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255. The exclamatim Point(!) indicates Proverbs. 1. Great designs, ar. A. about the same length of silence, as the In- means--have been the ruin of many. 2. He, to terrogatin: but the slide of the voice, is on- a slave lo the greatest slave, who serves no le bed erally lovnuard, from the 6th or sth note, himself. 3. Correct the errors of others, when you because there is a kind of an outsimeing, and can, and inspire them with the love of goodni then an indrawing of the mind, -an inflow and truth. 4. It is the act of a base mind, to do ing of the affectims, that give rise to this man in giving profusely, than in giving judiciously. 6.
ceire, by telling a lie. 5. Liberality-consists less testation. 1. What a beautiful Like! 2. How delightful the music is! 3. What a splendid :. We know well, only what has cost us trouble to
The head and feet cool; the rest will take linie harm piece of workmanship! 4. How charming barn. 8. “ Paste noi, test not ;” was the motto on is the prospect! 5. What a majestic scene! | Goethe's ring. 9. Keep your thoughts--close, and 6. How inimitable those strains are! 7. your coun- tenace-open, and you may go safely What a piece of work is man! 8. Ilow glo- ihrough the world. 10. With the humble, there is rims are all the works of God! 9. What perpetual peace. 11. Long is the arm of the neeily splendid views of heaven! 10. How mojes- 12. Porerly is an evil counsellor. 13. Delay-orien lirally--the Sun-wheels his mighty round! makes one wise. 950. Eramples of Exclamation. 1. Fa
War and Truth. A wise minister would thors' Senators of Rome! the arbiters of na- rather preserve peace, than gain a victory :
s! to you I fly for refuge! 2. Eternity! because he knows that even the most success. th0 p!eusing, dreadful thought! 3. Behold full war leaves a nation poor, and always more te daughter of innocence! what a look! profiigute, than lefore it. There are real evil! what beauty! what sweetness! 4. Behold that cannot be brought into a list of indemn
- greut, a good man! what majesty! how tice, and the demoralizing influence of war rucrfiel! how commaniling! 5. (), vener- not among the least of them. The triumphs able shule! O, illustrious hero! 6. Fure-of' truth are the more glorious, chiefly, beicell! a long farewell to all my greatness! cause they are the most bloodless of all victo7. It stands-solid and entire! but it stands ries, deriving their highest lustre from the alone--and it stands amidst ruins.' 8. I am surel, not trom the sluin. stripped of all my honor! I lie prostrate on
Varieties. 1. It is the nature of truth, the eurih! 9. Leave me! oh! leure me to -never to force. 2. Is not the science of repose! 10. Hear me, O Lord! for thy lov-human nature, very comprehensive, as well ins kindness is great!
as complicutel and profound? 3. How can 357. Natural Theology. From the ex- the mere humledge of historical eventsternal and int srnal evidences afforded us, from avail to the salration of the soul? 4. What creation, and the modes of eristence, we as is meant by the maityr Slephen, seeing the sume, that man-is naturally a religious be- HEAVENS OPENED; anů, Juhn's being in the ing: the stainp of the Deity is upon him spirit, on the Lord's day? 5. To see spiriteven before his birth ; and in every subse- ual existences, must not the eyes of the unqueni sta_e of his existence, no matter what dersian ling be opened! 6. There is but may be lis social, moral or civil condition, one law in being, which the Lord fulfilled, that stamp-remuins with him. It is not to and went through, in the world: He passed be found on the Joic and Christian only, but through the whole circle-of both spiritual con cil merl, in all ages, climes, and conditions and natural order, and assumed all states, of life.
possible for man to be in, when in progression Aneedote. A Lower and Physician, from the state of nature,-to that of perfect having a dispute about precedence, referred grace; and by virtue thereof, can touch 15the case to Di-ng-l-nes, the old philosopher ; in all states of trial, we can possibly be in. who kave judgment in favor of the Lawyer, T'is the quiet hour-ot feeling, on these words: “ Let the thi f go before, and Now-the busy day is pasi, Ict the erecutioner follow after.”
And the twilight shadows - stealing, The rill-is tuneless--to his ear, who feels
O'er the world--their minte cast; No harmony within ; the south roind-steals
Now, the spirit, worn and saddeneit, As silent-ay unseen- among the leaves.
