own interen, natural result of thint cousideration. That or fancy, directed liis choice of the candidates ; consideration made him collected, and gave to create new otices for the Lratification of him coolness, to employ the readiest means his favorites and creatures-making the public of extricating himself from the danger that property the rerompenfe of public delinqueney; Threatened luun. Besides, he was no to de rade the venerable senate, by intro con mander; he had subdued the Helvetians, ducins into it persons whose only claim to the Germans, and the Belgians: vor, was his that dignity wis their servile devotion to rescuing the two legious, that were surrounded s les interesis-comnou soldiers, the suns ut
freed-men, forcizners, and so forth I say, bis army on foot; because Pompey docs so Bir', to adopt such measures as these, had Wlut entitles either of them to keep his ariny not a tendency to secure the happiness or on toot?. The commission of his country. By prosperity of his country. But, upon what that authority they levied their armies; by growd does the gentleman assert, that Cæsar that authority they should disband them. secured the greatness of his country? Was Hall Cesar that authority to keep his army it by extending the fame of its arus? There on foot! No. Had Pompey?
What was another kind of fame, which the Roman right, then, had Cæsar to keep his army on people valued more than the fame of their tout, because Pompey did so? His army! Arms--the fame of their liberty! There was It was the army of his country enrolled by the another kind of greatness, dearer to their orders of bis country; maintained by the pride than all the wealtlı, or honor, that could treasure of his country; lighting under the result from foreign victory; that kind of banners of his country; seduced by his greatness, which gloried, not in the establish-Hatteries, liis calumnies, and his bribes, to ing, but in the destroying of tyranny; which espouse the fortunes of a traitor! Sir, he drore a Tarquin from the throne, and cast an never sincerely souglit an accommodation. Appius into prison; which called their proudest Had he wished to accomplish such an object berves from the heads of armies, and the rule he would have alopied such measures of conquered nations, into the equal ranks of were likely to obtain it. He would have private citizens.
obeyed the order of the senate; disbanded A gentleman, speaking of Cæsar's benevolois troops; laid down his command; and lent disposition, and of the reluctance with appeared in Rome a private citizen. Such which he entered into the civil war, observes, conduct would have procured bim more dignity, · How long did he pause upon the brink of more l'ame, more glory, than a thousand the Rubicon!" How canje he to the brink sceptres; he would not have come to parley oi that river! How dared he cross it! Shall with the trumpet. and the standard; the privite men respect the boundaries of private spear, and the buckler; he would have proved property, and shall a man pay no respect to himself to have been creat in virtue! the boundaries of his country's riglits! How Upon the same principle, his clemency most dared be cross that river! Oh! but he paused go for nothing. . Clemency! To atiribute upon the brink! He should have perished clemency to a man, is to imply that he has a upou the brink, ere he bad crossed it! Why right to be severe; a right to punish Cæsar die lie pause? Why does a man's heart had no right to punishi. His clemency! it palpitate, when he is on the point of com was the clemency of an outlaw, a pirate, a mitting an unlawful deed? Why does the robber, who strips his prey, but then abstains Very murderer, his victim sleeping before liim, from slaying liin! and lis glaring eye taking the measure of the You were also told, hat he paid the most blow, strike wide of the mortal part ? Because scrupulous respect to the laws. He paid the of conscience! 'Twas that made Corsar pause most scrupulous respect to the laws! be set. upon the brink of the Rubicon. Compassion! his foot upon them; and, in that prostrate What compassion? The compassion of an condition, mocked them with respect! assassin, that feels a momentary shudder, as But, if you would form a just estimate of lus weapon begins to cut! Cæsar paused | Cæsar's arms, look to his triumphs, after the upon the brink of the Rubicon !