Which the cares of day had lowed, Who has no inucard beauty, none perceiros,
By its gentle infiuence-gladdened, Though all around is benuutul Nay, more
Forth emerges from the cloud; in nature's calmnest hour-he hears the roar
While, on Memory's magic pagre, O! winds, and flinging wares—put on the light,
Rise our long lost joys to light. When high-and angry passions meer in fight; Like shadowy forms-of other agne, And, his own spirit into tumult hurled,
From the oblivious breast of night; He makes a turmoil-of a quiet world :
And the lored and lost-revisit
Our fond hearts, their place of yote,
Realms above-10 pari-no more.
The patient mind, by yielding, overcomes.
238. The Parenthesis (-) shows, that the Proverbs. 1. Discord-reduces strength words included within it, must be reul, or weakness. 2. No sweet, without some sweat: no spoken, on a lower pitch, and with a quicker pains, without some gains. 3. Whatever you do, movement, than the other parts of the sen- do it to some purpose; wheiher conquering, or tence; as though anxious to get through with conquered. 4. We are inclined to believe those we the explanation, or illustrative matter--con
do not know, because they have never deceived us. tainei in it; and the parenthetical clause, the stubborn. 6. Stake even life, if necessary, in
5. Gentleness--ocen disarins the fierce, and me 18 generally, has the same slide, or inflexion of voice, as the last word of the sentence, imme- erperimineal truth, and confide—in her opinion.
the support of truth. 7. Listen to the voice of diately preceiling it. 1. An honest man, 8. A good appetite-gives relish to the most huin. (says Mr. Pope,) is the noblest work of God. ble fare. 9. There is no secret in the heart, that 2. Frite, (as the Scripture saith,) was not
our actions do not disclose. 10. Where there is a made for man. 3. The Tyrians were the will, there is a way. 11. True valor--is fire; first, (if we are to believe--what is told us by voasting—is smoke. writers of the highest authority,) who learned The Telescope. A spectacle-maker's boy, the art of navigation. 4. Know ye not, amusing himself in his father's shop, by holdbrethren, (for I speak to them that know the ing two glasses between his finger and thumb, law,) how that the lau—hath dominion over and varying the distance, the weathercork of a man-as long as he liveth?
the church spire, (opposite them,) seemed 239. That strong, hyperbolical manner, to be much longer than ordinary, and appawhich we have long been accustomed to call rently much nturer, and turned upside down. de Oriental style of poetry, (because some This excited the uvult roi' the father, and led of the carliest poetical productims-came to him to additional experiments; and thence us from the East,) is, in truth, no more Ori- resulted that astonishing instrument, the telentai, than Oe-ci-ten-tal; it is characteristic escope, as invented by Gal-i-le-o, and peror' an (ige, rather than of a country, and be- fected by Herschell. This is only one instance, longs, in some manner, to all nations, at that among thousands, that show great expects may period, which gave rise to music and somg. result from small causes.
260. MINERALOGY-treats of minerals; Varieties. 1. Is not prejudice --- invete their properties, composition, classificatwn, rate, in proportion to its irrulimality? 2. and uses. A mineral—is an organic natural The most delicate, and the most sensible, of substance, either grisemus, as air ; liquid, as all pleasures--consists in promoting the hapwater; or soliil, as earth and stones : it is in- piness of others. 3. Wit-sparkles as a meseparably connected with Gxology, which licor, and like it, is transient; but genius treats of the structure of the earth, and the shines like a splendid luminary, marking inasses that compose it; also, of the changes its course in traces that are immortal. it has undergone, and to which it is still ex- 4. Men can have no principles, unless they posed; while its practical importance is re
| are revealed to them by Deity. 5. Is thero conized in Agriculture, Mining, and En- anything that melts -- and conquers gineering, it ranks with Botany and Chemis- lore? 6. Confessing a folly, or crine, is try in its recondite developments, and with an act of judgment: a compliment - we Astronomy-in the sublimity of its themes rarely pass on ourselves. 7. Spiritual truth, and results, as one of the most profound and is the light of heuren: the good-proper to it, interesting of the sciences,
is the hect, or love thereof; to be filled with Anecdote. Fushion's Sake. Lord Munso both, is the perfection of life, and true altafield, being willing to sare a man, who had tion; conferable, only, by the Loril Juus stolen a uutch, directed the jury—to bring it Christ, the giver of eternal life, and our Rvalue-len pence." Ten pence, my Lord!" deemer and Savior. aid the patcutor ; "why, the very fashion Besides, school friendships are not always to be found #fit cost fifty shillings." His lordship re- Though fair in promise, permanent and sound; plied, “ Perhaps so; but we cannot han The most disintrested and virtuous minds, dan for fushion's sake."
In early years connected, time unbinds : I tenerate-the pilgrim's cause,
New situations-give a diff'rent cast Yet, for the red mandare lo plead:
Oi habit, inclination, lemper. taste; Wi-bow 10 Herren's recorded laws,
And he, that spend our counterpan at firsi, Ile-turnid to Nature-for a creed;
Soon shows the strong similitude rerer d. Beneath the pillard dome,
Young heads are gidily, and young hearts are war, IVe-seek our God in prayer;
And make mistahes-for manhood 10 reform. Through boundless woods-he loved to roam, Boys are at best, but pretty buds unblow), [h nouna :
And the Great Spirit-worshiped there. Whose scent and hues--are rather guess'd than But one, one fellow-throb with us he fell;
Each-dreans that each-is just what he appeara, To one Divinity-with us he knelt
But learns his error-in malurer years, Freedom! the self-same freedom-re adore, When disposition, like a sail unsurl'd, Bu by him-defend his violated shore.
Show's all its tents and patches to the world.
261. The Rhetorical Pause--is dictated Proverbs. 1. Prid:--: the oil-pring of follo by the thought and fucking, and is usually and the plague of fouls. ? A tad man's disliką addressed only to the ear; it is here indicated is an honor. 3. The censuere-isome persons generally, by a dash (-) and its length is praise; and their praise, Cedemnation-in must be determined by the suject, and occa- the eyes of the world. 4. It is a' :* thang-lo lie; sion; it is usually, however, about the length truth--alone, becomes the ingenuous mind. 5. of a Semicolon, or Colon: and one thing
Riches--either serve or rule, every one who posses must be distinctly observed, that the reader
ses them; and thus, they are either blessings, or and speaker-is always to inhale breath-at lean to the side of mercy. 7. Poets-are born such;
curses. 6. In cases where doubt exisis, always overy Rhetoricul Pause, and generally, al
orators-are made such. 8. Malice-is a mean, cach Grammatical Pause; if the system bere and deceitful engine of mischief. 9. Nature--18 lazeri, inhalation will be almost sure to take superior to Art: have faith in her, and success is
place. Indeed, one of the great secrets of yours. 10. All rules and principles, to be of use, *readling, speaking and singing-for hours in must be understoort, and practical. 11. The offen
succession, with effect, and without injurious der-rarely pardons. 12. Might 100 osten makes raxhaustion, consists in the proper munuge- right. 13. Truth hiss a good basis. ment of the breuth: not that there should be Anecdote. W..en the painter, Leo-nar anything stiff and mechanical in the act; for di da Vinci, lay upon his death-bed, the king au inust be the result of the periect freedom came to sec111; and out of respect, he raisof nature.
ed himself from the pillow; but the effort 262. The Rhetorical Pause always occurs being too great, he fell back; when the king either before or ofler-the important wori, caught him, and he expired in his arnis. or words, of a sentence: if the significant The king was much oljucleil with the event, word or phrase, is at the beginning, this and left the chamber in tears ; when his nos pause is made immediately after it; but if bles—endeavored to soothe bim, saying,such word or phrase, is at the end of the
* Consider, he was only a painter." · Yes, sentence, the pause occurs before it. The yes," replied the monarch,“ I do; and though design of the pause is, in the first instance, I could make a thousand--such as you, yet to produce a retrospection of mind; and in God alone can make such a painter, as Leo the second, lo excite attention and expecta.