surrender of Utica-Utica, more honored in the Rubicon? The boundary of Cæsar's being the grave of Cato, than Roine, in having province. From what did it separate his been the cradle of Caesar! province? From his country. Was that You will read, sir, that Cæsar triumphed country a desert ? No; it was cultivated and I four times. First, for bis victory over the Atstile; rich and populous! Its sons were Gauls; secondly, over Egypt; thirdly, over mnen of genius, spirit, and generosity! Its Pharnaces ; lastiy, over Juba, the friend of ughters were lovely, susceptible, and chaste! | Cato. His first, 'second, and third triumpbs ricuiship was its inhabitant! Love was were, we are told, magpilicent. Before bim, in inbabitant! Domestic affection was its marched the princes and noble foreigners of inhabitant! Liberty was its inbabitant! all the countries he had conquered; bis soldiers, bounded by the stream of the Rubicon! crowned with laurels, followed him; and the What was Carsar, that stood upon the brink whole city attended with acclamations. This of that stream? A traitor, bringing war and was well! the conqueror should be lionored. prestilence into the heart of that country! No His fourth triumph' approaches-as magnitiwonder that he paused! No wonder, if, his cent as the former ones. It does not want its imagination wrought upon by bis conscience, royal captive, its soldiers crowned with lie had beheld blood, instead of water; and laurels, or its Aushed conqueror, to grace it ; beard groans, instead of murmurs! No wonder, nor is it less honored by the multitude of its if some gorgon horror bad turned liim into spectators; but they sud up no shout of stone upon the spot! But, no! he cried, exultation; they have loud sighs; their " The dic is cast!" He plunged! he crossed! cheeks are frequently wiped; their eyes are and Rome was free no more!
fixed upon one object, that engrosses all their Again. It lias been observed, “How often senses, their thoughts, their allections. It is did he attempt a reconciliation with Pompey: the statue of Cato! carried before the victor's and offer terms of accommodation !" Would chariot! It represents him. rending open his Gentlemen pass tricks upon us for lionest! wound and tearing out his bowels; as he did actions ! Examine the fact. Cesar keeps in Utica, when Roman liberty was no more!
Now, as's if Cæsar's aim was the welfare gentleinan very justly said, that the love of his country? Now, doubt if he was a man of country is the first the second, and the last governed by a selfish ambition! Now, question principle of a virtuous mind. Now, sir, it whether he usurped, for the mere sake of appears that the Roman people sold theie Osurping! He is not content to triumph over country! its offices; its honors; its libcity; the Gauls, the Egyptians, and Pharnaces; le sold them to the highest bidder, as they would must triumph over his own countrymen! He sell their wares, a sheep, or the quarter of an is not content to cause the statue or Scipio ox; and that, ater they bad struck the and Petreius to be carried before him; he bargain, they threw themselves into it, and must be graced by that of Cato! He is not fought manfully for the purchaser! Cicero content with the simple eiligy of Cao; be and Cato lived in these tiines. Cicero, that must exhibit that of his suicide! He is not saved Rome from the conspiracy of Cataline, satistied to insult the Romans with triumphing Cato, who would not survive the liberty of his over the death of liberty; they must gaze country. The latter attempted to stop the upon the representation of her expiring progress of the corruption; but his efforts neonies, and mark the writhings of her last, were fruitless. He could neither restrain its fatal struggle!
progress, nor mitigate its virulence. Thus, Mc. Chairman, I confidently anticipate the sir, the independence of the republic was triumpli of our cause.
virtually lost, before Cæsar became a usurper; F iv. Sir, with great reluctance, I present and, therefore, to say that Cæsar destroyed myself to your rotice, at this late bour. We the independence, or liberty of his country, buve proved, that your patience is abundant; | is to assert that he destroyed a nonentity. we cannot presume that it is inexhaustible. It was bappily remarked, that the power I shall exercise it for only a few moments. of interfering with the tribunes, was fatal to Were our cause to be judged by the approba the Roman people. Yes, sir, it was fatal. tion which our opponents have received, it The tribunes ought to bave been independent would appear to be lost. But that is far of the people, from the moment of their from being the case,' Mr. Chairman. The entering on their office, to that of their laying approbation they receiver
, is unaccompanied it down. You were told, the people had a by conviction. It is a tribute—and a meriter right to the direction of their own atlairs. one--to their cloquence, and has not any Yes, sir; they had a right. We do not reference to the justice of the part they take. dispute that. But it was a right, by the Our cause is not lost-is not in danger-does abandonment of which, they would have been not apprehend danger. We aro as strong as vainers. It was a fatal right, by graspin, ever; as able for the contest, and as confident which they lost every thing. It was an of victory. We fight under the banners of inconsistent right, for they stood as much in Cæsar; and Corsar never met an open enemy, need of being protected from themselves, as without subduing him.
of being protected from the nobility. Why We grant that Cesar was a usurper ; but does any man put his affairs into the hands of we insist, that the circumstances of the times another, but because he cannot manage thein justitie: his usurpation. We insist, that he so well bimself? If he cannot manage them became a usurper for the vood of his country; so we!! himself, why should he interfere with for the salvation of the republie; for the the person, to wliuse conduci he intris's preservation of its very existence! What them? Because he bas a right! I know de must have been the state of Roman liberty, Ilvas; but it is an unfortunato right. for it when such men as Marius and Srila could leaves it in his power to ruin himself, in spite become usurpers ? Monsters, againsi whose of good counsel and friendship! domination nature and religion reclaimed! Gentlemen talk of what are called the people,
Gentlemen talk very prettily about the as if they were the most enlightened part of criminality of usurpation. They know it is a the community! Are they the guardiaus of popular theme.
are tenacious of learning? or of the a ts? or of the sciences? their property; and the gentlemen think, that Do we select counsellors from them? or judges? if they can carry the feelings of their auditors or lerislators? Do we inquire among them along with them, in this respect, they may be for rheto: icians ? logicians? or philosophers ? certain of success in every other. We have or, rather, do we not consider them as little not any objection to their flattering themselves cultivated in mind ? little regulated by judywith such fancies; but the cause of justice ment? much inflamed by prejudice ? kreatly shall not be sacrificed to their gratiličation; subject to caprice? chietiy governed by surely, those gentlemen must be ignorant of passion! Of course, sir, I speak of what are the state of the republic, in tboge times; Snerally called the people, the crowd, the surely, they have never heard, or read, that mass of t.ve community. But you ask ine for massacre was the cominon attendant of public a proof of the bari effects, that resulted to the elections; that the candidates brought their Roman people, from the liberty they po-sessed, monov, openly, to the place of election, and of legislating directly tor themselves. Look, distributed it among the heals of the diferent sir, to the proceedings of the forum! What factions; that those factions employed force they did, they undid; what they erecteil, and violence, in favor of the persons who paid they threw down; they enacted laws, and them; and that scarce any office was dis- they repealed them; illey elected parinto, posed of, without being disputed, sword in and they betrayed them; they humbled Land and without coating the lives of many Ityruts, and they csalted them! You will citizeny !
I find, that the great converted the undue
power, wluich the people possessed, into the village school is in the next room. Shall I means of subju rating the people. If they invite her in ? teureú a popular leader, it was only necessary Mrs. Blunt. Is she handsome? I have no to spread. by their emissaries, a suspicion of idee of employing any beauty, to be running bis integrity, or set the engine o coruption after the boys when she should be teaching to work, upon that fruilest of all fortifications, the children. popular stability; aud thus, sir, they carried Mrs. Vestry. She makes no pretensions to their point, humble:l their homest adversaries, any other beauty than that of the mind, I and laurbed in the face of the wisest and believe. most salutary laws.