nardi.” tion. Ex. 1. Industry—is the guardian of
Justice. How many teitious ana ruinous innocence. 2. Imagery—is the garb of poe- | law-suits--might have been aoided, had the try. 3. To err—is rumun; to forgive--Di-parties concerned--patiently examined the
4. Prosperity-guins friends; adver-facts, with coolness and deliberatum ; insity — tries them. 5. Feelings-generate
stead of giving way to the blininess of intertho:ights; and thoughts--reciprocate feel cst and to passion, by which mutual hatreds ings. 6. Vanity—is pleased with almira- have been generated, or blol spilled--when tion ; Pride--with seif-esteem. 7. Dancing a generous search after truth, and a love of --is the poetry of motion. 8. Some-place justice--would have prevented all the evil. the bliss in action; some-in case ; Those
Varieties. 1. What is requisite--for the call it pleasure ; and contentment, these. 9. right forniation of churacter? 2. The true To hope for perfect happiness is ruin. 10. disciples of nature--are regardless who acAnd nou-abideth Fuith, Hope, Churity; companies them, provided she be the leader : these three ; but the greatest of these is— for nature, like truth, is immutable. 3. Charity.
There is no prile--equal to theirs, who rise 263. Individuals of both sexes, often com
from powerty--to riches ; for some--bave plain of a very unpleasant sensation at the even forgotten their own relations. 4. That pit of the stomach; some call it a “death-like form of government is best, which is best fueling;" others speak of it as if “the bottom adapted to the state of the people, and best had fallen out:" one of the principal causes is administereil. 5. Cyrus, when young, be'a want of the proper action of the breathing ing asked--what was the first thing to be apparatus: the abdominal and dorsal mus- learned; replied.--To speak the truth. 6. cles become relaxed, by wrong positions and The orator's field--is the unirerse of mind want or appropriate exercise and food; when --and matter : and his subjects--all that is their contents fall by their own weight, and
--and can bx; known--of Gord--and man. the diaphragm does not, consequently, act in 7. Every aspiration, desire, and thought--is a healthy manner. The remedy is a return heard and accepter--in hearen, when we sur. to the laws of life and being, as here exhi- render our whole life to the Loril's governi. bited.
ment and providence.
Gather the rose-bucis-while ye may,
Old Time--is still a-flying;
And that saine flower, thau llomins 10-day, loses their better friend--for life.
To-mori.1, -siall te dying,
264. MISCELLANEOU'S EXAMPLES OF ALL Proverbs. 1. By deferring our repentanceThe Pauses. The pupil must not rely too we arcumulate our sorrows. 2. Complaisance much on these external indications of silence; redders a superior-amiable, an equal-agreeafor they are only general rules : hence the ble, and an inferior--ncceptable. 3. A wound give nece-sily of being governed by the prompi. en by a word, is often harder to be cured than one ings and guidance of his own feelings and made by the sworil. 4. The human form is the thoughts, after bringing them in subjection noblest, and most perfect. of which we can con10 goodness and truth ; of which reason-ceire. 5. Intentions, as well as actions, must be always approves. 1. The ostestatious, fee. good, to be ccceptable. 0. Erery scene is life, is a ble, harsh, or obscure style, is always foulty; picture; of which some part is worthy of atten. and perspicuity, strength, neatness, and sim- tion. 6. Receive instruction with gratitude. 8. To plicity--are beauties--ever to be aimed at.
such as are opposed to truth, it seems harsh and 2. Be wise fo-day, 'tis madness to defer; serere
. 9. Never reproach another for doing wrong; cent day-the faial precedent will plead. unless you are sure he has done it. 10. Knowledge, Thus on, vill wisdon--is pushed out of life. to be a good thing, must be rightly applied. 11. Re3. How noble 'uis, to own a fault; how geplies-are not always answers. 12. A chaste eys nerous,-and divine—to forgive it! 4. Who
-banishes evil desires. 13. Respect and contemph, can forbear to smile witli nature ? Can the
spoil many a one. stormy passions-in the bosom roll, while eve.
Refinement. It is a doubt, whether the ry gale-13 peace, and ev'ry grove-is melody? refinements of modern times have, or have
265. 1. 'i'ne evidence--that TRUTH carries with it, is superior to all argument, and mira- | not, been a drawback upon our happiness: cles : and it wants neilher the support, nor given way to etiquette, formality, and de
for plainness and simplicity of manners have dreads the opposition, of the greatest abil. Ceit; whilst the ancient hospitality has now
2. True modesty is ashamed to do almost deserled our land; and what we up. what is repugnant to reason, and common sense ; false nodesty—lo do what is oppos- Lave lost in heari.
pear to have gained in head, we seem to ed to the humor of ihe company ; true modesiy avoids whatever is criminal ; false tween the internal and external man? be
Varieties. | What is the difference bemodesiy-whatever is unfashionable. 3. Some-live within their means ; some live up 2. Love to God and love to man,-is the
tween an internal and external state of mind ? to their means-and some-live beyond iheir means. 4. “ To what party do you be life and soul, of all sound philosophy; conlong ?" said a noisy politician, to one whose sequently, no one can become a philosopher, coul-grasped thie interests of his whole coun.
who is not a good man. 3. Riches, and try. - To what party do I belong?" replied would get rid of one, must become divested
cares, are generally inseparable; and whoever the patriot; "I belong to no party, but my of the other. 4. The acquirement of useful country's party."
knowledge,-is often difficult and troublePuncluate the following, by reading it correctly.
some; but perseverance-will reward us for There is a lady in this land
5. If we regard our present views Has twenty fingers on each hand
-as an intellible test of truth, whatever Five and twenty on hands and feet
does not confirm to them, we set down as All this is true without dereit.
false, and riject it. 6. Ignorance of a fact 266. BOTANY ---treats of plants - their -may excuse; but not ignorance of the low structure, growth, classification, description, -which every one is supposed to be aclocalities and uses. They are organized bo-quainted with 7. Man's will, and under. dies, and endowed with life; but they dif. staniling,-are receptacles of life, not life fer from animals, in wanung sensation and itself; as is the receplion, such is the persuavoluntary motion : they differ from minerals, sion, faith, wisdom. light, and love. in possessing lile; and they contain organs, I care not, Fortune! what you me deny ; boy which they a sijoilale new matter to in.
You cannot rob me of frce nature's grace; crease their substance, and promote their You cannot see the windows of the sky, growth. The study of botany is highiy in. Thro' which Aurora shows her brightning face : Teresting and us sül; not only on account. You cannot bar my constant feet-to trace of the beauty and variety of plants, but of the 'The reooil and lawns, by living stream at are: important purpo888 to which they may be
Let health my nerves and finer libres brace, applied in rusaing life and curing distaxe: is necessary to aid in the development of And I their tous—to the great children leave :
Oi fancy, reason, virtue--nought can me bereave. body and mind. Anecdote. One day, when the moon
Another day-is addrd 10 the mass was under an eclipse, she complained thus of buried ages. Lo! the beauteous moon, to the sun furthe discontinuance of his fa. Like a fair shepherdess, now comes abroad, VOT;“ Vy dearest friend," said she, 'Asvhy do With her full tlock of stars. that roam around you not shine upon me as you used to do ?" The azure meads of heaven. And O how charneha **Do I not shine upon thee?'' said the sun; Beneath her loreliness, creation looks ! "I am very sure l'intend it.” “no." re- Far-gleaming hills, and ligh-inweaving streams plied the moon: "but now I see the reason; And sleeping boughs, with dewy lustre clothea, ihat dirty planel, the carih, bas got between And green-haired ralloys--all in glory dressed,
Make up the pageantry of night.
207. DELIVERY AND Painting. There Proverbs. 1. The acidocs not constituto 18 a syriking analogy or correspondence, be guilt in the eye of the law so much as the design. 2. tween printing and delivery. We have, what A certain degree oi modesty and reserve, in young are called, seven primary colors, and seven persous, is a sure passport to the good will or their pitches of sound-though strictly speaking, superiors. 3. The diligent and industrious-gese but threc of each. Letters are m.compound- nerally prosper; while the indolens-pine in want. cd paints; words like paints, prepared for use; 4. Keep your passions in subjection ; for unless und, when these words are arranged into pro- they uwy you, they will govern you. 5. In in per sentences, they form pictures on the puring to a friend--a knowle 'ge of our misforcanvas of the imagination. “Let the follow. lunas, we often feel them lightenet. 6. The body ing beautiful landscape be sketched out in may be enslaved; but no human power can conthe mind : " On a MOUNTAIN, (stretched be trol the mind, without its consent. 7. A fiowery neath a hoary willow) lay a shepherd swain, path is not that which conducis us to glory. E. manu view'd the rolling billow." Now soview il; and see every thing as it is the A good reputation--is preferable to a girdle of gold.