Mrs. Blunt. Let her come in, then. Mr. Chairinan, I think that the times in [Mrs. V. introduces Miss Fairman'o M'rs. which Cæsar lived. called for, and sanctioned, Brief, who takes her by the hand, and bis usurpation. I think bis object was, to says,] extinguish the jealousies of party; to put a Mrs. Brief. Allow me to introduce you to stop to the miseries that resulted from them; Mrs. Pill, the lady of our plıysician--to Mrs and io unite bis countrymen. I think the Blunt, the wife of our worthy deacon divided state of the Roman people exposed Mrs. Blunt. And as well entitled to be them to the danger of a foreign yoke ; from called lady as the best of you,
let me tell which they could be preserved, only by you! Wife! forsooth! Parceiving a domestic one. I think that Cæsar Mrs. Brief. I plead not guilty, as we was a great man; and I conclude my trial of lawyers say, of any intentional disrespect. your patience, with the reply made to Brutus [She then goes on introducing Miss Fairman. by Statilius, who had once determined to die This is Miss Prim, who may be called a fellow. in Utica with Catu; and by Favonius, an laborer with you in the tield of education. esteemed pluilosopher of those times. Those Miss Prim. No longer so, I desire to be men were sounded by Brutus, after he had thankful! I left the profession before every entered into the conspiracy for murdering body entered it. Caesar. The former said, he “would rather Aliss Snup. You leit it when your popis patienily suffer the oppressions of an arbitrary lest you, I have been told; but it was so long master, than the cruelties and disorders which azo, I do not remember the circumstances. generally attend civil dissensions." The Miss Prim to M188 Snap. A few more Jalter declared, that, in his opinion, "a civil years would be of infinite service to suine war was worse than tbe most unju-t tyranny." folks.
J. G. Mr. Chairman, as the opener of this Mrs. Bricf. Miss Fairman, this is Miss debate, I am entitled to reply; but it is a Snap, whom you will find a ready assistant in privilege by which I shall not profit. I leave cutling such twigs as you may not be able to our cause to the fate it merits. But, allow bend. (She les go Miss Farman, ochore hain me to remark that, how much soever we Mrs. Vestry takes, and says,] may disagree in our opinion of Cæsar's Mrs Vestry. Let me introduce yon, Mi. character, there is a subject upon which we to Mrs. Squash, the wite of one of our richest cannot have the slightest difference of senti. parishioners; and Mrs. Lug, who is raikıt ments: namely, that your patience, indulgence. hard of hearing, but whom you will ti and impartiality, have been great, and claim zealously interested in the cause of education. our gratitude.
Mrs. Blunt. You bad better take chces
ladies, and set down while the examination (The Dialogues having F. F. D. affixed, are ORIGINAL. goes on. (All sil.] Young woman, come here. and cops-richied, and taken, by express contract, I warn you that you will have a severe (eud for a large pecuniary consideration,) from an
examination; for we ladies have complainet excellent work, entitled, " Familiar Dialogues and Popular Discussions, for Exbibition in Schools and
so much of former schoolma'ams, that the men Academies of either Sex, and for the Amuse have made us a committee to examine appliof Social Parties :" prepared and edited by WILLIAM cants, and suit ourselves; and we are going P. Fowle, B4, who has had much experience in to do the thing iboroughly. Pray, what's yoor getting up books for educational purposes. The
name, young woman? author of this work received express permission to Miss Fairman. Susan Fairman, madam. ecleet such Dialogues as he pleased, at a stipulated Mrs. Blunt. How old are you? price. lle has done so; and, from the specimens here given, he is justified in recommending these
Miss Prim. I object to that question, as " FALAR DIALOGUES : to parents and teachers, as an improper one. I would not tell my age to worthy of introduction into our schools, not only any one. on account of their good qualities, but of their neat Miss Snap. The young lady may not have execution: and the price is only 37 cents. ]
the same objection. 751. THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE. --ORIGINAL. Miss Fairman. I shall be eighteen in a Mrs. Vestry, the Minister's Wife. MRS. Blunt, few days. the Deacon'e Wife. Mrs. BRIE?, tbe Lawyer's Wife. Mrs. Lug. (Hoiding her hand up to her oor Mrs. Pui, the Doctor's Wife. M:23. SQUASIT, 2 as a deaf person does.) Did you say you were Furner's Wife. Mrs. LUG, a Widow Lady, rather eighty years old. Miss ? deaf. Miss Prim, an ancient Maitlen, once at School
Miss Fairinan, No, madam ; only eighteen. Hiistress. Miss SNAP, i satirical young lady. Miss Fairmax, the Candidate for the Village School.
Mrs. Squmsh. Why, you have liardly left
off tires! Pray, can you inake a punkır [ All presen! but Miss Fairman.)
pie ? Mrs. Vestry. Ladies, we are all assembled, Miss Snap. If she can't, I dare say she and the young lady who has applied for the can make one of squish.