Let us use, not nbuse the good things of life. 9. mountain covered with trees; the shepherd!, 10. loftylowers-tum:le with a tremendous erash. reclining under the willow tree, with his 11. Dig not your grace with the teeth. 12. April Rock near by, some feeding, and some lying showers, make Muy piovers. down; and what is he doing? Looking out upon the ocean, covered with pleasure boats, Enjoyment. When I walk the strecis, 1 vessels, &c. In this way, you may behold, use the following natural maxim, viz. ihat he with the mini's eye, (for the mind has its is the true possessor of a ibing who enjoys ir, eye, as well as the borty,) the ideas of the ar- and not he that ourns it without the enjoythor; and then picture out whatever you ment of it; to convince myself that I have a hear and read, and give to it life, habitation, property in the gay part of all the gilt chari. and a namo; thus you will see the thoughts, ots that I meet, which I regard as amusereceive the light, and catch, or draw out iheir ments, designed to delight my eyes, and the latent heat; and having enlightened and warm- imagination of those kind of people, who sic ed your own mind, you will read and speuk in them, gaily attired, only to please me. I from your own thoughts and feelings, and have a real, and they only an imaginary, pleatransfer the living, breathing landscapes of sure from their exterior embellishmenta. your mind to others, and leave a perfect Upon the same principle, I have discovered daguerreotype likeness on the retina of their that I am the natural proprietor of all the inind's eye : you feel and think, and there. diamond necklaces, the crosses, stars, bro. fore speak ; and thus you can memorize, socades, and embroidered clothes, which I see as not to forget : for you will have it by at a play or birth-night, as giving more natuheart.
ral delight to the spectator, ihan to those that
wear them. And I look on the beaut and 208. La Fayfotte. I see the marshals ladies, as so many paroquets in an ariary, or of Nopoleon gorged with the plunder of Luvulips in a garden, designed purely for my rope.
and stained with its blood, borne on their diversion. A gallery of pictures, a cubinel, flashing chariot-wheels-through the streets of Paris. I see the ministers of Napoleon
or library, that I have free access to, I think filling the highest posts of trust and honormy own. In a word, all that I desire is the under Louis The XVIII. ; and I see the friend use of things, let who will have the kecira of Washington, (La l'uyette) glorious in his ing of them. By which maxim I am grown noble pover! y, looking down from the calm this difference, that I am not a prey to my
one of the richest men in the world ; with and placid height principles,-on their paltry ambition, and its own cures, or the envy of others.
Varieties, more paltry rewards.
1. Can we be responsible,
without being endowed with freedom, and ra Anecdote. Means of Plappiness. Sacra: rionality? 2. Perfect freedom is the birth. tes, when asked his opinion of the king of right of man, and heaven forbid that any huPersin, and whether he judged him happy: - man authority should infringe upon it; but replied, " he could not tell what to think in the erercise of this righe, let us be ku mbile of him; because, he knew not how much he and discreet, and never do wrong. 3. If the was furnished with virlue and learning." rools be left, the grass will grow again. 4. Magic, wonder-beaming eye;
Brutes-have a language peculiar 10 them. In thy narrow circle--lie
selves ; so have deaf and dimb persons. 5. All our varied hopes--and fears,
There are merchants--with the sentiments, Sportive smiles--and graceful lears;
and abilities, of slutremen; and there are per.
sons in the ranks of statesmon, with the con. Eager wishes, -wild alarms, Rapill feelings,--potent charms,
ceplions and characters of pellars. 6. The It and genius. taste and sense,
natural world is a world of dreams; for 110 Siel througii thee-their INFLUENCE.
thing is-as it appears ; but the spiritual
world--is a world of realities, where we shall When lovers meet--in adresse hour,
see as we are seen, and know—18 we are 'Tis like the sun-olimps-through the shower, known. 7. The granaru--of all heraly A watery ray-an instant seen,
sced. is the IV ord of God; the ground-ie The darkly changing clouds-between. our will, in which that seed must be soon.